Pheidippides or Philippides is the central figure in the story that inspired a modern sporting event, the marathon race. Pheidippides is said to have run from Marathon to Athens to deliver news of the victory of the battle of Marathon; the first recorded account showing a courier running from Marathon to Athens to announce victory is from within Lucian's prose on the first use of the word "joy" as a greeting in A Slip of the Tongue in Greeting.... Philippides, the one who acted as messenger, is said to have used it first in our sense when he brought the news of victory from Marathon and addressed the magistrates in session when they were anxious how the battle had ended. – Lucian translated by K. Kilburn.... The modern use of the word dates back to Philippides the dispatch-runner. Bringing the news of the victory at Marathon, he found the archons seated, in suspense regarding the issue of the battle.'Joy, we win!' he said, died upon his message, breathing his last in the word Joy... – Lucian Pro lapsu inter salutandum The traditional story relates that Pheidippides, an Athenian herald or hemerodrome, was sent to Sparta to request help when the Persians landed at Marathon, Greece.
He ran about 240 km in two days, ran back. He ran the 40 km to the battlefield near Marathon and back to Athens to announce the Greek victory over Persia in the Battle of Marathon with the word νικῶμεν, as stated by Lucian chairete and collapsed and died. Most accounts incorrectly attribute this story to the historian Herodotus, who wrote the history of the Persian Wars in his Histories; however and Moose suggest that the story is a "romantic invention." They point out that Lucian is the only classical source with all the elements of the story known in modern culture as the "Marathon story of Pheidippides": a messenger running from the fields of Marathon to announce victory dying on completion of his mission. Robert Browning gave a version of the traditional story in his 1879 poem Pheidippides. So, when Persia was dust, all cried, "To Acropolis! Run, one race more! the meed is thy due! Athens is saved, thank Pan, go shout!" He flung down his shieldRan like fire once more: and the space'twixt the fennel-fieldAnd Athens was stubble again, a field which a fire runs through,Till in he broke: "Rejoice, we conquer!"
Like wine through clay,Joy in his blood bursting his heart, - the bliss! This poem inspired Baron Pierre de Coubertin and other founders of the modern Olympic Games to invent a running race of 42 km called the marathon. In any case, no such story appears in Herodotus; the relevant passage of Herodotus is: Before they left the city, the Athenian generals sent off a message to Sparta. The messenger was a professional long-distance runner. According to the account he gave the Athenians on his return, Pheidippides met the god Pan on Mount Parthenium, above Tegea. Pan, he said, called him by name and told him to ask the Athenians why they paid him no attention, in spite of his friendliness towards them and the fact that he had been useful to them in the past, would be so again in the future; the Athenians believed Pheidippides's story, when their affairs were once more in a prosperous state, they built a shrine to Pan under the Acropolis, from the time his message was received they held an annual ceremony, with a torch-race and sacrifices, to court his protection.
On the occasion of which I speak - when Pheidippides, that is, was sent on his mission by the Athenian commanders and said that he saw Pan - he reached Sparta the day after he left Athens and delivered his message to the Spartan government. "Men of Sparta", "the Athenians ask you to help them, not to stand by while the most ancient city of Greece is crushed and subdued by a foreign invader. The Spartans, though moved by the appeal, willing to send help to Athens, were unable to send it promptly because they did not wish to break their law, it was the ninth day of the month, they said they could not take the field until the moon was full. So they waited for the full moon, meanwhile Hippias, the son of Pisistratus, guided the Persians to Marathon; the significance of this story is to be understood in the light of the legend that the god Pan returned the favor by fighting with the Athenian troops and against the Persians at Marathon. This was important because Pan, in addition to his other powers, had the capacity to instill an irrational, blind fear that paralyzed the mind and suspended all sense of judgment—panic.
Herodotus, writing about 30 to 40 years after the events he describes, according to Miller in fact base his version of the battle on eyewitness accounts, so it seems altogether that Pheidippides was an actual historical figure, although the same source claims the classical author did not in fact, mention a Marathon-Athens runner in any of his writings. Whether the story is true or not, it has no connection with the Battle of Marathon itself, Herodotus's silence on the subject of a herald running from Marathon to At
Cetus Corporation was one of the first biotechnology companies. It was established in Berkeley, California in 1971, but conducted most of its operations in nearby Emeryville. Before merging with another company in 1991, it developed several significant pharmaceutical drugs as well as a revolutionary DNA amplification technique. Cetus was founded in 1971 by Ronald E. Cape, Peter Farley, Nobelist Donald A. Glaser, its early efforts involved automated methods to select for industrial microorganisms that could produce greater amounts of chemical feedstocks, antibiotics, or vaccine components. By the late-1970s, three new revolutionary techniques had been developed: recombinant DNA, monoclonal antibodies, gene expression, the foundations of the biotechnology industry. In order to enter these new fields, Cetus raised $108 million in an Initial Public Offering in 1981, the largest IPO to that date, its first large development project, in conjunction with Triton Biosciences, was the successful cloning, expression and production of beta-interferon.
