Philippine five peso note
The Philippine five-peso note is a denomination of Philippine currency. Philippine president Emilio Aguinaldo is featured on the front side of the bill and this banknote was circulated until the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas stopped printing this denomination in 1996 and was replaced by coins. 1903, Philippine Islands issued silver certificates, Features a portrait of William McKinley. 1908, Banco Español Filipino issued notes,1937, Philippine Commonwealth issued treasury certificate. Features the portraits of William McKinley and George Dewey on both sides of the obverse and this series were overprinted with the word VICTORY on the reverse after the liberation of the Philippines under Japanese rule in 1944. Features a farmer in a forest on the right of the obverse, another version, this time featuring the Rizal Monument on the right of the obverse, was released in 1944. The banknotes ceased to be legal tender after the liberation, Aguinaldo first appeared on the five peso bill upon the release of the New Design series notes in 1985.
1951, English series, Features the portraits of Marcelo H. Del Pilar and Graciano Lopez-Jaena, the reverse features the official newspaper of the propaganda movement, the La Solidaridad. 1969, Pilipino series, Andres Bonifacio replaced the portraits of Del Pilar, the note is now predominantly green in color. On the reverse, it now features the scenario of how to be a member of Katipunan through signing a contract by their own blood and this design was used when the Bagong Lipunan series was released in 1973. 1972, Ang Bagong Lipunan series, The Ang Bagong Lipunan text was added and was overprinted on the watermark area,1985, New design series, The bill was completely redesigned and Emilio Aguinaldo replaced Bonifacio in this series. The NHCP historical marker in the Barasoain Church along with a cannon can be seen on the side of the obverse. On the reverse, a scene from the Declaration of the Philippine Independence is featured and this was previously featured on the reverse of the Ang Bagong Lipunan series two peso banknote.
1993, After the creation of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas,1996, The printing of this banknote was stopped after the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas released the new ₱5 coin denomination that coincided the launching of the Improved Flora and Fauna series coins. Also, it is due to the release of the new BSP series five peso coin, existing banknotes remained legal tender and are scheduled to be demonetized on April 1,2017 after the release of the New Generation series bills in 2010. The overprint features the seal of the Philippine President with the words PAGDALAW NG PANGULONG CORAZON C, AQUINO SA AMERIKA and the date SET. Canonization of Lorenzo Ruiz, The overprint features the first Filipino saint named San Lorenzo Ruiz with the words KANONISASYON NG PINAGPALANG SAN LORENZO RUIZ, 40th anniversary of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, BSP released the overprint in commemoration of its 40th anniversary. It is printed in red, has the words IKA-40 ANIBERSARYO and BANGKO SENTRAL NG PILIPINAS - 1949-1989, commemoration of Womens rights, The overprint features a portrait of a woman holding a Philippine flag and around it has the words KABABAIHAN PARA SA KAUNLARAN -1990
Pampanga or Pampaŋga is a province in the Central Luzon region of the Philippines. Its capital is the City of San Fernando, Angeles City, while geographically within Pampanga, is classified as a first-class, highly urbanized city and is governed independently of the province. The name La Pampanga was given by the Spaniards, who encountered natives living along the banks of the Pampanga River and its creation in 1571 makes it the first Spanish province on Luzon Island. The town of Villa de Bacolor in the province served as the Spanish colonial capital when Great Britain invaded Manila as part of the Seven Years War. Pampanga is served by Clark International Airport, which is in Clark Freeport Zone, the province is home to two Philippine Air Force airbases, Basa Air Base in Floridablanca and the former United States Clark Air Base in Angeles City. By 2015, the province has 2,198,110 inhabitants, ancient Pampangas territorial area included portions of the modern provinces of Tarlac, Zambales, Nueva Ecija and Bulacan.
Pampanga was re-organized as a province by the Spaniards on December 11,1571, due to excessive abuses committed by some encomenderos, King Philip II of Spain in 1574 prohibited the further awarding of private estates, but this decree was not fully enforced until 1620. The encomiendas of La Pampanga at that time had eighteen thousand six hundred, which is about 850 square miles in area and inhabited by more than 1.5 million people, had its present borders drawn in 1873. During the Spanish regime it was one of the richest Philippine provinces and its surrounding region were primarily dependent on Kapampangan agricultural and forestry products as well as on the supply of skilled workers. As other Luzon provinces were created due to increases in population, during the 17th century, The Dutch recruited men from Pampanga as mercenaries who served the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army, known as Papangers part of the larger Mardijkers community. Their legacy can be found in North Jakarta, there are few traces of their descendants, except for a small community in Kampung Tugu.
