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Greenbo Lake

Greenbo Lake is a 181-acre reservoir nestled in the Appalachian foothills of Greenup County, Kentucky. The lake was jointly created in 1955 by the Greenbo Lake Association and the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, its distinctive name derives from the combination of the names of the county it is located in and nearby Boyd County. The association held a competition for the naming of the winner picked the name; the lake, known as a wonderful spot for largemouth bass, is located within Greenbo Lake State Resort Park. The park, covering more than 3,000 acres, features camping, boating and golf, as well as scenic trails for biking and hiking. Greenbo Lake State Resort Park Greenbo Lake State Resort Park U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Greenbo Lake Greenbo Lake facilities map

Peter N. Miller

Peter N. Miller is an American historian and Dean Professor at Bard College, he was a 1998 MacArthur Fellow. Much of his scholarship has centered on the intellectual and cultural history of early modern Europe, including the practices of antiquarianism within wider scholarly erudition. From 1998 to 2001, he was an assistant professor at the University of College Park, he attended a Modern Orthodox Jewish day school in New York City. He earned his bachelor's degree magna cum laude from Harvard College, his master's from Harvard University and his PhD at the University of Cambridge. Sovereignty and Obligation in Republican England: political thought in the engagement controversy, Harvard University, 1986 From Community to Individual Rights: English political thought and imperial crisis 1750–1776, University of Cambridge, 1990 Defining the Common Good: Empire and Philosophy in Eighteenth-Century Britain. Cambridge University Press. 1994. ISBN 978-0-521-61712-3. Peiresc's Europe: learning and virtue in the seventeenth century.

Yale University Press. 2000. ISBN 978-0-300-08252-4. Peiresc's Orient: antiquarianism as cultural history in the seventeenth century. Farnham: Ashgate. 2012. ISBN 978-1-4094-3298-2. Peiresc's Mediterranean World. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. 2015. History and Its Objects: antiquarianism and material culture since 1500. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. 2017. ISBN 9780801453700. Peter N. Miller, ed.. Momigliano and Antiquarianism: foundations of the modern cultural sciences. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-9207-6

Leon Sullivan

Leon Howard Sullivan was a Baptist minister, a civil rights leader and social activist focusing on the creation of job training opportunities for African Americans, a longtime General Motors Board Member, an anti-Apartheid activist. Sullivan died on April 24, 2001, of leukemia at a Scottsdale, hospital, he was 78. Born to Charles and Helen Sullivan in Charleston, West Virginia, he was raised in a small house in a dirt alley called Washington Court in one of Charleston's poorest sections. His parents divorced when he was three years old and he grew up an only child. Sullivan has re-told the event which set a course for the remainder of his life. At the age of twelve, he tried to purchase a Coca-Cola in a drugstore on Capitol Street; the proprietor refused saying: "Stand on your feet, boy. You can't sit here." This incident inspired Sullivan's lifetime pursuit of fighting racial prejudice. Sullivan attributed much of his early influence to his grandmother:... my grandmother Carrie, a constant and powerful presence in my life who taught me early on the importance of faith, faith in God, self-help.

As a teen-ager, Sullivan—who as an adult stood 6 ft 5 in tall—attended Charleston's Garnet High School for blacks and received a basketball and football scholarship to West Virginia State College in 1939 where he was a member of Tau chapter of Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity. A foot injury ended his athletic career and forced Sullivan to pay for college by working in a steel mill. Sullivan became a Baptist minister in West Virginia at the age of 18. In 1943, during a visit to West Virginia, noted black minister Adam Clayton Powell convinced Sullivan to move to New York City where he attended the Union Theological Seminary and Columbia University, he served as Powell's assistant minister at the Abyssinian Baptist Church. During this period, Sullivan met his wife Grace, a woman whom he referred to as "Amazing Grace." The couple would have three children, Hope and Howard. One of Sullivan's greater achievements during his time in New York was the recruitment of "a hundred colored men for the police force" in Harlem with Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia's support and encouragement.

In 1945 Sullivan and Grace moved to South Orange, New Jersey, where Sullivan became pastor at First Baptist Church. Five years Leon and Grace moved to Philadelphia, PA, where Leon took on the role of pastor of Zion Baptist Church, located today at 3600 North Broad Street in the City of Philadelphia. Known there as "the Lion of Zion" he served from 1950 to 1988 increasing its membership from 600 to 6,000 - making it one of the largest congregations in America. Sullivan took his first active role in the civil rights movement by helping to organize a march on Washington, D. C. in the early 1940s. Sullivan believed jobs were the key to improving African-American lives and starting in 1958 he asked that Philadelphia's largest companies interview young blacks. Only two companies responded positively so Sullivan, through his affiliation with other ministers, organized a boycott of various businesses which he referred to as "Selective Patronage"; the slogan was "Don't buy where you don't work" and the boycott was effective since blacks constituted about 20% of Philadelphia's population.

Sullivan estimated the boycott produced thousands of jobs for African Americans in a period of four years. The New York Times featured the program with a front-page story, Fortune magazine brought the program to greater public attention on a national scale. By 1962, the effectiveness of Sullivan's boycotts came to the attention of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr and the SCLC who persuaded Sullivan to share information with them on his success; the exchange led to SCLC's economic arm, Operation Breadbasket, in 1967, headed by Jesse Jackson. Sullivan's work was built on the principle of "self-help", which provides people with the tools to help themselves overcome barriers of poverty and oppression. African Americans had been excluded from the types of training. Sullivan realized that making jobs available was not enough, he said, I found. Integration without preparation is frustration. In 1964, Sullivan founded Opportunities Industrialization Centers of America in an abandoned jail house in North Philadelphia.

