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Petrus Alphonsi

Petrus Alphonsi was a Jewish Spanish physician, writer and polemicist, who converted to Christianity in 1106. He is known just as Alphonsi, as Peter Alfonsi or Peter Alphonso and was born Moses Sephardi). Born in Islamic Spain, he lived in England and France after his conversion, he was born at an unknown date and place in the 11th century in Spain, educated in al-Andalus, or Islamic Spain. As he describes himself, he was baptised at Huesca, capital of the Kingdom of Aragon, on St. Peter's Day, 29 June 1106, when he was approaching middle age. In honor of the saint Peter, of his royal patron and godfather, the Aragonese King Alfonso I he took the name of Petrus Alfonsi. By 1116 at the latest he had emigrated to England, where he seems to have remained some years, before moving to northern France; the date of his death is as unclear as that of his birth. He was famous as a writer during his lifetime, remained so for the rest of the Middle Ages, with over 160 surviving medieval manuscripts containing works of his.

The most common are his Dialogi contra Iudaeos, an imaginary conversation between a Jew and a Christian, Disciplina Clericalis, in fact a collection of Eastern fables. Petrus was born a Jew while living in al-Andalus, after he rose to prominence, he converted to Christianity; this environment gave him an advantageous knowledge of Christianity and Islam that would prove useful in his polemics. John Tolan mentioned in his book Petrus Alfonsi and His Medieval Readers that "Alfonsi’s texts were received enthusiastically—he became an auctor, an authority to be quoted, his success was due in large part to his ability to bridge several cultures: a Jew from the world of al-Andalus." His knowledge of these different religions is what makes Alfonsi unique and why he is essential to be studied when looking at anti-Judaic polemics. Petrus’ upbringing placed him in an atmosphere that provided a significant impetus to launch him as one of the most important figures in anti-Judaic polemics. According to Tolan, Petrus Alfonsi was reared in a society in turmoil: a place of chaos and political instability, where Judaism was in conflict with science, Islam and Christianity were becoming a larger influence.

His background was conveniently placed in the centre of contention between religions and circumstances that surrounded his upbringing, provided the framework for polemics that would shape Medieval Judaic perception. In the Dialogus Alphonsi relates, he spent several years there as court physician of Henry I of England. The presence of Alfonsi in the West Country in the years before that date may have contributed to the flowering of Arabic science in that region from the 1120s onwards, he discussed astronomy with Walcher of Malvern. Petrus passed on the Arabic system of astronomical graduation, they may have collaborated on a work on eclipses. Alfonsi's fame rests chiefly on a collection of thirty-three tales, composed in Latin at the beginning of the 12th century; this work is a collection of oriental tales of moralizing character, translated from Arabic. Some of the tales he drew on were from tales incorporated into Arabian Nights, including the "Sindibad the Wise" story cycle and "The Tale of Attaf".

It established some didactic models. The collection enjoyed remarkable popularity, is an interesting study in comparative literature, it is entitled Disciplina Clericalis, was used by clergymen in their discourses, notwithstanding the questionable moral tone of some of the stories. The work is important as throwing light on the migration of fables, is indispensable to the student of medieval folk-lore. Translations of it into French, Spanish and English are extant. At the beginning of the 13th century an anonymous versifier rendered some sentences and tales from the Disciplina Clericalis by Petrus Alphonsi into the elegiac metre; this was the origin of the Alphunsus de Arabicis eventibus. Joseph Jacobs discovered some of the stories at the end of Caxton's translation of the fables of Æsop, where thirteen apologues of "Alfonce" are taken in fact from the Disciplina Clericalis. An outline of the tales, by Douce, is prefixed to Ellis' "Early English Metrical Romances." Nearly all the stories are adopted in the Gesta Romanorum.

Chapters ii and iii were issued under the title, Book of Enoch. An early French translation of this Hebrew language extract was made prior to 1698 by Piques, August Pichard published another version in Paris, 1838. Friedrich Wilhelm Valentin Schmidt produced a scholarly edition in 1827. Like many converts of his time, Alfonsi was accused of bad faith by the Jewish community and to counter this, as well as to show his zeal for his new faith he wrote a work attacking Judaism and defending the truths of the Christian faith, it became one of the most read and used anti-Jewish polemical texts of the Middle Ages, as Tolan shows. Alfonsi wrote the Dialogues in 1110, he divides it into twelve "Dialogues" or chapters: and the first four attack Judaism, the fifth attacks Islam, the last seven defend Christianity. Up until the Dialogi contra Iudaeos, the Augustinian tradition was followed in Christendom which allowed relative tolerance to the Jewish people, for the most part up until this point the attacks on the Jewish people were localized and more impor

Tony Nelssen

Eugene Anthony "Tony" Nelssen, was a third-generation Arizona native, a Scottsdale, Arizona city councilman from 2006 until his death from cancer in 2010. He is the only Scottsdale city council member to die while in office. Nelssen earned a Bachelor of Fine Arts, Master of Arts - Secondary Education, a Master of Fine Arts from Arizona State University, he taught Computer Photography at ASU's College of Architecture and the ASU Art Department. As an outdoorsman and educator, Nelssen was always keen to share his love of the Sonoran Desert and capturing images of it to share with others. Tony Nelssen was elected with the highest number of votes in the March 2006 election. While in office he continued his legacy of volunteer public service, continued to attend city council meetings telephonically after falling ill, until his death on May 26, 2010. Nelssen was campaigning for re-election at the time of his death. Nelssen was survived by Margaret Elizabeth Widing "Marg" Nelssen. Marg Nelssen was appointed by Tony's colleagues on the City Council to fulfill the remainder of his term.

