Personal protective equipment is protective clothing, goggles, or other garments or equipment designed to protect the wearer's body from injury or infection. The hazards addressed by protective equipment include physical, heat, chemicals and airborne particulate matter. Protective equipment may be worn for job-related occupational safety and health purposes, as well as for sports and other recreational activities. "Protective clothing" is applied to traditional categories of clothing, "protective gear" applies to items such as pads, shields, or masks, others. PPE suits can be similar in appearance to a cleanroom suit; the purpose of personal protective equipment is to reduce employee exposure to hazards when engineering controls and administrative controls are not feasible or effective to reduce these risks to acceptable levels. PPE is needed. PPE has the serious limitation that it does not eliminate the hazard at the source and may result in employees being exposed to the hazard if the equipment fails.
Any item of PPE imposes a barrier between the working environment. This can create additional strains on the wearer. Any of these can discourage wearers from using PPE therefore placing them at risk of injury, ill-health or, under extreme circumstances, death. Good ergonomic design can help to minimise these barriers and can therefore help to ensure safe and healthy working conditions through the correct use of PPE. Practices of occupational safety and health can use hazard controls and interventions to mitigate workplace hazards, which pose a threat to the safety and quality of life of workers; the hierarchy of hazard controls provides a policy framework which ranks the types of hazard controls in terms of absolute risk reduction. At the top of the hierarchy are elimination and substitution, which remove the hazard or replace the hazard with a safer alternative. If elimination or substitution measures cannot apply, engineering controls and administrative controls, which seek to design safer mechanisms and coach safer human behavior, are implemented.
Personal protective equipment ranks last on the hierarchy of controls, as the workers are exposed to the hazard, with a barrier of protection. The hierarchy of controls is important in acknowledging that, while personal protective equipment has tremendous utility, it is not the desired mechanism of control in terms of worker safety. Personal protective equipment can be categorized by the area of the body protected, by the types of hazard, by the type of garment or accessory. A single item, for example boots, may provide multiple forms of protection: a steel toe cap and steel insoles for protection of the feet from crushing or puncture injuries, impervious rubber and lining for protection from water and chemicals, high reflectivity and heat resistance for protection from radiant heat, high electrical resistivity for protection from electric shock; the protective attributes of each piece of equipment must be compared with the hazards expected to be found in the workplace. More breathable types of personal protective equipment may not lead to more contamination but do result in greater user satisfaction.
Respirators serve to protect the user from breathing in contaminants in the air, thus preserving the health of one's respiratory tract. There are two main types of respirators. One type of respirator functions by filtering out chemicals and gases, or airborne particles, from the air breathed by the user; the filtration may be either active. Gas masks and particulate respirators are examples of this type of respirator. A second type of respirator protects users by providing respirable air from another source; this type includes self-contained breathing apparatus. In work environments, respirators are relied upon when adequate ventilation is not available or other engineering control systems are not feasible or inadequate. In the United Kingdom, an organization that has extensive expertise in respiratory protective equipment is the Institute of Occupational Medicine; this expertise has been built on a long-standing and varied research programme that has included the setting of workplace protection factors to the assessment of efficacy of masks available through high street retail outlets.
The Health and Safety Executive, NHS Health Scotland and Healthy Working Lives have jointly developed the RPE Selector Tool, web-based. This interactive tool provides descriptions of different types of respirators and breathing apparatuses, as well as "dos and don'ts" for each type. In the United States, The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health provides recommendations on respirator use, in accordance to NIOSH federal respiratory regulations 42 CFR Part 84; the National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory of NIOSH is tasked towards conducting studies on respirators and providing recommendations. Occupational skin diseases such as contact dermatitis, skin cancers, other skin injuries and infections are the second-most common type of occupational disease and can be costly. Skin hazards, which lead to occupational skin disease, can be classified into four groups. Chemical agents can come into contact with the skin through direct contact with contaminated surfaces, deposition of aerosols, immersion or splashes.