The resultant protein did not live up to its expectations as a broad-spectrum anti-cancer drug, only much was it approved for use to treat symptoms of multiple sclerosis. The product is now sold under the name Betaseron; the company's flagship product was an important modifier of the immune system. In the early 1980s, an intense competition to clone the gene for IL-2 was underway among Cetus, Genentech and the Japanese researcher, Tadatsugu Taniguchi, in 1982 Taniguchi was the first to succeed. By 1983 Cetus created a proprietary recombinant version of IL2 and collaborated with Steven Rosenberg to begin clinical trials; the drug showed promising effects in treating renal cancer, but had significant side effects on patients. In 1990 the U. S. Food and Drug Administration refused to approve the drug for clinical use, asking for additional information, it wasn't until two years after Cetus had been sold, that IL-2 was approved. It is now distributed under the name Proleukin; the company had a broad effort to research and develop techniques for DNA diagnostics.
Collaborations were made with Perkin-Elmer for diagnostic instruments, with Kodak for commercial diagnostic kits. It was here that the technique of polymerase chain reaction DNA amplification was conceived by Kary Mullis; the technique has been used in DNA research and genetic disease diagnostics. Its inventor received the Nobel Prize in 1993, the only one awarded for research performed at a biotechnology company; the delay in FDA approval for IL-2 created a major funding crisis at Cetus, spending a considerable fraction of its investments to produce and test the drug. The company's CEO resigned six weeks and patent rights to the PCR process were sold to Hoffman-La Roche. Losses continued, in 1991 the company was sold to Chiron Corporation. Chiron continued the development of IL-2, approved by the FDA in 1992. Chiron collected the scattered rights for the production of beta-interferon, approved for clinical use in 1993. Eric J. Vettel, Biotech: The Countercultural Origins of an Industry, University of Pennsylvania Press ISBN 0-8122-3947-4 A. L. Demain, The Biopharmaceutical Revolution, Tekno Scienze
William Roger Corliss was an American physicist and writer, known for his interest in collecting data regarding anomalous phenomena. Arthur C. Clarke described him as "Fort's latter-day - and much more scientific - successor." Starting in 1974, Corliss published a number of works in the "Sourcebook Project". Each volume was devoted to a scientific field and featured articles culled exclusively from scientific journals. Corliss was inspired by Charles Fort, who decades earlier collected reports of unusual phenomena. Many of the articles in Corliss's works were earlier mentioned in Charles Fort's works. Unlike Fort, known for his idiosyncratic writing style, Corliss offered little in the way of his own opinions or editorial comments, preferring to let the articles speak for themselves. Corliss quoted all relevant parts of articles. In some of his Sourcebook efforts, such as the mid-1990s Biological Anomalies series, Corliss added his evaluation of both the reliability of the claims, their ranking as anomalies.
Well-documented reports from credible sources are ranked as a "1" while unsubstantiated reports are rated as a "4", with "2" or "3" representing intermediate reports. Corliss's uses a rating of "1" for anomalies that cannot be explained by existing scientific theories, while a "4" describes phenomena that are unusual but do not challenge scientific theories. Corliss wrote many other books and articles, notably including 13 educational books about astronomy, outer space and space travel for NASA and a similar number for the Atomic Energy Commission and the National Science Foundation. In his book Unexplained!, Jerome Clark describes Corliss as "essentially conservative in outlook". He explains, "Corliss more interested in unusual weather, ball lighting, geophysical oddities, extraordinary mirages, the like — in short, anomalies that, while important in their own right, are far less to outrage mainstream scientists than those that delighted Fort, such as UFOs, monstrous creatures, or other sorts of extraordinary events and entities."Arthur C. Clarke said: Unlike Fort, Corliss selected his material exclusively from scientific journals like Nature and Science, not newspapers, so it has been subjected to a filtering process which would have removed most hoaxes and reports from obvious cranks.
