20th Century Fox
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation is an American film studio, a subsidiary of Walt Disney Studios, a division of The Walt Disney Company. The studio is located on its namesake studio lot in the Century City area of Los Angeles. For over 84 years, it was one of the "Big Six" major American film studios. In 1985, the studio was acquired by News Corporation, succeeded by 21st Century Fox in 2013 following the spin-off of its publishing assets. In 2019, The Walt Disney Company acquired 20th Century Fox through its merger with 21st Century Fox. Starting with Breakthrough, all studio releases will be distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. Disney now owns the rights to the studio's pre-merger film library. Twentieth Century Pictures' Joseph Schenck and Darryl F. Zanuck left United Artists over a stock dispute, began merger talks with the management of financially struggling Fox Film, under President Sidney Kent. Spyros Skouras manager of the Fox West Coast Theaters, helped make it happen.
The company had been struggling since founder William Fox lost control of the company in 1930. The new company, 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation, began trading on May 31, 1935. Kent remained at the company, joining Zanuck. Zanuck replaced Winfield Sheehan as the company's production chief; the company established a special training school. Lynn Bari, Patricia Farr and Anne Nagel were among 14 young women "launched on the trail of film stardom" on August 6, 1935, when they each received a six-month contract with 20th Century Fox after spending 18 months in the school; the contracts included a studio option for renewal for as long as seven years. For many years, 20th Century Fox claimed to have been founded in 1915, the year Fox Film was founded. For instance, it marked 1945 as its 30th anniversary. However, in recent years it has claimed the 1935 merger as its founding though most film historians agree it was founded in 1915; the company's films retained the 20th Century Pictures searchlight logo on their opening credits as well as its opening fanfare, but with the name changed to 20th Century-Fox.}
After the merger was completed, Zanuck signed young actors to help carry 20th Century-Fox: Tyrone Power, Linda Darnell, Carmen Miranda, Don Ameche, Henry Fonda, Gene Tierney, Sonja Henie, Betty Grable. Fox hired Alice Faye and Shirley Temple, who appeared in several major films for the studio in the 1930's. Higher attendance during World War II helped Fox overtake RKO and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer to become the third most profitable film studio. In 1941, Zanuck was commissioned as a lieutenant colonel in the U. S. Signal Corps and assigned to supervise production of U. S. Army training films, his partner, William Goetz, filled in at Fox. In 1942, Spyros Skouras succeeded Kent as president of the studio. During the next few years, with pictures like The Razor's Edge, Gentleman's Agreement, The Snake Pit and Pinky, Zanuck established a reputation for provocative, adult films. Fox specialized in adaptations of best-selling books such as Ben Ames Williams' Leave Her to Heaven, starring Gene Tierney, the highest-grossing Fox film of the 1940s.
Fox produced film versions of Broadway musicals, including the Rodgers and Hammerstein films, beginning with the musical version of State Fair, the only work that the partnership wrote for films. After the war, with the advent of television, audiences drifted away. 20th Century-Fox held on to its theaters until a court-mandated "divorce". That year, with attendance at half the 1946 level, 20th Century-Fox gambled on an unproven gimmick. Noting that the two film sensations of 1952 had been Cinerama, which required three projectors to fill a giant curved screen, "Natural Vision" 3D, which got its effects of depth by requiring the use of polarized glasses, Fox mortgaged its studio to buy rights to a French anamorphic projection system which gave a slight illusion of depth without glasses. President Spyros Skouras struck a deal with the inventor Henri Chrétien, leaving the other film studios empty-handed, in 1953 introduced CinemaScope in the studio's groundbreaking feature film The Robe. Zanuck announced in February 1953.
