Petunia is genus of 20 species of flowering plants of South American origin. The popular flower of the same name derived its epithet from the French, which took the word petun, meaning "tobacco," from a Tupi–Guarani language. An annual, most of the varieties seen in gardens are hybrids. Petunia is a genus in the family Solanaceae, subfamily Petunioideae. Well known members of Solanaceae in other subfamilies include tobacco, the cape gooseberry, potato, deadly nightshade and chili pepper; some botanists place the plants of the genus Calibrachoa in the genus Petunia, but this is not accepted by others. Petchoa is a hybrid genus derived from crossing Petunia. Species include: Petunias are insect pollinated, with the exception of P. exserta, a rare, red-flowered, hummingbird-pollinated species. Most petunias are interfertile with other petunia species; the tubular flowers are favoured including the Hummingbird hawk moth. The flowers are eaten by the larvae of the corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea and the cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni.
Petunias can tolerate harsh conditions and hot climates, but not frost. They need at least five hours of sunlight every day and flourish in moist soil and conditions of low atmospheric humidity, they are best grown from seed. Watering once a week should be sufficient in most regions. Hanging baskets and other containers need more frequent watering. Maximum growth occurs in late spring. Applying fertilizer monthly or weekly, depending on the variety, will help the plant grow quickly. Petunias can be cultivated in hanging baskets. In horticulture many terms are used to denote different types of cultivated petunias; these include Grandiflora, Wave, Supertunia and Surfinia. Many species other than Petunia × atkinsiana are gaining popularity in the home garden. A wide range of flower colours and plant architectures are available in both Petunia × atkinsiana and other species, listed below: The Maya and Inca believed that the scent of petunias had the power to ward off underworld monsters and spirits, their flower-buds were bunched together for magical drinks.
According to New Age folklore, Petunias will only thrive where there is "positive energy" and will not grow in places where there is "negativity". When given as a gift, Petunias have two mutually exclusive meanings, symbolising on the one hand being comfortable with someone, on the other anger and resentment
"Under Pressure" is a song by the British rock band Queen and singer David Bowie. Released as a single in October 1981, it was included on Queen's 1982 album Hot Space; the song reached number one on the UK Singles Chart, becoming Queen's second number-one hit in their home country and Bowie's third. The song charted in the top 10 in more than ten countries around the world, peaked at No. 29 on the US Billboard Hot 100 in January 1982. The song has been described as a "monster rock track that stood out" on the Hot Space album, as well as "an powerful and poignant pop song", it was listed at number 31 on VH1's 100 Greatest Songs of the'80s, voted the second best collaboration of all time in a poll by Rolling Stone magazine. It was played live at every Queen concert from 1981 until the end of the band's touring career in 1986. Live recordings appear on the Queen live albums Queen Rock Montreal and Live at Wembley'86; the song was included on some editions of Queen's first Greatest Hits compilations, such as the original 1981 Elektra release in the US.
It is included on the band's compilation albums Greatest Hits II, Classic Queen, Absolute Greatest as well as Bowie compilations such as Best of Bowie, The Platinum Collection, Nothing Has Changed, Re:Call 3. Queen were not satisfied with the result. David Bowie had come to Mountain Studios to sing backing vocals on another Queen song, "Cool Cat", but his vocals were removed from the final song because he was not satisfied with his performance. Once he got there, they wrote the song; the final version, which became "Under Pressure", evolved from a chance encounter jam session that Bowie had with the band at Queen's studio in Montreux, Switzerland. It was credited as being co-written by the five musicians; the scat singing that dominates much of the song is evidence of the jam-beginnings as improvisation. However, according to Queen bassist John Deacon, the song's primary musical songwriter was Freddie Mercury – though all contributed to the arrangement. Brian May recalled to Mojo magazine, in October 2008, that, "It was hard, because you had four precocious boys and David, precocious enough for all of us.
