Philately is the study of postage stamps and postal history. It refers to the collection and research activities on stamps and other philatelic products. Philately involves the study of postage. For instance, the stamps being studied may be rare or reside only in museums; the word "philately" is the English transliteration of the French "philatélie", coined by Georges Herpin in 1864. Herpin stated that stamps had been collected and studied for the previous six or seven years and a better name was required for the new hobby than timbromanie, disliked; the alternative terms "timbromania", "timbrophily" and "timbrology" fell out of use as philately gained acceptance during the 1860s. He took the Greek root word φιλ- phil-, meaning "an attraction or affinity for something", ἀτέλεια ateleia, meaning "exempt from duties and taxes" to form "philatelie"; as a collection field, philately appeared after the introduction of the postage stamps in 1840, but did not gain large attraction until the mid-1850's.
Some authors believe that the first philatelist appeared on the day of the release of the world's first postage stamp, dated to May 6, 1840, when the Liverson and Lavie London law office sent a letter to Scotland franked with ten uncut Penny Blacks, stamped with the postmark “LS.6MY6. 1840." In 1992 at an auction in Zurich, this envelope was sold for 690 thousand francs. In 1846, cases of collecting stamps in large numbers were known in England. However, without reason for collection, stamps at this time were used for pasting wallpaper; the first philatelist is considered to be a postmaster going by Mansen, who lived in Paris, in 1855 had sold his collection, which contained all the postage stamps issued by that time. The stamp merchant and second-hand book dealer Edard de Laplante bought it, recognizing the definitive collector's worth of the postage stamp. Due to the boom in popularity and news of this transaction, stamp merchants like Laplante began to emerge. Towards the end of the 19th century stamp collecting reached hundreds of thousands of people of all classes.
Some states had collections of postage stamps, for example, Germany, France and Bulgaria). In countries who held national collections, museums were built to dedicate that nation's history with philately, the first such appeared in Germany and Bulgaria; the first of these museums housed the collection of the British Museum, curated by MP Tapling and bequeathed to the Museum in 1891. The Museum für Kommunikation Berlin had an extensive collection of stamps; the largest collection of the time belonged to Baron Philipp von Ferrary in Paris. As the number of postage signs increased every year, collection became progressively difficult. Therefore, from the early 1880's, "collector experts" appeared, specializing their collection to only one part of the world, a group of nations, or only one. Philately as one of the most popular types of collecting continued to develop in the 20th century. Along with the "Scott", "Stanley Gibbons", "Yvert et Tellier" catalogs, the "Zumstein", the "Michel" catalogs began publication.
In 1934, the idea to celebrate an annual Postage Stamp Day was suggested by Hans von Rudolphi, a German philatelist. The idea was adopted in Germany, gained adoption in other countries. Stamp Day is a memorial day established by the postal administration of a country and annually celebrated, designed to attract public attention to, popularize the use of, expand the reach of postal correspondence, contribute to the development of philately. In 1968, Cuba dedicated a postage stamp for Stamp Day with an image of G. Sciltian's "El filatelista". In 1926, the Fédération Internationale de Philatélie was founded, where international philatelic exhibitions have been organized since 1929; the first World Philatelic Exhibition in Prague was held between August and September 1962. Since the middle of the 20th century, philately has become the most widespread field of amateur collecting, facilitated by: expanded postal exchanges between countries, many countries' post offices issuing: commemorative emissions, multicolor series of stamps devoted to history, the most important events of our time, fauna, sports, etc..
