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Philippa of Hainault

Philippa of Hainault was Queen of England as the wife of King Edward III. Edward promised in 1326 to marry her within the following two years, she was married to Edward, first by proxy, when Edward dispatched the Bishop of Coventry "to marry her in his name" in Valenciennes in October 1327. The marriage was celebrated formally in York Minster on 24 January 1328, some months after Edward's accession to the throne of England. In August 1328, he fixed his wife's dower. Philippa acted as regent in 1346, when her husband was away from his kingdom, she accompanied him on his expeditions to Scotland and Flanders. Philippa won much popularity with the English people for her kindness and compassion, which were demonstrated in 1347 when she persuaded King Edward to spare the lives of the Burghers of Calais; this popularity helped maintain peace in England throughout Edward's long reign. The eldest of her thirteen children was Edward, the Black Prince, who became a renowned military leader. Philippa died at the age of fifty-six from an illness related to edema.

The Queen's College, Oxford was founded in her honour. Philippa was born in Valenciennes in the County of Hainaut in the Low Countries, a daughter of William I, Count of Hainaut, Joan of Valois, Countess of Hainaut, granddaughter of Philip III of France, she was the second of five daughters. Her eldest sister Margaret married the German king Louis IV in 1324. William's counties of Zealand and Holland as well as of the seigniory of Frieze were devolved to Margaret after agreement between Philippa and her sister. Edward III of England, however, in 1364–65, in the name of his wife Philippa, demanded the return of Hainaut and other inheritances, given over to the Dukes of Bavaria–Straubing, he was not successful. King Edward II had decided that an alliance with Flanders would benefit England and sent Bishop Stapledon of Exeter on the Continent as an ambassador. On his journey, he crossed into the county of Hainaut to inspect the daughters of Count William of Hainaut, to determine which daughter would be the most suitable as an eventual bride for Prince Edward.

The bishop's report to the king describes one of the count's daughters in detail. A annotation says it describes Philippa as a child, but historian Ian Mortimer argues that it is an account of her older sister Margaret; the description runs: The lady whom we saw has not uncomely hair, betwixt blue-black and brown. Her head is clean-shaped, her face narrows between the eyes, the lower part of her face is still more narrow and slender than her forehead. Her eyes are deep, her nose is smooth and save that it is somewhat broad at the tip and flattened, yet it is no snub-nose. Her nostrils are broad, her mouth wide, her lips somewhat full, the lower lip. Her teeth which have fallen and grown again are white enough; the lower teeth project a little beyond the upper. Her ears and chin are comely enough, her neck and all her body are well set and unmaimed. Moreover, she is brown of skin all over, much like her father, and the damsel will be of the age of nine years on St. John's day next to come, as her mother saith.

She is neither too short for such an age. Four years Philippa was betrothed to Prince Edward when, in the summer of 1326, Queen Isabella arrived at the Hainaut court seeking aid from Count William to depose King Edward. Prince Edward had accompanied his mother to Hainaut where she arranged the betrothal in exchange for assistance from the count; as the couple were second cousins, a Papal dispensation was required. Philippa and her retinue arrived in England in December 1327 escorted by John of Hainaut. On 23 December she reached London where a "rousing reception was accorded her". Philippa married Edward at York Minster, on 24 January 1328, eleven months after his accession to the English throne. Soon after their marriage the couple retired to live at Woodstock Palace in Oxfordshire. Unlike many of her predecessors, Philippa did not alienate the English people by retaining her foreign retinue upon her marriage or by bringing large numbers of foreigners to the English court; as Isabella did not wish to relinquish her own status, Philippa's coronation was postponed for two years.

She was crowned queen on 4 March 1330 at Westminster Abbey when she was six months pregnant. In October 1330, King Edward commenced his personal rule when he staged a coup and ordered the arrest of his mother and Mortimer. Shortly afterward, the latter was executed for treason, Queen Dowager Isabella was sent to Castle Rising in Norfolk, where she spent a number of years under house arrest but with her privileges and freedom of movement restored to her by her