David took over the song lyrically. Looking back, it's a great song but it should have been mixed differently. Freddie and David had a fierce battle over that. It's a significant song because of David and its lyrical content." The earlier, embryonic version of the song without Bowie, "Feel Like", is available in bootleg form, was written by Queen drummer Roger Taylor. There has been some confusion about who had created the song's bassline. John Deacon said. In more recent interviews, Brian May and Roger Taylor credited the bass riff to Deacon. Bowie, on his website, said the bassline was written before he became involved. Roger Taylor, in an interview for the BBC documentary Queen: the Days of Our Lives, stated that Deacon did indeed create the bassline, stating that all through the sessions in the studio he had been playing the riff over and over, he claims that when the band returned from dinner, amusingly, forgot the riff, but Taylor was still able to remember it. Brian May clarified matters in a 2016 Mirror Online article.
"Under Pressure" has received critical acclaim since its release, with multiple publications ranking it among Queen and Bowie's best songs and among the greatest songs of all time. In a review for Hot Space, Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic called "Under Pressure" as the album's "undeniable saving grace" and "the only reason most listeners remember this album", he described the song as "an utterly majestic, otherworldly duet... that recaptures the effortless grace of Queen's mid-'70s peak, but is underscored with a affecting melancholy heart that gives it a genuine human warmth unheard in much of their music." Ned Raggett of AllMusic described the song as "anthemic and warm-hearted, a clear standout for both acts". Following Bowie's death in 2016, Jack Hamilton of Slate called "Under Pressure" a "masterpiece" and is a reminder to the public that Bowie could be "wonderfully, powerfully human." Jack Whatley wrote for Far Out Magazine "with all the animosity, wine and vocal battles which helped come together to birth the song, what remains is an powerful and poignant pop song that we will not see matched in our lifetimes.
The two juggernauts of Freddie Mercury and David Bowie collide here with perfect and enriching precision."The September 2005 edition of online music magazine Stylus singled out the bassline as the best in popular music history. In November 2004, Stylus music critic Anthony Miccio commented that "Under Pressure" "is the best song of all time" and described it as Queen's "opus". In 2012, Slant Magazine listed "Under Pressure" as the 21st best single of the 1980s; the video for the song features neither David Bowie due to touring commitments. Taking the theme of pressure, director David Mallet edited together stock footage of traffic jams, commuter trains packed with passengers, riots, cars being crushed and various pieces of footage from silent films of the 1920s, most notably Sergei Eisenstein's influential Soviet film Battleship Potemkin, the silent Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde starring John Barrymore, F. W. Murnau's a masterpiece of the German Expressionist movement; the video explores the pressure-cooker mentality of a cu
The AWA World Heavyweight Championship was a professional wrestling world heavyweight championship promoted by Paul Bowser in Boston. The title was created by Bowser after Gus Sonnenberg, who had beaten Ed Lewis for the original World Heavyweight Wrestling Championship in 1929, was stripped of recognition as champion by the National Boxing Association. Browser continued to recognize Sonnenberg as champion and named his championship after the "American Wrestling Association" governing body, which hitherto did not exist. Rival promoters, including Jack Curley, countered by forming the National Wrestling Association and its NWA World Heavyweight Championship. During Don Eagle's second reign, splinter titles were created by regional promoters in Chicago and Ohio. Bowser abandoned the championship in Eagle's reign, while he was rendered inactive due to injuries in November 1952. Ohio-based promoter Al Haft created a splinter version of the title after recognizing Don Eagle's loss to Dr. Bill Miller on May 1, 1952 as a title change.
The change was not recognized by Bowser. That title continued until 1954. AWA World Heavyweight Championship at Pro Wrestling Historical Society AWA World Heavyweight Championship at Pro Wrestling Historical Society AWA World Heavyweight Championship at Wrestling-Titles.com
Brenton James Langbein, AO was an Australian violinist and composer. Langbein was born on 21 January 1928 in the South Australian town of Gawler to James Langbein, an accomplished pianist who had set up a car dealership and garage business in Gawler, his second wife, Juanita Zadow, his parents were of German and Scottish ancestry, his father's grandfather, Joachim Heinrich Gottfried Langbein, having arrived in South Australia from Mecklenburg in 1845. He began learning violin at age five and when he was eight years old, he gave his first public recital at Tanunda Town Hall, he received a scholarship to study at the Elder Conservatorium of Music at age eleven, where he was taught by Ludwig Schwab, began to perform with the Adelaide Symphony Orchestra at age fourteen. He attended Gawler High School and graduated from the University of Adelaide with a Bachelor of Music. In 1948 he moved to Sydney, where he performed as a soloist and as a member of the Sydney Symphony Orchestra and studied composition with Sir Eugene Goosens.
