Kearney is a city in and the county seat of Buffalo County, United States. The population was 30,787 at the 2010 census, it is home to the University of Nebraska at Kearney. The westward push of the railroad as the Civil War ended gave birth to the community. Kearney is located at 40°42′3″N 99°4′52″W. Strategically located on I-80 with convenient access to major markets like Omaha-Lincoln, Kansas City, Des Moines and Cheyenne, Kearney is at the center of a 7-state region and 20 million people. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.00 square miles, of which, 12.77 square miles is land and 0.23 square miles is water. Kearney is the principal city of the Kearney, Nebraska Micropolitan Statistical Area, which consists of Buffalo and Kearney counties; as of the census of 2010, there were 30,787 people, 12,201 households, 7,015 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,410.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 12,738 housing units at an average density of 997.5 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 92.3% White, 1.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 3.1% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.3% of the population. There were 12,201 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 42.5% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age in the city was 29 years. 22.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 29,952 people, 10,549 households, 6,160 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,498.5 people per square mile. There were 11,099 housing units at an average density of 1,010.9 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 95.18% White, 0.63% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.68% from other races, 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.08% of the population. There were 10,549 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.6% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.96. In the city, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 23.9% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,829, the median income for a family was $46,650.
Males had a median income of $30,150 versus $22,366 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,713. About 7.4% of families and 13.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over. The original settlement in the area was called Dobytown, located 2 miles southeast of the present-day Kearney; the city was moved and renamed after the nearby Fort Kearny, a United States Army outpost along the Oregon Trail in the middle of the 19th century. The fort was named after Colonel Stephen W. Kearny; the "e" was added by mistake sometime afterwards by postmen who misspelled the town name. The current location of the city is on the north side of the Platte River and grew as a result of the influence of the railroad. In 1912, a Catholic Diocese was centered here; this status was removed with the creation of other dioceses. In 1997, the city began to be used; the council-manager form is used in Kearney. The City Council makes policy-making decisions.
There are five members elected citywide to serve four-year terms. The council manager form of government was adopted in 1950. Michael W. Morgan serves as city manager; the council appoints a city manager to implement policies, prepare a budget, appoints department heads, recommends areas that the council needs to attend. There are five members elected citywide serving staggered four-year terms. One member of the City Council is chosen by the council to be Mayor. Stanley Clouse is the Mayor. Kearney Public Schools operates 3 preschools, 12 elementary schools, 2 middle schools, Kearney High School Zion Lutheran School Faith Christian School of Kearney Kearney West High School, at the Youth Rehabilitation and Treatment Center Kearney Catholic High School University of Nebraska at Kearney is located in the city; the campus is a 235-acre residential campus with more than 37 buildings. It was founded in 1905 as Nebraska State Normal School at Kearney and became Nebraska State Teachers College in 1921.
Between 1963 and 1991 the school was known as Kearney State College. The college's name was changed to University of Nebraska at Kearney in 1991 when it joined the University of Nebraska system
George W. Bush
George Walker Bush is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009. He had served as the 46th governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000. Bush was born in New Haven and grew up in Texas. After graduating from Yale University in 1968 and Harvard Business School in 1975, he worked in the oil industry. Bush married Laura Welch in 1977 and unsuccessfully ran for the U. S. House of Representatives shortly thereafter, he co-owned the Texas Rangers baseball team before defeating Ann Richards in the 1994 Texas gubernatorial election. Bush was elected President of the United States in 2000 when he defeated Democratic incumbent Vice President Al Gore after a close and controversial win that involved a stopped recount in Florida, he became the fourth person to be elected president while receiving fewer popular votes than his opponent. Bush is a member of a prominent political family and is the eldest son of Barbara and George H. W. Bush, the 41st president of the United States.