Bruce Van Dyke

Bruce Van Dyke is a former American football guard who played eleven seasons in the National Football League for the Philadelphia Eagles, Pittsburgh Steelers, the Green Bay Packers. Van Dyke grew up in Buckner and attended Fort Osage High School in Independence, Missouri, he played college football at the University of Missouri, where he was a two way starter, playing on both the offensive and defensive lines under head coach Dan Devine. As a first-team All-Big Eight Conference defensive tackle in 1965, Van Dyke played on Tigers teams that went a combined 21–8–2 from 1963 to 1965; the 1965 Missouri squad, on which he served as a captain, finished the year ranked sixth nationally, with a win over the Florida in the 1966 Sugar Bowl. Van Dyke was selected to play in the Hula Bowl in 1966, was inducted into the University of Missouri's Intercollegiate Hall of Fame in 2001. Van Dyke was selected in the 12th round of the 1966 NFL Draft by the Philadelphia Eagles and in the 15th round of the 1966 AFL Draft by the Kansas City Chiefs.

He played there his rookie year. The following season he was traded to the Pittsburgh Steelers where he played right guard for the next seven seasons, his first year with the Steelers the team had won only one game. In 1972 Pittsburgh won the AFC Central title. In week 8 of the 1972 Steelers season Van Dyke was named A. P. Offensive player of the week after a 40-17 win over the Cincinnati Bengals; that same year the Steelers made their first playoff appearance since the 1947 season and won their first franchise playoff game beating the Oakland Raiders 13-7. During that game, one of the most memorable plays in both Van Dyke's career and NFL history occurred. Trailing 7-6 with 22 seconds left in the game, Franco Harris scored the winning touchdown on the final play of the game; this play, of course, is known as the Immaculate Reception. In 1974, Van Dyke was traded to the Green Bay Packers, where he was reunited with his former college coach Dan Devine. While in Green Bay he switched to left guard and retired from football after the 1976 season.

In 2008, Van Dyke was named to the Pittsburgh Steelers Legends team

Maxence Parrot

Maxence "Max" Parrot is a Canadian snowboarder, a seven-time X Games champion and Olympic silver medalist. He represented Canada at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi and the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, winning the silver medal in the latter. Parrot was raised near the Bromont ski area in Quebec, he began skiing at age 3 and discovered snowboarding at age 10. His father, Alan Parrot, was an alpine ski racer national Canadian waterski champion. Max Parrot has made snowboarding history four times. In 2013 he laid down the first Backside Triple Cork seen in an X Games Slopestyle event. In 2014, Parrot was the first to land consecutive Triple jumps in a Slopestyle run at the X Games. In April 2015, Parrot performed the first Cab Quadruple Underflip 1620. In January 2016, he brought the Cab 1800 Triple Cork into competition at X Games in Aspen, earning him his second Big Air gold medal, he represented Canada in this event at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. Parrot has won a gold and silver medal each in both slopestyle and the big air events at the Winter X Games.

He competed for Canada at the 2018 Winter Olympics in South Korea where his first competition was in the slopestyle event. Parrot qualified for the final with the highest score, he fell on his first two of three runs, on his final run he threw down a clean run, scoring 86.00. This was good enough for the silver medal and his teammate Mark McMorris finished in third for the bronze medal. After the run Parrot said that "I hit my head twice, a couple were pretty hard actually, but I'm fine, I'm good. My helmet saved me twice and it made it possible to do my third run and land it. It's mission accomplished for me here. I'm happy." On 17 January 2019, Parrot announced he had been diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma on 21 December 2018 and that he had started a 6-month course of chemotherapy. In early July 2019, Parrot announced. On August 31, 2 months after his final round of chemotherapy, he won the X Games snowboard big air event in Oslo, Norway. Maxence Parrot on Twitter Maxence Parrot at the International Olympic Committee Max Parrot at Olympics at


A nymphaeum or nymphaion, in ancient Greece and Rome, was a monument consecrated to the nymphs those of springs. These monuments were natural grottoes, which tradition assigned as habitations to the local nymphs, they were sometimes so arranged. A nymphaeum dedicated to a local water nymph, was built along Hadrian's Wall, in the northernmost reach of the Roman Empire. Subsequently, artificial grottoes took the place of natural ones; the nymphaeum in Jerash, was constructed in 191 AD. The fountain was embellished with marble facing on the lower level, painted plaster on the upper level, topped with a half-dome roof, forming a giant niche. Water cascaded through seven carved lion's heads into small basins on the sidewalk; the nymphaea of the Roman period, which extended the sacral use to purely recreational ones, were borrowed from the constructions of the Hellenistic east. The majority of them were rotundas, were adorned with statues and paintings, they served the threefold purpose of sanctuaries and assembly-rooms.