To convince theater owners to install this new process, Fox agreed to help pay conversion costs. Seeing the box-office for the first two CinemaScope features, The Robe and How to Marry a Millionaire, Warner Bros. MGM, Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures and Disney adopted the process. In 1956 Fox engaged Robert Lippert to establish a subsidiary company, Regal Pictures Associated Producers Incorporated to film B pictures in CinemaScope. Fox produced new musicals using the CinemaScope process including Carousel and The King and I. CinemaScope brought a brief upturn in attendance; that year Darryl Zanuck announced his resignation as head of production. Zanuck moved to Paris, setting up as an independent producer being in the United States for many years. Zanuck's successor, producer Buddy Adler, died a year later. President Spyros Skouras brought in a series of production executives, but none had Zanuck's success. By the early 1960s, Fox was in trouble. A new version of Cleopatra had begun in 1959 with Joan Collins in the
Adlai Stevenson II
Adlai Ewing Stevenson II was an American lawyer and diplomat. A member of the Democratic Party, Stevenson served in numerous positions in the federal government during the 1930s and 1940s, including the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, Federal Alcohol Administration, Department of the Navy, the State Department. In 1945, he served on the committee that created the United Nations, he was a member of the initial U. S. delegations to the UN. He was the 31st Governor of Illinois from 1949 to 1953, received the Democratic Party's nomination for president in the 1952 and 1956 elections. In both the 1952 and 1956 elections, Stevenson was defeated in landslides by Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower, he sought the Democratic presidential nomination for a third time at the 1960 Democratic National Convention, but was defeated by Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts. After his election, President Kennedy appointed Stevenson as the United States Ambassador to the United Nations, he served from 1961 until his death.
He died on July 14, 1965, from heart failure in London, following a United Nations conference in Switzerland. Following public memorial services in New York City, Washington, DC, his childhood hometown of Bloomington, Illinois, he was buried in his family's section in Bloomington's Evergreen Cemetery. Noted historian Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. who served as one of his speechwriters, described Stevenson as a "great creative figure in American politics. He turned the Democratic Party around in the fifties and made JFK possible...to the United States and the world he was the voice of a reasonable and elevated America. He brought a new generation into politics, moved millions of people in the United States and around the world." Journalist David Halberstam wrote that "Stevenson's gift to the nation was his language and well-crafted and calming." His biographer Jean H. Baker stated that Stevenson's memory "still survives...as an expression of a different kind of politics - nobler, more issue-oriented, less compliant to the greedy ambitions of modern politicians, less driven by public opinion polls and the media."
W. Willard Wirtz, his friend and law partner, once said "If the Electoral College gives an honorary degree, it should go to Adlai Stevenson." Stevenson was born in Los Angeles, California, in a neighborhood now designated as the North University Park Historic District. His home and birthplace at 2639 Monmouth Avenue has been designated as a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument, he was a member of a prominent Illinois political family. His grandfather and namesake Adlai Stevenson I was Vice President of the United States under President Grover Cleveland from 1893 to 1897, his father, Lewis Stevenson, never held an elected office, but was appointed Illinois Secretary of State and was considered a strong contender for the Democratic vice-presidential nomination in 1928. A maternal great-grandfather, Jesse W. Fell, had been a close friend and campaign manager for Abraham Lincoln in his 1858 US Senate race. Stevenson's eldest son, Adlai E. Stevenson III, became a U. S. Senator from Illinois, his mother was Helen Davis Stevenson, he had an older sister, Elizabeth Stevenson Ives, an author, called "Buffie".
Actor McLean Stevenson was a second cousin once removed. He was the nephew by marriage of novelist Mary Borden, she assisted in the writing of some of his political speeches. Stevenson was raised in the city of Illinois. On December 30, 1912, at the age of twelve, Stevenson accidentally killed Ruth Merwin, a 16-year-old friend, while demonstrating drill technique with a rifle, inadvertently left loaded, during a party at the Stevenson home. Stevenson was devastated by the accident and mentioned or discussed it as an adult with his wife and children. However, in 1955 Stevenson heard about a woman, he wrote to her that she should tell her son that "he must now live for two", which Stevenson's friends took to be a reference to the shooting incident. Stevenson left Bloomington High School after his junior year and attended University High School in Normal, Bloomington's "twin city", just to the north, he went to boarding school in Connecticut at The Choate School, where he played on the tennis team, acted in plays, was elected editor-in-chief of The Choate News, the school newspaper.