He is only the second president to assume the nation's highest office after his father, following the footsteps of John Adams and his son, John Quincy Adams. His brother Jeb Bush, a former Governor of Florida, was a candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in the 2016 presidential election, his paternal grandfather, Prescott Bush, was a U. S. Senator from Connecticut; the September 11 terrorist attacks occurred eight months into Bush's first term. Bush responded with what became known as the Bush Doctrine: launching a "War on Terror", an international military campaign that included the war in Afghanistan in 2001 and the Iraq War in 2003, he signed into law broad tax cuts, the Patriot Act, the No Child Left Behind Act, the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act, Medicare prescription drug benefits for seniors, funding for the AIDS relief program known as PEPFAR. His tenure included national debates on immigration, Social Security, electronic surveillance, torture. In the 2004 presidential race, Bush defeated Democratic Senator John Kerry in another close election.
After his re-election, Bush received heated criticism from across the political spectrum for his handling of the Iraq War, Hurricane Katrina, other challenges. Amid this criticism, the Democratic Party regained control of Congress in the 2006 elections. In December 2007, the United States entered its longest post-World War II recession referred to as the "Great Recession", prompting the Bush administration to obtain congressional passage of multiple economic programs intended to preserve the country's financial system. Nationally, Bush was both one of the most popular and unpopular U. S. presidents in history, having received the highest recorded presidential approval ratings in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, as well as one of the lowest approval ratings during the 2008 financial crisis. Bush finished his term in office in 2009 and returned to Texas, where he had purchased a home in Dallas. In 2010, he published Decision Points, his presidential library was opened in 2013. His presidency has been ranked among the worst in historians' polls that were published in the late 2000s and 2010s.
However, his favorability ratings with the public have improved after leaving office. George Walker Bush was born on July 6, 1946, at Yale–New Haven Hospital in New Haven, while his father was a student at Yale, he was his wife, Barbara Pierce. He was raised in Midland and Houston, with four siblings, Neil and Dorothy. Another younger sister, died from leukemia at the age of three in 1953, his grandfather, Prescott Bush, was a U. S. Senator from Connecticut, his father was Ronald Reagan's vice president from 1981 to 1989 and the 41st U. S. president from 1989 to 1993. Bush has English and some German ancestry, along with more distant Dutch, Irish and Scottish roots. Bush attended public schools in Midland, until the family moved to Houston after he had completed seventh grade, he spent two years at The Kinkaid School, a prep school in Piney Point Village in the Houston area. Bush attended high school at Phillips Academy, a boarding school in Andover, where he played baseball and was the head cheerleader during his senior year.
He attended Yale University from 1964 to 1968. During this time, he was a cheerleader and a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon, serving as the president of the fraternity during his senior year. Bush became a member of the Skull and Bones society as a senior. Bush was a rugby union player and was on Yale's 1st XV, he characterized himself as an average student. His GPA during his first three years at Yale was 77, he had a similar average under a nonnumeric rating system in his final year. In the fall of 1973, Bush entered Harvard Business School, he graduated in 1975 with an MBA degree. He is the only U. S. president to have earned an MBA. Bush was engaged to Cathryn Lee Wolfman in 1967, but the engagement fizzled out. Bush and Wolfman remained on good terms after the end of the relationship. While Bush was at a backyard barbecue in 1977, friends introduced him to Laura Welch, a schoolteacher and librarian. After a three-month courtship, she accepted his marriage proposal and they wed on November 5 of that year.
The couple settled in Texas. Bush left his family's Episcopal Church to join his wife's United Methodist Church. On November 25, 1981, Laura Bush gave birth to fraternal twin daughters and Jenna. Prior to getting married, Bush struggled with multiple episodes of alcohol abuse. In one instance on September 4, 1976, he was pulled over near his fami
Holly Peterson is an American producer and novelist. The daughter of Peter George Peterson, she was a contributing editor for Newsweek magazine, an editor-at-large for Talk magazine and an Emmy award-winning producer for ABC News, where she covered global politics, she is the author of the New York Times bestseller The Manny. Holly Peterson was born in 1964 Chicago, the daughter of Peter George Peterson and psychologist Sally Peterson, her stepmother is Joan Ganz Cooney, the co-creator of the children's television program Sesame Street. Her stepfather, Michael Carlisle, is a partner at the book publishing company Inkwell Management, she lived in Washington D. C. in elementary school, moved to New York City where she attended Brearley School and Dalton School before graduating from Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, in 1983. She majored in Russian Language and Literature at Brown University. After college, she worked in Washington, D. C. as a radio producer for the political consulting firm Squier/Eskew run by Robert Squier and Carter Eskew.
