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Philipp Franz von Siebold

Philipp Franz Balthasar von Siebold was a German physician and traveler. He achieved prominence by his studies of Japanese flora and fauna and the introduction of Western medicine in Japan, he was the father of Kusumoto Ine. Born into a family of doctors and professors of medicine in Würzburg, Siebold studied medicine at University of Würzburg from November 1815, where he became a member of the Corps Moenania Würzburg. One of his professors was author of the Flora Wirceburgensis. Ignaz Döllinger, his professor of anatomy and physiology, most influenced him. Döllinger was one of the first professors to treat medicine as a natural science. Siebold stayed with Döllinger, he read the books of Humboldt, a famous naturalist and explorer, which raised his desire to travel to distant lands. Philipp Franz von Siebold became a physician by earning his M. D. degree in 1820. He practiced medicine in Heidingsfeld, in the Kingdom of Bavaria, now part of Würzburg. Invited to Holland by an acquaintance of his family, Siebold applied for a position as a military physician, which would enable him to travel to the Dutch colonies.

He entered the Dutch military service on June 19, 1822, was appointed as ship's surgeon on the frigate Adriana, sailing from Rotterdam to Batavia in the Dutch East Indies. On his trip to Batavia on the frigate Adriana, Siebold practiced his knowledge of the Dutch language and rapidly learned Malay, during the long voyage he began a collection of marine fauna, he arrived in Batavia on February 18, 1823. As an army medical officer, Siebold was posted to an artillery unit. However, he was given a room for a few weeks at the residence of the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies, Baron Godert van der Capellen, to recover from an illness. With his erudition, he impressed the Governor-General, the director of the botanical garden at Buitenzorg, Caspar Georg Carl Reinwardt; these men sensed in Siebold a worthy successor to Engelbert Kaempfer and Carl Peter Thunberg, two former resident physicians at Dejima, a Dutch trading post in Japan, the latter of whom was the author of Flora Japonica. The Batavian Academy of Arts and Sciences soon elected Siebold as a member.

On 28 June 1823, after only a few months in the Dutch East Indies, Siebold was posted as resident physician and scientist to Dejima, a small artificial island and trading post at Nagasaki, arrived there on 11 August 1823. During an eventful voyage to Japan he only just escaped drowning during a typhoon in the East China Sea; as only a small number of Dutch personnel were allowed to live on this island, the posts of physician and scientist had to be combined. Dejima had been in the possession of the Dutch East India Company since the 17th century, but the Company had gone bankrupt in 1798, after which a trading post was operated there by the Dutch state for political considerations, with notable benefits to the Japanese; the European tradition of sending doctors with botanical training to Japan was a long one. Sent on a mission by the Dutch East India Company, Engelbert Kaempfer, a German physician and botanist who lived in Japan from 1690 until 1692, ushered in this tradition of a combination of physician and botanist.

The Dutch East India Company did not, however employ the Swedish botanist and physician Carl Peter Thunberg, who had arrived in Japan in 1775. Japanese scientists invited Siebold to show them the marvels of western science, he learned in return through them much about the Japanese and their customs. After curing an influential local officer, Siebold gained the permission to leave the trade post, he used this opportunity to treat Japanese patients in the greater area around the trade post. Siebold is credited with the introduction of vaccination and pathological anatomy for the first time in Japan. In 1824, Siebold started a medical school in Nagasaki, the Narutaki-juku, that grew into a meeting place for around fifty students, they helped him in naturalistic studies. The Dutch language became the lingua franca for these academic and scholarly contacts for a generation, until the Meiji Restoration, his patients paid him in kind with a variety of objects and artifacts that would gain historical significance.

These everyday objects became the basis of his large ethnographic collection, which consisted of everyday household goods, woodblock prints and hand-crafted objects used by the Japanese people. During his stay in Japan, Siebold "lived together" with Kusumoto Taki, who gave birth to their daughter Kusumoto Ine in 1827. Siebold named a Hydrangea after her. Kusumoto Ine became the first Japanese woman known to have received a physician's training and became a regarded practicing physician and court physician to the Empress in 1882, she died at court in 1903. His main interest, focused on the study of Japanese fauna and flora, he collected as much material. Starting a small botanical garden behind his home Siebold amassed over 1,000 native plants. In a specially built glasshouse he cultivated the Japanese plants to endure the Dutch climate. Local Japanese artists like Kawahara Keiga drew and painted images of these plants, creating botanical illustrations but images of the daily life in Japan, which compl

