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Philippine Daily Inquirer

The Philippine Daily Inquirer, popularly known as the Inquirer, is an English-language newspaper in the Philippines. Founded in 1985, it is regarded as the Philippines' newspaper of record; the Philippine Daily Inquirer was a daily newspaper founded on 9 December 1985 by publisher Eugenia Apóstol, columnist Max Solivén, together with Betty Go-Belmonte during the last days of the regime of the Philippine dictator, Ferdinand Marcos, becoming one of the first private newspapers to be established under the Marcos regime. The Inquirer succeeded the weekly Philippine Inquirer, created in 1985 by Apostol to cover the trial of 25 soldiers accused of complicity in the assassination of opposition leader Benigno Aquino Jr. at the Manila International Airport on August 21, 1983. Apostol published the Mr & Ms Special Edition, a weekly tabloid opposed to the Marcos regime; as the successor to the previous Mr. and Mrs. Special Edition and the weekly Philippine Inquirer, it was founded on a budget of P1 million and enjoyed a daily circulation of 30,000 in its early days.

The new daily was housed in the dilapidated one-story Star Building on 13th and Railroad streets in Port Area, Manila. It was put out by 40 editors, correspondents and other editorial employees working in a 100 square meter newsroom. Columnist Louie Beltran was named its editor-in-chief; the newspaper was instrumental in documenting the campaign of Corazon Aquino during the 1986 presidential elections and, in turn, the 1986 People Power Revolution. Its slogan, Balanced News, Fearless Views, was incorporated to the newspaper in January 1986 after a slogan-making contest held during the first month of the Inquirer's existence. On July 1986, questions about finances and a divergence of priorities caused a rift among the founders which led Belmonte and Art Borjal's split from the Inquirer to establish The Philippine Star; as Belmonte owned the Star Building where the Inquirer was headquartered, the newspaper amicably transferred to the Soliven-owned BF Condominium in Aduana Street, Intramuros. In February 1987, Federico D. Pascual, former assistant managing editor of the Daily Express, was named executive editor of Inquirer and was appointed editor-in-chief two years later.

It was during his term in 1990 that the Inquirer took the lead from the Manila Bulletin to become the Philippines' largest newspaper in terms of circulation. However, on July 1990, the Inquirer headquarters in Intramuros was damaged by the 1990 Luzon earthquake. On January 5, 1991, the newspaper transferred to the YIC building along United Nations Avenue and Romualdez Street in Malate. Inquirer's longest-serving and first woman editor-in-chief, the late Letty Jimenez-Magsanoc, was appointed on June 14, 1991, she was a former columnist and editor of the "Panorama" Sunday magazine of Bulletin Today, sacked for writing articles poking fun at Marcos. She edited Ms Special Edition until the fall of the Marcos regime, she is the first editor in chief of Sunday Inquirer Magazine. Under her term, in 1995, the Inquirer moved to its current headquarters in Makati after transferring headquarters four times. During the administration of president Joseph Estrada, he criticized the Inquirer for "bias and fabrication" against him—this charge to the newspaper was denied.

In 1999, several government organizations, pro-Estrada businesses, movie producers pulled their advertisements from the Inquirer in a boycott that lasted for five months. Malacañang Palace was implicated in the advertising boycott, denounced by publisher Isagani Yambot as an attack on the freedom of the press. In 2007, according to the survey conducted by AGB Nielsen, the Inquirer was the most widely-read newspaper in the Philippines; the Manila Bulletin and The Philippine Star followed as the second and the third most read papers, respectively. Magsanoc died on December 2015 at St. Luke's Medical Center in Taguig. A month after her death, Jimenez-Magsanoc was recognized as the Filipino of the Year 2015 by the Inquirer. In February 2, 2016, the Inquirer appointed its managing editor Jose Ma. Nolasco as the executive editor, the new top position of the newspaper, replacing the traditional editor-in-chief position that used by Inquirer for more than three decades. Nolasco was the managing editor of the Inquirer for 24 years, he is part of the first batch of reporters of the Inquirer when the paper started its publication in 1985.