Upon his graduation from Choate in 1918, he enlisted in the Navy and served at the rank of Seaman Apprentice, but his training was completed too late for him to participate in World War I. He attended Princeton University, becoming managing editor of The Daily Princetonian, a member of the American Whig-Cliosophic Society, a member of the Quadrangle Club, received a B. A. degree in 1922 in literature and history. Under prodding from his father he went to Harvard Law School, but found the law to be "uninteresting", withdrew after failing several classes, he returned to Bloomington where he wrote for the family newspaper, The Daily Pantagraph, founded by his maternal great-grandfather Jesse Fell. The Pantagraph, which had one of the largest circulations of any newspaper in Illinois outside of the Chicago area, was a main source of the Stevenson family's wealth. Following his mother's death in 1935, Adlai inherited one-quarter of the Pantagraph's stock, providing him with a large, dependable source of income for the rest of his life.
A year after leaving Harvard, Stevenson became interested in the law again after talking to Sup
Nashville is the capital and most populous city of the U. S. state of Tennessee. The city is located on the Cumberland River; the city's population ranks 24th in the U. S. According to 2017 estimates from the U. S. Census Bureau, the total consolidated city-county population stood at 691,243; the "balance" population, which excludes semi-independent municipalities within Davidson County, was 667,560 in 2017. Located in northern Middle Tennessee, Nashville is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in Tennessee; the 2017 population of the entire 14-county Nashville metropolitan area was 1,903,045. The 2017 population of the Nashville—Davidson–Murfreesboro–Columbia combined statistical area, a larger trade area, was 2,027,489. Named for Francis Nash, a general of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, the city was founded in 1779; the city grew due to its strategic location as a port and railroad center. Nashville seceded with Tennessee during the American Civil War and in 1862 became the first state capital to fall to Union troops.
After the war the city developed a manufacturing base. Since 1963, Nashville has had a consolidated city-county government, which includes six smaller municipalities in a two-tier system; the city is governed by a mayor, a vice-mayor, a 40-member metropolitan council. Reflecting the city's position in state government, Nashville is home to the Tennessee Supreme Court's courthouse for Middle Tennessee. Nashville is a center for the music, publishing, private prison and transportation industries, is home to numerous colleges and universities such as Tennessee State University, Vanderbilt University, Belmont University, Fisk University, Lipscomb University. Entities with headquarters in the city include Asurion, Bridgestone Americas, Captain D's, CoreCivic, Dollar General, Hospital Corporation of America, LifeWay Christian Resources, Logan's Roadhouse, Ryman Hospitality Properties; the town of Nashville was founded by James Robertson, John Donelson, a party of Overmountain Men in 1779, near the original Cumberland settlement of Fort Nashborough.
It was named for the American Revolutionary War hero. Nashville grew because of its strategic location, accessibility as a port on the Cumberland River, a tributary of the Ohio River. By 1800, the city had 345 residents, including 136 enslaved African Americans and 14 free African-American residents. In 1806, Nashville was incorporated as a city and became the county seat of Davidson County, Tennessee. In 1843, the city was named as the permanent capital of the state of Tennessee; the city government of Nashville owned 24 slaves by 1831, 60 prior to the war. They were "put to work to build the first successful water system and maintain the streets." The cholera outbreak that struck Nashville in 1849–1850 took the life of former U. S. President James K. Polk. There were 311 deaths from cholera in 1849 and an estimated 316 to about 500 in 1850. By 1860, when the first rumblings of secession began to be heard across the South, antebellum Nashville was a prosperous city; the city's significance as a shipping port made it a desirable prize as a means of controlling important river and railroad transportation routes.
In February 1862, Nashville became the first state capital to fall to Union troops. The state was occupied by Union troops for the duration of the war; the Battle of Nashville was a significant Union victory and the most decisive tactical victory gained by either side in the war. Afterward, the Confederates conducted a war of attrition, making guerrilla raids and engaging in small skirmishes, with the Confederate forces in the Deep South constantly in retreat. In 1868, a few years after the Civil War, the Nashville chapter of the Ku Klux Klan was founded by Confederate veteran John W. Morton. Chapters of this secret insurgent group formed throughout the South. In 1873 Nashville suffered another cholera epidemic, as did towns throughout Sumner County along railroad routes and the Cumberland River. Meanwhile, the city had reclaimed its important shipping and trading position and developed a solid manufacturing base; the post–Civil War years of the late 19th century brought new prosperity to Nashville and Davidson County.