The old Pampanga towns of Aliaga, Gapan, San Antonio, the municipality of San Miguel de Mayumo of Pampanga was yielded to the province of Bulacan in the same provincial boundary configuration in 1848. However, in 1873, the four towns were returned to Pampanga. On December 8,1941, Japanese planes bombed Clark Air Base marking the beginning of the invasion of Pampanga, between 1941 and 1942, occupying Japanese forces began entering Pampanga. The establishment of the general headquarters and military camp bases of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was active from 1935 to 1946. The Philippine Constabulary was active from 1935 to 1942 and 1944 to 1946 in the province of Pampanga. S. military forces fight the Imperial Japanese armed forces. The June 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo displaced a number of people with the submersion of whole towns. Pampanga covers a area of 2,002.20 square kilometres occupying the south-central section of the Central Luzon region
The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean. It consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south, Luzon and Mindanao, the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 square kilometers, and it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. As of 2013, approximately 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelagos earliest inhabitants and they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Chinese, Malay and Islamic nations occurred, various competing maritime states were established under the rule of Datus, Sultans or Lakans.
The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization, in 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Roman Catholicism becoming the dominant religion, during this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, since then, the Philippines has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution. It is a member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.
It hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank, the Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain. Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte, eventually the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other such as Islas del Poniente. The official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history, during the Philippine Revolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic. From the 1898 Treaty of Paris, the name Philippines began to appear, since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. The metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago is the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date and this distinction previously belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago.
Negritos were among the archipelagos earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated, there are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos
Nueva Ecija is a landlocked province in the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is the city of Palayan, Nueva Ecija borders, from the south clockwise, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Nueva Vizcaya and Aurora. Nueva Ecija was named by the Spanish colonizers after the city of Ecija, the sprawling and varied geological features of the land now known as Nueva Ecija, includes plains and rivers, all the requisites for the birth and sustenance of life itself. The lands very first settlers came upon three mountain ranges to the East and West and vast southern plains. All these were sustained by a flowing river, one whose earliest name was spoken in a now lost tongue. The Great Pampanga River nourished wild, fruit-bearing trees, served as home to an abundance of fish and made possible lush, teeming woodlands that sheltered animals. All these combined must have been paradise in whatever language for the lands earliest settlers and these first settlers included tribes of Ilongots or Italons and Buquids.
Settlements were built along the following the rivers undulations. The Ilongots, meaning people of the forest, were the fierce headhunters and animist tribes who occupied Carranglan, the head hunting communities were nestled along the riverbanks of Rio Grandes tributaries in the north. Abaca and Italon were subgroups of Ilongots meaning river settlers, Ilongots survived mainly by fishing and hunting. Food production was a secondary occupation, the agriculture-based community of Caraclans and Buquids were settled in Bongabon and Pantabangan along the riverbanks of Rio Grandes tributaries in the northeast. When the waves of Malay migrations took place between 300-200 B. C. intrepid travelers and traders set up settlements along Luzons western coast and these early settlements formed the nucleus of the Pampango Empire that was consolidated by Balagtas. The flatlands of the portion of Upper Pampanga was a hospitable place for these new Malay settlers. The indigenous tribes were forced to take to the hills in the face of the Malays superior technology, barter trade flourished among communities that settled along the great river.
The constant riverside trading resulted in both a commercial and cultural exchange between the settlements in vast plains upstream of the Rio Grande de Pampanga, settlements in Carranglan, Pantabangan and Puncan prospered and grew into more stable communities. The Kingdom of Tondo, headed from what is now central Manila, invaded the area, more areas in northern Nueva Ecija were absorbed by the Kingdom of Tondo, to a point where even present-day Nueva Viscaya was conquered by Tondo. Even the northwest areas of Nueva Ecija, which was ruled by the Kaboloan of Pangasinan, was captured by Tondo, when the Spanish arrived in Manila and destroyed the territorial powers of the Tondo monarchy, much of Nueva Ecija became a de facto free land. At the time, the Pampango crown has waned and had little resistance from Spanish invasion and their forces passed through the settlement areas of the Upper Pampanga River
Laguna, officially known as the Province of Laguna, is a province in the Philippines located in the Calabarzon region in Luzon. Its capital is Santa Cruz and the province is situated southeast of Metro Manila, south of the province of Rizal, west of Quezon, north of Batangas, Laguna hugs the southern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. As of the 2015 census, the total population is 3,035,081. Laguna is notable as the birthplace of Jose Rizal, the national hero. Laguna de Bay, in turn, was named after the town of Bay, captain Juan de Salcedo with a band of one hundred Spanish-Mexican soldiers conquered the province and its surrounding regions for Spain in 1571. Seven years later, two Franciscan friars started the work of Christianization, in 1577, the Franciscan missionaries arrived in Manila, and in 1578 they started evangelizing Laguna, Morong and the Bicol Peninsula. Juan de Plasencia and Diego de Oropesa were the earliest Franciscans sent to these places, from 1580, the towns of Bay, Majayjay, Liliw, Santa Cruz, Lumban and Siniloan were founded.
