click links in text for more info

Peter, King of Hungary

Peter Orseolo, or Peter the Venetian, was King of Hungary twice. He first succeeded his uncle, King Stephen I, in 1038, his favoritism towards his foreign courtiers caused an uprising which ended with his 1041 deposition. Peter was restored in 1044 by Holy Roman Emperor, he accepted the Emperor's suzerainty during his second reign, which ended in 1046 after a pagan uprising. Hungarian chronicles are unanimous that Peter was executed by order of his successor, Andrew I, but the chronicler Cosmas of Prague's reference to his alleged marriage around 1055 suggests that he may have survived his second deposition. Peter was born in the only son of Doge Otto Orseolo, his mother was a sister of the first King of Hungary. The Venetians rose up and deposed Otto Orseolo in 1026. Peter did not follow his father. Emeric, Stephen's only son to survive infancy, died in an accident in 1031. Stephen's cousin Vazul had the strongest claim to the throne, but the King overlooked him and named Peter as his heir. On Stephen's order, Vazul was blinded shortly thereafter and his three sons – Levente, Andrew and Béla – exiled, which strengthened Peter's right of succession.

The King asked Peter to take an oath respecting the property of his wife, Queen Giselle, suggesting that Peter's relationship with his aunt was tense. Peter succeeded King Stephen I, who died on 15 August 1038, adopted an active foreign policy. Hungarian troops plundered Bavaria in 1039 and 1040, invaded Bohemia in 1040 to assist Duke Bretislav I against Holy Roman Emperor Henry III. Hungarian chronicles recount that Peter preferred the company of Germans and Italians, which made him unpopular among his subjects, he seized Church revenue and deposed two bishops. Audaciously, Peter took her into custody, she sought help from Hungarian lords, who blamed one of Peter's favorites for the monarch's misdeeds and demanded that Budo be put on trial. When the King refused, the lords seized and murdered his unpopular advisor and deposed the monarch in 1041, they elected a new king, Samuel Aba, a brother-in-law or another nephew of King Stephen I. As soon as he began to rule, Peter threw aside every trace of the forbearance befitting a monarch's majesty, in consort with Germans and Latins raged with Teutonic fury, treating the nobles of the kingdom with contempt and devouring the wealth of the land "with a proud eye and an insatiable heart."

Fortifications and every office in the kingdom was taken away from the Hungarians and given to Germans or Latins. In addition, Peter was debauched, his hangers-on behaved with shameful and unbridled lust, violently assaulting the wives and daughters of the Hungarians wherever the king travelled. No one at the time could feel sure of the chastity of his wife or daughter in the face of the importunity of Peter's courtiers. Peter first fled to Austria, seeking the protection of Margrave Adalbert, he approached Emperor Henry III for help against Samuel Aba. The new Hungarian monarch invaded Austria in February 1042. Henry III launched his first expedition against Hungary in early 1042, his forces advanced north of the Danube to the river Garam. The Emperor planned to restore Peter, but the locals were opposed. Accordingly, the Emperor appointed another member of the Hungarian royal family to administer the territories. In the autumn King Henry invaded Hungary, destroyed Hainburg and Pressburg and either laid waste or received the surrender of the northern region of the Danube as far as the River Gran, because rivers and marshes protected the southern region.

Part of the army twice wrought great slaughter. After the subjection of the Hungarians of that territory, since they refused to accept Peter, he installed for them as duke one of their number, at that time in exile among the Bohemians; the Emperor returned to Hungary in the early summer of 1044, was joined in his advance by many Hungarian lords. The decisive battle was fought on 5 June at Ménfő. Although Aba escaped from the battlefield, Peter's supporters soon killed him. Following Samuel Aba's death, Emperor Henry restored Peter. Peter introduced Bavarian law in his realm, he accepted the Emperor's suzerainty on Whitsun 1045. A number of plots to overthrow Peter indicate. Two of King Stephen I's maternal cousins conspired against Peter in 1045, but the King had them arrested and executed. Bishop Gerard of Csanád invited Vazul's exiled sons to the country. An uprising by pagan commoners ended Peter's second rule in 1046. Peter planned to flee again to the Holy Roman Empire, but Vazul's son Andrew invited him to a meeting at Székesfehérvár.