He moved to Switzerland in 1951 to study with Paul Grümmer. In 1953 he settled in Zürich, where he became a member of Paul Sacher's Collegium Musicum Zürich chamber orchestra in 1954 and its concertmaster two years after that, he was appointed Professor of Violin at the City of Basel Music Academy, formed a duo with Australian pianist Maureen Jones and a trio with fellow Australian horn player Barry Tuckwell. In the 1960s he founded Die Kammermusiker Zürich, a chamber orchestra that performed music by little-known and contemporary composers, along with youth orchestra schools in Zürich and Basel, he was the soloist at the premiere of Hans Werner Henze's Violin Concerto No. 2, dedicated to Langbein, at the 1972 Adelaide Festival of Arts and co-founded Opera Factory in the 1970s. He was the musical director of the Adelaide Chamber Orchestra and co-founded the Barossa Festival, a chamber music festival in South Australia's Barossa Valley, in 1990. Langbein gave his last concert in Siena, Italy, in early April 1993.
He died of cancer in Zürich on 6 June of that year, aged 65, is buried in the Barossa Valley town of Lyndoch. Langbein received an award of honour from the Canton of Zürich in 1983 and the Nageli Medal from the City of Zürich, an award for musicians that he had co-founded, in 1988. In 1986 he was made an Officer of the Order of Australia for service to music; the Brenton Langbein Theatre, part of the Barossa Convention Centre in Tanunda, is named after him, as is the Langbein String Quartet, run by the Firm, a South Australian contemporary music organisation. Hans Werner Henze wrote a solo viola composition, An Brenton, as a tribute to Langbein shhortly after his death, his papers and other ephemera were donated to the Mortlock Library at the State Library of South Australia. Among Langbein's compositions, a string quintet has been recorded, his only composition with an opus number is his Prelude, Marche & Valse, Op. 1. Manuscripts of his compositions are among his papers at the State Library of South Australia
Gaspar Corte-Real was a Portuguese explorer who alongside his father João Vaz Corte-Real and brother Miguel, participated in various exploratory voyages sponsored by the Portuguese Crown. These voyages are said to have been some of the first to reach Newfoundland and other parts of eastern Canada, he was the youngest of three sons of João Vaz Corte-Real a Portuguese explorer, had accompanied his father on his expeditions to North America. His brothers were explorers. In 1500, King Manuel I of Portugal sent Gaspar to discover lands and search for a Northwest Passage to Asia, he chose not to land. He set out on a second voyage to Greenland in 1501, with his brother Miguel Corte-Real and three caravels. Encountering frozen sea, they changed course to the south and reached land, believed to be Labrador and Newfoundland. There they captured 57 native men, who would be sold as slaves. Gaspar sent his brother and two ships back to Portugal before continuing southwards. Nothing more was heard of Gaspar Corte-Real after 1501.
His brother Miguel attempted to find him in 1502. There is a statue of Gaspar Corte-Real located in front of the Confederation Building in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, it was donated by the Canadian Portuguese Fisheries Organisation in 1965 in recognition of the hospitality of Newfoundlanders towards Portuguese Grand Banks fishermen. In early 1999 a car chauffeured by a speeding tourist, slammed into the pedestal that supports the statue; the statue itself was unscathed. That year Ottawa bronze restoration specialist Craig Johnson subcontracted local foundry Sculptures to undertake the repairs while Johnson himself repainted the statue. According to local sculptor Will Gill, who did some of the work, no scars remain from the accident and Corte-Real was returned to his original condition. A street in Mount Pearl is named for Corte-Real. There is a building at Memorial University of Newfoundland's St. John's campus named after Corte Real. In December 2019, the Board of Regents voted to change its name to the Global Learning Centre, after the Internationalization Office that the building presently houses.