She moved back to New York where she was hired by ABC News and where she remained a producer of both Primetime Live with Diane Sawyer and Sam Donaldson and World News Tonight with Peter Jennings for a dozen years, winning a National Press Club Award and a television news Emmy Award for Outstanding Coverage of a Single Breaking News event for the 1991 coup that dissolved the USSR during Christmas of that year. She worked for Tina Brown at Talk magazine in the role of editor-at-large where she penned a column called "Money Talks" and published several long oral histories. Peterson worked as contributing editor at Newsweek and wrote several pieces, a cover on Oprah Winfrey and several packages on women and leadership, she left the magazine in 2007. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, she serves on the board of trustees of an independent school in Harlem. She is on the board of trustees of the Studio Museum in New York Presbyterian Hospital. Aside from Newsweek, she has written for The Daily Beast, The New York Times, Avenue and Country, ModernLuxury.com, The Beach blog of ModernLuxury.com and Hamptons magazines, Elle Decor, Vogue Living, Talk Magazine, Talk Profiles, Beach Magazine, Plum Magazine, Hamptons Magazine, Manhattan Magazine, New York Social Diary, Her first novel The Manny, a satire of the lives of wealthy people in New York City arose to the New York Times best seller list in July 2007.
Her second novel, The Idea of Him was published in 2014 by Harper Collins. It is another work of social satire based on the high powered New Yorkers who came from nothing and made fortunes, it is a love story of a woman, trying to figure out if she is in love with the man or just the idea of him. In June 2016, Peterson released Fire, published by Assouline; the book contains over 100 photographs featuring outdoor entertaining ideas. In May 2017, Peterson released. In the Hamptons, the everyday people are as fascinating as the millionaires. Peterson married investment banker Richard A. Kimball Jr. in 1994. She and Kimball were divorced in 2009
United States Secretary of Commerce
The United States Secretary of Commerce is the head of the United States Department of Commerce. The Secretary is appointed by the President of the United States with the advice and consent of the United States Senate and serves in the President's Cabinet; the Secretary is concerned with promoting American industries. Until 1913 there was one Secretary of Commerce and Labor, uniting this department with the Department of Labor, now headed by a separate Secretary of Labor; the current Commerce Secretary is Wilbur Ross, nominated by President Donald Trump and approved by the Senate on February 28, 2017. Parties No party Democratic Republican Status Source: Department of Commerce: Secretaries As of April 2019, there are ten living former Secretaries of Commerce, the oldest being Frederick B. Dent; the most recent Secretary of Commerce to die was Peter Peterson, on March 20, 2018. The most serving Secretary to die was Ron Brown, who died in office on April 3, 1996; the line of succession for the Secretary of Commerce is as follows: Deputy Secretary of Commerce General Counsel of the Department of Commerce Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Under Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Commerce and Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Administration Boulder Laboratories Site Manager, National Institute of Standards and Technology Official website
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded in 1861 in response to the increasing industrialization of the United States, MIT adopted a European polytechnic university model and stressed laboratory instruction in applied science and engineering; the Institute is a land-grant, sea-grant, space-grant university, with a campus that extends more than a mile alongside the Charles River. Its influence in the physical sciences and architecture, more in biology, linguistics and social science and art, has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world. MIT is ranked among the world's top universities; as of March 2019, 93 Nobel laureates, 26 Turing Award winners, 8 Fields Medalists have been affiliated with MIT as alumni, faculty members, or researchers. In addition, 58 National Medal of Science recipients, 29 National Medals of Technology and Innovation recipients, 50 MacArthur Fellows, 73 Marshall Scholars, 45 Rhodes Scholars, 41 astronauts, 16 Chief Scientists of the US Air Force have been affiliated with MIT.