A special feature was their use for the celebration of marriages. Such nymphaea existed in Corinth and Constantinople; the so-called exedra of Herodes Atticus, the nymphaeum in the palace of Domitian and those in Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli — five in number — may be specially mentioned. Nymphaea were important in the architectural movement of mosaic from floor to walls and ceiling vaults in the 1st century, they were decorated with geometrical mosaics incorporating shells, but by the end of the century could contain ambitious figure subjects. The term nymphaeum was applied to the fountains of water in the atrium of the Christian basilica, which according to Eusebius were symbols of purification. Phiale is an equivalent Greek term. A nymphaeum for al fresco summer dining featuring artificial grottoes with waterflows was designed by Bartolomeo Ammanati, was reintroduced at the Villa Giulia, Rome. Roman gardens This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed..

"Nymphaeum". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19. Cambridge University Press. P. 930. S. B. Plattner and T. Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of rome, 1929: "Nymphaeum"

Jan Rutta

Jan Rutta is a Czech professional ice hockey defenceman who plays with the Tampa Bay Lightning in the National Hockey League. Rutta made his Czech Extraliga debut playing with Piráti Chomutov debut during the 2012–13 Czech Extraliga season. After seven seasons with Chomutov, Rutta left the Czech Republic in signing a one-year contract with the Chicago Blackhawks of the NHL on June 8, 2017. After attending his first training camp with the Blackhawks, Rutta made the opening night roster for the 2017–18 season. On October 9, 2017, Rutta scored his first NHL goal against goaltender Frederik Andersen in a game against the Toronto Maple Leafs. Rutta secured a blueline role within the Blackhawks during the season, on March 8, 2018 was signed to a one-year $2.25 million extension. With the Blackhawks missing the post-season, Rutta appeared in 57 games while adding offensively with 6 goals and 14 assists for 20 points. In the following the 2018–19 season, with the Blackhawks continuing to struggle out of the gate, Rutta was placed on waivers after contributing with 2 goals and 6 points in 23 games on December 23, 2018.

After clearing he was assigned to AHL affiliate, the Rockford IceHogs. On January 11, 2019, Rutta was traded by the Blackhawks, along with a 2019 seventh-round pick to the Tampa Bay Lightning in exchange for Slater Koekkoek and a 2019 fifth-round pick, he was slated to continue in the AHL with the Syracuse Crunch. On March 3, 2019, Rutta made his debut with the Lightning in a 3-2 win over the Detroit Red Wings at Amalie Arena, he played out the tail end of the regular season with the League leading Lightning, posting 2 assists in 14 games. He maintained his place in the lineup through the playoffs, recording 2 assists in a 4 game series sweep defeat to the Columbus Blue Jackets. On May 4, 2019, Rutta was re-signed to a one-year, $1.3 million contract extension to continue with the Lightning. Biographical information and career statistics from, or, or The Internet Hockey Database

Cleora cinctaria

Cleora cinctaria, the ringed carpet, is a moth of the family Geometridae. The species was first described by Michael Denis and Ignaz Schiffermüller in 1775, it is found from Europe to southern Siberia, the Caucasus, central Asia and Mongolia. It is found in Japan; the wingspan is 28–35 mm. The wings have a light grey ground colour; the lines are brown. The intensity of the grey or brown colouration varies quite strongly; the interior crossline is band-like and widened basally, the exterior crossline is curved towards the front edge and is double. The brownish darkened margin has white dusting. On the hindwings are dark lines and an indistinct whitish squiggle; the first abdominal segment appears in the form of a white belt. The antennae of the males are combed on both sides, those of the females are filiform. Adults are on wing from April to May; the larvae feed various plants and trees, including Betula, Myrica gale, Salix, Populus tremula, Rubus idaeus, Sorbus aucuparia, Vicia cracca, Rhamnus frangula, Lysimachia vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus and Galium verum.

Cleora cinctaria bowesi Richardson, 1952 Cleora cinctaria cinctaria Cleora cinctaria superfumata Inoue, 1972 Kimber, Ian. "70.263 BF1939 Ringed Carpet Cleora cinctaria". UKMoths. Retrieved 29 June 2019. Fauna Europaea Lepiforum e. V