Peyton Williams Manning is an American former professional football quarterback who played in the National Football League for 18 seasons. Considered to be one of the greatest quarterbacks of all time, he spent 14 seasons with the Indianapolis Colts and was a member of the Denver Broncos in his last four seasons. Manning played college football for the University of Tennessee, leading the Tennessee Volunteers to the 1997 SEC Championship Game in his senior season, he is the second son of former NFL quarterback Archie Manning and older brother of former NFL quarterback Eli Manning. Manning was selected by the Colts as the first overall pick in the 1998 NFL Draft. From 1998 to 2010, he improved the fortunes of the struggling Colts franchise and helped transform them into consistent playoff contenders. During his tenure as starting quarterback, Manning led the team to eight division championships, two AFC championships, one Super Bowl title in Super Bowl XLI, the franchise's first in over three decades, as well as their first since relocating to Indianapolis.
After undergoing neck surgery that forced him to miss the entire 2011 season, Manning was released by the Colts and signed with the Broncos. Serving as the team's starting quarterback from 2012 to 2015, he contributed to the Broncos clinching their division each year and his playing career concluded with a victory in Super Bowl 50. Manning holds many NFL records, including AP MVP awards, Pro Bowl appearances, 4,000-yard passing seasons, single-season passing yards, single-season passing touchdowns, he is tied with Otto Graham for the most First-Team All Pros for a quarterback, is second in career passing yards and passing touchdowns. A two-time Super Bowl winner and the most valuable player of Super Bowl XLI, Manning is the only starting quarterback in the Super Bowl to have multiple appearances and win the championship with more than one franchise. Nicknamed "The Sheriff" due to his tendency to audible prior to the snap, Manning was one of the most recognizable and parodied players in the NFL.
Teams led by Manning used the hurry-up offense in place of the standard huddle. Manning attended Isidore Newman School in New Orleans and led the Greenies football team to a 34–5 record during his three seasons as the starter, he was named Gatorade Circle of Champions National Player-of-the-Year and Columbus Touchdown Club National Offensive Player-of-the-Year in 1993. While at Newman, he began wearing the #18 jersey in honor of his older brother Cooper, forced to give up football due to spinal stenosis. Younger brother Eli wore the number when he became starting quarterback. Newman has since retired the #18 jersey and it can be seen hanging in the school gym. Manning was among the most sought after high school players in the country and was recruited by about 60 colleges, led by Florida, Florida State, LSU, Tennessee, Texas A&M, his father's alma mater, Ole Miss. Manning chose to play college football for the University of Tennessee Volunteers under head coach Phillip Fulmer. Many fans were surprised that he did not pick the Ole Miss Rebels, for whom his father Archie played, Peyton's parents received several angry phone calls and letters.
He became Tennessee's all-time leading passer with 11,201 yards and 89 touchdowns and won 39 of 45 games as a starter, breaking the Southeastern Conference record for career wins. As a freshman, Manning began the season as the third-string quarterback. In the season opener against UCLA, Manning was one of three quarterbacks to come off the bench after starter Jerry Colquitt suffered a season-ending injury on the seventh play of the game. However, Manning was not able to generate any offense, only handing the ball off three times, was pulled from the game. Two weeks in a 31–0 loss to the #1 Florida Gators, Manning completed his first collegiate pass. During the season's fourth game, against Mississippi State, starter Todd Helton got injured and Manning took over; the Vols lost 24 -- 21. He remained so for the rest of his college career. In his first start, the following week against Washington State, the Vols won 10–9, they won all but one of their remaining games, finishing the season 8–4 with a 45–23 victory over Virginia Tech in the 1994 Gator Bowl.
He finished his first collegiate season 89 of 144 for 1,141 passing yards, 11 touchdowns, six interceptions. Manning and the Vols started off the 1995 season with victories over East Carolina and SEC rival Georgia, before heading off to Gainesville to face off against the rival Gators. Against Florida, he threw for 326 yards and two touchdowns, leading the Vols to a 30–21 halftime lead. However, the Gators outscored the Vols 41–7 in the second half, winning 62–37; this was the Vols' only loss of the season, as they won their remaining eight regular season games, including a 41–14 win over rival Alabama. The Vols defeated Ohio State by a score of 20–14 in the Citrus Bowl; the Vols ended. He finished his sophomore season 244 of 380 for 2,954 passing yards, 22 touchdowns, four interceptions; the Vols opened the 1996 season ranked #2 behind Nebraska and one of the favorites to win the National Championship. However, after winning their first two games against UNLV and UCLA, the Vols again lost to Florida by a score of 35–29, with Manning throwing four interceptions.
