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Peter II of Aragon

Peter II the Catholic was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1196 to 1213. He was born in the son of Alfonso II of Aragon and Sancha of Castile. In 1205 he acknowledged the feudal supremacy of the papacy and was crowned in Rome by Pope Innocent III, swearing to defend the Catholic faith, he was the first king of Aragon to be crowned by the pope. In the first decade of the thirteenth century he commissioned the Liber feudorum Ceritaniae, an illustrated codex cartulary for the counties of Cerdagne and Roussillon. On 15 June 1204 he married Marie of Montpellier and heiress of William VIII of Montpellier by Eudocia Comnena, she gave him a son, but Peter soon repudiated her. Marie was popularly venerated as a saint for her piety and marital suffering, but was never canonized. Marie perhaps bore Peter II a daughter, "Sancha", at Collioure in October 1205 according to Christian Nique.. Sancha was betrothed to Raymond VII the son Count Raymond VI of Toulouse, not long after her birth, according to Nique, only days.

The marriage contract included Marie's inheritance, to be passed to the child should something happen to Peter, says Nique, citing documents discovered in 1850, something Marie would at first not agree to, but agreed to a few months stating that she had agreed under pressure. However the child's younger brother James makes no mention of her and Sancha was dead before the New Year, according to Nique's information, he participated in the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212 which marked the turning point of Muslim domination in the Iberian peninsula. The Crown of Aragon was widespread in the area, now southwestern France, but which at that time was under the control of vassal local princes, such as the Counts of Toulouse; the Cathars or Albigenses rejected the teachings of the Catholic Church. Innocent called upon Philip II of France to suppress the Albigenses. Under the leadership of Simon of Montfort a campaign was launched; the Albigensian Crusade, begun in 1209, led to the slaughter of 20,000 men and children, Cathar and Catholic alike.

Over the course of twenty years military campaigns destroyed the flourishing civilization of Occitania and by 1229 brought the region under the control of the King of France, the Capetian dynasty from the north of France. Peter returned from Las Navas in autumn 1212 to find that Simon de Montfort had conquered Toulouse, exiling Count Raymond VI of Toulouse, Peter's brother-in-law and vassal. Peter arrived at Muret in September 1213 to confront Montfort's army, he was accompanied by Raymond of Toulouse, who tried to persuade Peter to avoid battle and instead starve out Montfort's forces. This suggestion was rejected; the Battle of Muret began on 12 September 1213. The Aragonese forces disintegrated under the assault of Montfort's squadrons. Peter himself was caught in the thick of fighting, died as a result of a courageous last stand, he was killed. The Aragonese forces broke in panic when their king was slain and Montfort's crusaders won a crushing victory; the nobility of Toulouse, vassals of the Crown of Aragon, were defeated.

The conflict culminated in the Treaty of Meaux-Paris in 1229, in which the integration of the Occitan territory into the French crown was agreed upon. Upon Peter's death, the kingdom passed to his only son by Marie of Montpellier, the future James the Conqueror. Sumption, Jonathan; the Albigensian Crusade. 2000. Martín Alvira-Cabrer, 12 de Septiembre de 1213: El Jueves de Muret, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, 2002. Martín Alvira-Cabrer, Muret 1213. La batalla decisiva de la Cruzada contra los Cátaros, Barcelona, 2008 and 2013. Martín Alvira-Cabrer, Pedro el Católico, Rey de Aragón y Conde de Barcelona. Documentos, Testimonios y Memoria Histórica, 6 vols. Zaragoza, Institución Fernando el Católico, 2010. Nique, Les deux visages de Marie de Montpellier, Montpellier: Académie des Sciences et Lettres de Montpellier

