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Peter Arrell Browne Widener

Peter Arrell Browne Widener was an American businessman, art collector, head of the Widener family of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Widener was ranked #29 on the American Heritage list of the forty richest Americans in history, with a net worth at death of $23 billion to $25 billion; the son of a Philadelphia butcher, Widener was born on November 13, 1834, to Johannes Widener and Sarah Fulmer. He was named after a noted lawyer in 19th-century Philadelphia. During the Civil War, Widener won a contract to supply mutton to all Union Army troops within 10 miles of Philadelphia; the city was a major transportation hub for troop deployment, the location of many of the largest Union military hospitals. Widener invested his $50,000 profit in horse-drawn city streetcar lines, he grew to prominence in Philadelphia politics, had become the City Treasurer by 1871. In 1883, he was a founding partner in the Philadelphia Traction Company, which electrified the city's trolley lines, expanded into other major cities in the United States.

He and his business partner, William L. Elkins, invested with businessmen such as Charles Tyson Yerkes, the streetcar czar of Chicago. Widener used the great wealth accumulated from public transportation to become a founding organizer of U. S. Steel and the American Tobacco Company, as well as to acquire substantial holdings in Standard Oil, he is considered having left an enormous fortune. In 1858, he married Hannah Josephine Dunton, they had three sons, his son George Dunton Widener died aboard the RMS Titanic, while son Joseph Early Widener was a noted art collector. P. A. B. Widener died at Lynnewood Hall at the age of 80 on November 6, 1915, after having suffered from poor health for three years. After his death, his estate was valued at $31,589,353. By 1945, the accumulated income plus the current value of the real and personal property totaled $98,368,058. In 1887, Widener built an ornate mansion in Philadelphia, at the northwest corner of Broad Street and Girard Avenue, he vacated it 13 years and donated it to the Free Library of Philadelphia, which used it as a branch library from 1900 to 1946.

The building burned in 1980, it was demolished. In 1900, he completed Lynnewood Hall in Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, a 110-room Georgian-style mansion designed by Horace Trumbauer. Widener was an avid art collector, with a collection that included more than a dozen paintings by Rembrandt, as well as works by then-new artists Édouard Manet and Auguste Renoir. Widener amassed a significant art collection, that included works by Old Masters such as Vermeer, Raphael and El Greco, British 18th- and 19th-century paintings, works by French Impressionist artists such as Corot, Renoir and Manet. About 1905, he purchased the crucifixion panel from Rogier van der Weyden's Crucifixion Diptych in Paris; the following year he sold it to John G. Johnson, who reunited the two halves and donated them to the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Widener's son Joseph donated more than 300 works—including paintings, metalwork, stained glass, rugs, Chinese porcelains, majolica—to the National Gallery of Art in 1942. Note: The artworks below are in the collection of the National Gallery of Art, unless otherwise listed.

Rhône v. Peter A. B. Widener Widener University Article on Widener and Widener Mansion in Philadelphia, PhillyHistory.org. Peter Arrell Browne Widener at Find a Grave

The King & I (Faith Evans and The Notorious B.I.G. album)

The King & I is a collaborative album by American singer Faith Evans and late rapper The Notorious B. I. G. Released by Rhino Entertainment Company on May 19, 2017. In the United States of America The King & I debuted at number 65 on the Billboard 200, with 9,000 album-equivalent units; as of February 2018, it sold 24,000 copies in the United States. "NYC" featuring Jadakiss was released as the lead single from the album, released in January 2017, impacting radio in March, with a music video released in August. "When We Party" featuring Snoop Dogg was released as the second single, released in January, impacted radio in March as well. A remix by Matoma was released with the music video released in October. "Legacy" is the third single and received a music video, released in April. "Ten Wife Commandments" is the fourth single released to radio, with a music video released in January 2018. Notes/Vocal sample sources"Legacy" – "Would You Die For Me?" "Can't Get Enough" – "Bust A Nut". "Don't Test Me" – "Gettin' Money".