Physical agents such as extreme temperatures and ultraviolet or solar radiation can be damaging to the skin over prolonged exposure. Mechanical trauma occurs in the form of friction, abrasions and contusions. Biological agents such as paras
Edwin James Kenneth "Kenny" Burn was an Australian cricketer who played in two Tests on the tour to England in 1890. Although unsuccessful at Test level, Burn is best known for being one of the most prolific batsmen in Tasmania at club level in the nineteenth century. Burn was a prolific batsman in Tasmanian cricket for many years, playing first for his hometown side Richmond Cricket Club, the higher profile Wellington Cricket Club, he hit 41 centuries in all grades of cricket, two of them over 350 runs, six of them in consecutive innings in the 1895–96 season. Without peer, he was undoubtedly Tasmania's best batsman of the 1890s at club and first-class level, leading the Tasmanian Grade Cricket batting averages on 11 occasions throughout his career, he set two long-standing Australian club cricket records by scoring 1,200 runs at an average of 133.00 in the 1889–1900 season, in scoring 123 not out and 213 not out for Wellington against Break O'Day in 1895–96, he became the first man to score a century and double century in the same match in Australia.
By the time of his retirement from club cricket, Burn had amassed 12,163 runs, still the second highest total in the competition's history. Only Ronald Morrisby who made 16,000 runs in the 1950s has a higher total. Burn took 362 wickets in his club career. In his first-class cricket career, which lasted from the 1883–84 season through to 1909–10, he made two centuries, with 119 the higher, he managed to take 14 wickets at the respectable average of 22.85 with his right-arm medium pace bowling. Burn was Tasmania's first successful first-class captain, leading the team to six victories in the 14 first-class matches that he led them for, his win percentage as captain of 42.85% has never been bettered. Burn's selection for the Australian touring party in 1890 bordered on the farcical: he was picked as a wicket-keeper in what Wisden termed "the one serious mistake in making up the side". Only after he had joined the team on the ship to England did he admit that he had never kept wicket. Burn played in the first two Tests on the tour, both of them lost.
In the first, he batted at No 10 and No 11. In all, he scored 41 runs. At the time of his death at the age of 93 years and 307 days, Burn was the oldest living Test cricketer, his obituary in the 1957 Wisden calls him "Kenneth Edward Burn". The Lower Domain Road gates at Hobart's TCA Ground are named the K. E. Burn Memorial Gates in his honour. List of Tasmanian representative cricketers Cricinfo article on Kenny Burn
Embakasi Constituency was a former electoral constituency in Kenya. It was one of eight constituencies of Nairobi Province, it consists of southeastern suburbs of Nairobi. With 164,227 registered voters, it is the most populous constituency in Kenya. Embakasi constituency has common boundaries with Embakasi Division; the entire constituency is located within Nairobi City Council area. The constituency has an area of 208 km²; the division has since been split into Embakasi South Constituency, Embakasi North Constituency, Embakasi Central Constituency, Embakasi East Constituency, Embakasi West Constituency. In the early morning hours of January 27, 2008, the Member of Parliament for Embakasi Constituency, Mugabe Were, was shot dead by two gunmen near Kifaru Primary School. According to news reports, Mugabe had just arrived at his compound when the gunmen attacked him while still in his car, before the gate could be opened. Mugabe was elected as a member of Kenya's opposition party. Speculation as to whether or not this was a political assassination surrounds the killing.
If so, this would mark a new stage in the continuing crisis over the disputed presidential election of December 27, 2007. Map of Embakasi Constituency Uchaguzikenya.com - Embakasi Constituency
Analyst relations is a corporate strategy, corporate communications and marketing activity in which corporations communicate with ICT industry analysts who work for independent research and consulting firms such as the leading four. Analyst advice is used by Fortune 1000 companies and others to determine the best option for major investment in ICT - where the deal is complex, costly or critical. Top industry analysts have the power to make or break deals, thanks to their deep-rooted, subscription-based relationships with end-user technology buyers; some analysts focus on helping ICT firms to write request for proposal documents. Therefore, the strategy behind an effective Analyst Relations program is known as "influence the influencers". Large corporations supplying technology have an Analyst Relations person or team. Corporate analyst relations functions are found in the automotive and telecommunications industries. In addition to in-house AR employees, there are a number of agencies offering specialized analyst relations support.
