click links in text for more info

Peter Phillips

Peter Mark Andrew Phillips is a member of the British royal family. He is the elder child and only son of Anne, Princess Royal, her first husband, Captain Mark Phillips, he is the eldest grandchild of Duke of Edinburgh. Since graduating from university in 2000, he has worked in management, he married Autumn Kelly, a Canadian management consultant, in 2008 in St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. They have two children together, separated in 2019, he is 15th in the line of succession to the British throne. Peter Phillips was born at 10:46 am on 15 November 1977, in the Lindo Wing of St Mary's Hospital, London, he was the first child of Princess Anne and Mark Phillips, who had married in 1973. At the time of his birth, there was a 41-gun salute from the Tower of London, he was baptised Peter Mark Andrew Phillips on 22 December 1977, by the Archbishop of Canterbury Donald Coggan in the Music Room of Buckingham Palace. Phillips was fifth in line to the throne at birth and remained so until the birth of his cousin, Prince William, in 1982.

His parents were said to have refused offers from his grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II, that would have led to his being born in the peerage. Phillips was the first legitimate grandchild of a monarch in more than 500 years to be born without a title or courtesy title. Phillips has a younger sister, Zara Tindall, two younger half-sisters, Felicity Tonkin, the daughter of Mark Phillips and his former mistress Heather Tonkin. Phillips went to Port Regis Prep School in Shaftesbury, Dorset before following some of his family by attending Gordonstoun School in Moray, Scotland. Whilst at Gordonstoun, he was chosen to be head boy. During his gap year, he went to Sydney and worked for Sports Entertainment Limited, a company he would return to, he graduated with a degree in sports science. He played for the Exeter University rugby league team. After his graduation in 2000, Phillips worked for Jaguar as corporate hospitality manager and for Williams racing team, where he was sponsorship accounts manager. In 2004, while working for Williams, Phillips was in a van in China with three other employees when the van was hit by a car.

Phillips was uninjured. He left Williams in September 2005, for a job as a manager at the Royal Bank of Scotland in Edinburgh. In March 2012, he left RBS to take on a role as managing director at SEL UK. In August 2012 he was guest of honour at the Rugby league Challenge Cup Final between Warrington Wolves and Leeds Rhinos at Wembley. In the year leading up to June 2016, Phillips was responsible for organising the "Patron's Lunch", in celebration of the Queen's 90th birthday, it included a parade down a hamper picnic for 10,000 guests. In January 2020, Phillips appeared in an advertisement for Chinese company Bright Food. In the video, he uses his status as a "British royal family member" to promote the company's milk, while surrounded by luxury. Phillips dated Elizabeth Lorio, a cod liver oil heiress from the United States, for two years, he had a four-month relationship with Tara Swain, a flight attendant. In 2003, Phillips met Autumn Kelly, a Canadian management consultant, at the Formula 1 Canadian Grand Prix in Montreal.

Their engagement was announced on 28 July 2007. Kelly, raised in the Roman Catholic Church, was received into the Church of England before her marriage. If she had been Roman Catholic at the time of the marriage, Phillips would have lost his place in the line of the succession to the throne because of the terms of the Act of Settlement 1701. Shortly before their wedding, the couple were interviewed and photographed by Hello! magazine, were reported to have been paid £500,000, resulting in some concern in royal circles. They married on 17 May 2008 at St George's Chapel in Windsor Castle; the service was conducted by the Dean of Windsor. The couple lived in Hong Kong after Phillips changed positions within the Royal Bank of Scotland and became head of their sponsorships activities in the region, their first child, the Queen's first great-grandchild, a daughter named Savannah Anne Kathleen, was born on 29 December 2010 at Gloucestershire Royal Hospital. On Saturday, 23 April, the Queen was present for the baby's baptism, which took place at Holy Cross Church in Avening, near Gatcombe Park, the home of Phillips' mother.

Savannah is 16th in line to the throne. On 29 March 2012, the couple's second daughter, Isla Elizabeth, was born at Gloucestershire Royal Hospital, she is 17th in line to the throne. On 11 February 2020, Phillips and his wife confirmed that they had separated in 2019 and announced they were getting divorced. Peter Phillips on IMDb

Monoliths & Dimensions

Monoliths & Dimensions is the sixth studio album by the avant-garde drone doom band Sunn O))). The album was created and recorded over a period of two years and features the collaborations of composer Eyvind Kang, Australian guitar player Oren Ambarchi, Hungarian vocalist Attila Csihar, Dylan Carlson from the drone band Earth, trombonists Julian Priester and Stuart Dempster. Present is an upright bass trio. However, the band said, "The album is not Sunn O))) with strings or metal-meets-orchestra material." The band took an approach concentrating on more of allusion toward the timbre of feedback and the instruments involved, so the piece is illusory and not linear, stating, " the most musical piece we’ve done, the heaviest and most abstract set of chords we’ve laid to tape."When speaking at the launch of Monoliths & Dimensions, Stephen O'Malley told Alex Templeton-Ward that the album was "like a prism... our music is the white light going in, a lot of the colour comes out the other side through the amazing arrangements and personalities of the guest performers and core collaborators… I think the main topic of this album is elaboration and prismatic detail.