"Tryna Get By" – "Sky's The Limit". "The Reason" – "Why You Tryin' To Play Me". Licensed by Xtra Large Entertainment on behalf of Derrick Hodge and LeTroy Davis. "I Don't Want It" – Reference track for "We Don't Need It" by Lil' Kim unreleased. "Ten Wife Commandments" – "Ten Crack Commandments". "A Little Romance" – "Fuck You Tonight". "Got Me Twisted" – "Things Done Changed". "When We Party" – "Going Back To Cali". "Somebody Knows" – "Who Shot Ya?". "Take Me There" – Reference track for "Drugs" by Lil' Kim unreleased. "One In The Same" – "Respect". "Lovin' You for Life" – "Miss U". "NYC" – "Mumblin' and Whisperin'"

CIA activities in Nicaragua

Nicaragua is a country in Central America. Bordering it are the Caribbean Sea, the North Pacific Ocean, Costa Rica, Honduras; as of 2016, there are 5,966,796 Nicaraguans in the country. The country is reigned by a presidential republic government type. Nicaragua was established as a colony by the Spanish in Panama in the 16th century; the people of Nicaragua claimed their independence from Spain on September 15, 1821. Background information and the precipitation of the Contra conflict In 1961, the Frente Sandinista de Liberacion Nacional was founded in Havana, Cuba; the development of the FSLN represented the merger of "Carlos Fonseca's Nicaraguan Patriotic Youth organization... with Tomas Borge's Cuban-supported insurgent group." The FSLN remained a unsuccessful and a marginal political movement until 1972, when an earthquake rocked the Nicaraguan capital, Managua. The Somoza government, which had assumed control of Nicaragua shortly following the withdrawal of United States military personnel in 1933, was seen to be profiteering from international relief efforts in the immediate aftermath of the earthquake.

This led to a dramatic change in the influence and importance of the FSLN as their position within the Nicaraguan public sentiment began a rapid ascension. Between 1972 and 1978, fighting between the FSLN guerrillas and the Nicaraguan National Guard increased. In 1978 "Pedro Joaquin Chamorro, editor of the opposition newspaper La Prensa" was assassinated; the opposition to the oppressive Somoza government was beginning to come to a head. Ouster of Somoza In February 1979, the United States suspended all foreign aid to Nicaragua due to Somoza's unwillingness to compromise. In 14 July 1976, on behalf of President Jimmy Carter, Secretary of State Cyrus Vance sent a letter urged Somoza to end the status quo and start the transition process following the OAS's recommendation. Secretary Vance tried to convince Somoza that military action to fight the Sandinista as not possible, the only way to go is through the transition process; the transition would permit moderates faction to survive and to counterbalance the radical elements within the warring groups.

Secretary Vance reiterate that Somoza's departure should be carried out in due course and the U. S. government would welcome him in the US. At the same time, in 15 July 1979, the U. S. ambassador in Costa Rica, Marvin Weissman, suggested Secretary Vance to invite moderate groups of Nicaraguans who live in the U. S. to come to the State Department's briefing on 18 July. The purpose of inviting the groups was to bolster the moderates position in Nicaragua to counterbalance the radical factions of the Sandinista during the political transition. By July, Somoza had fled the country. FSLN Sandinista forces assumed power in Managua, the United States moved to recognize the legitimacy of the new government and offer aid, however the FSLN chose instead to look to global Communist interests including the Soviets and Cubans for support. By 1980, the Government of National Recognition under Cuban influence had begun installing pro-Marxist, anti-U. S. Doctrine into the Nicaraguan educational system. U. S. policy on Nicaragua began to favor support for anti-Sandinista "contras," because most people involved in the U.