The deposed king soon realised that Andrew's envoys wanted to arrest him. He fled to a fortified manor at Zámoly, but his opponent's supporters seized it and captured him three days later. All 14th-century Hungarian chronicles attest. However, the near-contemporary Cosmas of Prague relates that Judith of Schweinfurt, widow of Duke Bretislaus I of Bohemia who

Mark Pontius

Mark Pontius is an American musician, best known as a founding member and drummer of the band Foster the People. Pontius was born on January 1985, in Orlando, Florida to Larry and Harriet Pontius, he is the youngest of five siblings which includes sister Rebecca Pontius, founder of the Do Good Bus. Growing up, Pontius drummed in garage bands and community groups. Pontius graduated from Lyman High School in Longwood, Florida in 2003. After graduating high school, Pontius moved to Los Angeles to pursue a career in cinematography, he graduated from film school. He lived in Australia during this time. After moving to Los Angeles, Pontius joined the indie pop band Malbec, fronted by Pablo Signori and included music producer Speakerbomb. From 2003 to 2011, they put out seven EP's and one full length album, cutting out their own niche of pop rock, hip hop and electronic music, they signed a publishing deal with Songs Music Publishing in 2007 and had their songs synced in films and television shows like One Tree Hill, Flight of the Phoenix, Long Way Round, The Omen, Palo Alto, NBC's Chuck, among others.

Besides being the band's drummer, Pontius directed and edited all of their music videos. Pontius left the band in December 2009 to focus on Foster the People. Malbec disbanded the following year. After leaving Malbec, before Foster the People found success, Pontius produced an electronic pop-leaning solo record under the name Discovery, he worked as a session musician. In Fall 2009, Mark Foster organized a band made up among others. Around this time, Foster recorded the song "Pumped up Kicks" at his workplace and it was released as an early single for the band. In May 2010, the band was signed to Columbia Records imprint Startime International for a multi-album deal due to the song's increasing success. "Pumped Up Kicks" was re-released as the band's first single on September 14, 2010. It was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Pop Duo/Group Performance in February 2012. On May 23, 2011, the band's first studio album, was released and earned the band their second Grammy Award nomination, one for Best Alternative Music Album.

It peaked at number eight on the Billboard 200. Three years the band released their second album, Supermodel on March 14, 2014, it is their highest peaking studio album on the Billboard 200 at number three. On July 21, 2017, Foster the People released its third album, Sacred Hearts Club, an album influenced by the global issues of the current times, which featured the single "Sit Next to Me."In 2017, Pontius produced the Mr. Gabriel track "Holy Water" at his studio in Tennessee, Fat Horse Ranch. Pontius has used a custom kit from Los Angeles-based drum makers Q Drums since 2014, he uses Istanbul cymbals and Vic Firth sticks. He uses Pintech electronic percussion equipment the Pintech RS-5 external triggers. In the past, he has used a Gretsch kit. Pontius lives in Tennessee with his partner, interior designer Caroline Walkup. Pontius is an animal rights activist, he practices veganism. With MalbecMalbec EP Keep It A Secret EP Dawn of Our Age Answering Machine EP #1 Answering Machine EP #2 Answering Machine EP #3 Answering Machine EP #4 Answering Machine EP #4 As Delivery Takes My Time With Foster the People Torches Supermodel Sacred Hearts Club Mark Pontius on IMDb Mark Pontius on IMDb Mark Pontius discography at Discogs


A viceroy is an official who runs a country, city, province, or sub-national state, in the name of and as the representative of the monarch of the territory. The term derives from the Latin prefix vice-, meaning "in the place of" and the French word roy, meaning "king". A viceroy's territory may be called a viceroyalty; the adjective form is viceregal, less viceroyal. The term vicereine is sometimes used to indicate a female viceroy suo jure, although viceroy can serve as a gender-neutral term. Vicereine is more used to indicate a viceroy's wife; the term has been applied to the governors-general of the Commonwealth realms, who are viceregal representatives of the monarch. Viceroy is a form of royal appointment rather than noble rank. An individual viceroy also held a noble title, such as Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Viceroy of India; the title was used by the Crown of Aragon, beginning in the 14th century, it referred to the Spanish governors of Sardinia and Corsica. After the unification, at the end of the 15th century kings of Spain came to appoint numerous viceroys to rule over various parts of the vast Spanish Empire in Europe, the Americas, overseas elsewhere.