In 1678, Fray Hernando Cabrera founded San Pablo de los Montes and built a wooden church, in 1670, delimitation of borders were made between Lucban and Cavite. The populous town at that time was Bay, the capital of the province until 1688, when the seat of the government was moved to Pagsanján. In 1754, the Province of Laguna and Tayabas were divided, with the Malinao River separating the towns of Majayjay, the province became a bloody battle ground for the Chinese during the two instances that they rose in revolt against Spain. In 1603, the Chinese made their last stand in the mountains of San Pablo, the natives of Laguna proved loyal to the Spanish crown during the British invasion when thousands rallied to its defense. For his heroism, San Juan was made a brigade commander, the peoples loyalty gradually degenerated into bitter hostility. Grave abuses by the colonizers, especially those of the clergy, in 1840 for instance, religious intolerance led the people of Majayjay, Bay, and Biñan to join the revolt of Hermano Pule of Lucban, Tayabas.
Laguna was exposed to the aspirations of its most famous son, Dr. José Rizal, the persecution of the Rizal family, along with their fellow landowners toward the end of the century further aggravated the situation. In 1896, thousands of inhabitants, especially of Bay, Los Baños, Magdalena, Santa Cruz, the ill-equipped revolutionaries fought the well-armed enemy until on August 31,1898, when the last Spanish garrison surrendered to the victorious patriots in Santa Cruz. The province was cleared of Spaniards, there had been only one respite, the Pact of Biak-na-Bato on December 14 to 15,1897. Laguna actively supported the First Philippine Republic proclaimed at Malolos on January 23,1899 and its two delegates to the Malolos Congress were Don Higino Benítez and Don Graciano Cordero, both natives of Pagsanján. Upon the outbreak of the Filipino-American War, Generals Juan Cailles and Paciano Rizal led the defense of Laguna until June 30,1901, Cailles became the first Filipino Governor of Laguna under the American flag
La Union, is a province in the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in the island of Luzon. Its capital is the city of San Fernando, which serves as the regional center of the whole Ilocos Region. The province is bordered by Ilocos Sur to the north, Benguet to the east, Pangasinan to the south, pangasinenses were the majority in the new province because most towns had been in the province of Pangasinan. On October 29,1849, Governor General Claveria issued a promovido to fuse the Pangasinan-Ilocos-Cordillera areas into La Union. On March 2,1850, Governor General Antonio Maria Blanco signed the Superior Decreto of La Union, isabella II of Spain decreed the provinces creation on April 18,1854. In 1661, Andres Malong failed to recover La Union from the Spaniards after the Battle of Agoo. In 1896, the people of La Union began a revolt against the Spaniards, the Americans collaborated with the Filipinos to end the Spanish. Dr. Lucino Almeida became the Presidente Provincial of the American regime, followed by the election of La Union’s first Civil Governor in 1901, on January 4,1945, La Union was liberated by the Battle of San Fernando and Bacsil Ridge.
La Union covers a area of 1,497.70 square kilometres occupying the central‑southern section of the Ilocos Region in Luzon. The province is bordered by Ilocos Sur to the north, Benguet to the east, Pangasinan to the south, La Union is 273 kilometres north of Metro Manila and 57 kilometres northwest of Baguio City. The land area of the province is 149,770 hectares, like most of the Ilocos Region, the province is squeezed in by the Cordillera mountain range to the east and the South China Sea to the west. La Union comprises 19 municipalities and 1 component city, all of which are organized into two legislative districts, La Union has a total of 576 barangays comprising its 19 municipalities and 1 city. The most populous barangay in the province is Sevilla in the City of San Fernando with a population of 10,612 in the 2010 census, if cities are excluded, Central East in the municipality of Bauang has the highest number of inhabitants, at 4,249. Caggao in Bangar has the lowest with only 170, the population of La Union in the 2015 census was 786,653 people, with a density of 530 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,400 inhabitants per square mile.