On October 6, 2016, the Inquirer launched a "rethink" of its print and digital presence by overhauling its newspaper design and website, and the launch of "My Inquirer" which converged the platforms of Inquirer in print, smartphone and smartwatch. The redesign was done in collaboration with Dr. Mario Garcia of Garcia Media; the Philippine Daily Inquirer annually names a Filipino of the Year, honoring a Filipino who has made the most positive impact on the life of the nation. Inquirer Compact Inquirer Libre Isagani Yambot - Publisher of the Philippine Daily Inquirer from 1994 to 2012 Letty Jimenez Magsanoc - longest-serving and first woman editor-in-chief Rina Jimenez-David - columnist Media Ownership Monitor Philippines - Media Companies: A Duopoly Rules by VERA Files and Reporters Without Borders Media Ownership Monitor Philippines - Print by VERA Files and Reporters Without Borders

Aldo Leão Ramírez

Aldo Leao Ramírez Sierra is a Colombian footballer who plays for Rionegro Águilas. He holds Mexican citizenship. Ramírez made his debut with Santa Fe of his home country of Colombia and played for Atlético Nacional where he helped the team capture back-to-back league titles. In 2008 Leão moved to Mexican club Monarcas Morelia, the club where he has spent for the majority of his career. Ramírez has helped Morelia win the 2010 North American SuperLiga and the Apertura 2013 Copa MX. After the departure of goalkeeper Federico Vilar before the Clausura 2014 season, Ramírez was named captain of Morelia by manager Carlos Bustos. Ramírez has represented Colombia both at senior level. Ramírez made his debut for the Colombia national football team in 2002 in a friendly against Honduras. Ramírez first goal for Colombia came in a 3–2 loss against England in 2005. Ramírez began his career with Santa Fe of his home country of Colombia where he made his debut in 1999. In his first year as a professional, Santa Fe reached the final of the 1999 Copa Merconorte where they faced América de Cali.

At age 18, Ramírez played the full 90 minutes of the first leg while he started the second leg but was substituted at half time by David Hernandez. Santa Fe would end up losing the final 5–3 on penalty kicks; the following year, Ramírez helped Santa Fe finish second in the 2000 Campeonato colombiano season with 74 points, Ramírez appeared in 36 games and scored three goals. In the 2001 season, Leão helped Santa Fe end seventh; when the Campeonato colombiano adapted the short tournament, Ramírez appeared in the majority of the games as Santa Fe ended second in the first short tournament in 2002 but the team failed to end in the top eight of the Campeonato colombiano for the next five short tournaments. In the Apertura 2005 season, Ramírez helped Santa Fe end in the top 8 for the first time since the Apertura 2002 season as the team ended in second. Santa Fe won Group B of the semifinals with 12 points one point over Envigado and advanced to the league final against Atlético Nacional. Ramírez played the full 90 minutes in the first leg as the teams drew 0–0 at Santa Fe's Estadio El Campín.

Ramírez was substituted out in the 73 minute with the score still tied 0–0 but six minutes Carlos Alberto Díaz scored and Oscar Echeverry three minutes as Atlético Nacional won 2–0 on aggregate. During the off-season, Ramírez moved to Atlético Nacional, the club who defeated Santa Fe in the league final just the previous season and the club where Ramírez spent his youth years. Ramírez first season at his new club did not go well as Atlético Nacional ended eleventh place and missed out of the semifinal stage, three spots lower than his former club Santa Fe who did qualify to the semifinals stage. Injuries in 2006 limited Ramírez to appear in 21 matches in both seasons' tournaments as Atlético Nacional ended both seasons in the top eight but did not win their respective groups in the semifinals stage. In 2006, Ramírez made his Copa Libertadores debut in a 3–2 loss against Palmeiras, Ramírez was substituted by Héctor Hurtado in the 81st minute. To start out the Apertura season Atlético Nacional stayed undefeated in the first five games, Ramírez started the first two matches as Nacional won both but was relegated to the bench the following three.