These healthy economic times left the city with a legacy of grand classical-style buildings, including the Parthenon in Centennial Park, near downtown. On April 30, 1892, Ephraim Grizzard, an African-American man, was lynched in a spectacle murder in front of a white mob of 10,000 in Nashville, his lynching was described by journalist Ida B. Wells as: "A naked, bloody example of the blood-thirstiness of the nineteenth century civilization of the Athens of the South." From 1877 to 1950, a total of six lynchings of blacks were conducted in Davidson County, most in the county seat of Nashville near the turn of the century. By the turn of the century, Nashville had become the cradle of the Lost Cause of the Confederacy, as the first chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy was founded here and the Confederate Veteran magazine was published here. Most "guardians of the Lost Cause" lived near Centennial Park. At the same time, Jefferson Street became the historic center of the African-American community.
It remained so until the federal government s
The Jungle Book (1967 film)
The Jungle Book is a 1967 American animated musical comedy film produced by Walt Disney Productions. Based on Rudyard Kipling's book of the same name, it is the 19th Disney animated feature film. Directed by Wolfgang Reitherman, it was the last film to be produced by Walt Disney, who died during its production; the plot follows Mowgli, a feral child raised in the Indian jungle by wolves, as his friends Bagheera the panther and Baloo the bear try to convince him to leave the jungle before the evil tiger Shere Khan arrives. The early versions of both the screenplay and the soundtrack followed Kipling's work more with a dramatic and sinister tone which Disney did not want in his family film, leading to writer Bill Peet and composer Terry Gilkyson being replaced; the casting employed famous actors and musicians Phil Harris, Sebastian Cabot, George Sanders and Louis Prima, as well as Disney regulars such as Sterling Holloway, J. Pat O'Malley and Verna Felton, the director's son, Bruce Reitherman, as Mowgli.
The Jungle Book was released on October 18, 1967, to positive reception, with acclaim for its soundtrack, featuring five songs by the Sherman Brothers and one by Gilkyson, "The Bare Necessities". The film became Disney's second highest-grossing animated film in the United States and Canada, was successful during its re-releases; the film was successful throughout the world, becoming Germany's highest-grossing film by number of admissions. Disney released a live-action remake in 1994 and an animated sequel, The Jungle Book 2, in 2003. Mowgli, a young orphan boy, is found in a basket in the deep jungles of India by Bagheera, a black panther who promptly takes him to Raksha, a mother wolf who has just had cubs, she and her mate, raise him along with their own cubs and after ten years, Mowgli becomes well acquainted with jungle life and plays with his wolf siblings. Bagheera is pleased with how happy Mowgli now is, but worries that Mowgli may need to return to his own kind. One night, the wolf pack parents meet at Council Rock, having learned that Shere Khan, a man-eating Bengal tiger, has returned to the pack's part of the jungle.
Pack leader Akela decides that Mowgli can no longer stay with the pack and must be deported from the jungle for his own safety. Bagheera volunteers to escort him to a "Man-Village." They leave that night, but Mowgli is determined to stay in the jungle. He and Bagheera rest in a tree for the night, where Kaa, a hungry Indian python, tries to devour Mowgli, but Bagheera intervenes; the next morning, Mowgli tries to join the elephant patrol led by Colonel Hathi and his wife Winifred. Bagheera finds Mowgli. Mowgli soon meets up with the laid-back, fun-loving bear Baloo, who promises to raise Mowgli himself and never take him back to the Man-Village. Shortly afterwards, a group of monkeys kidnap Mowgli and take him to their leader, King Louie the orangutan. King Louie offers to help Mowgli stay in the jungle if he will tell Louie how to make fire like other humans. However, since he was not raised by humans, Mowgli does not know. Bagheera and Baloo arrive to rescue Mowgli and in the ensuing chaos, King Louie's palace is demolished to rubble.