S. intelligence operations, including Richard Nixon feared that "defeat for the rebels would lead to a violent Marxist guerrilla movement in Mexico and in other Central American countries." On December 1, 1981, United States President Ronald Reagan signed a presidential finding which authorized covert operations in Nicaragua. This plan called for the U. S. government to cooperate with the Argentinian government, engaged in a similar operation, to train and fund an existing terrorist group in Nicaragua known as the Contras. The Contras contributed to drug dealing in the US and brought a lot of crack cocaine. A reporter for the San Jose Mercury News proved the connection between the crack epidemic and the Contras; the Contras were a group of republican guard members from the old Somoza regime ousted by the Sandinistas after the revolutionary conflict. Through the recruitment efforts of the CIA, the group became supplemented by mercenary guerrillas and was extensively trained by the CIA. Due to the U.

S. alliance with Great Britain during the Falklands war, Argentina withdrew support for these programs and the CIA had to relocate their training sites to Honduras. The CIA carried out the Nicaraguan operation based on military intelligence indicating the Sandinista government had close ties to the Cuban and Soviet governments, which represented a strategic threat to the U. S. US policy planners feared that the success of democracy and socialism in Nicaragua would inspire revolutions across the continent, thereby challenging US hegemony and the interests of Western corporations. At this time, the Sandinistas were building their military to a level, disproportionate for the size of Nicaragua. S. saw this as a Soviet-backed push for power in the region. The CIA gave $50,000 to the training and arming of the contras in 1981, followed up by millions more once the CIA secured funding for the operation; the CIA executed operations of their own: in 1982, a CIA-trained team blew up two bridges in Nicaragua and mined Corinto harbor, which may have been carried out by members of the U.

S. military rather than through the indigenous assets the CIA claimed. The mines were an attempt to disrupt the Nicaraguan economy by closing down the main shipping port. Petroleum imports and cotton exports were the main targets; the mines they e

Cowichan Valley Regional District

The Cowichan Valley Regional District is a regional district in the Canadian province of British Columbia is on the southern part of Vancouver Island, bordered by the Nanaimo and Alberni-Clayoquot Regional Districts to the north and northwest, by the Capital Regional District to the south and east. As of the 2011 Census, the Regional District had a population of 80,332; the regional district offices are in Duncan. The Cowichan Valley Regional District covers an area between the Stuart Channel and Saanich Inlet on the east coast of Vancouver Island and the southern part of the West Coast Trail, with Cowichan Lake located in its central region, it includes the Gulf Islands of Thetis and Valdes. The total land area is 3,473.12 km². City of Duncan Town of Ladysmith Town of Lake Cowichan District Municipality of North Cowichan Chemainus 13 Claoose 4 Cowichan 1 Cowichan 9 Cowichan Lake Est-Patrolas 4 Halalt 2 Kil-pah-las 3 Kuper Island 7 Lyacksun 3 Malachan 11 Malahat 11 Oyster Bay 12 Portier Pass 5 Shingle Point 4 Squaw-hay-one 11 Theik 2 Tsussie 6 Wyah 3 Malahat Mill Bay Shawnigan Lake Arbutus Ridge Cobble Hill Cherry Point Cowichan Bay Cowichan Station Eagle Heights Glenora Koksilah Sahtlam Honeymoon Bay Mesachie Lake Skutz Falls Saltair Diamond North Oyster Yellow Point Meade Creek Youbou Community Profile: Cowichan Valley Regional District, British Columbia.

BC Geographical Names

Beauty and the Geek Australia

Beauty and the Geek Australia is an Australian reality television series on the Seven Network. It was hosted by Bernard Curry in the first four series and has been replaced by James Tobin as the new host, it is based on the Geek created by Ashton Kutcher. The premise of the show consists of a group of "Beauties" and a group of "Geeks" are paired up to compete as teams for a A$100,000 prize; as of 27 November 2014, 49 episodes have aired. Xenogene appeared in an audition episode of The X Factor singing "Thriller", he appeared in the several episodes of the second season of the same series. The contestants won the competition; the contestant won their pair was safe from elimination. The contestant's partner won the challenge and they were safe from elimination; the contestant did not win the challenge and neither were they nominated but their pair was safe from elimination. The contestant and their partner were survived elimination; the contestant and their partner were eliminated from the competition.