Ramírez returned to the starting line up in the sixth match against Deportivo Cali but Nacional lost 2–0. His first goal of the season came in a 2–2 draw against Independiente Medellín in week nine. Nacional ended third place with 32 points as Ramírez appeared in the majority of the matches that season either as a substitute or a starter. Ramírez was a big part of Nacional winning the semifinals Group A, he appeared in every match including the 3–2 victory over Boyacá Chico in the final match, which secured them a place in the final against Atlético Huila, the team ended with 13 points two over Deportivo Cali who drew with Ramírez former club Santa Fe 1–1 in the final match. In the first leg, Nacional won 1–0 with a goal by Carmelo Valencia at Atlético Huila's Estadio Guillermo Plazas Alcid, Ramírez played 89 minutes as he was substituted by Carlos Alberto Díaz. At Nacional's home stadium, Nacional secured the title with a 2–1 victory, Ramírez was considered a crucial player for Nacional during their championship campaign.

Ramírez debuted in the Torneo Finalización season until the second match as he helped his team defeat Santa Fe 2–0, the team drew 0–0 with La Equidad in the first match. Nacional went undefeated in the first eight games of league and the 2007 Copa Sudamericana, Ramírez played in seven out of the eight matches; the team's first defeat came in week six in a home loss against Cúcuta Deportivo. Nacional would end up in first place with 38 points with Ramírez being in the starting eleven. In the first match of the semifinal group stage, Nacional defeated Once Caldas 1–0, Ramírez was sent off in the 91st minute after an argument with an official. After returning from suspension, Ramírez started the match against América de Cali but Nacional lost 2–1. Nacional advanced to their second straight final when on the final day of the semifinal group stage Nacional and Once Caldas drew 0–0, the club ended with 11 points, one above América de Cali who drew with Cúcuta Deportivo. Nacional faced La Equidad in the final, Ramírez played the full 90 minutes as the club won the first leg 3–0.

Back at their home ground Nacional and La Equidad drew 0–0, Ramírez played the full game as he and Nacional won their second straight league title. Once again Ramírez was considered as one of the most important players from Nacional's title run. On 20 December 2007 it was announced Ramírez was transferred to Mexican club Monarcas Morelia, one day after w

Henley branch line

The Henley Branch Line is a branch railway line between Twyford in Berkshire and Henley-on-Thames in Oxfordshire. It was built by the Great Western Railway in 1857. Train services are provided by the present day Great Western Railway train operating company; the railway provides access to the River Thames and the Thames Path and is used during the Henley Royal Regatta. It is sometimes referred to as the Regatta Line, was branded as such by First Great Western and Oxfordshire County Council in 2006. At periods other than the Regatta, many of the line's users are commuters to London, students attending the nearby Henley College. From a junction with the Great Western Main Line at Twyford railway station, the line turns north and goes under the A4 main road. From there, the line crosses the River Thames into Oxfordshire and proceeds to Shiplake, the second stop on the line, it continues to the town of Henley-on-Thames, where the line terminates. The speed limit is 50 mph along most of line, except for the Shiplake bridge, 30 mph for multiple units, the approach to Twyford, 25 mph.

This line is 4 1⁄2 miles long and is not electrified. Electrification of the branch was announced in July 2012 and was started in April 2015; this is in conjunction with the electrification of the Great Western Main Line. It was announced on 8 November 2016 that the electrification of the branch was being delayed, without a revised forecast date; the current passenger train service pattern on the line provides trains at about 30 minute intervals off peak with two through trains, one up and one down, to and from London. The best time is 45 minutes; the first train out from Henley is at 06:06 and the last train home at 00:15. The Saturday service is half-hourly until around 19:00, after which an hourly service is operated; this is the case with the Sunday services, with half-hourly services until 18:45. Additional services are provided during Henley Regatta with longer trains. All services are operated by 165/166 Turbo diesel multiple units. Upon completion of electrification, Class 387 trains will be used, while the Turbos will be displaced to other parts of the GWR network.

Henley had long flourished due to its location on the River Thames, the road bridge there which formed a focus of road traffic. By the seventeenth century it was an established coaching stop, it was only in the railway age that the dominance of the town was brought into question; the Great Western Railway opened its main line as far as a temporary wooden terminus at Twyford on 1 July 1839, extending to Reading on 30 March 1840. Twyford was the nearest station to Henley, but customary transport routes using the River Thames continued in use for the time being. Meanwhile a number of railway schemes to connect the town were put forward, but the most realistic was from the Great Western Railway itself, after a rejection in the 1846 session of Parliament, a Bill for the branch line was passed on 22 July 1847, it is that the Great Western Railway proposed the branch line as a tactical measure to exclude proposed railways from what was their intended exclusive area of influence. The financial situation became difficult in the following years with money difficult to raise, lessening GWR's desire to build the line.

