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Philip the Bold

Philip the Bold was Duke of Burgundy and jure uxoris Count of Flanders and Burgundy. The fourth and youngest son of King John II of France and his wife, Bonne of Luxembourg, Philip was the founder of the Burgundian branch of the House of Valois, his vast collection of territories made him the undisputed premier peer of the kingdom of France and made his successors formidable subjects, sometimes rivals, of the kings of France. Born in Pontoise in 1342, Philip gained his cognomen the Bold at the age of 14, when he fought beside his father at the Battle of Poitiers of 1356 and they were captured by the English, he remained in the custody with his father until the terms of their ransom were agreed to in the Treaty of Brétigny of 1360. He was created Duke of Touraine in 1360, but in 1363, he returned this title to the crown to receive instead the Duchy of Burgundy in apanage from his father as a reward for his courage at the Battle of Poitiers, his father had been the ruler of the duchy since the death of Duke Philip I in 1361.

Philip would rule the duchy as Philip II until his death. He was the stepbrother of Philip I of Burgundy, whose mother Joan was married to King John II of France, Philip the Bold's father, as his second wife. On 19 June 1369, Philip married the 19-year-old Margaret of Dampierre, daughter of Louis II, Count of Flanders, who would become the heiress of the County of Flanders, the Duchy of Brabant, the County of Artois, the Free County of Burgundy after the death of her brother in 1376. Margaret became the widow of Philip's stepbrother Duke Philip I of Burgundy while still a child of about 11; as her father's eventual heiress, Margaret would bring rich possessions to Philip the Bold and his children. From 1379 to 1382, Philip helped his father-in-law Louis II put down revolts in Flanders in Ghent, by organising an army against Philip van Artevelde; the revolts were ended in 1385, following the death of Louis II, with the Peace of Tournai. As jure uxoris Count of Flanders, he would keep in mind the economic interests of the Flemish cities, which made their money from weaving and spinning.

He was aided in this by the expansion of the Three Members – a parliament consisting of representatives from the towns of Bruges and Ypres – to the Four Members through the addition of the rural area Franc of Bruges In 1390, Philip became the Count of Charolais, a title used by Philip the Good and Charles the Bold as the heirs of Burgundy. Philip was active at the court of France after the death in 1380 of his brother King Charles V, whose successor Charles VI became king at the age of 11. During Charles' minority, a council of Regents was set up to govern France, made up of four of his uncles: Louis, Duke of Anjou, Duke of Berry, Philip himself from his father's side, from his mother's side, Louis II, Duke of Bourbon. Among Philip's acts while regent was the suppression of a tax revolt in 1382 known as the Harelle; the regency lasted until 1388, always with Philip assuming the dominant role: Louis of Anjou spent much effort fighting for his claim to the Kingdom of Naples after 1382 and died in 1384, John of Berry was interested in the Languedoc and not interested in politics, Louis of Bourbon was an unimportant figure due to his personality and his status.

However, along with John of Berry and Louis of Bourbon, lost most of their power at court in 1388, when Charles VI chose to favour the advice of the Marmousets, his personal advisors, over that of his uncles when he attained his majority. In 1392, events conspired to allow Philip to seize power once more in France. Charles VI's friend and advisor Olivier de Clisson had been the target of an assassination attempt by agents of John V, Duke of Brittany; the would-be assassin, Pierre de Craon, had taken refuge in Brittany. Charles, outraged at these events, determined to punish Craon, on 1 July 1392 led an expedition against Brittany. While travelling to Brittany, the king overwrought by the slow progress, was shocked by a madman who spent half-an-hour following the procession to warn the king that he had been betrayed; when a page dropped a lance, the king reacted by killing several of his knights and had to be wrestled to the ground. Philip, present assumed command and appointed himself regent, dismissing Charles' advisors.

He was the principal ruler of France until 1402. His seizure of power, had disastrous consequences for the unity of the House of Valois and of France itself; the king's brother Louis, Duke of Orléans, resented his uncle taking over as regent instead of himself. In particular, both quarrelled over royal funds, which each desired to appropriate for his own ends: Louis to fund his extravagant lifestyle, Philip to further his expansionist ambitions in Burgundy and the Low Countries; this struggle only served to enhance the reputation of Philip, since he appeared to be a sober and honest reformer in comparison to the profligate and irresponsible Louis. Although Charles VI confirmed his brother as regent in 1402 in a rare moment of sanity, Louis's misrule allowed Philip to regain control of France as regent in 1404, shortly before his death. In 1395, Philip the Bold outlawed cultivation of the Gamay grape in favour of Pinot Noir in an early example of agricultural regulation related to wine quality.