The school has a strong entrepreneurial culture, the aggregated annual revenues of companies founded by MIT alumni would rank as the tenth-largest economy in the world. MIT is a member of the Association of American Universities. In 1859, a proposal was submitted to the Massachusetts General Court to use newly filled lands in Back Bay, Boston for a "Conservatory of Art and Science", but the proposal failed. A charter for the incorporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, proposed by William Barton Rogers, was signed by the governor of Massachusetts on April 10, 1861. Rogers, a professor from the University of Virginia, wanted to establish an institution to address rapid scientific and technological advances, he did not wish to found a professional school, but a combination with elements of both professional and liberal education, proposing that: The true and only practicable object of a polytechnic school is, as I conceive, the teaching, not of the minute details and manipulations of the arts, which can be done only in the workshop, but the inculcation of those scientific principles which form the basis and explanation of them, along with this, a full and methodical review of all their leading processes and operations in connection with physical laws.
The Rogers Plan reflected the German research university model, emphasizing an independent faculty engaged in research, as well as instruction oriented around seminars and laboratories. Two days after MIT was chartered, the first battle of the Civil War broke out. After a long delay through the war years, MIT's first classes were held in the Mercantile Building in Boston in 1865; the new institute was founded as part of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act to fund institutions "to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes" and was a land-grant school. In 1863 under the same act, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts founded the Massachusetts Agricultural College, which developed as the University of Massachusetts Amherst. In 1866, the proceeds from land sales went toward new buildings in the Back Bay. MIT was informally called "Boston Tech"; the institute adopted the European polytechnic university model and emphasized laboratory instruction from an early date. Despite chronic financial problems, the institute saw growth in the last two decades of the 19th century under President Francis Amasa Walker.
Programs in electrical, chemical and sanitary engineering were introduced, new buildings were built, the size of the student body increased to more than one thousand. The curriculum drifted with less focus on theoretical science; the fledgling school still suffered from chronic financial shortages which diverted the attention of the MIT leadership. During these "Boston Tech" years, MIT faculty and alumni rebuffed Harvard University president Charles W. Eliot's repeated attempts to merge MIT with Harvard College's Lawrence Scientific School. There would be at least six attempts to absorb MIT into Harvard. In its cramped Back Bay location, MIT could not afford to expand its overcrowded facilities, driving a desperate search for a new campus and funding; the MIT Corporation approved a formal agreement to merge with Harvard, over the vehement objections of MIT faculty and alumni. However, a 1917 decision by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court put an end to the merger scheme. In 1916, the MIT administration and the MIT charter crossed the Charles River on the ceremonial barge Bucentaur built for the occasion, to signify MIT's move to a spacious new campus consisting of filled land on a mile-long tract along the Cambridge side of the Charles River.
The neoclassical "New Technology" campus was designed by William W. Bosworth and had been funded by anonymous donations from a mysterious "Mr. Smith", starting in 1912. In January 1920, the donor was revealed to be the industrialist George Eastman of Rochester, New York, who had invented methods of film production and processing, founded Eastman Kodak. Between 1912 and 1920, Eastman donated $20 million in cash and Kodak stock to MIT. In the 1930s, President Karl Taylor Compton and Vice-President Vannevar Bush emphasized the importance of pure sciences like physics and chemistry and reduced the vocational practice required in shops and drafting studios; the Compton reforms "renewed confidence in the ability of the Institute to develop leadership in science as well as in engineering". Unlike Ivy League schools, MIT catered more to middle-class families, depended more on tuition than on endow
C. Douglas Dillon
Clarence Douglas Dillon was an American diplomat and politician, who served as U. S. Ambassador to France and as the 57th Secretary of the Treasury, he was a member of the Executive Committee of the National Security Council during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Dillon was born on August 21, 1909 in Geneva, the son of American parents, Anne McEldin and financier Clarence Dillon. Although Dillon grew up as a patrician, his paternal grandfather, Samuel Lapowski, was a poor Jewish emigrant from Poland. After leaving Poland, his grandfather settled in Texas after the American Civil War and married Dillon's Swedish-American grandmother. Dillon's father changed his family name to Dillon, his grandmother's maiden name. Dillon's mother was descended from Grahams Lairds of Tamrawer Castle at Kilsyth, Scotland. Dillon began his education at Pine Lodge School in Lakehurst, New Jersey which he attended at the same time as three of the Rockefeller brothers, Nelson and John, he continued at Groton School in Massachusetts at Harvard University, A.