After winning their next four games, the Vols were upset by Memphis, despite Manning passing for 296 yards. The Vols won the remainder of their games, including a 48–28 win in the Citrus Bowl over Northwestern, a game in which Manning passed for 408 yards and
Maurice Tranchant de Lunel, was a 20th-century French architect and writer. An architect of historical monuments in Morocco, Maurice Tranchant de Lunel was the designer of the Grand Mosque of Paris. In 1912, he was appointed director of the Department of Antiquities, fine art and historic monuments of the French protectorate in Morocco by Lyautey, his mission was to preserve Moroccan monuments and establish a ranking list of historical monuments in Morocco. From 1920 to 1923, he was inspector of fine arts, antiques and architect of the Protectorate of Morocco, he was a painter and writer. 1924: Au pays du paradoxe: Maroc 1931: Le tour du monde en un jour à l'Exposition coloniale 1933: Je jongle avec les chiffres 1936: Chansons des quatre saisons 1939: La princesse des Baux, légende radiophonique en 4 tableaux avec les anciennes chansons provençales 1939: Baba-Yaga, conte radiophonique adaptation d'un conte populaire russe 1944: L'alphabet de la famille 1945: Petits métiers pour les enfants sages qui deviendront grands 1945: Les chansons de l'herbe et de la rosée 1945: Vacances en petits morceaux 1947: Petite géographie: pour les enfants sages' 1954: Un Bouquet de proverbes pour les douze mois de l'an 1954 François Pouillon, Dictionnaire des orientalistes de langue française, 2012 Maurice Tranchant de Lunel on data.bnf.fr Maurice Tranchant de Lunel on Marocpluriel Detailed biography on Maroc-Méditerranée Maurice Tranchant de Lunel's watercolors
Cupressus cashmeriana is a species of cypress native to the eastern Himalaya in Bhutan and adjacent areas of Arunachal Pradesh in northeastern India. It is introduced in China and Nepal, it grows at moderately high altitudes of 1,250–2,800 metres. Cupressus cashmeriana is a medium-sized to large coniferous tree growing 20–45 metres tall much more, with a trunk up to 3 metres diameter; the foliage grows in pendulous sprays of blue-green slender, flattened shoots. The leaves are scale-like, 1–2 mm long, up to 5 mm long on strong lead shoots; the seed cones are ovoid, 10–21 mm long and 10–19 mm broad, with 8–12 scales, dark green, maturing dark brown about 24 months after pollination. The cones open at maturity to shed the seed; the pollen cones are 3–5 mm long, release pollen in early spring. A tree of 95 metres tall has been reported, but the measurements await verification; the natural populations of this species are fragmented. There are few occurrences and they contain few large individuals. Cypress wood is in demand locally.
Cupressus cashmeriana is grown horticulturally as an ornamental tree, both within its native region and internationally in temperate climates. It is planted in private gardens and public parks, although regarded as sensitive to drought and wind. Many of the plants available outside of its native range are named cultivars, selected for particular forms, textures, or foliage colours, such as pendulous branching or shoots, a fastigiate or columnar shape, or a bright blue or silvery glaucous foliage; this plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. It is hardy only in mild or coastal areas of the UK; some healthy specimens have been reported in Australia. The Bhutan cypress is the official national tree of Bhutan, where it is associated with Buddhist religious places, it has been planted around Vihara monasteries and Buddhist temples there for centuries. A notable specimen of Cupressus cashmeriana is situated in front of the palace on Isola Madre, the largest of the Borromean Islands in Lake Maggiore.
The seeds for the tree were sent back from the Himalayan region by a correspondent of the Borromeo family, William B. Pentland, in June 1862. By 1915, the Isola Madre specimen was noted as the best in measured 60ft. High, 6ft. in girth, its branches covering an area of over 35 paces in circumference. In 2006, a fierce storm on the night of 28 June knocked the tree down, necessitating a multi-disciplinary effort to save it. A team of gardeners and cable workers worked to stabilise the tree, the largest specimen in Europe and weighed 70 tons with a trunk 8 metres in diameter