Philip died in Halle, County of Hainaut, on 27 April 1404. His territories were bequeathed to his eldest son

Hypertrophic decidual vasculopathy

In pathology, hypertrophic decidual vasculopathy, abbreviated HDV, is the histomorphologic correlate of gestational hypertension, as may be seen in intrauterine growth restriction and HELLP syndrome. The name of the condition describes its appearance under the microscope; the morphologic features of mild and moderate HDV include: Perivascular inflammatory cells, +/-Vascular thrombosis, Smooth muscle hypertrophy, Endothelial hyperplasia. Severe HDV is characterized by: Atherosis - foamy macrophages within vascular wall, Fibrinoid necrosis of vessel wall. Fetal thrombotic vasculopathy Gestational diabetes Placenta Pregnancy


Shenzhousaurus is a genus of basal ornithomimosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of China. The holotype was collected from near the bottom of the Yixian Formation at the Sihetun fossil site, western Liaoning Province; this specimen consists of a partial skeleton preserved on a sandstone slab in a "death pose," its head above the torso. The distal parts of the hindlimbs, distal portion of the tail, the forelimbs and the pectoral girdle are missing; the head is crushed. Shenzhousaurus was first described by Qiang Ji, Mark Norell, Peter J. Makovicky, Keqin Gao, Shu-An Ji and Chongxi Yuan in 2003 and the type species is Shenzhousaurus orientalis; the genus is monotypic and appears to be more derived than Pelecanimimus polyodon, yet less derived than Harpymimus oklandikovi. It may be distinguished from the latter by its "straight ischial shaft and acuminateposterior end of the ilium", from all other ornithomimosaurs excepting Harpymimus by the relative length of metacarpal I and in that its reduced dentition is restricted to the symphyseal portion of the dentary.

The holotype skull measure 185 mm. A number of pebbles found in the thoracic cavity have been interpreted as gastroliths. Timeline of ornithomimosaur research Ji, Q. Norrell, M. Makovicky, P. J. Gao, K. Ji, S. et Yuan, C. 2003. An Early Ostrich Dinosaur and Implications for Ornithomimosaur Phylogeny. American Museum Novitates: No. 3420, pp. 1–19. Makovicky, P. J. Kobayashi, Y. et Currie, P. J. 2004. Chapter Six: Ornithomimosauria. in The Dinosauria, Weishampel, D. B. Dodson, P. and Osmólska, H. editors. University of California Press

Alice Merrill Horne

Alice Merrill Horne was a Utah artist and politician. Alice Merrill was born in Fillmore, Utah Territory, to Clarence Merrill and his wife Bathsheba Smith, her maternal grandparents were Bathsheba W. Smith. Alice Merrill married George H. Horne. Early in their marriage, George served as a missionary for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the southern United States, during this time Alice worked as a schoolteacher at the Washington School in Salt Lake City. George and Alice had six children. Alice Horne studied at various times at the University of Deseret the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and under Utah artists John Hafen, George M. Ottinger, J. T. Harwood, Herman Haag, Mary Teasdel, Henry Taggart. In 1898, Horne was elected to the Utah House of Representatives representing the Salt Lake Eighth District, she made many notable contributions in a short time. She advocated for many bills that became law. While many of them revolved around the arts and education, she did not limit her influence to those areas alone.

While in the state legislature, she was a key force behind enacting a bill to create a state art institute and to create a state art collection. The latter is today named the Alice Art Collection after her. Professor William M. Stewart of the University of Utah brought a scholarship bill to her and asked for her help with it, it was passed, by 1921 had provided more than 8,000 students with scholarships. Among others, Horne campaigned for a Public Health bill, an Art bill, a Fish and Game bill, she served on the Rules, Public Health, Education and Art committees during her term in office and was chair of the new University Land-Site Committee that oversaw the acquisition for the current site of the University of Utah. In 1901, Horne was called as a member of the general board of the LDS Church's Relief Society, she during part of this time was chair of the art committee. In 1904, she served as a delegate on behalf of the Relief Society to the International Congress of Women held in Berlin, where she delivered two addresses.

