Peschiera del Garda

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Peschiera del Garda
Comune
Comune di Peschiera del Garda
Peschiera Old Town.jpg
Peschiera del Garda is located in Italy
Peschiera del Garda
Peschiera del Garda
Location of Peschiera del Garda in Italy
Coordinates: 45°26′N 10°41′E / 45.433°N 10.683°E / 45.433; 10.683Coordinates: 45°26′N 10°41′E / 45.433°N 10.683°E / 45.433; 10.683
Country Italy
Region Veneto
Province Verona (VR)
Frazioni Peschiera, San Benedetto di Lugana, Broglie
Government
 • Mayor Umberto Chincarini
Area
 • Total 17.63 km2 (6.81 sq mi)
Elevation 68 m (223 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 9,995
 • Density 570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Arilicensi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 37019, 37010
Dialing code 045
Patron saint Saint Martin
Saint day November 11
Website Official website

Peschiera del Garda [peˈskjeːra dɛl ˈɡarda] (Venetian: Pischera; Latin: Ardelica, Arilica) is a town and comune in the province of Verona, in Veneto, Italy. When Lombardy-Venetia was under Austrian rule, Peschiera was the northwest anchor of the four fortified towns constituting the Quadrilatero. The fortress is on an island in the river Mincio at its outlet from Lake Garda.

The town is encircled by massive Venetian defensive systems that are a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 9 July 2017.[2]

Probably Village of Peschiera del Garda, 1533 or later by Girolamo dai Libri


Fortified Town of Peschiera
Peschiera del Garda .jpg
Location Peschiera, Province of Verona,  Veneto,  Italy
Type Cultural
Criteria iii, iv
Designated 2017 (41 Session)
Part of Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries: Stato da Terra – western Stato da Mar
Reference no. 1533
Region Europe and North America


History[edit]

Roman Ardelica was a town of Gallia Transpadana that occupied the site of the modern Peschiera del Garda, at the southeast angle of the Lacus Benacus (Lago di Garda), just where the Mincius (modern Mincio) issued from the lake. The name is found under the corrupted form Ariolica in the Tabula Peutingeriana, which correctly places it between Brixia and Verona; the true form is preserved by inscriptions, of which one says that it was a trading place, with a corporation of ship-owners, collegium naviculariorum Ardelicensium. (Orell. Inscr. 4108.) The town is mentioned as Arilica in Pliny the Elder's Naturalis Historia.

A renovation of the old Venetian fortifications surrounding the town, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[2]

The fortress at Peschiera played a prominent part in most military campaigns conducted in northern Italy after 1400, especially during the Italian campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. At the Battle of Peschiera fought on 6 August 1796, the day after the major French victory at the Battle of Castiglione, a French force commanded by general Masséna drives out the Austrians. After the Siege of Peschiera, during the First Italian War of Independence, it was taken by the Piedmontese from the Austrians, following a gallant defence by general Rath lasting six weeks, on 30 May, 1848.

Peschiera del Garda was also known for its military jail, which closed in 2002.

The comune is part of the Associazione Città del vino ("Association of Wine Cities").

In winter, the nearby Laghetto del Frassino is the most important habitat for tufted ducks in Italy (Morbioli & Sighele 2006).

Main sights[edit]

Western corner of the fortress
Porta Brescia
(1866)
  • The fortress and the external fortifications. They were included in UNESCO's World Heritage Site list as part of "Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries: Stato da Terra – western Stato da Mar" in 2017.[3]
  • Sanctuary of Madonna del Frassino (1511). It houses works by Paolo Farinati and Zeno da Verona.
The monument to Giovanni Falcone, meant to represent a fragment of the car in which he was assassinated.
A monument to the Italian police force.

Bounding communes[edit]

Transport[edit]

Peschiera del Garda railway station, opened in 1854, forms part of the Milan–Venice railway.

The pier where ferries connecting Peschiera del Garda to other towns on the Lake docks.

The town is additionally served by ferry services, which connect it to other towns on the coast of Lake Garda, including Sirmione and Desenzano del Garda.[4]

A panoramic photograph of the Marina of Peschiera del Garda during sunset, with the Lake and the Italian Alps visible.

Twin cities[edit]

World heritage site[edit]

It is home to one or more prehistoric pile-dwelling (or stilt house) settlements that are part of the Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps UNESCO World Heritage Site.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ISTAT
  2. ^ a b c Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "The city of Bergamo - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 2017-11-02.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "UNESCO" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  3. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries: Stato da Terra – western Stato da Mar". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 11 July 2017. 
  4. ^ "The fastest connection between towns on the Lake is the ferry". Lake Garda. Retrieved 25 August 2018. 
  • Morbioli, Marco; Sighele, Maurizio (2006). "L'avifauna del Laghetto del Frassino (Peschiera del Garda, Verona, Veneto)". Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona Botanica Zoologia (30): 275–291.  PDF fulltext

External links[edit]