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Perm Krai

Perm Krai is a federal subject of Russia that came into existence on December 1, 2005 as a result of the 2004 referendum on the merger of Perm Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug. The city of Perm is the administrative center; the population of the krai was 2,635,276 according to the. Komi-Permyak Okrug retained its autonomous status within Perm Krai during the transitional period of 2006–2008, it retained a budget separate from that of the krai, keeping all federal transfers. Starting in 2009, Komi-Permyak Okrug's budget became subject to the budgeting law of Perm Krai; the transitional period was implemented in part because Komi-Permyak Okrug relies on federal subsidies, an abrupt cut would have been detrimental to its economy. Perm Krai is located in the east of the East European Plain and the western slope of the Middle Ural Mountains. 99.8 % of its area is in 0.2 % in Asia. Length from north to south – 645 kilometres length from west to east – 417.5 kilometres The krai borders the Komi Republic in the north, Kirov Oblast in the northwest, the Udmurt Republic in the southwest, the Republic of Bashkortostan in the south, Sverdlovsk Oblast in the east.

The krai borders stretch for over 2,200 kilometres. The highest point is Mount Tulymsky Kamen at 1,496 metres. Rivers of Perm Krai belong to the largest tributary of Volga River. There are more than 29,000 rivers in Perm Krai; the total length of all rivers is more than 90,000 kilometres. Only two rivers in Perm Krai have lengths exceeding 500 kilometres, they are the Chusovaya River, 592 kilometres. There are about 40 rivers with lengths from 100 to 500 kilometres; the longest of them are: Sylva River — 493 km Kolva River — 460 km Vishera River — 415 km Yayva River — 403 km Kosva River — 283 km Kosa River — 267 km Veslyana River — 266 km Inva River — 257 km Obva River — 247 km There are many small rivers, but some of them have historical significance, for example Yegoshikha River, in mouth of which city Perm was founded. Perm krai has a continental climate. Winters are long and snowy, with average temperatures in January varying from −18 °C in the northeast part of krai to −15 °C in southwest part.

The record lowest recorded temperature was −53 °C. Perm Krai has an abundance of minerals. Oil, natural gas, diamonds, peat and building materials are among the many natural resources extracted. Oil in its area was first discovered in 1929 near settlement Verhnechusovskie Gorodki. There are known more than 180 oil and gas fields. Among them are developed: 89 oil, 2 gas and 18 both oil and gas fields. Most of them are small and extracted in southern districts of krai; the northern fields are less developed. Coal has been mined in Perm Krai for more than 200 years. For a long time it played an important role in the energy balance in the region. Maximum mining was in 1960 and reached 12 million tonnes, after it mining decrease and there are no exploration of new fields; the Verkhnekamskoye deposit of potassium salts is one of the largest in the world. Its is approx. 1,800 km², the thickness of the salt layers reaches 514 m. Forests cover about 71% of Perm krai's area. Coniferous forests predominate, with deciduous forests more common in the south.

There are 62 species of mammals, more than 270 species of birds, 39 species of fishes, 6 species of reptile and 9 species of amphibians. Three nature reserves are located in Perm Krai: Basegi, Preduralie. During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Perm CPSU Committee, the chairman of the oblast Soviet, the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee. Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, the head of the Oblast administration, the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament; the Charter of Perm Krai is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Perm Krai is the province's standing legislative body; the Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province.

The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor, the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia. Administratively, the krai is divided into thirty-three districts, fourteen cities of krai significance, one closed administrative-territorial formation. Six administrative districts are grouped into Komi-Permyak Okrug, an administrative unit with special status formed within Perm Krai as a result of the 2005 merger of Perm Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug, both of which used to be the federal subjects. Municipally, the territories of all administrative districts and those of nine cities of krai significance are incorporated as municipal districts; the remaining five cities are incorporated as urban okrugs. The Directorate of the Ministry for Internal Affairs in Perm Krai or the Po

Mount Carmel Convent

Mount Carmel Convent is a heritage-listed former Roman Catholic convent at 199 Bay Terrace, City of Brisbane, Australia. It was built in 1915 by William Richard Juster, it was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 27 August 1999. Mt Carmel Convent, a substantial two storey brick building with surrounding verandahs, was constructed in 1915 as a convent for the Sisters of Mercy, it was designed by the architectural partnership of Hall and Dods and constructed by William Richard Juster at a cost of £8000. A Catholic presence in Wynnum was prompted by the establishment of the area as a popular seaside resort; the opening of the Wynnum South railway station in 1898 encouraged further development, the demand for a religious presence in the area grew. In 1903, the first Catholic masses were held in the Shire Hall, the Sisters of Mercy began visiting Wynnum to teach the children residing in the area. Established as a teaching order in 1831 in Ireland by Catherine McAuley, the first Sisters of Mercy arrived in Brisbane in 1861.