Yehuda Barkan

Yehuda Barkan is an Israeli actor, film producer, film director and screenwriter. Yehuda Ezekiel Berkowitz was born in Netanya, he studied at the ORT in schools in Netanya. During his military service in the IDF Barkan served in a Combat Engineering Corps unit and the Northern Command Military band. After his military service, Barkan joined the Dizengoff Command Band, a band, based on the characteristics of an Israeli military band, composed of veteran members of military bands whom performed songs and skits. In the early 1970s, Barkan participated in a sketch on the Israeli radio show Hamim VeTaim in which Barkan and his colleagues, Moshe Timor, Shlomo Bar-Aba and others, made live prank calls; this became the inspiration for his practical joke films. During the 1970s and 1980s Barkan participated in many Israeli "Bourekas films", among them Lupo!, Lupo in New York, Katz V'Carasso, Charlie Ve'hetzi, Hagiga B'Snuker, Bo Nefotzetz Million and more. Other films he appeared in during that time include among others: Malkat Hakvish where he played alongside Gila Almagor, in Menachem Golan's film Attack at Dawn and in the film adaptation of the novel He Walked Through the Fields where he played alongside Assi Dayan.

During the 1980s Barkan began to direct and produce films, including the candid camera film Hayeh Ahaltah Otah, Nipagesh Bachof, Nipagesh Basivuv, Matzlema Bli Busha and Geveret Tiftehi, Ze Ani). During the 1980s, Barkan produced and directed films comic drama films, most notably the Abba Ganuv film series and the film Neshika Bametzach released in 1990 where he played alongside Michal Yanai. In 1993 Barkan filed for bankruptcy due to the debts he accumulated after the failure of his 1993 film Mehapeset Baal Al Arba. In 1994, shortly after the start of Israeli commercial television channel Channel 2 began its broadcasting, Barkan started hosting his own practical jokes show called Lo Dofkim Cheshbon; the show was cancelled shortly after. In 1999 Barkan participated in two last films: Look into my eyes and Volcano Junction, in which he played small supporting roles. In 2003 Barkan part in the documentary film Zehirut Matzlema along with Josie Katz. In 2004 Barkan played in the drama series Ahava BaShalechet along with Leah Koenig.

In November 2008 Barkan was arrested by the Israeli Tax Authority on suspicion of tax evasion. In 1975 Barkan got married. From his first marriage Barkan had three children. During the 1980s Barkan married again. At the beginning of the 2000s, Barkan became a Baal Tshuva, got married for the third time and moved to the religious moshav Beit Gamliel with his family. From his first marriage Barkan has four children. Selected filmography: Escape to the Sun as Yasha Bazarov Neshika Bametzach as Arik Schwartzman Yellow Peppers 2011, as Meir Yehuda Barkan on IMDb


ARBOS is an Italian agricultural machinery company located in Migliarina di Carpi, Modena. ARBOS is controlled by Tianjin Lovol Heavy Industry Co. Ltd, Chinese manufacturer of tractors, agricultural machines and earth moving machinery. ARBOS, a bicycle manufacturer, took its name from the acronym of two Piacenza businessmen Araldi and Boselli. In 1952 it was bought by Bubba S. A. a company that originated from SAFI in Piacenza, which in 1930 had taken over «Pietro Bubba & C.», the company that produced the Bubba agricultural tractors. In 1954 the company became Arbos-Bubba and launched a wheeled tractor with a 35 HP Perkins P4TA diesel engine, followed by a tracked version, with a choice of two engines, the next year: Perkins P4TA or the 32 HP Deutz F2L514; the tractors were not successful: by the end of December 1955 it had sold only 33 wheeled versions and 9 tracked. In 1956 the brand dropped the Bubba name, became Arbos, it produced the 100 C combine harvesters and tracked, the Allodola 650 with a diesel Fiat engine.