In 1852 the possibility of incursion by competing companies was again in evidence and the powers for construction were due to expire in 1854, so the GWR made application for an extension of time. Interested parties in Henley were growing impatient at the lack of progress toward connecting their town to the railway network, a meeting was held on 28 October 1852, chaired by the Mayor of Henley, at which it was urged that the railway should be built without delay. A deputation went to Paddington to press the matter with the Chairman of the GWR, the outcome of that meeting was that the GWR agreed to build the line if the townspeople themselves contributed £15,000. A subscription list was opened and about half the required subscription was taken; this risked delay while the line was resurveyed, time was tight to achieve deposition of a Bill in the 1853 session. Accordingly it was agreed that the intended route should be held to; the Bill for time extension was presented to Parliament and it received the Royal Assent on 4 August 1853.

The line was to be a single line, although bridges and earthworks were to be constructed for doubling. The track gauge was to be the broad gauge, consistent with the main line at Twyford. Colonel Yolland of the Board of Trade carried out the necessary inspection for approval for opening, on 25 May 1857; the condition of the line was good, except that the station buildings were incomplete and a turntable was still to be finished, Yolland recommended that approval for opening be given, subject to the use of tank engines in the absence of the turntable, the adoption of one engine in steam working, There was a separate bay platform for branch tr

Environmental impact of fashion

The fashion industry is one of the major polluting industries in the world. The production and distribution of the crops and garments used in fashion all contribute to differing forms of environmental pollution, including water and soil pollution; the textile industry is the second greatest polluter of local freshwater in the world. Some of the main factors that contribute to this industrial caused pollution are the vast overproduction of fashion items, the use of synthetic fibers, the agriculture pollution of fashion crops; the amount of new garments bought by Americans has tripled since the 1960s. This exponential increase causes the need for more resources, the need for a speedier process from which clothes are produced. One of the main contributors to the rapid production of pollution is the rapid production of clothes due to the rapid consumption of customers; every year the world as a whole consumes more than 80 billion items of clothing. Those clothes contribute to resource pollution and waste pollution, due to the fact that most of these items will one day be thrown out.

People are consuming more and they want it for cheaper prices. And the companies producing these cheap items who are making a profit want the clothes as fast as possible, this creates a trend called fast fashion. Fast fashion is "an approach to the design and marketing of clothing fashions that emphasizes making fashion trends and cheaply available to consumers." The idea is that speedy mass production combined with cheap labor will make clothes cheaper for those buying them, thus allowing these fast fashion trends to maintain economic success. The main concern with fast fashion is the clothes waste. According to the Environmental Protection Agency 15.1 million tons of textile clothing waste was produced in 2013 alone. When textile clothing ends up in landfills the chemicals on the clothes, such as the dye, can cause environmental damage by leaching the chemicals into the ground; the excess waste contributes to the issue of using so many sites just to store waste and garbage. When unsold clothes are burned, it releases CO2 into the atmosphere.

As per a World Resources Institute report, 1.2 billion tons of CO2 is released in the atmosphere per year by fast fashion industry. In 2019, it was announced that France was making an effort to prevent companies from this practice of burning unsold fashion items. Now that there is continuous increase in the amount of clothing, consumed, another issue that arises is that the clothing is no longer made from natural materials/crops. Clothing used to be produced by "natural fibers" such as wool, cotton or silk. Now there is a switch from natural fibers to inexpensive synthetic textile fibers such as polyester or nylon. Polyester is one of the most popular fibers used in fashion today, it is found in about 60% of garments in retail stores, about 21.3 million tons of polyester. The popularity of polyester keep increasing as well, seeing as there was a 157 percent increase of polyester clothing consumption from 2000 to 2015. Synthetic polyester is made from a chemical reaction of coal, petroleum and water two of which are fossil fuels.