The contestants did not compete in the week. Episode 1: 8 October 2009 The beauties met the geeks for the first time, are put into teams; the beauties had to teach a 5th grade class either science, history or geography. The geeks had to perform a rap song for a nightclub audience including guest judges Molly Meldrum and Jessica Mauboy. There was no elimination, much to the surprise of the contestants. Episode 2: 15 October 2009 The beauties studied the anatomy of the body. Meanwhile, the geeks practiced relaxing massage techniques, including developing their own signature move, which they put into practice on the beauties. Episode 3: 22 October 2009 For many of the geeks, it was their first opportunity to go on a date when they embarked on speed dating; the beauties became budding rocket scientists when they attempted to build and launch a rocket from scratch. Episode 4: 29 October 2009 The geeks are create a race day outfit for their beauties, including choosing a dress for dumaaaa and making the fascinator from scratch, to impress guest judges, milliner Pater Jago and Kate Waterhouse.

Meanwhile, the beauties brushed up on their current affairs knowledge to present a speech on a newsworthy topic. Episode 5: 5 November 2009 The boys got a makeover in the hopes of improving their confidence; this week contained the first team challenge, with the beauties and geeks teaming up for a special soap opera challenge with the help of Home and Away stars Ada Nicodemou and Luke Jacobz. Episode 6: 12 November 2009 The Beauties become tour guides for a night at the museum, the Geeks host a radio Love Hotline. Episode 7: 19 November 2009 The Geeks teach a fitness class while the Beauties build a billy cart from scratch. Episode 8: 26 November 2009 The teams pair up for their own Amazing Race-inspired challenge, they receive clues and work together to track down three eliminated contestants scattered throughout Sydney. The first pair of teams to return to the mansion compete in the elimination room for the $100,000 prize. Thursdays 8.30pm The second season began recording on 9 August 2010, with the first episode going to air on 21 October 2010.

There were six episodes in total. The first and last ones were one and a half hours instead of just one hour; the season was won by the pairing of Jessie. The second season of Beauty and the Geek Australia features the same contestant structure as the first season, with one big twist. In each challenge only one of the twins was allowed to compete and only that twin can study for that challenge. Xenogene from season 1 was a background "Where's Wally" in at least six episodes. In no apparent order, the contestants for the second season are as follows. Winners are in bold The contestant won the competition; the contestant won their pair was safe from elimination. The contestant's partner won the challenge and they were safe from elimination; the contestant was safe from elimination. The contestant's partner won immunity and they were safe from elimination; the contestant did not win the challenge or immunity and neither were they nominated but they was safe from elimination. The contestant and their partner survived elimination.

The contestant was eliminated from the competition. The contestant did not compete in the week. A ⊃ or a ⋑ indicates that the winning team had the power to nominate a non winning / non immune team for elimination. Episode 1: 21 October 2010 The Geeks apply their knowledge of beauty and fashion to design and dress their Beauties in a handmade bikini which best reflects who the Geeks are for a pageant before a panel of former Miss Australia winners; the Beauties build a flying device for their Geeks to fly. Episode 2: 28 October 2010 The Beauties have to handle creepy-crawlies in a challenge that incorporates mathematics, while the Geeks have to stand in as Cabana Boys at a five-star, luxurious hotel pool bar. In the creepy-crawlies challenge, the beauties had to transport bugs of different values to their own bowl and whoever scored 100 points worth of bugs won the challenge. A second challenge was announced where beauties can gain immunity by eating a live witchetty grub. However, this winner is unable to nominate a pair for eliminat