B. magna cum laude 1931 in American literature. Dillon earned a varsity letter for football his senior year. In 1938, be became Vice-President and Director of Dillon, Read & Co. a firm that bore his father's name. After his World War II service on Guam, on Saipan, in the Philippines, he left the United States Navy as Lieutenant Commander decorated with the Legion of Merit and Air Medal. In 1946 he became chairman of Read. Dillon had been active in Republican politics since 1934, he worked for John Foster Dulles in Thomas E. Dewey's 1948 presidential campaign. In 1951 he organized the New Jersey effort to secure the 1952 Republican nomination for Dwight D. Eisenhower, he was a major contributor to Eisenhower's general election campaign in 1952. President Eisenhower appointed him United States Ambassador to France in 1953. Following that appointment he became Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs in 1958 before becoming Under Secretary of State the following year. In 1961, John F. Kennedy, appointed Republican Dillon Treasury Secretary.
Dillon remained Treasury Secretary under President Lyndon B. Johnson until 1965. Dillon proposed the fifth round of tariff negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, conducted in Geneva 1960–1962. Dillon was important in securing presidential power for reciprocal tariff reductions under the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, he played a role in crafting the Revenue Act of 1962, which established a 7 percent investment credit to spur industrial growth. He supervised revision of depreciation rules to benefit corporate investment. A close friend of John D. Rockefeller III, he was chairman of the Rockefeller Foundation from 1972 to 1975, he served alongside John Rockefeller on the 1973 Commission on Private Philanthropy and Public Needs, under Nelson Rockefeller in the Rockefeller Commission to investigate CIA activities. He had been president of Harvard Board of Overseers, chairman of the Brookings Institution, vice chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations. With his first wife, Dillon collected impressionist art.
He was a longtime trustee of the Metropolitan Museum, serving as its President and chairman. He served as a member of the Museum's Centennial committee, he donated $20 million to the museum and led a fundraising campaign, which raised an additional $100 million. He received the Medal of Freedom in 1989 and was a member of the Society of Colonial Wars. On March 10, 1931, Dillon married his first wife, the former Phyllis Chess Ellsworth in Boston, Massachusetts. Phyllis was the daughter of Alice Frances Chalifoux. Together and Phyllis were the parents of two daughters: Phyllis Ellsworth Dillon Collins Joan Douglas Dillon, who first married James Brady Moseley, the son of Frederick S. Moseley, Jr. in 1953. After their divorce in 1955, she married Prince Charles of Luxembourg at St. Edward's in Sutton Park, Surrey on March 1, 1967. Following Prince Charles' death in 1977, she married for the third time to Philippe-François-Armand-Marie, 8th duc de Mouchy in Islesboro, Maine, on August 3, 1978. In 1983, Dillon married the former Susan Sage.
Dillon died of natural causes at the New York-Presbyterian Hospital in New York City at the age of 93. Through his daughter Joan, he was the grandfather of Joan Dillon Moseley, Princess Charlotte and Prince Robert. List of U. S. political appointments that crossed party lines Rockefeller Foundation Rockefeller family Metropolitan Museum Notes Sources Nelson Lichtenstein, ed. Political Profiles: The Johnson Years Eleanora W. Schoenebaum, ed. Political Profiles: The Eisenhower Years Bernard S. Katz and C. Daniel Vencill, Biographical Dictionary of the United States Secretaries of the Treasury, 1789–1995 Joseph M. Siracusa, ed. Presidential Profiles: The Kennedy Years Deane F. Heller, The Kennedy Cabinet: America's Men of Destiny Robert Sobel, The Life and Times of Dillon Read, a study of the investment bank Robert C. Perez and Edward F. Willett, Clarence Dillon: A Wall Street Enigma, a biography of Dillon's father. Ancestry of Joan Douglas Dillon
William Jefferson Clinton is an American politician who served as the 42nd president of the United States from 1993 to 2001. Prior to the presidency, he was the governor of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981, again from 1983 to 1992, the attorney general of Arkansas from 1977 to 1979. A member of the Democratic Party, Clinton was ideologically a New Democrat, many of his policies reflected a centrist "Third Way" political philosophy. Clinton was born and raised in Arkansas and attended Georgetown University, University College and Yale Law School, he met Hillary Rodham at Yale and married her in 1975. After graduating, Clinton returned to Arkansas and won election as the Attorney General of Arkansas, serving from 1977 to 1979; as Governor of Arkansas, he overhauled the state's education system and served as chairman of the National Governors Association. Clinton was elected president in 1992. At age 46, he became the first from the Baby Boomer generation. Clinton presided over the longest period of peacetime economic expansion in American history.