After his death, the City of Scottsdale expanded its WestWorld Equidome equestrian facility and renamed it, "The Tony Nelssen Equestrian Center"

University of Texas at Dallas academic programs

The University of Texas at Dallas is a public research university in the University of Texas System. The University of Texas at Dallas main campus is located in Texas; the University of Texas at Dallas offers over 145 academic programs across its seven schools including, 53 baccalaureate programs, 62 masters programs and 30 doctoral programs and hosts more than 50 research centers and institutes. The school offers 30 undergraduate and graduate certificates. With a number of interdisciplinary degree programs, its curriculum is designed to allow study that crosses traditional disciplinary lines and to enable students to participate in collaborative research labs; the Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science launched the first accredited telecommunications engineering degree in the U. S. and is one of only a handful of institutions offering a degree in software engineering. The Arts and Technology program is Texas' first comprehensive degree designed to merge computer science and engineering with creative arts and the humanities.

The Bioengineering department offers MS and PhD degrees in biomedical engineering in conjunction with programs at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas and the University of Texas at Arlington. Dual degrees offered at UTD include M. S. Electrical Engineering degree in combination with an MBA in management, Molecular Biology and Business Administration B. S. and Molecular Biology and Criminology B. S.. Geospatial Information Sciences is jointly offered with the School of Natural Sciences and Mathematics and with the School of Economic and Policy Sciences, which administers the degree. UT Dallas is the fourth university in the nation to have received an accreditation for a Geospatial Intelligence certificate; the Geospatial Intelligence Certificate is backed by the US Geospatial Intelligence Foundation. The university is designated a National Center of Academic Excellence and a National Center of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance Research for the academic years 2008–2013 by the National Security Agency and Department of Homeland Security.

The School of Arts and Humanities was established in 1975. Courses are offered in literature, foreign languages, philosophy, dance, drama and visual arts. With the integration of the arts and humanities and interdisciplinary education the school has no conventional departments, its curriculum allows study. The Arts and Technology program is Texas' first comprehensive degree designed to merge computer science and engineering with creative arts and the humanities. In 2004 UTD's School of Arts and Humanities introduced the Arts and Technology program with the Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science. Due to the ATEC program UT Dallas is now ranked 10 in the 2011 Princeton Review’s list of the top graduate game design programs. In 2008 a complementary major, Emerging Media and Communication, was offered. A new $60 million, 155,000-square-foot and Technology Center is scheduled to start in 2011 with a projected completion date of May 2013. Spaces include a 1200-seat auditorium, 2D drawing and painting art studios, 3D art studios and print making labs, exposition space, research labs.

A new Visual Arts Studio that will include areas for design, painting, sculpture studios and exhibition space is projected to start in June 2012 with a completion date in the summer of 2013. The $10 million, 25,000-square-foot facility will include space for advanced studio work for the Masters in Fine Arts. Center for Holocaust Studies Center for the Interdisciplinary Study of Museums Center for Translation Studies Center for Values in Medicine and Technology Confucius Institute CentralTrak, Artist Residency Program The School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences opened in 1963 and is housed in Green Hall on the main campus of the University of Texas at Dallas and in the Callier Center for Communication Disorders; the 2012 US News & World Report ranked the university's graduate audiology program 3rd in the nation and its graduate speech-pathology program 11th in the nation. Callier Center for Communication Disorders Center for BrainHealth Center for Children and Families The Center for Vital Longevity The School of Economic and Policy Sciences offers courses and programs in criminology, economics and geospatial sciences, political science, public affairs, public policy and political economy, sociology.

UTD became the first university in Texas to implement a PhD Criminology program on October 26, 2006, when its program was approved by the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. The EPPS program was the first from Texas admitted to the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science and offered the first master of science in geospatial information sciences in Texas. UTD is one of four universities offering the Geospatial Information Sciences certificate; the Geospatial Intelligence Certificate is backed by the United States Geospatial Intelligence Foundation, a collection of many organizations including Raytheon, Lockheed Martin and GeoEye. UT Dallas’ Geography and Geospatial Sciences program ranked 16th nationally and first in Texas by Academic Analytics of Stony Brook, N. Y. In a 2012 study, assessing the academic impact of publications, the UT Dallas criminology program was ranked fifth best in the world; the findings were published in the Journal of Criminal Justice Education.

Center for Crime and Justice Studies Center for Global Collective Action Center for the Study of Texas Politics Institute for Public Affairs Institute for Urban Policy Research The