The source of that detail is inherent in the sounds of the guitars and the notes of those arrangements."The final song, titled "Alice", is a dedication to the jazz harpist Alice Coltrane who died in 2007. Initial critical response to Monoliths & Dimensions was positive. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 88, based on 16 reviews. All tracks are written with lyrics on tracks 1 to 3 by Csihar. Produced by Mell Dettmer and Randall Dunn Engineers: Mell Dettmer, Randall Dunn, Nik Hummer and Armin Steiner Assistant engineer: Floyd Reitsman Mastering: Mell Dettmer Cover art: "Out-of-round X" by Richard Serra Stephen O'Malley – electric guitars, acoustic arrangements Greg Anderson – bass guitar, electric guitars Attila Csihar – voices Oren Ambarchi – electric guitars, guitar effects, wolf log, motorized cymbal Eyvind Kang – viola, choir arrangements, brass arrangements, string arrangements, ensemble arrangements Dylan Carlson – electric guitars, choir arrangements Julian Priester – conch shell, trombone Stuart Dempster – conch shell, dung chen, trombone Mell Dettmer – hydrophone, tubular bells Timb Harrisviolin Jessika Kenney – lead alto vocals, lead soprano vocals, choir arrangements, brass arrangements, string arrangements Tim Smolens – double bass Moriah Neils – double bass Keith Lowe – double bass Daniel Menche – male choir William Herzog – male choir, electric tamboura Steve Moore – trombone, conch shell, dung chen, Korg MS20, Roland Juno, brass arrangements Brad Mowen – concert bass drum, man choir Joe Preston – man choir Rex Ritter – Korg MS20, Moog Voyager Hans Teuber – clarinet, bass clarinet, alto flute Cuong Vutrumpet Tony Moore – trumpet Melissa Walsh – harp Taina Karr – English horn, oboe Eric Waltonpiano Josiah Boothby – French horn Jutta Sierlinger – choir alto Angela Kiemayer – choir alto Varena Bodem – choir alto Katharina Einsiedl – choir soprano/Alto Stephanie Pfeffer – choir soprano/Alto Loma Döring – choir soprano/alto Monoliths & Dimensions at Metacritic

Ellevate Network

Ellevate Network is a global community of women committed fostering and promoting gender equality in the workplace. The organization provides women and femme-identifying non-binary individuals with a community to lean on and learn from through networking and offline education and opportunity. Founded in 1997 to bring high-achieving women in finance together, the network now serves women across industries and around the world. Ellevate Network is chaired by Sallie Krawcheck, its CEO is Kristy Wallace. As of December, 2019 the organization boasts a community of over 150,000 women across the globe and has over 40 chapters in the United States, with international locations in Dubai, London and Toronto. Ellevate was founded in 1997 as 85 Broads by Janet Hanson. Hanson had worked at Goldman Sachs and formed the organization as an alumnae network for women who had left the firm; the name came from the address of New York's Goldman Sachs office. Sallie Krawcheck, former head of global wealth management at Merrill Lynch, acquired 85 Broads Unlimited LLC in 2013 and rebranded the organization as Ellevate in 2014.

When Krawcheck acquired the network, it accepted as a move "that could send a shock wave through the financial services sector." Krawcheck responded by underlining the importance of women's engagement in economy and cited the year 2013 as a "tipping point" for women in the workplace. Following Krawcheck's acquisition, Hanson stayed involved with the organization as Chairman Emeritus and as an advisor to Krawcheck; the organization's name derives from the French pronoun "elle", meaning "she" and Ellevate's core purpose of elevating women at work. Ellevate Network hosts networking events around the world: online webinars, online networking, career advice on topics like creating a personal brand, growing a business, finding a mentor, reinventing your career, finding balance and fulfillment. Ellevate Network provides Squads to professional women, an innovative online program that uses technology to help professional women get ahead in business by leveraging Ellevate’s community to lean on and learn from.