She served as president of the Daughters of the Utah Pioneers from April 11, 1903, to April 24, 1905. She was a leader and advocate in numerous other ways, including as a regent of the Daughters of the Revolution and the Chair of the Utah branch of the National Peace Society. Horne played a role in organizing the Women's Chamber of Commerce in Salt Lake City as well as the Smokeless Fuel Federation. Horne authored two books at this time in her life: Devotees and Their Shrines and Columbus, Westward Ho!. The former is a handbook of Utah art and artists that aligns with her continual promotion of the arts throughout her life's work. A portion of her introduction to the book reads, "God has created gifts, men work so that we are not without poets, sculptors, craftsmen and home makers. So long as talent and industry unite there will be art—original, inspirational—the kind that lives. We are all artists to a degree, or at least let us believe that Providence so intended." Moving away from the description of art and towards the production of it, Horne's 1922 Columbus, Westward Ho! is the script of a play that she authored.

Intended for young audiences, it is a retelling of the Christopher Columbus story. Starting in the 1920s, Horne ran an art gallery with the main goal of exhibiting and selling works of inter-mountain artists, her husband died in 1934 and she continued to run the art gallery until her own death in 1948. First inductee to the Salt Lake City Council of Women's Hall of Fame Was given a Medal of Honor for civic service from the Academy of Western Culture 2nd woman in Utah to be elected to a state office

Nakamura Utaemon V

Nakamura Utaemon V was a Japanese kabuki performer and "dean of kabuki actors at the Kabuki-za in Tokyo". He was a prominent member of a family of kabuki actors from the Keihanshin region. Nakamura Utaemon was a stage name with significant historical connotations. Utaemon V was the artistic heir of Nakamura Utaemon IV, he was born in the fifth generation of a line of famous Kabuki actors. In the conservative Kabuki world, stage names are passed from father to son in formal system which converts the kabuki stage name into a mark of accomplishment. Lineage of Utaemon stage namesNakamura Utaemon I Nakamura Utaemon II Nakamura Utaemon III Nakamura Utaemon IV Nakamura Utaemon V Nakamura Utaemon VI In a long career, he played many roles. In a statistical overview derived from writings by and about Nakamura Utaemon VI, OCLC/WorldCat encompasses 7 works in 7 publications in 2 languages and 20+ library holdings. 1950 — Styles of Acting in Kabuki OCLC 033711674 1935 — Autobiography of Nakamura Utaemon Gosei.

OCLC 44435876 Shūmei Leiter, Samuel L.. Historical Dictionary of Japanese Traditional Theatre. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-5527-4. A Kabuki Reader: History and Performance. ISBN 9780765607041. Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; the Kabuki Theatre of Japan. London: Allen & Unwin. OCLC 622644114 中村歌右衛門.. Autobiography of Nakamura Utaemon V. Tokyo: Shūhōen Publishing. Waseda University, Tsubouchi Memorial Theatre Museum

List of music software

This is a list of software for creating, learning, researching and editing music. This article only includes software, not services. For streaming services such as iHeartRadio, Prime Music, Spotify, see Comparison of on-demand streaming music services. For storage, uploading and streaming of music via the cloud, see Comparison of online music lockers; this list does not include discontinued historic or legacy software, with the exception of trackers that are still supported. For example, the company Ars Nova produces music education software, its software program Practica Musica has remnants of the historic Palestrina software. Practica will be listed here, but not Palestrina. If a program fits several categories, such as a comprehensive digital audio workstation or a foundation programming language, listing is limited to its top three categories; this section includes learn-to-sing software. For music learning software, see music education software. Cantor SingingCoach This section only includes software, not services.

For services programs like Spotify, Prime Music, etc. See Comparison of on-demand streaming music services. List includes music RSS apps and software, but for a list of actual feeds, see Comparison of feed aggregators. For music broadcast software lists in the cloud, see Content delivery network and Comparison of online music lockers. Cantor Rhyme Genie SingingCoach JFugue, an API for music programming, designed to support generative and algorithmic music Julia Scala, a program for creating and analysing musical scales Wolfram Language provides built-in functionality for audio generation, as well signal processing, audio signal processing and MIDI. ScoreCloud Antescofo IRCAM OpenMusic Orchidée Liquid Rhythm Radiodrum Guitar Rig Progression Hauptwerk produces audio in response to MIDI signal from attached keyboard or from a MIDI sequencer Experiments in Musical Intelligence Electribe Music sequencer Propellerhead SoundFont Audio editing software Comparison of audio synthesis environments Comparison of digital audio editors Comparison of free software for audio Comparison of scorewriters List of audio conversion software List of audio programming languages List of guitar tablature software List of Linux audio software List of MIDI editors and sequencers List of scorewriters Music technology