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Philippe de Commines

Philippe de Commines was a writer and diplomat in the courts of Burgundy and France. He has been called "the first modern writer" and "the first critical and philosophical historian since classical times". Neither a chronicler nor a historian in the usual sense of the word, his analyses of the contemporary political scene are what made him unique in his own time. Commines was born to an outwardly wealthy family, his parents were Marguerite d'Armuyden. In addition to being seigneur of Renescure and Saint-Venant, Clyte became bailiff of Flanders for the Duke of Burgundy in 1436, had been taken prisoner at the Battle of Agincourt. Philippe took his surname from a seigneurie on the Lys which had belonged to the family of his paternal grandmother, Jeanne de Waziers, his paternal grandfather named Colard van den Clyte, had been governor first of Cassel and of Lille. However, the death of Commines' father in 1453 left him the orphaned owner of an estate saddled with enormous debts. In his teens he was taken into the care of Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, his godfather.

He fought at the Battle of Montlhéry in 1465 and the Battle of Brusthem in 1467 but in general seems to have kept a low profile. In 1468, he became a knight in the household of Charles the Bold, Philip's son who succeeded to the dukedom in 1467, thereafter he moved in the most exalted circles, being party to many important decisions and present at history-making events. A key event in Commines's life seems to have been the meeting between Charles and Louis XI of France at Péronne in October 1468. Although Commines's own account skates over the details, it is apparent from other contemporary sources that Louis believed Commines had saved his life; this may explain Louis's enthusiasm in wooing him away from the Burgundians. In 1470 Commines was sent on an embassy to Calais an English possession, it is unlikely that he visited England itself, what he knew of its politics and personalities coming from meetings with exiles, both Yorkist and Lancastrian. He met King Edward IV of England during the latter's continental exile and wrote a description of his appearance and character.

Commines was a great favorite with Duke Charles for seven years. The 19th-century scholar Isaac D'Israeli, recounts that one day, when they came home from hunting and were joking around as was their wont within the "family", Commines "ordered" the prince to remove Commines's boots as if he were a servant. Everyone in the Burgundian court started calling Commines "booted head". D'Israeli, in his 1824 Curiosities of Literature, suggests that Commines's hatred for the duke of Burgundy poisoned everything he wrote about him, but comments: "When we are versed in the history of the times, we discover that memoir-writers have some secret poison in their hearts. Many, like Comines, have had the boot dashed on their nose. Personal rancour wonderfully enlivens the style... Memoirs are dictated by its fiercest spirit. Where is TRUTH? Not always in histories and memoirs!" D'Israeli says Commines so resented his nickname that it was the reason he left Burgundy and went into the service of the French king, but the financial incentives offered by Louis provide a more than adequate explanation: Commines was still burdened with his father's debts.

He fled by night from Normandy on 7 August 1472, joined Louis near Angers. On the following morning, when Duke Charles discovered his servant and god-brother missing, he confiscated all of Commines' property; these were given to Philip I of Croÿ-Chimay. Louis was generous in making up for those losses. On 27 January 1473 the king wed him to a Poitevin heiress, Hélène de Chambes, dame of the seigneuries of Argenton and Maison-Rouge; when Hélène's sister, Colette de Chambes, was believed to have been poisoned by her aged husband Louis d'Amboise, Viscount of Thouars, in a fit of jealousy over her affair with Charles de Valois, Louis XI's brother, the king had confiscated most of his properties. Some of these he gave to Commines for life, including the Princedom of Talmond in Poitou, the seigneuries of Berrie and Olonne. Despite reverses in the family's fortunes, on 13 August 1504 their only child, Jeanne de Commines, made a splendid marriage to the heir of Brittany's most powerful family, René de Brosse comte de Penthièvre.