Bagheera speaks to Baloo that night and convinces him that the jungle will never be safe for Mowgli so long as Shere Khan is there. In the morning, Baloo reluctantly explains to Mowgli that the Man-Village is best for the boy, but Mowgli accuses him of breaking his promise and runs away; as Baloo sets off in search of Mowgli, Bagheera rallies the help of his patrol. However, Shere Khan himself, eavesdropping on Bagheera and Hathi's conversation, is now determined to hunt and kill Mowgli himself. Meanwhile, Mowgli has encountered Kaa once again, but thanks to the unwitting intervention of the suspicious Shere Khan, Mowgli escapes; as a storm gathers, a depressed Mowgli encounters a group of friendly vultures who accept Mowgli as a fellow outcast. Shere Khan appears shortly after, confronting Mowgli. Baloo tries to keep Shere Khan away from Mowgli, but is injured; when lightning strikes a nearby tree and sets it ablaze, the vultures swoop in to distract Shere Khan while Mowgli grabs a large flaming branch and ties it to Shere Khan's tail.
Terrified of fire, the tiger runs off. Bagheera and Baloo take Mowgli to the edge of the Man-Village, but Mowgli is still hesitant to go there. However, his mind abruptly changes when he is smitten by a beautiful young girl from the village, coming down by the riverside to fetch water. After noticing Mowgli, she "accidentally" drops her water pot. Mowgli follows her into the Man-Village. After Mowgli shrugs to Baloo and Bagheera as a way of saying that he has made up his mind and chosen to go into the Man-Village and Bagheera decide to head home, content that Mowgli is safe and happy with his own kind. Bruce Reitherman as Mowgli, an orphaned boy referred to as "man-cub" by the other characters. Phil Harris as Baloo, a sloth bear who leads a carefree life and believes in letting the good things in life come by themselves. Sebastian Cabot as Bagheera, a serious black panther, determined to take Mowgli back to the village and disapproves of Baloo's carefree approach to life. Louis Prima as King Louie, an orangutan who wants to be a human, wants Mowgli to teach him how to make fire.
George Sanders as Shere Khan, an intelligent and sophisticated yet merciless Bengal tiger who hates all humans for fear of their guns and fire and wants to kill Mowgli. Sterling Holloway as Kaa, an Indian python who seeks Mowgli as prey, but comically fails each tim
1952 United States presidential election
The 1952 United States presidential election was the 42nd quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 4, 1952. Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower won a landslide victory over Democrat Adlai Stevenson, ending a string of Democratic Party wins that stretched back to 1932. Incumbent Democratic President Harry S. Truman had remained silent about whether he would seek another full term, but the unpopular incumbent announced his withdrawal from the race following his defeat in the New Hampshire primary by Tennessee Senator Estes Kefauver. After Truman's withdrawal, the president and other party leaders threw their support behind Stevenson, the moderate Governor of Illinois. Stevenson emerged victorious on the third presidential ballot of the 1952 Democratic National Convention, defeating Kefauver, Senator Richard Russell Jr. of Georgia, other candidates. The Republican nomination was contested by conservative Senator Robert A. Taft of Ohio and Eisenhower, a general, popular for his leadership in World War II.
With the support of Thomas E. Dewey and other party leaders, Eisenhower narrowly prevailed over Taft at the 1952 Republican National Convention; the Republicans chose Richard Nixon, a young anti-Communist Senator from California, as Eisenhower's running mate. Republicans attacked Truman's handling of the Korean War and the broader Cold War, alleged that Soviet spies had infiltrated the U. S. government. Democrats faulted Eisenhower for failing to condemn Republican Senator Joe McCarthy and other anti-Communist Republicans who they alleged had engaged in reckless and unwarranted attacks. Stevenson tried to separate himself from the unpopular Truman administration, instead campaigning on the popularity of the New Deal and lingering fears of another Great Depression under a Republican administration. Eisenhower retained his enormous popularity from the war, as seen in his campaign slogan, "I Like Ike." Eisenhower's popularity and Truman's unpopularity led to a Republican victory, Eisenhower won 55% of the popular vote.