When coal is burned it creates heavy amounts of air pollution containing carbon dioxide. When petroleum is used it creates several air pollutants such as particulate matter, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide; the creation of polyester creates pollution, as well as its finished project. Polyester is "non-biodegradable" meaning it can never be converted to a state, found in the natural world. Due to all of the time and resources it takes to make polyester and it never being able to revert to a state that can contribute to any natural nutrient cycles polyester can be considered energy intensive with no net gain; when polyester clothing is washed micro plastics are shedding and entering the water system, leading to micro pollution in water ways, including oceans. Due to the micro pollutants small size it is easy for fish within waterways to absorb them in their body fat; the fish can be consumed by humans, these humans will absorb the polyester micro pollutants in the fish in a process called biomagnification.

While it has been stated that synthetic fibers are having a negative impact on the environment, natural fibers contribute to pollution through agricultural pollution. Cotton production requires a large amount of pesticides and water use. Cotton is considered the world's dirtiest crop. Two of the main ingredients in pesticides are phosphates; when the pesticides leak into stream systems surrounding the cropland the nitrates and phosphates contribute to water eutrophication. Water eutrophication is an environmental phenomenon that causes a depletion of oxygen when the nutrient overload from pesticides causes a boom in plant growth and death. Wool is made from the fur of sheep and sheep are ruminants hence producing methane; the same problem exists for leather. For temperate zones, linen is considered a better alternative. Hemp seem a good choice. Textile made from seaweed is on the horizon; as an alternative to leather, biofabricated leather would be a good choice. Sustainable fashion Milkweed Stinging nettle


Bosquito is a Romanian rock band formed in Brașov in the year 1999. The group's current line-up consists of vocalist/guitarist Radu Almășan, drummer Dorin Țapu, guitarist Ciprian Pascal, bassist Mircea “Burete” Preda; the band is well known for infusing their songs with diverse influences, including Gypsy music, balkan and elements of symphonic music. The group has released 5 albums to date with several top-charting singles including "Pepita", "Marcela", "Bosquito", "Hopa Hopa", the ballad "Două Mâini", which reached #1 in the Romanian Top 100 and remains one of the most celebrated love songs in Romanian music. In 2005, the band entered a hiatus on the Romanian market while relocating to the United States. In 2011 Radu Almășan made a comeback as Bosquito with a brand-new lineup launching their first single in 6 years: "Când Îngerii Pleacă", releasing a new album, Babylon in 2014. Bosquito was formed in Brașov at the initiative of singer Radu Almășan, who dropped out of college in his freshman year to dedicate himself to the new band.

The first lineup consisted of Victor "Solo" Solomon on guitar, Victor "Vichi" Stephanovici on bass, Mișu Constantinescu on keyboards, Darius Neagu on drums. Their first demo, containing an early version of the song "Spune Da!", was pitched to MediaPro Music. The label requested a second demo, which included an early version of "Pas cu Pas", a song that would go on to become their first single and music video. By May 2000, Bosquito played their first show at the Propaganda Pro FM festival, the biggest concert in Romania at the time, they were subsequently signed to Mediapro Music. Their self-titled debut album was recorded in Bucharest and released on September 1, 2000. Two singles were released from this album: "Pas cu Pas", released concomitantly with the album on September 1, "Țigano" released in Spring 2001; the singles propelled Bosquito into the Romanian touring circuit, with rotation on music television channels, but not on radio. The band became a live phenomenon. Numerous Romanian music publications regarded the band as the best new live act of 2001.

The song "Pas cu Pas" was included on Mediapro's "A Fost Vara Ispitelor", a compilation of that year's best songs. Following the positive reaction of the self-titled debut album, Bosquito began working on new material in the summer of 2001, they recorded and filmed the music video for their next single "Pepita", a Mexican-folk cover with Romanian lyrics that Radu would sing during his childhood. The song was their first radio hit and the rotation of the music video on ProTV would make the band popular all over Romania. Pepita was to be included on the band's next album Sar Scântei, released on June 9, 2002; the album spawned two more singles, accompanied by music videos, that were released to popular and critical acclaim. First the balkanic-influenced "Hopa Hopa" followed by "Doua Mâini", a love song that would represent Bosquito's commercial peak to date. Doua Mâini became #1 on the Romanian Top 100, has since become a staple for the band's live performances, remains one of the most celebrated Romanian love songs.