Various orders were established throughout Queensland to ensure children gained adequate education and religious instruction. The first Catholic church in Wynnum, known as the Catholic Church of Guardian Angels was erected in 1905. Designed by architect Richard Gailey it was constructed on Bay Terrace on land donated by Archbishop Robert Dunne. Following the formal establishment of the parish of Wynnum in 1913, a new school designed by Gailey and located in Bay Terrace, was opened. On the 8 August 1915 "the Convent of Our Lady of Mount Carmel was solemnly blessed and dedicated by His Grace, Archbishop Duhig." A collection which realised £110 for the furnishing fund was taken up during the opening ceremony. Designed by architects Francis Richard Hall and Robert Smith Dods, the convent was described in The Age as a "handsome 2 storey brick building situated on a commanding eminence on the west side of Bay Terrace." The article continues:"The building is built of brick. On the ground floor on both sides of the main entrance are parlours, the one on the right giving access to the music room, the one on the left to the chapel through the sacristy.

The children's study and refectory are entered from a corridor running at right angles on either side of the entrance hall. This corridor gives direct access to the chapel, sister's dormitory, main staircase, music room and service passage and stairs; the sister's dormitory is connected with the chapel by sliding doors. The first floor is occupied with two large and five smaller cells, community room and children's dormitory. Spacious lavatory and bathroom accommodation on this floor completes the main block. A separate block comprises the kitchen and laundry on the ground floor and a large dormitory and servants quarters on the first floor; this block is connected with the verandah and balcony of the main block by a covered way."The partnership of Hall and Dods was established in 1896 and continued until 1916. Dods was appointed architect to the Anglican Diocese of Brisbane and the firm oversaw the construction of St John's Cathedral in this capacity, they designed many buildings for the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane, including St Brigids Catholic Church, Red Hill and the Mater Misericordiae Hospital.

In 1940, additions were made to the church by Francis Leo Cullen. Alterations and additions were made to the convent and presbytery at this time by Cullen also. In 1957, a secondary girls school was established at Mount Carmel and continued to operate until 1992 when it was closed due to the falling numbers of school-aged children in the area; the Guardian Angels primary school remains operational. In 1999, the convent housed only four Sisters permanently and was used as a holiday centre for Sisters of Mercy in the Southern Queensland region. In 2011, only two sisters were living in the property and it was sold for $1.6M to Ivan Simons. For the following 3 years, the property was extensively renovated at a cost of $1,000,000, after which the Brisbane City Council gave approval for it to be used as a residence with bed-and-breakfast accommodation. Mount Carmel Convent, a two storeyed brick building with a corrugated iron roof, is located in a prominent position in Bay Terrace, Wynnum, it is surrounded by minimal gardens and lawned areas which are enclosed by a recent metal fence incorporating an earlier wrought iron gate.

The building itself is asymmetrical in plan and is constructed of glazed face brick laid in English bond. The building comprises a main wing running parallel to Bay Terrace, with a transverse wing at the southeastern end. Verandahs encircle the entire building on both levels, with a combination of cast iron and timber balustrading and ripple iron sheeted ceilings. Windows are double hung with clear glass, apart from those in the chapel. French doors provide access to the verandahs from most rooms. A single storeyed building containing the kitchen and laundry is located at the rear of the main building, attached to it by breezeways which have been enclosed with aluminium framed windows; the entry is centrally located within the main wing and is defined by a rendered archway rising through the two storeys. The entry door is located within a timber framed arch and leadlighting is featured in the side panels. A second rendered archway is located on the front elevation of the transverse wing, with a statue of Mary and Jesus featured in the gable above.

Internally the layout remains intact, apart from the main dormitory for boarders on the upper level, divided into smaller rooms. Two parlours open from the entry, leadlight doors open onto a hall

Automotive Industry Standards

The Automotive Industry Standards are the automotive technical specifications of India. They are based on the UNECE norms; the automotive regulations in India are governed by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, the nodal ministry for regulation of the automotive sector in India. In India the Rules and Regulations related to driving license, registration of motor vehicles, control of traffic, construction & maintenance of motor vehicles etc. are governed by the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 and the Central Motor Vehicles rules 1989. The CMVR - Technical Standing Committee advises MoRT&H on various technical aspects related to CMVR; this Committee has representatives from various organisations namely. CMVR-TSC is assisted by another Committee called the Automobile Industry Standards Committee having members from various stakeholders in drafting the technical standards related to Safety; the major functions of the committee are as follows: Preparation of new standards for automotive items related to safety.