There are three types of industry analysts - the prescribers spend most of their time advising end-user technology buyers on ICT-related strategy, the number crunchers are focused on tracking vendors' market share and using the past to predict the future, while the vendor-facing analysts concentrate on helping the vendors to better position themselves in the market - supporting with go-to-market strategies and sales collateral such as white papers. The remit of an AR team is to ensure that industry analysts are briefed on a regular basis about their company's strategy, products and solutions, as well as their ability to execute in terms of global scale and go-to-market capabilities. In addition, ARs respond to research requests, try to persuade these influential third parties to represent their organization in the best possible light. Analyst Relations teams report into a corporate communications function, although they can report to marketing, investor relations, sales, or directly to the CEO.
In June 2006, the Institute of Industry Analyst Relations was formed as a non-profit community of practice for Analyst Relations professionals and its members are both in-house and agency side AR professionals. Membership is closed to industry analysts, it is important to note that in most cases Investor Relations is a separate function, set up to handle relations with financial analysts as there are specific rules pertaining to the disclosure of financial information. Industry analyst Market research Win Them Over: A Survival Guide for Corporate Analyst Relations/Consultant Relations Programs, Efrem Mallach, Folrose, 2013, ISBN 978-0906378045 SIPR Analyst Relations guide Defining "Analyst Relations", SageCircle Influencing the Influencers, William S Hopkins, Stephen England, Christopher Wilder, Knowledge Capital Group, 7 October 2006, ISBN 978-0-9789643-0-6 Getting Results from your Analyst Relations Strategies, Louis Columbus, iUniverse, 19 November 2004, ISBN 978-0-595-33462-9 Industry Analyst Relations - An Extension to PR, Ralf Leinemann, Duncan Chapple, Folrose Ltd, 9 September 2008, ISBN 978-0-906378-03-8 Up and to the RIGHT: Strategy and Tactics of Analyst Influence: A complete guide to analyst influence, Richard Stiennon, IT-Harvest Press, 1 May 2012, ISBN 978-0985460709 Institute of Industry Analyst Relations
Alison Roberta Noble Neilans was an English suffragette. Neilans was a member of the executive committee of the Women's Freedom League, a member of the Church League for Women's Suffrage and the East London Federation of Suffragettes, where she worked with Sylvia Pankhurst, she was a member of the board of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance. Neilans was born at East Dulwich, Surrey, on 19 June 1884, she had a good life until her father died when she was twelve and she was obliged to work as a bookkeeper. She became the financial secretary of the Women's Freedom League in 1908. Neilans was imprisoned three times for her activities, her third prison sentence was for pouring liquid into ballot boxes at a local by-election. She and Alice Chapin splashed chemicals over the ballot papers in the 1909 Bermondsey by-election. Chapin was successful in damaging many ballot Neilans damaged a few. All of the ballot papers were still readable and John Dumphreys was elected; however the presiding officer, George Thorley had chemicals.
At their trial the doctors said. The suffragettes believed that Thorley had exaggerated his injury and that damage that may have been done was due to him applying ammonia after the incident in an panicked attempt to alleviate damage. Chapin and Neilans were tried at the Old Bailey and Neilans published an account of their defence. Chapin was given a larger sentence than Neilans but she was released two days after her under the "King's Pardon". "Alison R. Neilans. B. Tauris, ISBN 1-86064-502-X Crawford, Elizabeth B; the women's suffrage movement: a reference guide, 1866-1928, New York: Routledge, ISBN 0-415-23926-5
"Rock With U" is a song by American singer Janet Jackson from her tenth studio album, Discipline. It was written by Ne-Yo, Jermaine Dupri, Eric Stamile, produced by the last two; the song was released as the album's second single on February 2008, by Island Records. "Rock with U" is a pop, Euro disco, house song, recorded with the gay community in mind, as Jackson felt the necessity to do something for her gay fans, as well as the wider community members. "Rock with U" received positive reviews from music critics, with the majority lauding its retro, but futuristic sound, commending the song's elements of house music. The song had minimal success, only being able to reach the Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles and the top 20 of the Hot Dance Club Songs. Saam Farahmand directed the long-take music video, which features Jackson having a party inside a club, with red and white rays of light entering the room. "Rock with U" served as the title for Jackson's Rock Witchu Tour the same year, where the song was performed.