The program took individuals with little hope and few prospects and offered them job training and instruction in life skills and helped place them into jobs. The movement spread around the nation. With sixty affiliated programs in thirty states and the District of Columbia, OIC has grown into a movement, which has served over two million disadvantaged and under-skilled people; this approach led to the formation of the Opportunities Industrialization Centers International in 1969. Around the same time, Sullivan established the Zion Investment Association, a company which invested in and started new businesses. Sullivan helped to establish more than 20 programs under the International Foundation for Education and Self-Help, including the Global Sullivan Principles initiative. Other IFESH programs include the African-African American Summit, the Peoples Investment Fund for Africa, the Self-Help Investment Program, Teachers for Africa and Schools for Africa. IFESH has placed teachers in Africa, trained African bankers, built schools, developed small businesses, disseminated books and school supplies, created literacy programs, distributed medicines to prevent river-blindness and helped to combat the spread of HIV/AIDS.

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Human trafficking in Virginia

Human trafficking in Virginia is the illegal trade of human beings for the purposes of reproductive slavery, commercial sexual exploitation, or forced labor as it occurs in the state of Virginia, it is recognized as a modern-day form of slavery. It includes "the recruitment, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power, or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs."According to officials with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Customs Enforcement and other law enforcement agencies, there is a growing problem with human trafficking in Virginia in connection with Latino gangs, including MS-13.

Anti-human trafficking advocates argue that weak laws in Virginia are attracting traffickers from Washington D. C. and Maryland which have passed stricter laws. The National Human Trafficking Resource Center reported receiving 624 calls and emails in 2015 about human trafficking in Virginia. African workers first appeared in Virginia in 1619, brought by English privateers from a Spanish slave ship they had intercepted; as the Africans were baptized Christians, they were treated as indentured servants. Some laws regarding slavery of Africans were passed in the seventeenth century and codified into Virginia's first slave code in 1705. Slavery became illegal during the years of the American Civil War. Exact numbers are difficult to obtain. However, the National Human Trafficking Resource Center keeps statistics on the number of calls to their hotline and the number of cases. From December 2007 to June 2015, they received 2,803 calls on human trafficking in Virginia, which resulted in 628 cases; the most common type of trafficking was domestic work and traveling sales crews.

Before April 1, 2015, Virginia was the only state in the nation that did not have any standalone human trafficking laws. SB 1188 and HB 1964 were passed on April 1, 2015, they were the first bills in Virginia to define sex trafficking, establish penalties, criminalized child sex trafficking as a Class 3 felony without the need to prove force, intimidation or deception, criminalized recruitment for commercial sex. It provides provisions for protecting and identifying sex trafficking victims. Robert Dillard was the first man charged under this law. Freedom 4/24 is an organization based in Virginia, its mission is to raise awareness of human trafficking of women and children around the world and to provide financial support to other anti-human trafficking organizations. It sponsors Frocks 4 Freedom, an event selling discounted trendy fashion, Run 4 Their Lives, a 5K race, to raise money for their anti-human trafficking work; the Gray Haven is an organization based in Richmond, Virginia that focuses on helping victims of human trafficking.

The operate a drop-in center for victims, have a crisis response team, offer case management, has a court advocacy team. They work with local and federal law enforcement to identify and provide service for victims. Northern Virginia Human Trafficking Initiative is an organization based in Ashburn, Virginia that seeks to connect the community to fight human trafficking, it seeks to raise awareness, advocates for change in laws, assist victims of human trafficking. Valley Human Trafficking Initiative is an organization based in Winchester, Virginia that provides awareness training to the community and assists victims of human trafficking

Sharon Tyndale

Sharon Tyndale was the Secretary of State of Illinois, United States, from 1865 to 1869. His tenure is notable for his redesign of the Great Seal of the State of Illinois. Born in Philadelphia, Tyndale moved to Belleville, Illinois in 1833 and worked in the mercantile business, he worked in the mercantile business with his father. In 1845, he moved to Peoria and studied to be a civil engineer. In 1857, Tyndale was elected County Surveyor of Illinois. President Abraham Lincoln appointed Tyndale postmaster of Belleville, Illinois in 1861. From 1865 to 1869, Tyndale served as a Republican. After Tyndale left office, he stayed in Springfield and worked for Gilman and Springfield Railroad doing survey, his brother was a United States Army officer. In 1867, Tyndale himself requested that the Illinois General Assembly authorize a redesign of the seal, with one key suggestion, that the words of the motto be reversed; the legislature did authorize the redesign, but required the redesign to maintain the motto's word order.

They gave Tyndale responsibility for the redesign. Tyndale overhauled the Great Seal, but he did so in a manner that appeared to thwart the legislature's intent, his new seal featured a twisted banner, which caused the word "sovereignty" to be upside down, albeit, in the order required by the legislature. Tyndale's banner has remained in place, with only minor changes, since 1868. Two years after leaving office, Tyndale was murdered outside his home, in Springfield, Illinois, on April 29, 1871, his killer was never identified. List of unsolved murders