Special events and advice are all available for young professionals, working mothers and senior executives. On March 21, 2016 Ellevate announced a partnership with American Corporate Partners, a women's veteran mentoring program. In 2014, Ellevate partnered with Pax World Management to form the Pax Ellevate Global Women's Index Fund, a fund focused on companies with significant representation of women in director and officer positions. Official website

F(R) gravity

F is a type of modified gravity theory which generalizes Einstein's general relativity. F gravity is a family of theories, each one defined by a different function, f, of the Ricci scalar, R; the simplest case is just the function being equal to the scalar. As a consequence of introducing an arbitrary function, there may be freedom to explain the accelerated expansion and structure formation of the Universe without adding unknown forms of dark energy or dark matter; some functional forms may be inspired by corrections arising from a quantum theory of gravity. F gravity was first proposed in 1970 by Hans Adolph Buchdahl, it has become an active field of research following work by Starobinsky on cosmic inflation. A wide range of phenomena can be produced from this theory by adopting different functions. In f gravity, one seeks to generalize the Lagrangian of the Einstein–Hilbert action: to where κ = 8 π G c 4, g = det g μ ν is the determinant of the metric tensor, f is some function of the Ricci scalar.

In metric f gravity, one arrives at the field equations by varying with respect to the metric and not treating the connection independently. For completeness we will now mention the basic steps of the variation of the action; the main steps are the same as in the case of the variation of the Einstein–Hilbert action but there are some important differences. The variation of the determinant is as always: The Ricci scalar is defined as Therefore, its variation with respect to the inverse metric g μ ν is given by For the second step see the article about the Einstein–Hilbert action. Since δ Γ μ ν λ is the difference of two connections, it should transform as a tensor. Therefore, it can be written as Substituting into the equation above: where ∇ μ is the covariant derivative and ◻ = g μ ν ∇ μ ∇ ν is the D'Alembert operator. Denoting F = ∂ f ∂ R, the variation in the action reads: Doing integration by parts on the second and third terms we get: By demanding that the action remains invariant under variations of the metric, δ S δ g μ ν = 0, one obtains the field equations: where T μ ν is the energy–momentum tensor defined as where L m is the matter Lagrangian.

Assuming a Robertson–Walker metric with scale factor a we can find the generalized Friedmann equations to be: where the dot is the derivative with respect to the cosmic time t, the terms ρm and ρrad represent the matter and radiation densities respectively. To see this, add a small scalar perturbation to the metric: where Φ and Ψ are the Newtonian potentials and use the field equations to first order. After some lengthy calculations, one can define a Poisson equation in the Fourier space and attribute the extra terms that appear on the right hand side to an effective gravitational constant Geff. Doing so, we get the gravitational potential: where δρm is a perturbation in the matter density, k is the Fourier scale and Geff is: with This class of theories when linearized exhibits three polarization modes for the gravitational waves, of which two correspond to the massless graviton and the third is coming from the fact that if we take into account a conformal transformation, the fourth order theory f becomes general relativity plus a scalar field.

To see this and use the field equations above to get Working to first order of perturbation theory: and after some tedious algebra, one can solve for the metric perturbation, which corresponds to the gravitational waves. A particular frequency component, for a wave propagating in the z-direction, may be written as where and vg = dω/dk is the group velocity of a wave packet hf centred on wave-vector k; the first two terms correspond to the usual transverse polarizations from general relativity, while the third corresponds to the new massive polarization mode of f theories. The transverse modes propagate at the speed of light, but the scalar mode moves at a speed vG < 1, this mode is dispersive. Under certain additional conditions we can simplify the analysis of f theories by introducing an aux

Voyteh Point

Voyteh Point is the point forming the east side of the entrance to Richards Cove on the north coast of Ray Promontory in the northwestern part of Byers Peninsula on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. It is surmounted by Sàbat Hill; the area was visited by early 19th century sealers. The feature is part of the Antarctic Specially Protected Area ASPA 126 Byers Peninsula, situated in one of its restricted zones; the point is named after Kavhan under Czar Konstantin-Petar of Bulgaria. Voyteh Point is located at 62°34′45.7″S 61°08′43″W, 2.05 km east of Essex Point and 4.69 km northwest of Varadero Point. Península Byers, Isla Livingston. Mapa topográfico a escala 1:25000. Madrid: Servicio Geográfico del Ejército, 1992. L. L. Ivanov et al. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Greenwich Island, South Shetland Islands. Scale 1:100000 topographic map. Sofia: Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, 2005. L. L. Ivanov. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Greenwich, Robert and Smith Islands.