In July 2007, it was announced that Jackson had signed a recording contract with Island Records, after her five-album deal with Virgin Records was fulfilled with the release of her album 20 Y. O.. Jackson's tenth studio album, an acknowledgment of Jackson's commitment and dedication to her career, was released on February 26, 2008 under the supervision of label head L. A. Reid, she did not write or co-write any songs on the album, a departure from her usual practice of co-writing and producing all of the songs on her albums. "Rock With U" was written by Shaffer Smith, Jermaine Dupri and Eric Stamile, with Dupri producing it, while Stamile co-produced it. In an interview for NewNowNext, Jackson explained that the song was created for the gay community, saying, "Honestly the song was created for the gay community. I kept stressing to Jermaine,'I got to do something for the kids.' I had talked about it on the last album – and there was a song that I had, it wasn’t quite completed. And I talked about it to the papers, gay magazines, it didn't wind up on the album with the cut-off date.
I felt badly about that. So he just said, ` Here are 10 tracks for the kids. After the song was released, Jackson was awarded the Vanguard Award at the 19th annual GLAAD Media Awards, honoring her contributions in promoting equal rights among the gay community; the organization's president commented, "Ms. Jackson has a tremendous following inside the LGBT community and out, having her stand with us against the defamation that LGBT people still face in our country is significant." "Rock with U" is a pop, Euro disco, house song. According to Jackson, it is reminiscent of "Together Again" or "Throb" from The Velvet Rope and janet. Respectively. "It's still classic me but with a different twist to it – a modern twist", she said. Jim Farber from New York Daily News noted the song's riffs, which he considered greater when they first appeared in Madonna's 1985 song "Into the Groove"; the song was compared to Jackson's brother Michael Jackson's "Rock with You", due to its disco themes. "Rock with U" contains vocodered whispers and murmured vocals.
The song opens with the line, "Strobe lights make everything sexier", while it talks about an erotic proposition, dedicated to the gay community. "Rock with U" was made available for sale through the US iTunes Store on February 5, 2008, along with a pre-order offer for her tenth studio album, Discipline. The song was serviced to rhythmic crossover radio stations on February 11, 2008 and was released to Top 40 radio stations on February 26, 2008."Rock with U" was met with general critical acclaim from most music critics, with most praising its style and retro vibe. Picking the song as one of the album's best tracks, Andy Kellman of AllMusic named it "an irresistible, grade-A dancefloor track", calling it "swift and swooning." Bryan Borzykowski of Now called it a "bouncy house track", while Nick Levine from Digital Spy called it "cosmic, sleek and bracingly modern", writing that "it wouldn't disgrace itself as a Kylie single." Dan Gennoe of Yahoo! Music was positive, writing that the song marries Jackson's sweet and stomping side for a 1980s influenced song, which we called both genuinely exciting and "sounds 100 per cent like Janet Jackson".
Ann Powers from the Los Angeles Times enjoyed the track, calling it "the gentlest time travel accomplished." Powers wrote, "Playing on memory and melancholia, Janet's'Rock With U' is nowhere as great as the original, but as a bit of intimate meta-pop it's utterly poignant. Jackson has long been the bearer of her brother's secrets, on this song she shows that she can still crave something other than sexual fulfillment. Something like innocence." Michael Arceneaux of PopMatters praised the track, calling it "a sensual gem" and "almost euphoric" complimenting Jackson's "whispery delivery." Arceneaux added, "It's a digitized form of pop music Janet should look into for future recordings." Tom Young from BBC Music was negative in his review, saying that its lyrics would not seduce anybody. The accompanying music video for "Rock with U" was directed by Saam Farahmand and choreographed by Gil Duldulao, it premiered on Access Granted on March 5, 2008. Jackson described Farahmand as an excited and creative person.
He wanted to make the video as a long take video, like the music video for previous single "Feedback", which he directed. According to the singer, the makeup looks and fashion of the video were a "futuristic version of the Blitz Kids from the 80's". Dulduao commented "I just wanted sort