Philately magazines, at this time, were published as far east as Poland, as far west as in the United States Philately was advanced by the USSR and nations within its sphere of influence, the United States, the UK, Austria. The British Library Philatelic Collections and the postal museums in Stockholm and Bern had unique national philately collections at that time, among the famous private collections are those of the Royal Philatelic Collection, F. Ferrari, M. Burrus, A. Lichtenstein, A. Hind, J. Boker, H. Kanai. In the mid-1970s, national philately organizations and associat
Glenwood is an unincorporated community in Lane County, United States. Located between the cities of Springfield and Eugene, on the route of the former Pacific Highway, now named Franklin Boulevard. Glenwood has a Eugene postal address. In the past, Glenwood was an agricultural area with bean fields and fruit tree orchards; the town has a significant amount of real estate properties located on the Willamette River. The Emerald Express is an express bus rapid transit bus service that runs between Eugene and Springfield, has three stops in Glenwood. On weekdays, bus service runs from from 6:00am to 11:00pm, with lesser stops during weekends. October 8, 2006 Register-Guard story about Glenwood June 13, 2002 Eugene Weekly cover story about Glenwood
A Different Journey is an album by drummer and bandleader Chico Hamilton recorded in 1963 and released on the Reprise label. The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow states: lots of advanced yet logical improvising, more than its share of variety; the group had its own sound and was quite underrated during its short life. A gem. On All About Jazz David Rickert wrote: By this time Hamilton had cast off the light, chamber jazz directions he pursued in the fifties in favor of the advances of Coltrane and Coleman. In Lloyd he chose a perfect musical director. All compositions by Charles Lloyd "Sun Yen Yen" - 5:58 "Voice in the Night" - 6:55 "A Different Journey" - 7:53 "The Vulture" - 4:14 "One Sheridan Square" - 15:06 "Island Blues" - 1:43 Chico Hamilton - drums George Bohanon - trombone Charles Lloyd - tenor saxophone, flute Gábor Szabó - guitar Albert Stinson - bass Rickert, D.. "All About Jazz Review"
Hsu Jung-shu is a Taiwanese politician. She was expelled over a 2009 trip to China. Hsu graduated from National Taiwan Normal University; when her husband Chang Chun-hung was imprisoned in the aftermath of the 1979 Kaohsiung Incident, Hsu left her job as a teacher to run for the Legislative Yuan. Because Hsu was active in the tangwai movement as a distributor of opposition publications, the Kuomintang raided her house for copies of Senh Kin and Taiwan Weekly in January 1984 and September 1985, respectively. In her 1980 election to the legislature, Hsu won 190,000 votes, a district record, was the only tangwai-affiliated woman to be seated. During her first term, Hsu continued active participation in opposition causes, visiting jailed activist Lin Hung-hsuan in January 1985 and making a May 1986 trip to the United States to address the first meeting of the US Congressional Committee for Democracy on Taiwan alongside Chou Ching-yu; that September and seventeen others founded the Democratic Progressive Party.
Within the DPP, Hsu was linked to the New Dynamics and Formosa factions. She was entrusted with the responsibilities of high ranking party posts, becoming the first woman to serve as party whip. Hsu was chair of the Central Review Committee and has served on the Central Standing Committee. Though she stepped down at the end of her term in 2005, Hsu was reappointed to the Legislative Yuan when Tsai Huang-liang chose to run for the Nantou County magistracy. Hsu was sworn in on 23 June; the next year, Kuomintang legislator Chiu Yi accused others of embezzlement. In 2007, Hsu visited China to discuss Cross-Strait crime; that year, she was invited to attend the opening ceremony of the Special Olympics World Summer Games. In 2009, Hsu began attending the Cross-Strait Economic and Culture Forum, despite senior DPP officials having advised her against it. Hsu's party membership was suspended on 23 July 2009, she was expelled four days later. Shortly after her expulsion, Hsu founded the People United Party.