List of people who disappeared Vigneras, L.-A.. "Corte-Real, Gaspar". In Brown, George Williams. Dictionary of Canadian Biography. I. University of Toronto Press. "Cortereal, Gaspar". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1900
Complete Arcane is a supplemental rulebook for the 3.5 edition of the Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game. It replaces an earlier soft-cover rulebook entitled Tome and Blood. Complete Arcane presents additional rules and advice for the creation and use of character classes which specialize in arcane magic, which represents magic, learned through research or inherent power as opposed to divine sources; the Complete Arcane introduces three new base classes to the 3rd edition game. A Warlock has been given supernatural powers. A warlock has an innate magical ability called the eldritch blast, a damaging ray-like ability; the damage for this attack increases as the warlock gains levels. Instead of spells, warlocks gain a limited number of invocations, spell-like abilities with a distinctively sinister flavor. Most of these invocations may have durations of 24 hours; some invocations add effects to the warlock's eldritch blast, causing sicknesss, or blindness, or fright, etc. Warmages take the concept of "magical artillery" to its extreme.
They specialize in direct-damage spells and can wear light armor without penalty to their spellcasting. Though they cast spells like a sorcerer, they have a limited list of spells they can cast. Wu jen are arcane spellcasters with a distinct Oriental flavor. Wu Jen specialize in the casting of elemental spells; the five elements of Wu Jen magic are wood, water and metal. Prestige classes are updates from Tome & Blood; the Acolyte of the skin: forges a pact with demons or devils through bonding of a skin of a fiend to his own. The acolyte will become an Outsider; the Alienist is a mage who studies & summons creatures beyond normal understanding becoming an Outsider. The Argent Savant is a mage; the Blood Magus, after being brought back from death, learns to evoke magic from the fluid that sustains their life. The Effigy Master masters the creation of magically animated constructs built in the form of other living creatures; the Elemental Savant focuses his studies on one of its associated energy type.
The Enlightened Fist combines development of the body. The Fate Spinner learns; the Geometer is a master of runes, glyphes and symbols. The Greenstar Adept is the master of the magic derived from green starmetal; the Initiate of the Sevenfold Veil can call up barriers of prismatic power, gaining the ability to produce a different layer of prismatic wall each level. The Mage of the Arcane Order is a member of an guild known as Arcane Order; the Master Transmogrifist specializes in spells. The Mindbender focuses on compulsions; the Seeker of the Song wields the power of primal music. The Sublime Cord uses bardic music as a stepping stone to deeper insights into the song of creation; the Suel Arcanamach carries on the old tradition of the long dead Suel Empire and merge spell casting and sword play. The Wayfarer Guide specializes in magical transportation; the Wild mage is a master of chaotic magic. Complete Arcane introduces a number of metamagic feats and several others based on magic, including the Mage Slayer feat tree, which makes a character more dangerous to arcane casters.
Magic items include variant forms for potions and scrolls such as ceramic tiles that are broken to cause a spell effect instead of liquids that must be consumed, as well as spellbook materials for the discerning wizard. The last chapter of the book details how arcane magic can affect a campaign world, including the uses and abuses of Enchantment spells, flight and invisibility, how nonmagical people would react to bards, sorcerers and warlocks. Complete Arcane was written by Richard Baker and published in November 2004. Cover art was by Matt Cavotta, with interior art by Steve Belledin, Matt Cavotta, Dennis Crabapple McClain, Emily Fiegenschuh, Doug Kovacs, Ginger Kubic, Jeff Miracola, Monte Moore, William O'Connor, Michael Phillippi, Ron Spencer, Franz Vohwinkel. Rich Baker described his creative process on the book: "I don't know if I have any one global process for thinking up new stuff. I can offer a little insight into. If you look at the various schools of magic, you'll see that Abjuration gets short shrift in most of our sourcebooks.
So, I was determined to look hard at Abjuration spells and see if I couldn't re-envision the abjurer a little bit to make it cooler. It occurred to me that abjuration was the school of magic manipulating magic... which means that abjurers ought to be the nastiest spell-duelists out there. If you want to build a wizard who specializes in gunslinging against other wizards, Abjuration should be your specialty. That's a pretty cool take on a school of magic, a little boring and overlooked, so I ran with it. I created a half-dozen key new Abjuration spells to support that vision, spells that screw with the other wizard's defenses and use your enemy's magic against him." Http://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/10/10910.phtml