In Europe, until the 18th century, the Habsburg crown appointed viceroys of Aragon, Catalonia, Portugal, Sardinia and Naples. With the ascension of the House of Bourbon to the Spanish throne, the historic Aragonese viceroyalties were replaced by new captaincies general. At the end of War of the Spanish Succession, the Spanish monarchy was shorn of its Italian possessions; these Italian territories, continued to have viceroys under their new rulers for some time. See also:List of Spanish Viceroys of Aragon List of Spanish Viceroys of Valencia List of Spanish Viceroys of Catalonia List of Spanish Viceroys of Navarre List of Spanish Viceroys of Sardinia List of Spanish Viceroys of Sicily List of Spanish Viceroys of Naples The Americas were incorporated into the Crown of Castile. With the Spanish colonization of the Americas, the institution of viceroys was adapted to govern the populated and wealthy regions of the north overseas: New Spain and the south overseas: Peru and South America; the viceroys of these two areas had oversight over the other provinces, with most of the North American, Central American and East Indian areas supervised by the viceroy in Mexico City and the South American ones by the viceroy in Lima.

These large administrative territories became known as Viceroyalties. There were only two New World viceroyalties until the 18th century, when the new Bourbon Dynasty established two additional viceroyalties to promote economic growth and new settlements on South America. New viceroyalties were created for New Granada in 1717 and the Río de la Plata in 1776; the viceroyalties of the Spanish Americas and the Spanish East Indies were subdivided into smaller, autonomous units, the Audiencias, the Captaincies General, which in most cases became the bases for the independent countries of modern Hispanic America. These units gathered the local provinces which could be governed by either a crown official, a corregidor or by a cabildo or town council. Audiencias functioned as superior judicial tribunals, but unlike their European counterparts, the New World audiencias were granted by law both administrative and legislative powers. Captaincies General were military districts set up in areas with a risk of foreign or Indian attack, but the captains general were given political powers over the provinces under their command.

Because the long distances to the viceregal capital would hamper effective communication, both audiencias and captains general were authorized to communicate directly with the crown through the Council of the Indies. The Bourbon Reforms introduced the new office of the intendant, appointed directly by the crown and had broad fiscal and administrative powers in political and military issues. See also: Viceroyalty of the Indies Viceroyalty of New Spain – List of Viceroys of New Spain Viceroyalty of Peru – List of Viceroys of Peru Viceroyalty of New Granada – List of Viceroys of New Granada Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata – List of Viceroys of the Río de la Plata The title of Viceroy being awarded to members of the nobility, Viceroys and Governing Commissions were many times interleaved until the last Viceroy Afonso, Prince Royal of Portugal, in 1896. From 1505 to 1896 Portuguese India – the name "India" and the official name "Estado da India" including all Portuguese possessions in the Indian Ocean, from southern Africa to Southeast Asia and Australasia, until 1752- was governed either by a Viceroy or Governor from its headquarters, in Goa since 1510.

The government started six years after the discovery of sea route to India by Vasco da Gama, in 1505, under first Viceroy Francisco de Almeida. King Manuel I of Portugal tried a power distribution with three governors in different areas of jurisdiction: a government covering the area and possessions in East Africa, Arabian Peninsula and Persian Gulf, overseeing up Cambay.

Fontbonne University

Fontbonne University is a liberal arts Roman Catholic university in Clayton, Missouri. It enrolls 3,000 students and is a member of the St. Louis Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Fontbonne is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission and is a member of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools. Fontbonne University offers master's degree programs. Fontbonne University, founded in 1923 as a women's only college, takes its name from Mother St. John Fontbonne, who, in 1808 after the French Revolution, refounded the Congregation of the Sisters of St. Joseph. More than a century and a half before, in 1650, the Sisters of St. Joseph had been founded in LePuy, France. During the French Revolution, the sisters were forced to return to their homes and the community was dispersed; some 28 years after the re-founding, six Sisters of St. Joseph came to the United States in 1836 and established American roots at Carondelet, a small community in south St. Louis, Missouri within the Archdiocese of St. Louis.

Five years in 1841, they opened St. Joseph's Academy for girls. First classes began at Carondelet following World War I, with the first eight baccalaureate degrees given in 1927. Over the next 20 years a liberal arts curriculum was developed. A cafeteria, swimming pool, gymnasium were added to the original buildings. Medaille Hall, the university's first residence hall, was dedicated; the school received North Central accreditation. In the 1950s the department of education was expanded to include special education, behavioral disorders, learning disabilities, mental handicaps. A major in deaf education linked Fontbonne with St. Joseph's Institute for the Deaf; the department of communication disorders was established to prepare teachers for speech-impaired children and adults. On October 24, 1970, a group of eight African American women entered the library of Fontbonne University with a common goal. Yolande Nicholson, Antoinette Smith, Rita Hunt, Jeannette Gauda, Collette Lemelle and three others chained the doors of the library shut and began to do their homework as they occupied the space.