She attended the 2010 forum, the following year declared her candidacy for the 2012 presidential election. Hsu dropped out of the campaign. In 2013, she was again in attendance at the Cross-Strait forum. Hsu sought the presidency again in 2016, received support from the Taiwan Progressive Party, National Health Service Alliance, Zhongshan Party, her candidacy was nullified in November, as the People United Party had not submitted its petition of signatures to the Central Election Commission by the deadline. Due to the events of the Kaohsiung Incident, Chang Chun-hung and Hsu Jung-shu have separated
Khuruthang Middle Secondary School is a co-educational UNESCO Associated School near Khuruthang, a town 4 km south of Punakha Dzong in the Punakha District of Bhutan. It was founded in 1996, by 2015 it had become the largest school in Punakha district, with 1109 students; the school is located on the top of a spur, about 200 m north of Khuruthang town. The site overlooks the Puna Tsang Chu river. Before the school was built, the dry ground of the spur was covered with cactus foliage around the remains of derelict houses. Building work started in 1994, sponsored by the World Bank under the Primary Education Project, creating a campus with over a dozen buildings connected by concrete footpaths; these include sixteen classrooms in the four academic blocks, a library/laboratory building, multipurpose hall and an administrative block. The school caters for boarders, with two hostels for girls and one for boys, as well as accommodation for the principal and the caretaker; the school was consecrated on 26–27 March 1996 by the Venerable Lopen Tse of Punakha Dratshang and opened under the principal Mr. Lekey Tshering, who remained until 2004.
The school's Foundation Day was on 16 November 1996, with many parents present. Since 1996, the school has developed and the dry, dusty campus has been transformed by strategic planting of trees and gardens improving the stability and beauty of the living environment. In 2002, Ugyen Academy opened on an adjacent site, between Khuruthang Middle Secondary School and Khuruthang town. In 2004, Mrs. Haki Wanmo took over from Mr. Lekey Tshering as principal. In 2006, the 6th National School Games took place in the Punakha valley at three schools: Khuruthang Middle Secondary School, Ugyen Academy and Punakha Higher Secondary School, with 764 students taking part from about 140 schools. In 2008 the school has an active UNESCO club; the school was rated in the top ten primary schools in Bhutan in 2009. In 2010 the Bhutan Ministry of Education introduced a Performance Management System to rank schools, Khuruthang Middle Secondary School was placed fourth in the list of top primary schools. In 2014 the school was selected as one of the six pilot schools in Bhutan's innovative iSchool Project, an initiative to use high speed internet and video conferencing to enable top quality teachers to teach pupils on many sites simultaneously.
The technology includes interactive question-and-answer facilities, plus downloadable recordings held in an archive at a data centre in DrukNet for students who miss any of the lessons
William Michael Hubert "Billy" Gibson is an English footballer, who plays for Wealdstone having most played for Conference National side Cambridge United as a right midfielder in the 2012/13 season. He started his career at Watford before moving onto Yeovil Town and has had loan spells at Wealdstone and Braintree Town. Gibson began a two-year academy scholarship with Watford in summer 2007. In 2007–08 he made 26 appearances for the under 18s, all of which were starts and making him the highest appearance maker for the Academy that season, he scored three goals. He made 12 appearances for the reserves, six of them starts, scoring three goals. After appearing for Watford's first team during the 2008 pre-season, on 12 August 2008 he made his competitive debut whilst still an academy scholar. Part of a weakened side for the League Cup, Gibson came on as a 60th-minute substitute for Jon Harley. Playing on the left-wing, he set up Will Hoskins for the only goal of the game as Watford beat League One side Bristol Rovers.
In October 2008, along with Rob Kiernan and Ross Jenkins, Gibson signed a developmental contract, keeping him with Watford until the end of the 2009–10 season. A professional contract, it allowed the players to continue their scholarship without the pressure of worrying about their future. Although he did not appear again for the first team that season, he played 5 games for the reserves and made 10 starts for the Academy, scoring 4 goals. On 15 December 2009 Gibson joined Isthmian Premier League side Wealdstone on a month-long loan. On his second appearance for the club, he scored both goals in a 2–1 victory over Wealdstone's local rivals Harrow Borough. In July 2010, Gibson went for a trial with League One Yeovil Town. On 20 August 2010, he was signed on a short term contract until December, a deal, extended until the end of the season, he was informed by the club at the end of the 2010/11 season that he was one of seven Yeovil players who would be awarded new contracts. On 22 March 2012, Gibson was sent out on loan to Conference National side Braintree Town until the end of the season.
On 3 May 2012, it was announced. On 1 June 2012, Gibson signed a one-year contract with Conference National side Cambridge United becoming Jez George's fourth signing of the close season. Billy Gibson at Soccerbase