Scale 1:120000 topographic map. Troyan: Manfred Wörner Foundation, 2009. ISBN 978-954-92032-6-4 Antarctic Digital Database. Scale 1:250000 topographic map of Antarctica. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. Since 1993 upgraded and updated. L. L. Ivanov. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Smith Island. Scale 1:100000 topographic map. Manfred Wörner Foundation, 2017. ISBN 978-619-90008-3-0 Voyteh Point. SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica. Bulgarian Antarctic Gazetteer. Antarctic Place-names Commission. Voyteh Point. Copernix satellite imageThis article includes information from the Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, used with permission

Samuel Marsden

Samuel Marsden was an English-born priest of the Church of England in Australia and a prominent member of the Church Missionary Society, believed to have introduced Christianity to New Zealand. Marsden was a prominent figure in early New South Wales and Australian history through his ecclesiastical offices as the colony's senior Church of England cleric and as a pioneer of the Australian wool industry, but for his employment of convicts for farming and his actions as a magistrate at Parramatta, both of which attracted contemporary criticism. Born in Farsley, near Pudsey, Yorkshire in England as the son of a Wesleyan blacksmith turned farmer, Marsden attended the village school and spent some years assisting his father on the farm. In his early twenties his reputation as a lay preacher drew the attention of the evangelical Elland Society, which sought to train poor men for the ministry of the Church of England. With a scholarship from the Elland Society Marsden went Hull Grammar School, where he became associated with Joseph Milner and the reformist William Wilberforce, after two years, he matriculated, at the age of 25, at Magdalene College, Cambridge.

He abandoned his degree studies to respond to the call of the evangelical leader Charles Simeon for service in overseas missions. Marsden was offered the position of second chaplain to the Reverend Richard Johnson's ministry to the Colony of New South Wales on 1 January 1793. Marsden married Elizabeth Fristan at Holy Trinity, Hull on 21 April 1793; the following month the Bishop of Exeter, ordained him as a priest. Marsden travelled by William to Australia, his first child Anne being born en route, he arrived in the colony on 2 March 1794, set up house in Parramatta, 15 miles outside the main Port Jackson settlement. In 1800 Marsden succeeded Johnson and became the senior Church of England chaplain in New South Wales. Marsden was given grants of land by the colonial government and bought more of his own, which were worked with convict labour, a common practice in Australia at the time. By 1807 he owned 3,000 acres of land. Successful farming ventures provided him with a secure financial base, although they formed a plank of contemporary criticism of Marsden for alleged over-involvement in non-church affairs.

In 1807 he returned to England to report on the state of the colony to the government, to solicit further assistance of clergy and schoolmasters. He concentrated on the development of strong heavy-framed sheep such as the Suffolk sheep breed, which had a more immediate value in the colony than the fine-fleeced Spanish merinos imported by John Macarthur. In 1809, Marsden was the first to ship wool to England from Australia for commercial use. Four years more than 4000 lbs of his wool was sold in England. Marsden was an important promoter of the wool staple though his contribution to technology and marketing was far eclipsed by that of Macarthur, he is believed to have introduced sheep to New Zealand, where he would develop a somewhat gentler reputation than in Australia. In 1795, Governor John Hunter made the chaplains magistrates. Marsden's role as magistrate at Parramatta, attracted criticism in his lifetime. History has remembered Marsden as the "Flogging Parson", with contemporaries claiming that he inflicted severe punishments by the standards of his day.

This view of Marsden is disputed in some circles as part of an anti-clerical writing of history, in turn attributed to a dislike of Roman Catholics and the Irish. Joseph Holt, transported to Sydney following his negotiated surrender after the Irish Rebellion of 1798, gave vivid account in his memoirs of the search for Irish plotters in which he was arrested. Marsden was held to be involved in this secret action by the authorities. Holt himself was witnessed the fate of others, he related: "I have witnessed many horrible scenes. The day was windy and I protest, that although I was at least fifteen yards to the leeward, from the sufferers, the blood and flesh blew in my face", as floggers "shook it off from their cats", he continued "The next prisoner, tied up was Paddy Gavin, a young lad about twenty years of age. The first hundred were given on his shoulders, he was cut to the bone between the shoulder-blades, which were both bare; the doctor directed the next hundred to be inflicted lower down, which reduced his flesh to such a jelly that the doctor ordered him to have the remaining hundred on the calves of his legs....'you shall have no music out of my mouth to make others dance upon nothing'.

Some have written that Marsden ordered such treatment but Holt's memoirs do not explicitly link Marsden to the floggings at Toongabbie on that day. Holt's memoirs express his impression of Marsden, as "a busy meddling man, of shallow understanding" who thought himself "a great lawyer". Holt believed that Marsden tried to intimate to Holt that his wife and children were free but he was not. Holt considered, but when the Holt family arrived in Parramatta, Aitkins and Dr Thomson called on them and asked Holt to accompany them to Toongabbie, where Captain Johnstone tried to assign him to the overseer Michael Fitzgerald. The next day the Governor was to come to Parramatta and Holt determined to ask the Governor, determined to "h