These were followed by the 750 Super. In 1960 Arbos-Bubba became Arbos Spa. Arbos began producing combine harvesters in the new plant in San Lazzaro, close to Piacenza. Three years they produced the new 1000 Major 87 HP, with the new olive green livery. In 1964 Arbos Spa was taken over by the American company White; the following year they released the flagship of European combine harvesters, the 1220. In a few years the range grew with new models: 1220, 780, Record and 120 Pantera, 165 Tigre, 100 Lince and 125 Giaguaro. In 1971 they launched the Pantera 7 Colli, the first self-levelling combine harvester in the world, with levelling on 4 sides and transversal. In 1972 Arbos Spa became a branch of White and the following year it launched the self-leveller 100 AL. On 20 November 1975 White Arbos Spa stopped trading and was wound up on the 31 December of that year. In 1976 Arbos Spa was renamed Nuova Arbos; the new company presented the self-levelling 565 AL and started producing two new self-levelling machines: the 565 A-4-L and the 705 A-4-L and two flat-land machines, 140 - 160.

In 1983 the Nuova Arbos changed hands once again, going back to its old name Arbos Spa, for the production of combine harvesters for wheat and corn: 100 – 125 – 140 – 160 - 565 A4L – 705 A4L. In 1985 Arbos SPA took over Italo Svizzera of ZolaPredosa, to produce single row and double row beet harvesters. A year it launched two new self-levelling combine harvesters, the 400 AL and the 200 AL. Subsequently, the company started focusing on updating the top of the range machines, by launching the 800 and 1000; the 600 was designed, but only one model was built. In 1994, four years short of its centenary, Arbos folded definitively. In 2011 Lovol Heavy Industry ltd, Chinese manufacturer of tractors, agricultural machines and earth moving machinery, opened a research and development centre in Calderara di Reno, to coordinate its activities in Europe. After taking over Arbos and Bubba, this new centre became the headquarters of a new holding, Lovol Arbos Group Spa, whose aim was to design three tractor platforms from 100 to 270 HP and recuperate the industrial know-how of Arbos combine harvesters.

In 2015, ARBOS Group launches a major acquisition plan designed to consolidate the foundations of a project that would shortly lead to the production of an integrated full-line solution within agricultural mechanization. The goal is to establish ARBOS as an international brand of reference for farmers around the world and for the entire agronomic cycle, by introducing products compatible with the latest cultivation, conservative farming and precision seeding techniques, moving from compact and specialized tractors to the creation of a full range for open field applications. For this reason, in 2015, two large companies join the ARBOS Group family; the first to be acquired in January is MaterMacc, a company from Pordenone specializing in the production of agricultural equipment, followed in December of the same year by Goldoni S.p. A, a historic company from the Emilia region producing tractors for orchards; these two companies serve to represent the strategic starting points for investment for the Group's industrial launch.

In 2016, the Friulian company rolls out a new recruitment plan, as well as a number of major industrial renovations that result in the facility being extended by a further 55,000 m2. The plant at Migliarina di Carpi is updated, with a focus on upgrading the assembly lines, renovating the offices and building a new center devoted to Engineering, transferred from Calderara di Reno to the new headquarters in the Modena province. During Agritechnica 2017, the Full Line of tractors and equipment in green livery is presented; the ARBOS brand is therefore ready to compete as a protagonist on the European market with a range of products that can support the entire agronomic cycle, from working the land to harvesting. 2018 is the year of the improvement of the range of high power tractors and the development of advanced equipment for precision seeding. In this sense, important news are awaited for EIMA 2018. C 5200 Open field tractors P5000 P6000 P7000 Specialized tractors ARBOS 3000 ARBOS 4060F ARBOS 4080F ARBOS 4000Q ARBOS 4000AF ARBOS 4000E - equal size weelImplements MBS EVO - SPARAYER DIRECTA - DIRECT SEEDING MS 8230 - SEEDER MS 8130 - SEEDER MSD 2.0 COMBI - COMBINED SEEDER MMX - FERTILIZER MCA W - FERTILIZER ROCK 300 - SUBSOILER Official website "Arbos - Documentario di D. Signaroldi".