He signed into law the North American Free Trade Agreement but failed to pass his plan for national health care reform. In the 1994 elections, the Republican Party won unified control of the Congress for the first time in 40 years. In 1996, Clinton became the first Democrat since Franklin D. Roosevelt to be elected to a second full term, he passed welfare reform and the State Children's Health Insurance Program, as well as financial deregulation measures, including the Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act and the Commodity Futures Modernization Act of 2000. In 1998, Clinton was impeached by the House of Representatives for perjury and obstruction of justice following allegations that he committed perjury and obstructed justice to conceal an affair that he had with Monica Lewinsky, a 22-year old White House Intern. Clinton was completed his term in office, he is only the second U. S. president—following Andrew Johnson 131 years earlier—to be impeached. During the last three years of Clinton's presidency, the Congressional Budget Office reported a budget surplus, the first such surplus since 1969.
In foreign policy, Clinton ordered U. S. military intervention in the Bosnian and Kosovo wars, signed the Iraq Liberation Act in opposition to Saddam Hussein, participated in the 2000 Camp David Summit to advance the Israeli–Palestinian peace process, assisted the Northern Ireland peace process. Clinton left office with the highest end-of-office approval rating of any U. S. president since World War II, has continually scored high in the historical rankings of U. S. presidents placing in the top third. Since leaving office, he has been involved in humanitarian work, he created the William J. Clinton Foundation to address international causes such as the prevention of AIDS and global warming, he has remained active in politics by campaigning for Democratic candidates, including the presidential campaigns of his wife and Barack Obama. In 2004, Clinton published My Life. In 2009, he was named the United Nations Special Envoy to Haiti and after the 2010 Haiti earthquake, he teamed with George W. Bush to form the Clinton Bush Haiti Fund.
In addition, he secured the release of two American journalists imprisoned by North Korea, visiting the capital Pyongyang and negotiating their release with Kim Jong-il. Clinton was born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946, at Julia Chester Hospital in Hope, Arkansas, he is the son of William Jefferson Blythe Jr. a traveling salesman who had died in an automobile accident three months before his birth, Virginia Dell Cassidy. His parents had married on September 4, 1943, but this union proved to be bigamous, as Blythe was still married to his third wife. Virginia traveled to New Orleans to study nursing soon after Bill was born, leaving him in Hope with her parents Eldridge and Edith Cassidy, who owned and ran a small grocery store. At a time when the southern United States was racially segregated, Clinton's grandparents sold goods on credit to people of all races. In 1950, Bill's mother returned from nursing school and married Roger Clinton Sr. who co-owned an automobile dealership in Hot Springs, Arkansas with his brother and Earl T. Ricks.
The family moved to Hot Springs in 1950. Although he assumed use of his stepfather's surname, it was not until Clinton turned 15 that he formally adopted the surname Clinton as a gesture toward his stepfather. Clinton said that he remembered his stepfather as a gambler and an alcoholic who abused his mother and half-brother, Roger Clinton Jr. to the point where he intervened multiple times with the threat of violence to protect them. In Hot Springs, Clinton attended St. John's Catholic Elementary School, Ramble Elementary School, Hot Springs High School, where he was an active student leader, avid reader, musician. Clinton was in the chorus and played the tenor saxophone, winning first chair in the state band's saxophone section, he considered dedicating his life to music, but as he noted in his autobiography My Life: Clinton began an interest in law at Hot Springs High, when he took up the challenge to argue the defense of the ancient Roman Senator Catiline in a mock trial in his Latin class.
After a vigorous defense that made use of his "budding rhetorical and political skills", he told the Latin teacher Elizabeth Buck that it "made him realize that someday he would study law". Clinton has identified two influential moments in his life, both occurring in 1963, that contributed to his decision to become a public figure. One was his visit as a Boys Nation senator to