To review and recommend amendments to the existing standards Recommend adoption of such standards to CMVR Technical Standing Committee Recommend commissioning of testing facilities at appropriate stages Recommend the necessary funding of such facilities to the CMVR Technical Standing Committee Advise CMVR Technical Standing Committee on any other issues referred to itAISC submits the draft safety standards in the form of recommendations to CMVR-TSC for final approval. The CMVR – TSC looks into the recommendations of AISC and either approves or sends the recommendations to AISC for amendments. After approval CMVR-TSC submits its final proposal to MoRT&H. MoRT&H takes the final decision for incorporation of the recommendations in CMVR; the Automotive Industry Standards are published by the Automotive Research Association of India on behalf of the Automotive Industry Standards Committee. Under Rule 126 of the CMVR, various test agencies are established to test and certify the vehicles based on the safety standards and emission norms prescribed by the Ministry.

Every manufacturer of motor vehicle has to submit a prototype of the vehicle to be manufactured to any of the test agencies mentioned hereafter. After testing the vehicle for compliance of all standards and norms, the test agency shall grant a certificate to the manufacturer; the test agencies are – Automotive Research Association of India, Vehicle Research & Development Establishment, Central Farm Machinery Testing and Training Institute, Indian Institute of Petroleum, Central Institute of Road Transport and International Centre for Automotive Technology, Manesar. Following is a list of some of the AIS standards: AIS-098: Offset frontal crash AIS-100: Pedestrian protection AIS-99: Side mobile deformable offset AIS have been criticised for not enforcing occupant safety norms; as a result, vehicles sold in India do not meet safety requirements, as was seen when some of India's best-selling cars were tested for the first time in Germany much after being launched in India. The number of deaths due to road accidents in India is around three to four times that of European countries like France and Spain.

India is the world's sixth-largest car market, but is still the only country in the global top ten car markets which does not have a proper car safety regulation or testing programme. While the use of seatbelts is compulsory, the enforcement of these laws is poor resulting in only 27% of drivers complying with the law which aggravates the problem. There has been much criticism of the fact that all the bodies involved in formulating vehicle norms are under the control of the automotive manufacturers, that instead of having a single central body, there are numerous ministries and bodies involved, it has been suggested that an Indian New Car Assessment Program should be set up urgently, jointly by a foreign body, the government and the industry itself. In May 2014, it was reported that the introduction of the Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program was being planned. Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program Automotive industry in India Bharat Stage emission standards Vehicle regulation AIS at the ARAI website

Hillhouse Avenue

Hillhouse Avenue is a street in New Haven, famous for its many nineteenth century mansions, including the president's house at Yale University. Both Charles Dickens and Mark Twain have described it as "the most beautiful street in America." Much of the avenue is included in the Hillhouse Avenue Historic District, which extends to include houses on adjacent streets. The avenue is named for James Hillhouse, innovator in land use in New Haven, who began the program of tree planting that gave New Haven its nickname, The Elm City, who laid out the Trumbull Plan for Yale College and the Grove Street Cemetery. Hillhouse Avenue was called Temple Avenue, was staked out, 150 feet wide, by Hillhouse employee, Yale president, Jeremiah Day, in 1792; the avenue ran from the Green at Temple Street to a hilltop location where James Abraham Hillhouse built the family mansion, Highwood, in 1828. The houses along the wide avenue were set back with room for trees creating a park-like effect; the elms which once shaded the street were lost to Dutch Elm disease, but mature oak trees have taken their place.

The avenue was owned until 1862. Because of the nature of the street, its lots, its orientation to the nine-square-grid of New Haven, Hillhouse Avenue is sometimes considered to be the first suburb in the United States; the Hillhouse mansion was razed in 1942 in accordance with a directive in the will of James Abraham Hillhouse's daughter, Isaphene. In time, Hillhouse Avenue came to be divided into an upper, residential area, a lower portion for public buildings and the Farmington Canal, it is now just two blocks long. The upper portion of the avenue, along with the adjacent blocks, was designated the Hillhouse Avenue Historic District on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985. Yale now owns all of the properties on Hillhouse Avenue except for St. Mary's Church and its parish house. Many of the mansions of the upper area have been converted for use by the economics department, Cowles Foundation, School of Management, other academic departments, have been restored. Lower Hillhouse includes university buildings, a number of them part of the Sheffield Scientific School.

There are several houses designed by architects Ithiel Town, Henry Austin and Alexander Jackson Davis. The area at the end of the avenue where Hillhouse's mansion stood is now part of the Science Hill section of Yale's campus. Notable buildings on Hillhouse Avenue that are included in the historic district are: James Dwight Dana House, designed by Henry Austin, built 1845-1848. Home to the Yale Statistics Department for many years, listed as a U. S. National Historic Landmark Mary Prichard House, 1836; this Greek revival design by Alexander Jackson Davis includes a two-story Corinthian porch with white columns. It is known as the Provost's House and has been used to house Yale administration. Henry Farnam House, Russell Sturgis, 1871. Redesigned with Victorian features removed in 1934, it has been the home of Yale's presidents since 1937. John Pitkin Norton House, 1849. Tuscan/Italian Villa on Hillhouse Avenue designed by Henry Austin. Charles Henry Farnam House, J. Cleaveland Cady, 1884. Queen Anne style.