He carried every state outside of the South and won several Southern states that had always voted for Democrats since the end of Reconstruction. Republicans won control of both houses of Congress; the fight for the Republican nomination was between General Dwight D. Eisenhower, who became the candidate of the party's moderate eastern establishment; the moderate Eastern Republicans were led by New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey, the party's presidential nominee in 1944 and 1948; the moderates tended to be interventionists, who felt that America needed to fight the Cold War overseas and confront the Soviet Union in Eurasia. The moderates were concerned with ending the Republicans' losing streak in presidential elections. For this reason, Dewey himself declined the notion of a third run for president though he still had a large amount of support within the party; the GOP had been out of power for 20 years, the sentiment that a proper two-party system needed to be reestablished was strong a Republican Party in control of the White House would have more incentive to reign in unpopular demagogues such as Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy.
The conservative Republicans, led by Taft, were based in the Midwest and parts of the South. The Midwest was a bastion of conservatism and isolationist sentiment, dislike of Europeans, in particular Great Britain, was common, there was a widespread feeling that the British manipulated US foreign policy and were eager to kowtow to the Soviet Union, although attitudes were beginning to change among the younger generation who had fought in World War II. Taft had unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination in the 1940 and 1948 presidential elections, losing both times to moderate candidates from New York. Taft, 63, felt that this was his last chance to run for president and so his friends and supporters worked extra hard to ensure that he win the nomination. Warren, although popular in California, refused to campaign in the presidential primaries and thus limited his chances of winning the nomination, he did retain the support of the California delegation, his supporters hoped that, in the event of an Eisenhower-Taft deadlock, Warren might emerge as a compromise candidate.
After being persuaded to run, Eisenhower scored a major victory in the New Hampshire primary, when his supporters wrote his name onto the ballot, giving him an upset victory over Taft. However, from there until the Republican Convention the primaries were divided evenly between the two, by the time the convention opened, the race for the nomination was still too close to call. Taft won the Nebraska, Wisconsin and South Dakota primaries, while Eisenhower won the New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Oregon primaries. Stassen and Warren only won their home states of Minnesota and California which ended their chances of earning the nomination. General Douglas MacArthur got ten delegates from various states, but had made it clear from early in the race that he had no interest in being nominated; when the 1952 Republican National Convention opened in Chicago, most political experts rated Taft and Eisenhower as neck-and-neck in the delegate vote totals. Eisenhower's managers, led by Dewey an
Walter Andrew Brennan was an American actor. He won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in 1936, 1938, 1940, making him one of only three male actors to win three Academy Awards. Brennan was born in Lynn, less than two miles from his family's home in Swampscott, Massachusetts, he was the second of three children born to William John Brennan. His parents were both of Irish descent, his father was an engineer and inventor, young Brennan studied engineering at Rindge Technical High School in Cambridge, Massachusetts. While in school, Brennan became interested in acting, he began to perform in vaudeville at the age of 15. While working as a bank clerk, he enlisted in the U. S. Army and served as a private with the 101st Field Artillery Regiment in France during World War I, he served in France for two years. After the war, he worked as a financial reporter for a newspaper in Boston, he only made it as far as Los Angeles. During the early 1920s, he made a fortune in the real estate market, but lost most of his money during the 1925 real estate slump.