The province is predominantly Ilocano and Roman Catholic, communities of Pangasinans thrive mostly in the southwestern portion of the province while Cordillerans live in the Cordillera foothills. It is the first province in the Philippines to pass an ordinance protecting and revitalizing a native regional language, La Union is known for its softbroom industry. The economy is diversified with service and agricultural industries spread throughout the province, La Union has 333 public elementary schools,56 private elementary schools,79 public high schools,51 private secondary schools,20 Colleges and 5 State Universities. Just as the government, La Union provincial government is divided into three branches, executive and judiciary
Pangasinan is a province in the Philippines. Its official language is Pangasinan and its capital is Lingayen. Pangasinan is located on the area of the island of Luzon along the Lingayen Gulf. It has a land area of 5,451.01 square kilometres. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 2,956,726 people, the official number of registered voters in Pangasinan is 1,651,814. Pangasinan is the name for the province, the people, indigenous Pangasinan speakers are estimated to number at least 2 million. The Pangasinan language is one of the recognized regional languages in the Philippines. In Pangasinan, there were ethnic groups who enriched the cultural fabric of the province. Almost all of the people are Pangasinenses and the rest are descendants of Bolinao and Ilocano, Pangasinan is spoken as a second-language by many of the ethnic minorities in Pangasinan. The minority ethnic groups are the Bolinaos and the Ilocanos, at present it is pronounced Paŋgasinan based on the Spanish pronunciation due to their inability to utter or pronounce the nasal sound <nga> /ŋ/.
The province is a producer of salt in the Philippines. Its major products include bagoong and alamang Pangasinan was founded by Austronesian speakers who called themselves Anakbanwa by at least 2500 BC. A kingdom called Luyag na Caboloan, which expanded to much of northwestern Luzon. The Kingdom of Luyag na Kaboloan was known as the Wangdom of Pangasinan in Chinese records, the ancient kingdom of Luyag na Caboloan was in fact mentioned in Chinese and Indian records as being an important kingdom on ancient trade routes. Popular tourist attractions in Pangasinan include the Hundred Islands National Park in Alaminos City, Dagupan City is known for its Bangus Festival. Pangasinan is known for its delicious mangoes and ceramic oven-baked Calasiao puto, Pangasinan occupies a strategic geo-political position in the central plain of Luzon, known as the rice granary of the Philippines. Pangasinan has been described as a gateway to northern Luzon and as the heartland of the Philippines, the Pangasinan people, like most of the people in the Malay Archipelago, are descendants of the Austronesian-speakers who settled in Southeast Asia since prehistoric times.
Comparative genetics and archaeological studies locate the origin of the Austronesian languages in Sundaland, the Pangasinan language is one of many languages that belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian languages branch of the Austronesian languages family
Bacoor, officially the City of Bacoor, is a first-class urban component city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. It is a congressional district of Cavite and is the provinces gateway to Metro Manila. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 600,609 people, some accounts indicate that the city of Bacoor, named Bakood or Bakoor, was founded as pueblo or town in 1671. When Spanish troops first arrived in Bacoor, they met some local inhabitants in the process of building a fence around a house. The Spaniards pronounced it as bacoor which soon became the towns name, Bacoor was one of the flashpoints of the Cavite Mutiny of 1872. Bacoors parish priest at that time, Fr. Mariano Gómez, was one of the GOMBURZA trio implicated in the mutiny for advocating secularization of priesthood in the Philippines and he and the rest of GOMBURZA were executed at Bagumbayan in 1872. The death of the GOMBURZA served as the inspiration for Jose Rizals El Filibusterismo, during the Philippine Revolution against Spain in 1896, Bacoor was one of the first towns in Cavite to rise up.
A Katipunan chapter, codenamed Gargano, led by Gil Ignacio from barrio Banalo, started the hostilities in Bacoor on 2 September 1896, on 17 February 1897, General Emilio Aguinaldos 40, 000-strong force confronted a 20, 000-strong Spanish reinforcement at the Zapote River. The Katipuneros reinforced the southern bank of the river with trenches designed by Filipino engineer Edilberto Evangelista and they blew up the Zapote Bridge with explosives which killed several Spaniards crossing it and thereby preventing them from reaching Cavite and forcing them to retreat to Muntinlupa. Despite the Filipino victory, they lost the brilliant Evangelista who was killed in action, after the Spanish counteroffensive in May 1897, Bacoor and the rest of Cavite finally fell to the Spaniards, forcing Aguinaldo and his men to retreat to Biak-na-Bato. The Zapote Bridge became the site once again of another battle on 13 June 1899, an American force of 1,200 men supported by naval gunfire from the American squadron in Manila Bay crushed a 5, 000-strong Filipino force led by General Pío del Pilar.