Their goal was to see the points in their written manifesto come to reality. These young women aimed to make known the rights of African Americans and to bring about positive change at Fontbonne. In their manifesto they asked the following changes to be made at Fontbonne: to have an African American administrator, an African American officer in both Financial Aid and Admissions, an African American counselor, an orientation program more geared towards African Americans, African American cultural education experiences, a specific area in the library for African American students and an establishment of an African American artist series fund. Along with these demands, their manifesto demanded wage increases and an improvement of working conditions for African American workers at Fontbonne. Overall, the demands of these women were an effort to more integrate African American students and workers with the Fontbonne Community, to address their concerns about exclusion. Fontbonne College became co-educational in the 1970s.

Service programs were expanded to areas such as dietetics, special education, communication disorders and deaf education. A predominately lay board of trustees was formed; the Fontbonne Library was dedicated, along with two more residence halls. The first male president, Dr. Dennis C. Golden, was inaugurated in September 1995; the school celebrated its 75th anniversary during the 1998-99 academic year. March 14, 2002 marked the change in status from Fontbonne College to Fontbonne University. On February 1, 2014, J. Michael Pressimone, Ed. D. was selected the 14th president of Fontbonne University. He assumed office on July 1, 2014; the Fontbonne Griffins compete at the NCAA Division III level. Most athletic teams are members of the St. Louis Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. Several teams in sports not sponsored by the SLIAC have separate Division III affiliations. Men's lacrosse competes in the Midwest Lacrosse Conference. Men's volleyball competes in the Midwest Collegiate Volleyball League. Women's lacrosse competes as a Division III independent.

The university will add women's field hockey in the Fall of 2011, the team will play as an independent member of Division III. The university fields 10 Men's Sports, 10 Women's Sports, 3 Co-ed Sports: Bob Cassilly - sculptor and founder of the City Museum Sam Dotson - security expert Karla Drenner - American academic and politician from Georgia Suzy Gorman - American photographer John Hayden Jr. was appointed as the 35th Police Commissioner of Metropolitan Police Department, City of St. Louis Ken Page - American cabaret singer and actor Kent Meyer - NHL's all time secondary assist leader. Played for the Hartford Whalers, the Quebec Nordiques, the Atlanta Thrashers. Mary Louise Preis - former Maryland State Delegate with CitiFinancial Nate Tate - Republican member of the Missouri House of Representatives, representing District 119 since 2016. Jason Sommer - poet Alexandra Zaharias - ballet scholar Official website Official athletics website

David Bauer (ice hockey)

For other men with the same name, see David Bauer. David William Bauer, OC, CSB referred to as Father David Bauer, was an ice hockey player and builder, ordained as a Catholic priest in the Congregation of St. Basil at the age of 29, he was a native of the Kitchener-Waterloo area of Ontario. Bauer was the younger brother of hockey player Bobby Bauer. A noted sportsman in his own right, Bauer turned down an offer to play for the Boston Bruins farm team, the Boston Olympics at the age of 16, so that he could attend St. Michael's College School in Toronto, where he played for various school teams from 1941 to 1945, the University of Toronto. In 1944, after St. Michael's was eliminated by the Oshawa Generals in the playoffs, Oshawa was able to add three players to their roster for the 1944 Memorial Cup championship series, chose Bauer, as well as Ted Lindsay and Gus Mortson, he returned to the St. Michael's Majors for a single game in the 1944–45 campaign, choosing to enlist in the military instead as St. Michael's won the 1945 Memorial Cup championship that spring.

Following the end of the war, he decided against playing professional hockey, instead choosing to enter the priesthood. In 1953 after his ordination as a priest, Bauer returned to St. Michael's College as a teacher and became coach of the school's junior team. During the 1960s he helped lead the team to a Memorial Cup, helped introduce such future hockey stars as Dave Keon of the Toronto Maple Leafs and Gerry Cheevers of the Boston Bruins. In 1962, Bauer took a position at the St. Mark's College and the University of British Columbia, where he came up with the idea to establish a national team of top amateurs from across Canada; the idea was presented to the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association and by the end of 1962, Bauer's idea was accepted. Bauer made up his team of several top amateur players who became UBC students including Brian Conacher, Roger Bourbonnais and Marshall Johnston, in 1964 they participated in the Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria; the team put up a good fight, losing 3–2 in a gold medal game opportunity with the Soviet Union, but only came out in fourth place on goal difference.