Finding himself penniless, Brennan began taking parts as an extra in films at Universal Studios in 1924, starting at $7.50 a day. He wound up working at Universal on for the next ten years, his early appearances included Webs of Steel, Lorraine of the Lions, The Calgary Stampede, a Hoot Gibson Western. Brennan was in Watch Your Wife, The Ice Flood, The Collegians, Flashing Oars, Sensation Seekers, Tearin' Into Trouble, The Ridin' Rowdy, Alias the Deacon, Blake of Scotland Yard, Hot Heels, Painting the Town, The Ballyhoo Buster; the latter was directed by Richard Thorpe. Brennan could be glimpsed in The Racket from Howard Hughes, The Michigan Kid and Saddles, The Cohens and Kellys in Atlantic City, Smilin' Guns and The Lariat Kid with Gibson, he worked as a stand in. Brennan was in His Lucky Day, Frank Capra's Flight, One Hysterical Night, The Last Performance, The Long, Long Trail with Gibson and The Shannons of Broadway. Other Brennan appearances included Dames Ahoy, Captain of the Guard, King of Jazz, The Little Accident, Parlez Vous, a short), See America Thirst with Harry Langdon and Slim Summerville and Ooh La-La, another short).
The following year Brennan could be glimpsed in Hello Russia, Many a Slip with Summerville, Heroes of the Flames a serial with Tim McCoy, Honeymoon Lane, Dancing Dynamite, Grief Street directed by Richard Thorpe, Is There Justice?. Brennan had a decent-sized role in Neck, directed by Richard Thorpe, his parts tended to remain small, however: A House Divided for director William Wyler, Scratch-As-Catch-Can, Texas Cyclone. In 1932 Brennan was in Law and Order with Walter Huston, The Impatient Maiden for James Whale, The Airmail Mystery, Scandal for Sale, he did another with Two Fisted Law though the star was Tim McCoy. Brennan was in Hello Trouble with Buck Jones, Speed Madness, Miss Pinkerton with Joan Bennett, Cornered with McCoy, The Iceman's Ball, Fighting for Justice with McCoy, The Fourth Horseman with Tom Mix, The All-American, Once in a Lifetime, Strange Justice, Women Won't Tell for Richard Thorpe, Afraid to Talk and Manhattan Tower. Brennan was in Sensation Hunters for Charles Vidor, Man of Action with McCoy, Parachute Jumper, Goldie Gets Along, Girl Missing, The Rustler's Roundup with Mix, The Cohens and Kellys in Trouble for director George Stevens, Lucky Dog, The Big Cage.
His scenes in William Wellman's Lilly Turner were deleted. Brennan did another serial, The Phantom of the Air Strange People for Thorpe, Meet the Champ, Sing Sinner Sing, One Year Later, Sailors Beware!, Golden Harvest, Ladies Must Love, Saturday's Millions, Curtain at Eight, My Woman. James Whale gave him a bit part in The Invisible Man, he could be seen in King for a Night, Fugitive Lovers, Cross Country Cruise, You Can't Buy Everything, Paradise Valley, Radio Dough, The Poor Rich, The Crosby Murder Case, George White's Scandals, Good Girl, Uncertain Lady, I'll Tell the World, Fishing for Trouble. Brennan was in the Three Stooges short Woman Haters did Half a Sinner, The Life of Vergie Winters, Murder on the Runaway Train, Whom the Gods Destroy, Gentlemen of Polish, Death on the Diamond, Great Expectations, Luck of the Game, Tailspin Tommy, There's Always Tomorrow, Cheating Cheaters. Brennan was b
Back Home Again in Indiana
" Indiana" is a song composed by James F. Hanley with lyrics by Ballard MacDonald, published in January 1917. Although it is not the state song of Indiana, it is the best-known song that pays tribute to the Hoosier state; the tune was introduced as a Tin Pan Alley pop song of the time. It contains a musical quotation from the well known "On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away", as well as repetition of words from the lyrics: candlelight, fields, new-mown hay and the Wabash River. Since 1946, "Back Home Again in Indiana" has been performed during pre-race ceremonies before the Indianapolis 500. From 1972 to 2014, the song was performed most by Jim Nabors, he admitted to having the song's lyrics written on his hand during his inaugural performance, his versions altered several of the words. The vocals are supported by the Purdue All-American Marching Band. In 2014, Nabors performed the song for the final time after announcing his retirement earlier that year, saying: "You know, there's a time in life when you have to move on.