Zapote Bridges special place in Philippine history is depicted today in Bacoors city seal, during World War II, in 1942, Japanese occupation forces entered Bacoor and other towns of Cavite province. From May 7,1942 to August 15,1945, many Caviteños joined the Cavite Guerrilla Unit and this group would eventually become the Filipino-American Cavite Guerrilla Forces. Colonel Francisco Guerrero and the FACGFs 2nd Infantry Regiment was put in charge of Japanese resistance in Bacoor, on 25 July 2011, President Benigno Simeon Aquino III signed into law Republic Act No.10160 creating the City of Bacoor. It was ratified through a plebiscite on 23 June 2012, wherein 36,226 of the towns 40,080 registered voters voted in favor of cityhood while those against were 3,854. With the incorporation of Bacoor as a city, it was divided into two districts, Bacoor West and Bacoor East. During the 2013 mid-term elections, the citizens of Bacoor voted for six councilors for each districts forming a 12-person city council, Bacoor is strategically located at the gateway to Metro Manila.
A sub-urban area, the city is located 15 kilometres southwest of Manila, on the shore of Manila Bay
Zambales is a province in the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region in the island of Luzon. Zambales borders Pangasinan to the north and Pampanga to the east, Bataan to the south, with a land area of 3,830.83 square kilometres, Zambales is the second largest among the seven provinces of Central Luzon. The province is noted for its mangoes, which are abundant from January to April, Zambales does not have a functional airport - the closest airport is Clark International airport. Subic Bay International Airport, which is located in Cubi Point in the Subic Bay Freeport Zone is no longer functional for international or domestic flights. The Freeport Zone is host to many tourist attractions include casinos, beach resorts, beachside huts and cottages. The provinces name came from the word zambal, which is a Hispanized term for Sambali, zambal refers to the language spoken by the early Austronesian inhabitants of the place. It could originated from the word Zambo a term used by the Spanish, the province is home to the Aetas, the aboriginal people of the Philippines who share afro-ethnic similarities.
The area now occupied by Zambales was first explored by the Spanish in 1572, among the earliest towns founded were Subic, Masinloc and Santa Cruz. Masinloc became the provinces first capital, the capital was moved among the last three towns above during its history before settling in Iba, due to its strategic location. Seven of the original northern towns, which included Bolinao, Infanta. The first civil governor of Zambales during the American era was Potenciano Lesaca from 1901-1903, Zambales lies on the western shores of Luzon island along the South China Sea. Its shoreline is rugged and features many coves and inlets, the Zambales Mountains in the eastern part of the province occupies about 60% of the total land area of Zambales. Subic Bay, at the end of the province, provides a natural harbor. The summit and crater lake of Mount Pinatubo lies within Botolan municipality in Zambales, near the tripoint of Zambales and this volcano, once considered dormant, erupted violently in 1991. The former summit of the volcano was obliterated by the eruption and replaced by a 2.5 km wide caldera, with an average depth of 800 m, Lake Pinatubo is the deepest lake in the Philippines.
The highest point of the rim is 1,485 m above sea level. A vast portion of the Zambales province acquired desert-like features in 1991, Zambales has two pronounced seasons, dry from October to June, and wet from July to September. Zambales comprises 13 municipalities and 1 highly urbanized city, which are divided into two legislative districts, Olongapo City is a highly urbanized city and administers itself autonomously from the province
Malolos, officially the City of Malolos, is a first class highly urbanized component city in the Philippines. Malolos is considered as the 115th city in the country and it is the capital city of the province of Bulacan as the seat of the provincial government. The city is 45 kilometres north of Manila, the city of the Philippines. Bordering Malolos are the municipalities of Bulakan to the southeast, Guiguinto to the east, Plaridel to the north, Calumpit to the northwest, Malolos lies on the north-eastern shore of Manila Bay. The convent of the Malolos Cathedral served as the palace at that time. Malolos gave birth to the first constitutional republic in Asia and it is one of the centers of education in Central Luzon region. Malolos, once the capital of the short-lived First Philippine Republic, is linked to many patriots, Lihan or Li Han was the ancient Chinese name for Malolos, whose leaders bore the title of Gat-sa-Lihan or Gatchalian meaning Ruler of Lihan under the Rajahs and Lacandolas of Tondo.