Through her descendants, Commines would become the ancestor of Jean, duc de Chevreuse, of the Gouffier ducs de Roannais, of Louis XV, while Jeanne herself became the mother-in-law of Anne, duchesse d'Étampes, maîtresse-en-titre to King Francis I of France. As a long-time enemy of Burgundy, Louis no doubt valued the inside information Commines was able to provide, Commines became one of the king's most trusted advisers. Jean Dufournet's 1966 study of Commines has shown that the next five years, up to 1477, were the most prosperous from Commines's point of view, the only ones when he had Louis's confidence. After Charles the Bold's death in 1477, the two men disagreed about how best to take political advantage of the situation. Commines himself admitted associating with some of the king's most prominent opponents and referred to another incident, in May 1478, when Louis r


Cairnholy is the site of two Neolithic chambered tombs of the Clyde type. It is located 4 kilometres east of the village of Carsluith in Galloway, Scotland; the tombs are scheduled monuments in the care of Historic Scotland. The name Cairnholy represents Gaelic *Càrn na h-ulaidhe ‘cairn of the stone tomb’; the Cairnholy tombs are situated on a hillside overlooking Wigtown Bay. They are situated next to Cairnholy Farm; the site can be accessed at the end of a minor road about 1 kilometre from the A75 road. The two tombs lie within 150 metres of each other. Both tombs lie open to the sky as most of their original covering stones have been taken in the past to build field walls. Both tombs were excavated in 1949 by Stuart Piggott and Terence Powell. Finds from the excavations are in the National Museum of Scotland. Cairnholy I is the more elaborate of the two tombs, it measures 50 by 15 metres and has a monumental curving façade, that formed the backdrop to a forecourt in front of the tomb. Excavation showed.

The tomb itself has two chambers. The outer chamber, entered through the façade, contained a fragment of a jadeite ceremonial axe, together with sherds of Neolithic pottery and a leaf-shaped arrowhead. Late grave-goods comprised a flint knife; the inner chamber was built as a closed box, was inaccessible from the outer one. It was originally roofed by a great stone slab resting on the two taller end-slabs; the inner chamber contained a secondary cist, with food vessel sherds and a cup-and-ring carved stone. Cairnholy II is located to the north of Cairnholy I. Local tradition maintains that it was the tomb of a mythical Scottish king, it is from this tomb. It measures 20 by 12 metres, is less than 60 centimetres high, it has been robbed of stones but there are still two portal stones in front of the chambered tomb. There is a shallow v-shaped forecourt at the front of the tomb; the tomb contained two chambers. The rear chamber had been robbed, the other disturbed, but an arrowhead and a flint knife were found within the filling, along with secondary sherds of Beaker pottery.

Around 160 metres to the east of Cairnholy farm is the remains of circular cairn less than 15 centimetres high. When stones were being removed from it some time before 1849, it was found to contain human bones; the area is surrounded with rocks bearing ring marks. Around 700 metres to the west are the ruins of Kirkdale Church; the church was dedicated to St Michael. Kirkdale, which belonged to Whithorn Priory, was a separate parish, which united with Kirkmabreck in 1618; the church is enclosed by an overgrown burial ground. Historic Environment Scotland. "Cairn Holy, chambered cairn 35m S of Cairnholy". Historic Environment Scotland. "Cairn Holy, chambered cairn 190m SSW of Cairnholy"

Elon Galusha

Elon Galusha was a lawyer and Baptist preacher, active in reform activities of the early 19th century in New York. He was the son of the 6th and 8th governor of Vermont, he adopted and promoted the teachings of William Miller. Galusha was born June 1790 in Shaftsbury, Vermont, his father was the governor of Vermont. Galusha received an M. A. from the University of Vermont in 1816, an M. A. from Brown University in 1820, though he never took a college course. Galusha died January 1856 in Lockport, New York. Galusha took a firm stance against slavery. In 1836 he, along with other men of New York, including Obadiah N. Bush of Rochester, was named to represent New York at the third anniversary of the American Anti-Slavery Society meeting, he served as the first president of the Baptist Anti-Slavery Society. He preached about the evils of slavery. Following His withdrawal from the Baptist denomination, he hosted abolitionist meetings at his church in Lockport. Galusha leaned toward a premillennial understanding of Bible prophecy.