However, because of different rules for eliminating ties for Olympics and World Championships, the Canadian team was awarded a "world championship" bronze medal. Bauer was coach and general manager for Canada in the 1968 Olympics, general manager in the 1965, 1966, 1967 and 1969 world championships, he managed the 1980 Canadian Olympic team as well. Among Bauer's many awards and honours are, being the General Manager of the 1968 Olympic bronze winning team, World Championship bronze in 1964,1966 and 1967 as general manager, the Memorial Cup in 1944 as a player and in 1961 as a trainer, being elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame as a Builder in 1989, the IIHF Hall of Fame in 1997, both posthumously. Bauer was named Vice-President of Hockey Canada in 1981, Chairman of Canada's Olympic hockey program in 1981, named to the Order of Canada in 1967. Father David Bauer Olympic Arena in Calgary, Alberta and a rink in the Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports Centre in Vancouver, British Columbia are named after him, as is the roadway Father David Bauer Drive in Waterloo, Ontario.

A bursary from St. Mark's College was named for him in 1987; the UBC hockey alumni group has hockey bursaries in Father David Bauer's name for student athletes who make the varsity hockey team. Bauer died at the age of 64 in Goderich, Ontario, he was buried in his family plot in Mount Hope Cemetery in Ontario. Biographical information and career statistics from Legends of Hockey David Bauer at Find a Grave Order of Canada citation

Bruce Lundvall

Bruce Lundvall was an American record company executive, best known for his period as the President and CEO of the Blue Note Label Group, reporting directly to Eric Nicoli, the Chief Executive Officer of EMI Group. Lundvall was born in New Jersey. In a career spanning half a century, Bruce Lundvall signed a wide array of artists, including Willie Nelson, Herbie Hancock, Dexter Gordon, Woody Shaw, James Taylor, Stan Getz, Wynton Marsalis, Dianne Reeves, Richard Marx, Natalie Cole, Cassandra Wilson, Anita Baker, Norah Jones, he headed the following labels: Blue Note Records, Angel Records, Manhattan Records. Lundvall began his music career in marketing at Columbia Records where he remained for 21 years, becoming President of the domestic division of CBS Records in 1976. In the course of his tenure, he built Columbia's jazz roster into the largest of any major label. In 1974 he gave the green light to Bruce Springsteen's breakthrough album Born to Run, after hearing the song of the same name. In 1979, Bruce Lundvall organized and sponsored in Havana, the Havana Jam festival that took place between 2–4 March, with Kris Kristofferson, Rita Coolidge, Stephen Stills, the CBS Jazz All-Stars, the Trio of Doom, Fania All-Stars, Billy Swan, Bonnie Bramlett, Mike Finnigan, Weather Report, Billy Joel, plus an array of Cuban artists such as Irakere, Pacho Alonso, Tata Güines, Orquesta Aragón.

Their performances are captured on Ernesto Juan Castellanos's documentary Havana Jam'79, on the two Columbia albums Havana Jam and Havana Jam II. Lundvall moved to Elektra in 1982, where he became President of Elektra Records and the newly created Elektra/Musician Jazz label. In 1984, he was approached with an offer to create Manhattan, a pop music label based on the East Coast, for EMI, as well as to revive the suspended Blue Note jazz label. Lundvall steered the label for a quarter of a century, he was responsible for signing an unknown Norah Jones. Jones's debut Come Away With Me, her subsequent albums, have sold in their millions internationally. Lundvall stood down as President of Blue Note in 2010. In January 2012, Don Was became President of Blue Note, having been appointed CEO the previous year, with Lundvall becoming Chairman Emeritus. Lundvall served as chairman of the Recording Industry Association of America, Chairman of the Country Music Association and Director of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences.

He received a NARM presidential award. He was a member of the Jazz Foundation of America Board of Directors Advisory Committee. A resident of Wyckoff, New Jersey until he relocated to a nearby residential facility, Lundvall died of complications from a prolonged battle with Parkinson’s disease on May 19, 2015, in Wyckoff, he was survived by his wife, Kay Lundvall, three sons, Eric and Kurt, two granddaughters. 1996 — Lifetime Achievement Award from the Jazz Foundation of America 1998 — Down Beat Lifetime Achievement Award 2004 — MIDEM Personality of the Year Award 2012 — UCLA Gershwin Award