Dan Needles

Dan Needles is best known as the playwright behind the popular Wingfield Series which has played across Canada for many years. It was performed at the Stratford Festival of Canada and was aired, in part, on the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and the Bravo Channel. Needles' childhood was divided between his family's farm at Rosemont, Ontario. While working as editor for a local newspaper in Shelburne, he created the character of Walt Wingfield, a retired stockbroker turned farmer who told about his adventures on the farm in weekly letters to the editor. In 1985, Needles launched the series with'Letter From Wingfield Farm' performed by actor Rod Beattie. Six sequels followed, including Wingfield's Progress, Wingfield's Folly, Wingfield Unbound, Wingfield on Ice, Wingfield's Inferno, Wingfield: Lost and Found. Needles writes columns for Country Guide Magazine and Small Farm Canada, his book With Axe and Flask, The History of Persephone Township from Pre-Cambrian Times to the Present was the winner of the 2003 Stephen Leacock Memorial Medal for Humour.

His most recent book is a collection of the first through seventh Wingfield plays entitled Wingfield's World. Letters From Wingfield Farm and Wingfield's Hope contain the first through third and fourth through sixth plays, respectively. Needles' other plays include Ed's Garage and The Last Christmas Turkey. On December 26, 2014, Dan Needles was appointed a Member of the Order of Canada by David Johnston, Governor General of Canada, for "celebrating our rural communities as the playwright of the much-loved Wingfield Farm series, for championing the dramatic arts outside of Canada’s major centres." Letters From Wingfield Farm, short-listed for the 1989 Stephen Leacock Medal With Axe and Flask – A History of Persephone Township from Pre-Cambrian Times to the Present, winner of the 2003 Stephen Leacock Medal Wingfield's Hope – More Letters from Wingfield Farm, shortlisted for the 2006 Stephen Leacock Medal Dan Needles homepage Walt Wingfield homepage Needles' profile Needles' profile at Stephen Leacock Medal homepage

Gateway West Building

Gateway West Building was a skyscraper in Century City, Los Angeles, California. The Gateway West Building was located on the southwest corner of Santa Monica Boulevard and the Avenue of the Stars in Century City, a district in the city of Los Angeles. Completed in 1963, Gateway West was the first building erected in Century City—an architectural plan that converted the back lot of 20th Century Fox into a modern neighbourhood with skyscrapers. Designed in the International Style by renowned architect Welton Becket, it was 173.56 feet high and had a façade made of aluminum. Gateway West was demolished in 2015 to make way for an expansion of Westfield Century City; as the first high-rise building erected in Century City, this building represented the new style of the neighbourhood

MESA Imaging

MESA Imaging is a time-of-flight camera company. As financed organization, MESA was founded in July 2006 as a spin out from the Swiss Center for Electronics and Microtechnology to commercialize its time-of-flight camera technologies; as of 2009, its primary product line, the SwissRanger, is in its fourth generation with the SwissRanger SR4000. In 2014 MESA was bought by Heptagon MESA Imaging is focusing on the development and production of 3D time-of-flight cameras. Development includes the design of the specific TOF-sensor as well as electronic and mechanical design of the camera system. Beside a set of standard cameras, MESA develops customer specific cameras for special purposes; the headquarters of MESA Imaging is in the Technopark Switzerland. The MESA technology is well known for its high accuracy in per-pixel distance measurement as well as low noise. Both is achieved with the so-called Silo pixel, it delivers unique performances in terms of fast charge transport speed, low power consumption and high demodulation contrast.

MESA Imaging AG was founded in 2006 as a spin-off company of the Centre Suisse d'Electronique et Microtechnique. Before this, many years of research had been spent on this new technology to enable it for the market. In 2012, MESA Imaging has launched an online platform for the exchange on ideas and comments on time-of-flight 3D imaging technology; this "online forum" provides a unique resource to answers on asked question. In 2014, MESA Imaging was bought by Heptagon "SwissRanger SR3000 and First Experiences based on Miniaturized 3D-TOF Cameras - discontinued" "CCD/CMOS Lock-In Pixel for Range Imaging: Challenges and State-of-the-Art" Human-Robot-Interface: Contactless with 3D-Camera at YouTube - Robot control using a SwissRanger SR3000 "Time-of-Flight Forum" "Image Sensor Technologies for 3D Time-of-flight Range Imaging"