Philippine eagle

The Philippine eagle known as the monkey-eating eagle or great Philippine eagle, is an endangered species of eagle of the family Accipitridae, endemic to forests in the Philippines. It has brown and white-coloured plumage, a shaggy crest, measures 86 to 102 cm in length and weighs 4.04 to 8.0 kg. It is considered the largest of the extant eagles in the world in terms of length and wing surface, with Steller's sea eagle and the harpy eagle being larger in terms of weight and bulk. Among the rarest and most powerful birds in the world, it has been declared the Philippine national bird, it is critically endangered due to massive loss of habitat resulting from deforestation in most of its range. Killing a Philippine eagle is punishable under Philippine law by up to 12 years in prison and heavy fines; the first European to study the species was the English explorer and naturalist John Whitehead in 1896, who observed the bird and whose servant, collected the first specimen a few weeks later. The skin of the bird was sent to William Robert Ogilvie-Grant in London in 1896, who showed it off in a local restaurant and described the species a few weeks later.

Upon its scientific discovery, the Philippine eagle was first called the monkey-eating eagle because of reports from natives of Bonga, where the species was first discovered, that it preyed on monkeys. The species name commemorates the father of John Whitehead. Studies revealed, that the alleged monkey-eating eagle ate other animals, such as colugos, large snakes, monitor lizards, large birds, such as hornbills. This, coupled with the fact that the same name applied to the African crowned eagle and the Central and South American harpy eagle, resulted in a presidential proclamation to change its name to Philippine eagle in 1978, in 1995 was declared a national emblem; this species has no recognized subspecies. Apart from Philippine eagle and monkey-eating eagle, it has been called the great Philippine eagle, it has numerous names in the many Philippine languages, including ágila, háribon, banog. Use of the name "Philippine eagle" in preference of "monkey-eating eagle" was the subject of an official government proclamation by Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos in 1978.

A study of the skeletal features in 1919 led to the suggestion that the nearest relative was the harpy eagle. The species was included in the subfamily Harpiinae until a 2005 study of DNA sequences which identified them as not members of the group, finding instead, that the nearest relatives are snake eagles, such as the bateleur; the species has subsequently been placed in the subfamily Circaetinae. The Philippine eagle's nape is adorned with brown feathers that form a shaggy, manelike crest; the eagle has a creamy-brown nape and crown. The back of the Philippine eagle is dark brown, while underwings are white; the heavy legs are yellow, with large, dark claws, the prominent, high-arched, deep beak is a bluish-gray. The eagle's eyes are blue-gray. Juveniles are similar to adults; the Philippine eagle is reported as measuring 86–102 cm in total length, but a survey of several specimens from some of the largest natural history collections in the world found the average was 95 cm for males and 105 cm for females.

Based on the latter measurements, this makes it the longest extant species of eagle, as the average for the female equals the maximum reported for the harpy eagle and Steller's sea eagle. The longest Philippine eagle reported anywhere and the longest eagle outside of the extinct Haast's eagle is a specimen from Field Museum of Natural History with a length of 112 cm, but it had been kept in captivity so may not represent the wild individuals due to differences in the food availability; the level of sexual dimorphism in size is not certain, but the male is believed to be about 10% smaller than the female, this is supported by the average length provided for males and females in one source. In many of the other large eagle species, the size difference between adult females and males can exceed 20%. For adult Philippine eagles, the complete weight range has been reported as 4.7 to 8.0 kg, while others have found the average was somewhat lower than the above range would indicate, at 4.5 kg for males and 6.0 kg for females.

One male was found to weigh 4.04 kg. The Philippine eagle has a wing chord length of 57.4 -- 61.4 cm. The maximum reported weight is surpassed by two other eagles and the wings are shorter than large eagles of open country, but are quite broad; the tarsus of the Philippine eagle ties as the longest of any eagle from 12.2 to 14.5 cm long, about the same length as that of the much smaller but long-legged New Guinea eagle. The large but laterally compressed bill rivals the size of Steller's sea eagle's as the largest bill for an extant eagle, its bill averages 7.22 cm in length from the gape. The tail is long at 42–45.3 cm, while another source lists a tail length of 50 cm. The most heard noises made by the Philippine eagle are loud, high-p

Electric City, Washington

Electric City is a city in Grant County, United States. The population was 968 at the 2010 census; the community was named for its proximity to the power source at Grand Coulee Dam. Electric City was incorporated on August 4, 1950. Dennis Oppenheim, artist Electric City is located at 47°55′51″N 119°02′10″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.34 square miles, of which, 1.70 square miles is land and 0.64 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 968 people, 447 households, 275 families residing in the city; the population density was 569.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 524 housing units at an average density of 308.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.0% White, 0.5% African American, 5.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.9% from other races, 7.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.0% of the population. There were 447 households of which 21.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 38.5% were non-families.