It was in 1225 that a Li Han in the country of Mai was mentioned in the account of Chau Ju-Kua titled Chu-Fan-Chi, the Ma-i is one among many Prehispanic Philippine States such as the Rajahnate of Butuan, the Kingdom of Tondo and the Sultanate of Maguindanao. In Mai, where Lihan is located, the richness of the soil and the convenience of its location made Lihan an important trading post for the native inhabitants, long economic trade relations must have resulted in many generations of Sino-Tagalogs, whose descendants are still omnipresent in Malolos. The innumerable Malolos families who bear Chinese-sounding surnames attest to these inter-marriages, another Pre-Spanish period identified with the old Malolos is from the accounts of the written testament of Pansomun, a royal native from Tabuñgao, Provincia de Calumpit. It was in his time that the Spanish conquest of Luzon happened, the testament was dated March 21,1589. In his testament, he mentioned the settlements and territories under their rule, Don Fernando wrote this testament in able to reclaim the privileges that the Spanish Crown had granted to the Lacandolas.
In April 5,1572 Legazpi merges the encomiendas of Malolos and Calumpit into an entity to form a new town of Calumpit with Juan Moron. On April 15,1572 Legaspi entrusted 6 villages along Atlag River, from the very beginning, Tagalog made up the majority of the Malolos populace although it was said that Malolos has its Capampangan origin. THE FIRST THEORY, The name of Malolos was presumably derived from the Tagalog word Paluslos, THE SECOND THEORY, Malolos was resulted from a misunderstanding among the first Spanish conquistadores who reached the town. Searching for inhabited places along the Calumpit river, these Conquistador came upon some natives of a riverside barrio and they asked for the name of the place. The natives, not knowing the Spanish tongue, answered paluslos, corruption of the word through the years led to present Malolos. THE THIRD THEORY, According to a written by Dr
The Philippine Revolution, called the Tagalog War by the Spanish, was a revolution and subsequent conflict fought between the people of the Philippines and the Spanish colonial authorities. The Philippine Revolution began in August 1896, when the Spanish authorities discovered Katipunan, the Katipunan, led by Andrés Bonifacio, was a liberationist movement whose goal was independence from Spain through armed revolt. The organization began to influence much of the Philippines, Bonifacio called for an attack on the capital city of Manila. This attack failed, the surrounding provinces began to revolt, in particular, rebels in Cavite led by Mariano Alvarez and Emilio Aguinaldo won early victories. A power struggle among the revolutionaries led to Bonifacios death in 1897, with command shifting to Aguinaldo and that year, the revolutionaries and the Spanish signed the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, which temporarily reduced hostilities. Aguinaldo and other Filipino officers exiled themselves in Hong Kong, the hostilities never completely ceased.
On April 21,1898, the United States launched a blockade of Cuba. On May 1, the U. S. Navys Asiatic Squadron, under Commodore George Dewey, decisively defeated the Spanish Navy in the Battle of Manila Bay, effectively seizing control of Manila. On May 19, unofficially allied with the United States, returned to the Philippines, by June, the rebels had gained control of nearly all of the Philippines, with the exception of Manila. On June 12, Aguinaldo issued the Philippine Declaration of Independence, although this signified the end date of the revolution, neither Spain nor the United States recognized Philippine independence. The Spanish rule of the Philippines officially ended with the Treaty of Paris of 1898, in the treaty, Spain ceded control of the Philippines and other territories to the United States. There was an uneasy peace around Manila, with the American forces controlling the city, in June 1899, the nascent First Philippine Republic formally declared war against the United States. The Philippines would not become an internationally recognized independent state until 1946, the main influx of revolutionary ideas came at the start of the 19th century, when the Philippines was opened for world trade.
In 1809, the first English firms were established in Manila, the Philippines had been governed from Mexico since 1565, with colonial administrative costs sustained by subsidies from the galleon trade. Increased competition with foreign traders brought the trade to an end in 1815. After its recognition of Mexican independence in 1821, Spain was forced to govern the Philippines directly from Madrid, at this point, post-French Revolution ideas entered the country through literature, which resulted in the rise of an enlightened principalia class in the society. The 1868 Spanish Revolution brought the rule of Queen Isabella II to an end. The autocratic government was replaced by a government led by General Francisco Serrano