I'll be 84 this year. I just figured it was time... This is the highlight of my year to come here. It's sad for me, but there's something inside of me that tells me when it's time to go." After Nabors retired, the honor of singing the song was done on a rotating basis in 2015 and 2016. A cappella group Straight No Chaser performed in 2015 and the Spring 2014 winner of The Voice US Josh Kaufman performed in 2016; the Speedway has returned to a standard singer starting in 2017, with Jim Cornelison doing it for two races as of the 2018 race. In 1917 it was one of the current pop tunes selected by Columbia Records to be recorded by the Original Dixieland Jazz Band, who released it as a 78 with "Darktown Strutters' Ball"; this lively instrumental version by the ODJB was one of the earliest jazz records issued and sold well. The tune became a jazz standard. For years, Louis Armstrong and his All Stars would open every public performance with the number, its chord changes undergird the Miles Davis composition "Donna Lee", one of jazz's best known contrafacts, a composition that lays a new melody over an existing harmonic structure.
Lesser known contrafacts of Indiana include Fats Navarro's "Ice Freezes Red" and Lennie Tristano's "Ju-Ju". In 1934, Joe Young, Jean Schwartz, Joe Ager wrote "In a Little Red Barn", which not only incorporated all the same key words and phrases above, but whose chorus had the same harmonic structure as "Indiana". In this respect it was a contrafact of the latter. Assuming that the 1917 sheet music, published by Shapiro, Bernstein, & Co. Inc. is an accurate representation of the composer's work, an analysis of the notes gives the following chord changes for the chorus: G E7 A7 D7 G G7 | / / / / | / / / / | / / / / | / / / / | C C#dim7 G A7 D7 | / / / / | / / / / | / / / / | / / / / | G E7 A7 D7 D#dim Em Eb7 | / / / / | / / / / | / / / / | / / / / | G B7 Em C#7sus4 G D9 G | / / / / | / / / / | / / / / | / / / / || Roman numeral analysis of the chorus produces the following: | I VI7 | V7/V | V7 | I V7/IV | | IV #IVdim7 | I | V7/V | V7 | | I VI7 | V7/V | V7 #Vdim | vi bVI7 | | I V7/vi | vi #IV7sus4 | I V9 | I | In a version from the same publishers, the music engraving is the same, but chords and tablature notation were added.
Several chords can be observed to have been incorrectly identified. On beat four of measure five, the chord is identified as G dim, but the notes are C#, Bb, E. Since there is no G in the music and the doubling of the C# suggests that note as the root, it is a C# dim7 in name, acts as a type of altered IV chord. Since it sits on beat four of a IV chord measure, it is acting as a passing chord to the I chord of measure 2. Measure 11 of the chorus is notated with an Adim on beat 4, but with a D# doubled in the bass in the sheet music, it is more notated as D#dim, they have the same notes, this leaves the cord as an altered V chord, with D# as the root, which allows the bass line to move chromatically from D7 up to Em. Measure 12 of the chorus ends with an Eb7, which agrees with the notes on the page, but it is worth noting as an altered VI chord, carrying the bass line back down 1/2 step to the enharmonic version of the D# used on the way up from D to E. In the second A section of the chorus, measures 14 and 15 are notated with Em, Edim, G, D9.
Edim would have E G A#, but the notes in the sheet music are C doubled in the left hand, indicating a C root, B and F# in the right hand. Thus, it cannot be Edim at all; the closest chord with those notes is C#7sus4, which has one added note, the G#. Since the root, 4th and 7th are the defining notes, it would be easy to leave out the fifth, which would be implied in the overtones of the root, anyway; this is a slight variation from the vi II V7 I progression one might expect in a 32 bar song With the E in the right hand in measure 15, the D chord is a 9th, not a 7th as indicated in the publication. Original Dixieland Jazz Band, 1917 Eddie Condon with Frank Teschemacher and Gene Krupa, 1928 Red Nichols, 1929 Casa Loma Orchestra, 1932 Chu Berry with Hot Lips Page, 1937 Lester Young with Nat King Cole, 1942 Lester Young with Count Basie, 1944 Bud Powell, 1947 Louis Armstrong, An Evening with Louis Armstrong at Pasadena Civic Auditorium, 1951 Richard "Groove" Holmes, On Basie's