Pelitiah Perit, Sidney Mason Stone, 1859. Renaissance revival/Tuscan. Graves-Dwight House, 1862; this villa is now used by the Yale Anthropology Department. Apthorp House and Davis, 1836. Skinner House and Davis, 1832. Landmark Greek Revival. Graves-Gilman House, 1866. Victorian Italian Villa. Home of Sheffield professor, Daniel Coit Gilman. Converted into apartments for married Yale students. George H. W. Bush lived here while he was a student and his son lived here until the age of two. Now used by the Yale Department of Economics. Abigail Whelpey House, 1826; the oldest house standing on Hillhouse. This Federal structure was altered in the 1860s with a mansard roof and dormer windows by Noah Porter President of Yale; the house, now known as Allwin Hall, has served as a residence for Yale administrators. Buildings on lower Hillhouse Avenue, outside of the historic district, include: Cloister Hall, 1888. Brownstone building served the Book and Snake fraternity of the Sheffield School. Kirtland Hall, Dunham Laboratory, Mason Laboratory, Leet Oliver Memorial Hall.

Yale University buildings part of the Sheffield Scientific School. St. Mary's parish house. Sheffield-Town Mansion. Ithiel Town, 1836. Additions for Joseph Earl Sheffield by Henry Austin in 1859. Razed in 1957. Yale University Collection of Musical Instruments, 1895. Romanesque structure built for the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity. Significant properties not on Hillhouse Avenue, but included in the historic district, include: Russell Henry Chittenden House, at 83 Trumbull Street, listed as a National Historic Landmark. Wolf's Head, built in 1883, designed by McKim, Mead & White, Richardsonian Romanesque with stepped end gables, former home of Wolf's Head Society. William Lyon Phelps House, 1908–1909, at 110 Whitney Avenue, Colonial Revival a second William Lyon Phelps House, 1914, at 114 Whitney Avenue, designed by J. Frederick Kelly, "one of New Haven's finest Colonial Revival-style structures" National Register of Historic Places listings in New Ha

Ochiai, Okayama

Ochiai was a town located in Maniwa District, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 15,652 and a density of 105.81 persons per km2. The total area was 147.92 km2. On March 31, 2005, along with the town of Hokubō, towns of Katsuyama and Yubara, the villages of Chūka, Kawakami and Yatsuka were merged to create the city of Maniwa. Rivers: Asahi River, Bicchū River Okayama Prefecture Katsuyama Kuse Hokubō Takahashi Tsuyama Misaki Kibichūō Amatsu Elementary School Ueda Elementary School Ueyama Branch School Ochiai Elementary School Kawahigashi Elementary School Kiyama Elementary School Hinoue Branch School Kōchi Elementary School Tsuda Elementary School Bessho Elementary School Mikawa Elementary School Ochiai Junior High School Okayama Prefectural Ochiai High School West Japan Railway Company Kishin Line Mimasaka-Oiwake Station - Mimasaka-Ochiai Station - Komi Station Expressways: Chūgoku Expressway Mimasaka-Oiwake Parking Area - Ochiai Junction - Ochiai Interchange - Maniwa Parking Area Yonago Expressway Ochiai Junction National highways: Route 181 Route 313 Prefectural roads: Okayama Prefectural Route 30 Okayama Prefectural Route 66 Okayama Prefectural Route 84 Okayama Prefectural Route 204 Okayama Prefectural Route 329 Okayama Prefectural Route 330 Okayama Prefectural Route 332 Okayama Prefectural Route 333 Okayama Prefectural Route 370 Okayama Prefectural Route 390 Okayama Prefectural Route 411 Roadside Station Daigo no Sato Daigo Cherry Tree A 1000+ year old cherry tree, named after the former Emperor Daigo, who commented upon the impressiveness of the tree when passing by on his way to exile in the Oki Islands.

Official website of Maniwa in Japanese Maniwa city Ochiai area digital museum in Japanese

Winston Damarillo

Winston Damarillo is a Filipino-American businessman. Winston Damarillo was born in the Philippines, he completed a BS in industrial and mechanical engineering from the De La Salle University in 1990. He moved to the US, went to work at Intel in Hillsboro, Oregon in 1992. After engineering and sales positions, he moved to Intel Capital, which invested in software companies. Damarillo became an venture capitalist, he sold companies such as: Gluecode Software, an open source software company, acquired by IBM in 2005, acquired by Iona Technologies in 2007, Webtide, acquired by Intalio in 2009. Damarillo became the chief strategy officer of the PLDT group in May 2015. At the time he was executive chairman of Amihan Global Strategies