There is much, quite baffling in some of these reports from reputable sources. The meteorologist Charles A. Doswell has praised the research of Corliss, stating his documentation of anomalies was intriguing. However, the geologist Henry Faul has criticized Corliss. In a review for Handbook of Unusual Natural Phenomena, Faul noted: is prone, to classify things as "unexplained" when a good explanation is available... Grossly incomplete, naively uncritical, supplied with inaccurate sketches, lacking an author index, it is no handbook at all. Instead of giving new access to genuinely mysterious observations, it only buries a few of them in a clutter of confused esoterica. In a review for a book that documented astronomical anomalies, the astronomer Joseph Veverka wrote that Corliss had shown negligence of the scientific literature for more than a decade and made incorrect statements. However, Richard Baum wrote a positive review, stating that it was an objective work and "his reviews are concise and well-referenced, if on occasion his examples are questionable we do at least have the benefit of the bibliographies which will be useful to historians."A reviewer in the New Scientist, noted that the book Incredible Life had an agenda to challenge evolutionary theory as Corliss believed that natural selection fails to explain biological mysteries.
Books published include: Propulsion Systems for Spaceflight Radioisotopic Power Generation Space Probes and Planetary Exploration Scientific Satellites Mysteries of the Universe Teleoperator Controls Mysteries Beneath the Sea Human Factors Applications in Teleoperator Design and Operation History of NASA Sounding Rockets Man and Atom History of the Goddard Networks The Interplanetary Pioneers Strange Phenomena: A Sourcebook of Unusual Natural Phenomena Strange Artifacts: A Sourcebook on Ancient Man The Unexplained Strange Life Strange Minds Strange Universe Handbook of Unusual Natural Phenomena Strange Planet Ancient Man: A Handbook of Puzzling Artifacts Mysterious Universe: A Handbook of Astronomical Anomalies Unknown Earth: A Handbook of Geological Enigmas Wind Tunnels of NASA Incredible Life: A Handbook of Biological Mysteries The Unfathomed Mind: A Handbook of Unusual Mental Phenomena Lightning, Nocturnal Lights, Related Luminous Phenomena Tornados, Dark Days, Anomalous Precipitation, Related Weather Phenomena Earthquakes, Unidentified Sounds, Related Phenomena Rare Halos, Anomalous Rainbows, Related Electromagnetic Phenomena The Moon and the Planets The Sun and Solar System Debris Stars, Cosmos Carolina Bays, Mima Mounds, Submarine Canyons Anomalies in Geology: Physical, Biological Neglected Geological Anomalies Inner Earth: A Search for Anomalies Biological Anomalies: Humans I Biological Anomalies: Humans II Biological Anomalies: Humans III Science Frontiers: Some Anomalies and Curi
Psycosissimo is a 1961 Italian crime-comedy film directed by Steno. It is a parody of Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho. Ugo Tognazzi: Ugo Bertolazzi Raimondo Vianello: Raimondo Vallardi Edy Vessel: Annalisa Michelotti Monique Just: Marcella Bertolazzi Franca Marzi: Clotilde Scarponi Spiros Focás: Pietro, Annalisa's Driver and Lover Francesco Mulé: Arturo Michelotti Leonardo Severini: Inspector Nerio Bernardi: Professor Toni Ucci: Augusto Ugo Pagliai: Student Psycosissimo on IMDb
Vasilis Torosidis is a Greek professional footballer who plays as a right-back for Olympiacos and the Greece national team. Torosidis made his senior debut for Skoda Xanthi on 19 April 2003 at the age of 17 and scored his first goal in the Super League against Iraklis on 17 October 2005. Having made 76 impressive appearances for the club during a five-year stint, Torosidis drew the attention of the top Greek clubs AEK Athens and Panathinaikos, he joined Olympiacos on a five-year deal on 1 January 2007. Torosidis moved to Olympiacos in January 2007 and scored his first goal with the team against PAOK on 21 January 2007, he scored his first European goal for Olympiacos in the 2008–09 UEFA Cup 1st round 5–0 home leg win against FC Nordsjælland and scored another one in the competition's Group Stage 4–0 home win against Hertha BSC. Torosidis signed a renewal with Olympiacos in the summer of 2009 that will expire on 31 June 2013, which included a buy-out fee of €7 million, he has been monitored by such clubs as Newcastle United, Juventus, Atlético Madrid, Bayern Munich.
On 24 February 2011, Olympiacos must play one game behind closed doors after supporters invaded the pitch and attacked some of the Panathinaikos players at the end of their controversial home win in the Athens derby took place on February 19. Olympiakos captain Vasilis Torosidis has been given a five-game ban by the Greek Super League following his sending off for headbutting midfielder Sebastian Leto in the closing stages of Saturday's game at the Georgios Karaiskakis stadium; the punishments were handed down on Thursday after hundreds of fans invaded the pitch following the league leaders' tempestuous 2-1 win that took them 10 points clear of their local rivals with just seven matches to play. Some Olympiakos supporters battled with police. In January 2013, the 27-year-old refused to sign a new deal with the Greek champions after moving to the Athens outfit in 2007. Martin Jol, manager of Fulham F. C. has been linked with a move for the Greece international, believed to be available for around £500,000.