By 2003, the band began considering an international career with a move to the United States. Under these circumstances, drummer Darius Neagu would decide to leave the band, being replaced by Radu Buzac. Due to their dissatisfaction regarding the audio quality of a few songs on the debut album, the band decided to re-record some of them, plus 3 bonus covers. Bosquito recorded their first song in English "Running From You" and decided to release a compilation that included the re-recorded songs, the covers, the new song; the compilation was named Cocktail Molotov and was released in October 2003. The single from this album "Bosquito" got significant airplay on TV stations. A few weeks before the album's release the band suffered another line-up change, with Radu Buzac being replaced by Andrei Cebotari. In a interview for Formula AS, lead singer Radu Almășan stated that the band would rather have a rock drummer than a jazz-trained one such as Buzac; the band felt that Andrei Cebotari, former drummer of Zdob Si Zdub, integrated much better with its musical direction.

At this time, the group decided to include long-time collaborator, percussionist Mario Apostol, as an official member. In February 2003, in a ceremony held at "Teatrul Sică Alexandrescu" in Brașov, Bosquito received the "Brașoveanul Anului award by vote of the readers of "Monitorul Expres", they were given the award by the then-vice mayor of Brașov: George Scripcaru. Bosquito ended the ceremony with a concert. Following numerous concerts in the previous year, the band decided to take a break from touring and rented a cabin in the mountains where they would spend the month of January 2004 focusing on writing for the next album. Upon returning and discovering that MediaPro's managerial staff had been changed by the owners and feeling insecure with the label's new direction, Bosquito decided to leave MediaPro and signed a new record deal with Cat Music / Media Services. In Spring 2004, Radu Almășan, the band's main composer, signed the band's catalogue to EMI Publishing. Subsequently, the band started recording the new album in Bucharest, decided to title it Fărâme Din Soare.

The album was released in August 2004, with the first single "Marcela" being a bold change of style, including elements of punk. The song was ignored by the majority of radio stations

Ainsi parla Zarathoustra (Boulez)

Ainsi parla Zarathoustra is incidental music composed by Pierre Boulez in October 1974 for the theatre Renaud-Barrault. Boulez scored the work for an instrumental ensemble, it was first performed at the Théâtre d'Orsay in Paris on 6 November 1974. Sketches and scores are kept by the Foundation Paul Sacher in Basel, while images and films of the production are in the Bibliothèque nationale de France. Jean-Louis Barrault, the director of the theatre company, created a scenic version of Nietzsche's Also sprach Zarathustra and requested music from Boulez with whom he had collaborated for years. Boulez was from 1945 to 1955 musical director of the company and conducting incidental music and writing some himself. In 1954/55 Boulez had composed incidental music for the Oresteia in three parts, directed by Barrault; the as for Ainsi parla Zarathoustra, Barrault wrote detailed instructions for the music, which Boulez considered and followed. While the French text based on Nietzsche's work by Georges-Arthur Goldschmidt was printed in 1972, a version with Barrault's additional instructions was published by Gallimard in the series Le Manteau d'Arlequin in 1975.

The production was first performed at the Théâtre d'Orsay in Paris on 6 November 1974. The music remains unpublished. Nietzsche's text has inspired several composers. Gustav Mahler based the slow movement of his Third Symphony on the "Lied der Nacht". Richard Strauss composed the symphonic poem Also sprach Zarathustra. Wolfgang Rihm's Third Symphony drew on Nietzsche's text for inspiration as well. Boulez was interested in the episode "L'éternel retour" for which he composed music, described as at the same time static and moving forward. On a foundation of static sounds, little ornaments in flutes and oboes arise, coloured by similar motifs in harp and piano. Taking "retour" the music is heard before Part 3, which has the scene for which Barrault requested it, several more times throughout Part 3 as a Leitmotiv. Other sections, marked by letters and numbers, can be repeated flexibly. Zenck, Martin. Pierre Boulez und das Musiktheater des 20. Jahrhunderts. Studien zur Avantgarde. Würzburg: University of Würzburg.

ISBN 0-674-66740-9. Pierre Boulez / Ainsi parla Zarathoustra / musique de scène pour voix et ensemble instrumental IRCAM