Penny Venetian Red

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Penny Venetian Red
Note the corner letters (JS), which identify the stamp's position on the printing plate
Country of productionUnited Kingdom
Date of production1880 (1880)–July 1881 (1881-07)
PrinterDe La Rue
Face value1d
The Penny Lilac (seen here) replaced the Penny Venetian Red in 1881, after new legislation required different wording on stamps

The Penny Venetian Red was a British postage stamp equal to the value of one penny. Issued in 1880,[1] it was designed and surface-printed by security printing company De La Rue,[2] it superseded the Penny Red that had been used in Great Britain since 1841, and was the third one-penny stamp to enter regular usage in the country.

The Venetian Red was aesthetically similar to the Penny Red and Penny Black that had come before it, but was instead coloured a venetian red and had a square framing. Close to 1.5 million Venetian Reds were printed during the stamp's run; the printing plates used allowed for 240 stamps each.[3] Like its predecessors, the Venetian Red sported individual letters in each of its corners to identify its position on the plate.

Plate configuration
AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL
BA BB BC BD BE BF BG BH BI BJ BK BL
SA SB SC SD SE SF SG SH SI SJ SK SL
TA TB TC TD TE TF TG TH TI TJ TK TL

The Venetian Red had a short run, and was replaced by the Penny Lilac in July 1881,[2] its displacement is attributed to a change in government postal policy: the Customs and Inland Revenue Act 1881 necessitated the creation of a new provision of revenue stamps. A new inscription was therefore needed, and the new Penny Lilacs featured the words "POSTAGE AND INLAND REVENUE" and "ONE PENNY", instead of "POSTAGE" and "ONE PENNY" that its predecessors bore, it was decided that a new colour would also be desirable to defend against improper re-use; a fugitive lilac ink was used that would run and spoil the stamp if one attempted to wash off the cancellation.[2] The Lilacs broke the tradition of using corner letters and instead had either fourteen or sixteen dots in each corner.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cummings, Hayman Alfred James (2008). The College Stamps of Oxford and Cambridge, a Study of Their History and Use from 1870 to 1886. READ BOOKS. p. 92. ISBN 1-4437-8727-2.
  2. ^ a b c "19th century GB landmark issues". Stamp Magazine. Retrieved 2009-05-04.
  3. ^ Ross Taylor. "One Penny of 1880-81". Retrieved 2009-05-04.