The Fulham boss snapped up Giorgos Karagounis on a free transfer in the summer – and Torosidis is desperate for a fresh challenge in a different European league. "I’m not going to sign a new deal," Torosidis told the Sun newspaper. "I want to move abroad." On 22 January 2013, he moved from Olympiacos to Roma, signing a contract with the Roman club expiring on 31 June 2015. On 23 January 2013, Torosidis moved to Italian Serie A side Roma for only €400,000 and signed a contract valid until 30 June 2015, with the option to stay for the 2015–16 season; the Italian club had beaten Fulham to the Greece international's signature, who had revealed he would not be renewing his contract with the Athens outfit. Olympiakos had been keen to sell the versatile defender this month in order to risk losing him for nothing at the end of the season. Roma's sporting director Sabatini in his introduction speech said: "He is an experienced player and has spent a long time playing for the best team in Greece, Olympiakos.
He played over three hundred league matches for them as well as quite a few appearances in European competition and for Greece. I'm grateful to him for choosing Roma over the other offers. "What memories do I have of him? One above all else; when he made a major contribution to beating Lazio and eliminating them from the Champions League here in the Stadio Olimpico a few years back." He made his debut against Bologna in a 3–3 draw. He scored his first goal for Roma in a 2–3 away win over Atalanta, he scored in the Coppa Italia semi-final match against Internazionale with a great strike right in Inter goalkeeper Handanovič's top corner. The match ended 2–3, with Roma securing a position in the 2013 Coppa Italia Final against Lazio, where they subsequently lost. On 9 January 2014, with a early Vasilis Torosidis goal, Roma labored to a 1-0 victory over Sampdoria in the Coppa Italia to help shake off the 3-0 league loss against Juventus last weekend, it was indubitably important for Roma to get over their first defeat of the season as as possible, to that end, Rudi Garcia sent out a side, a mixture of first team players, fringe players, youngsters.
On 17 March 2014, Torosidis scored as Roma beat Udinese Calcio to maintain their grip on second place from Juventus in Serie A and restored the two-goal margin before Dusan Basta of Udinese ensured a nervous final 10 minutes for Roma. On 2 August 2014, Roma announced that Torosidis had signed a new contract with the Giallorossi, keeping him at the club until 2017; the 29-year-old, who represented his country at this summer's World Cup in Brazil, explained his reasons for staying at Stadio Olimpico at a Press conference. "My future is at Roma, I signed for three years. I’m staying at Roma because they’re a big club with big targets and I want to win something with this team. We are a strong team with players of a great level. We want to win the Scudetto but it is not easy, it will be a season with a lot of matches. We need to be ready for the season. All the fans are expecting a strong team and that's what we are. We want to win the Scudetto. There will be a lot of difficult matches, there are teams like Juventus and Fiorentina.
We will see." Torosidis told reporters. On 16 May 2015, in a game for Serie A against Udinese Calcio, the Giallorossi defeated the Zebrette 2-1, in which Torosidis got the winning goal to get the side three points, but the Greek international is not taking any credit for the win. On 29 September 2015, he scored his first goal with his left-foot like a real poacher, for the 2015–16 season in a 3-2 away loss against FC BATE Borisov in the UEFA Champions League
Ansitz Strehlburg is an Ansitz in Kurtatsch an der Weinstraße, South Tyrol, one of the main estates, along with Ansitz Freienfeld, of the In der Maur family. The estate is located at the entrance of Kurtatsch and was built in 1492, it includes a large manor house with a tower, farm buildings, stables, a central courtyard, a chapel, a fortified wall. In the middle of the 15th century, Heinrich Indermaur's daughter married Stephen Strele in Kurtatsch, his name became tiled to the manor. It was called Strele and Strellenhof; when the Indermaur were ennobled within the Holy Roman Empire, Kaspar Indermaur changed the name to Strehlburg. Kaspar Indermaur established the farm as a manor around 1600, it was expanded in the 18th century. Kaspar Indermaur built a Catholic chapel, dedicated to St. Anna, on the ground floor of the tower at Strehlburg; the chapel has a large painting of St. George on one of the outside walls. Strehlburg was owned by the von Fenner in 1763 and the Carli in 1841