After personal deliberation, having read William Miller's Lectures, Galusha joined the Millerite movement wholeheartedly under the influence of a fellow preacher, Nathaniel N. Whiting. Galusha served as president of the Albany Conference on April 29, 1845, following the Great Disappointment. Grosvenor, Cyrus Pitt, Richard Fuller, Elon Galusha. Baptist Anti-Slavery Correspondent. Worcester, Mass: Executive Committee of the American Baptist Anti-Slavery Convention, 1841. Elon Galusha, Address, of Elder Elon Galusha, with Reasons for Believing Christ’s Second Coming, at Hand. Rochester: Erastus Shepard, 1844


Notgrove is a village and civil parish in Gloucestershire, England 28.5 to the east of Gloucester. It lies in an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty; the village was recorded as Natangrafum between 716–43. It was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Nategrave or Nategraua, the name coming from the Old English næt + grāf meaning "wet grove or copse". Notgrove is part of the Sandywell ward of the district of Cotswold, represented by Councillor Robin Hughes, a member of the Conservative Party. Notgrove is part of the constituency of Cotswold, represented at parliament by Conservative MP Geoffrey Clifton-Brown, it is part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament. Notgrove is in the county of Gloucestershire and lies within the Cotswolds, a range of hills designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, it is about 28.5 km to the east of Gloucester. It is 17.5 km east of its post town Cheltenham and about 7 km west of Bourton-on-the-Water. Nearby villages include Turkdean, Cold Aston, Hazleton and Salperton.

Notgrove railway station was on the Cheltenham Direct Railway. The parish church is dedicated to Saint Bartholomew, it is a Norman church, believed to be on the site of a Saxon cemetery. It houses effigies to the descendants of Richard Whittington

CGTN French

CGTN French (formerly CCTV International French or CCTV-Français CCTV-F is a French language entertainment and news channel of China Central Television originating in China, are part of the Chinese Government's information ministry. The channels cater with programmes containing French subtitles. There are news programmes featuring French-language reporters; these programmes provide both international news coverage. Most programmes on CCTV-F are 30 minutes long, they feature a variety of content, including news programmes, educational programmes, Chinese soap operas. There are programmes offering tourism advice and showcasing new Chinese artists. CCTV-F launched on October 1, 2007, as the result of the splitting of CCTV E&F, a bi-lingual channel in both Spanish and French, three years after its launch on October 1, 2004. Official Sites CGTN Français CCTV-4 CGTN-Русский CGTN-Español CGTN-العربية CGTN CNTV International

Gerald Grandey

Gerald W. Grandey was the President and Chief Executive Officer of Cameco Corporation, one of the world's largest uranium producers, he joined Cameco in 1993 as Senior Vice President, was appointed President in 2000 and CEO in 2003. In 2010, The Harvard Business Review recognized him as being one of the top 100 CEOs in the world because of the value created for shareholders during his tenure. Grandey retired from Cameco in 2011. Inducted into the Canadian Mining Hall of Fame in 2013, Grandey was awarded the Canadian Nuclear Association's Ian McRae Award in 2012 for his work in advancing nuclear energy in Canada. In 2011, he was nominated for the Oslo Business for Peace Award in recognition of his efforts to facilitate the dismantling of 20,000 Russian warheads, with the resulting uranium used in nuclear energy plants for the generation of electricity; the US Nuclear Energy Institute awarded Grandey the William S. Lee Award for leadership in the nuclear industry, noting his work to implement the Megatons to Megawatts agreement between the US and Russia.

Grandey serves on the boards of Nutrien Ltd, the world's largest provider of crop nutrients and services, is Chair of Rare Elements Resources, a mineral resource company focused on rare earth deposits. He was a member of the boards of Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan, Canadian Oil Sands, Inmet Mining Corporation, Centerra Gold Inc. Sandspring Resources and Bruce Power, he is on the Colorado School of Mines Foundation Board of Governors, the Dean's Advisory Council, Edwards School of Business. He is Chairman Emeritus of the London-based World Nuclear Association. Grandey was a 1964 graduate of Downey Senior High School in California, he was a multi-year letterman in both swimming and water polo. He has a degree in geophysical engineering from the Colorado School of Mines and a juris doctor degree from Northwestern University. In the late 1960s, Grandey spent two years in the United States military, he is married with two grown children and three grandchildren