Fleur Hassan-Nahoum

Fleur Hassan-Nahoum is an Israeli politician and policy maker. She serves as Deputy Mayor of Jerusalem in charge of foreign relations, international economic development and tourism. Fleur Hassan-Nahoum was born in London, UK, grew up in Gibraltar, she is the daughter of Sir Joshua Abraham Hassan, who served as Chief Minister and Mayor of Gibraltar, his second wife Marcelle Bensimon, both Jews of Moroccan origin. Her younger sister, Marlene Hassan Nahon, is a Gibraltarian Member of Parliament and leader of the Together Gibraltar Party. Hassan-Nahoum grew up bilingual, speaking English. In 1991, at the age of 18, Hassan-Nahoum moved back to London to study law at King's College London, where she served as president of the King's College Jewish Society. After qualifying as a barrister in 1997, she practiced law in London and became campaign director of World Jewish Relief. In 2001, Hassan-Nahoum immigrated to Israel, she is married with four children. Upon graduation from law school, Hassan-Nahoum was a barrister at Middle Temple and served as campaign director at World Jewish Relief, a British Jewish charitable organization working with Jewish and non-Jewish communities.

After immigrating to Israel in 2001 during the Second Intifada, she served as senior associate with the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, an international aid organization, from 2007 as CEO of Tikva Children's Home, an orphan-and-poverty-relief organization which supports homeless and abused Jewish children in the former Soviet Union. Hassan-Nahoum is the CEO and founder of an international strategic communications firm, Message Experts. In 2013, Hassan-Nahoum joined the Yerushalmim Party, which seeks to turn Jerusalem into a more pluralistic and open city. In 2016, she joined the Jerusalem City Council, heading transportation and conservation of heritage sites, she served as chairman of Yerushalmim from January 2018. In the November 2018 Jerusalem municipal elections, Hassan-Nahoum ran as number 2 to Minister Zeev Elkin of the Jerusalem Will Succeed Party, established by Jerusalem's previous mayor Nir Barkat. Mayor Moshe Lion named her Deputy Mayor of Jerusalem on November 13, 2018, in charge of tourism and foreign relations, including philanthropy, international economic development, business relations and Diaspora affairs.

Hassan-Nahoum is the only British-born citizen holding a senior political role in Israeli politics. As deputy mayor, Hassan-Nahoum sees increasing participation in the workforce and improving education in the Arab sector as major challenges for the municipality. Among Hassan-Nahoum’s responsibilities is accommodating new embassies in the city, she is working with the U. S. State Department on its embassy in Jerusalem and helping to plan an embassy district in the Jerusalem neighborhood of Arnona. Hassan-Nahoum describes herself as a Zionist, she is a firm believer that women should be part of local government: "I believe that until women are in 50% of all decision-making positions our world will remain unbalanced. Local government affects our everyday lives and it is crucial to have women in these positions because when women are around the table the decisions are better."During the 2018 municipal elections, the Likud's local Jerusalem branch called on Prime Minister Netanyahu to retract his support of Zeev Elkin for Mayor when Elkin included Hassan-Nahoum on his electoral list.

The Likud claimed that her links to the New Israel Fund and other left wing groups made it impossible for them to support Elkin.. She is as an advocate for marginalized populations in Israel including Haredi women and Ethiopians, for evening-out spending among all of Jerusalem's populations, she has spoken publicly on developing Jerusalem as a technology hub. She has been tipped as a future mayor of Israeli foreign minister. Hassan-Nahoum came under fire for attending an event organised by the far-left Emek Shaveh group, sponsored by the New Israel Fund and the European Union. Families of victims of terrorism protested her attendance claiming that she was giving legitimacy to a group that encourages terrorism. In an interview in 2019, Hassan-Nahoum said that with her diverse family background, she is able to understand and reach out to different communities: "I can respect Arab culture, speak like an Andalusian and think like a Latin person, a British person and a Sephardi Jew." Female representation in local government in Israel Municipality of Jerusalem Women in Israel Op-eds by Fleur Hassan Nahoum, The Jerusalem Post Jewish women's contribution to world business celebrated at Stock Exchange