Giovanni Kiyingi

Giovanni Kremer Kiyingi is a Ugandan folk singer-songwriter and world music artist. He is known for his skills as a multi-instrumentalist who plays the local Ugandan fiddle, adungu, harmonica, djembe, congas and maracas, among others, he was one of the Ugandan artists chosen to welcome Pope Francis to Uganda at Kololo on 27 November 2015. His skill as a multi-instrumentalist and performer have won him invitations to perform at major music festivals and co-operative events in Uganda and the rest of the world, he won an invitation to perform at a landmark yoga event in India dubbed "The unveiling of a 112 foot tall face of the Adiyogi Shiva– the source of yoga'". Giovanni,During his interview with Chimpreports, Kiyingi confirmed that he quit school for a year to concentrate on music. Kiyingi has performed at large music festivals around the world alongside performers like Tanzania's Alikiba at the 2016 Blankets and Wine festival, Kora Awards winner Suzan Kerunen, multiple award winner Maurice Kirya, Myco Ouma, Jemimah Sanyu,Jude Mugerwa, Kinobe Herbert at the Pearl Rhythm Festival 2012, Okello Lawrence and Joel Sebunjo at DOADOA 2014, Brian Mugenyi at the Utam Festival in Kenya in 2015, the father of ethno jazz Mulatu Astatke at Jazz Village Ethiopia, Harry Lwanga, Ssali Muserebende, Kenya's Makadem, Afrigo Band, Sarabi band.

He has performed at festivals such as the Bayimba International Festival,Pearl Rhythm Festival, the Milege World Music Festival, Santuri Safari Projects, the Kenyatta University Cultural Exchange, DOADOA, the Irimba Cultural Festival in Arusha, headlined at the Utam Festival – Kenya in 2015, Laba Festival of the Arts in 2016, the African Jazz Village, the Sondeka Festival in Kenya. He performed at the Blankets and Wine Festival in September 2016 at Lugogo alongside South Africa's Mafikizolo. Giovanni performed with Ssewa Ssewa at 2017 World Music Day at the French school in Kampala, collaborating on each other's original songs. List of Ugandan musicians Ruyonga Undercover Brothers Ug Milege Afrigo Band Haka Mukiga Santuri Safari DJs 2015

International Day of Radiology

The International Day of Radiology is an annual event promoting the role of medical imaging in modern healthcare. It is celebrated on November 8 each year and coincides with the anniversary of the discovery of x-rays, it was first introduced in 2012, as a joint initiative of the European Society of Radiology, the Radiological Society of North America, the American College of Radiology. The International Day of Radiology is acknowledged and celebrated by nearly 200 national, sub-speciality, related societies around the world; the International Day of Radiology is a successor to the European Day of Radiology, launched in 2011. The first and only European Day of Radiology was held on February 10, 2011 to commemorate the anniversary of Röntgen's death and was organised by the European Society of Radiology. Due to the success of the EDoR, the ESR entered into cooperation with the RSNA and the ACR to establish the International Day of Radiology, it was decided that the date of the celebration should be moved from the anniversary of Röntgen’s death to that of his discovery of the x-ray.

The day was confirmed by the three founding societies during the annual RSNA meeting in Chicago on November 28, 2011. On November 8, 1895 Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen discovered x-rays by chance while investigating cathode rays laying the foundation for the medical discipline of radiology; this discovery would grow to include various methods of imaging and establish itself as a crucial element of modern medicine. The 8 of November was chosen as the appropriate day to mark the celebrations which are observed by radiological societies the world over. In addition to the general recognition of radiology, a theme is chosen every year, focussing on various specialities and sub-specialities of radiology; these themes have included: 2019: Sports Imaging 2018: Cardiac Imaging 2017: Emergency Imaging 2016: Breast Imaging 2015: Paediatric Imaging 2014: Brain Imaging 2013: Thoracic Imaging 2012: Oncologic Imaging In and around November 8 of every year, international radiological societies all over the world celebrate the day with their own organised events.

These celebrations come in the form of exhibitions, workshops and social media campaigns which invite radiologists as well as the general public to participate and learn more about radiology. In 2018, various radiological and partner societies organised events to draw attention to radiology and that year’s theme of cardiac imaging. Examples include: The Canadian Association of Radiologists hosted an event that encouraged radiologists from across Canada to meet with Members of Parliament on Parliament Hill to discuss key issues in medical imaging, relevant to patient care; the Japan Radiological Society held a series of public lectures on cardiac imaging in Kumamoto, moderated by professors from Kumamoto University. The Sociedad Española de Radiología Medica celebrated in Madrid by inviting cardiac imaging experts to be featured at talks on the history and future of the sub-speciality. In further support of the day, the European Society of Radiology publishes a book every year on the selected theme.

In 2018, the book, The HEART revealed, was published as a free pdf download on the IDoR website. The book, authored by professional radiologists, contains descriptions of various cardiac diseases where imaging is helpful in diagnosis and follow-up. Other published texts addressing the yearly theme include: 2017 HELP, Emergency Medical Imaging 2016 Screening & Beyond, Medical imaging in the detection and management of breast diseases 2015 The Gentle Way, The Art of Paediatric Imaging 2014 Brainwatch and diagnosing brain diseases with medical imaging 2013 Breathe Easy, How radiology helps to find and fight lung diseasesIn addition to the themed publications, the European Society of Radiology in collaboration with the International Society for the History of Radiology published a three-volume series on the history of radiology, The Story of Radiology. Radiology X-Ray Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen World Radiography Day The Asian Oceanian Society of Radiology The Interamerican College of Radiology European Federation of Radiographer Societies Eurosafe Imaging International Society of Radiology The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists European Society of Radiology Radiological Society of North America American College of Radiology International Society for the History of Radiology International Day of Radiology