33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.71. The median age in the city was 50.5 years. 18.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 50.3 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 922 people, 382 households, 291 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,706.3 people per square mile. There were 420 housing units at an average density of 777.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.59% White, 0.22% African American, 7.05% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, 2.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.84% of the population. There were 382 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.8% were non-families.

20.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.74. In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 23.1% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 18.4% from 25 to 44, 33.9% from 45 to 64, 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $42,321, the median income for a family was $47,969. Males had a median income of $46,667 versus $20,288 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,388. About 11.6% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over


Sonogno is a municipality in the district of Locarno in the canton of Ticino in Switzerland. It is located in Valle Verzasca. Sonogno is first mentioned in 1200 as Sornono. In 1417 it was mentioned as Senognio. During the Middle Ages, Sonogno was part of the Vicinanza of Verzasca and shared the fate of the valley. From 1395 to 1843, it formed a single community with Frasco, it was part of the parish of Vogorno until 1519. It formed an independent parish in 1734; the parish church of St. Maria Loreto, is first documented in 1519, it was rebuilt in 1854 and decorated with paintings by Cherubino Patà. The local economy was based on grazing. During the summer, the cattle grazed in the high alpine pastures, in the winter the cows were moved to their winter pastures in the Magadino. Due to limited jobs, many of the residents emigrated and after about 1850, many went overseas. Decedents of residents of Sonogno can be found in nearly 40 different countries; the more recent exodus to urban centers, combined with emigration have caused a steady decline of population since the mid-nineteenth century.

The Museum of Verzasca was built in Sonogno in 1974. In 2005 the agricultural sector still offered 47% of jobs in the municipality. Sonogno has an area, as of 1997, of 37.52 square kilometers. Of this area, 0.42 km2 or 1.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 10.29 km2 or 27.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.13 km2 or 0.3% is settled, 0.74 km2 or 2.0% is either rivers or lakes and 19.7 km2 or 52.5% is unproductive land. Of the built up area and buildings made up 0.3% and transportation infrastructure made up 0.0%. Out of the forested land, 11.7% of the total land area is forested, while 12.2% is covered in small trees and shrubbery and 3.5% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 0.8% is used for growing crops. Of the water in the municipality, 0.2 % is in lakes and 1.8 % streams. Of the unproductive areas, 24.6 % is unproductive 27.9 % is too rocky for vegetation. The municipality is located in the Locarno district, Sonogno is the last village on the paved road through the Valley Verzasca.

All motor vehicles are required to park at the entrance to the village. It is located at an elevation of 918 m about 30 km from Locarno; the blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Argent a chamois sable statant and in base three mullets azure and one. Sonogno has a population of 86; as of 2008, 4.7% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of -15%; the village has its own language, a mixture of Latin and Celtic. The language of Sonogno is a dying language. 100 persons are known to speak it. Villagers speak Italian, an official Swiss language. Most of the population speaks Italian, with German being second most French being third. Of the Swiss national languages, 2 speak German, 2 people speak French, 80 people; the remainder speak another language. As of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 50.6 % female. The population was made up of 43 Swiss men, 1 non-Swiss men. There were 41 Swiss women, 4 non-Swiss women. In 2008 there was 1 live birth to Swiss citizens and 1 birth to non-Swiss citizens, in same time span there were 2 deaths of Swiss citizens.

Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens decreased by 1 while the foreign population increased by 1. The total Swiss population change in 2008 was a decrease of 2 and the non-Swiss population change was an increase of 2 people; this represents a population growth rate of 0.0%. The age distribution, as of 2009, in Sonogno is. Of the adult population, 3 people or 3.4 % of the population are between 29 years old. 11 people or 12.4% are between 30 and 39, 19 people or 21.3% are between 40 and 49, 13 people or 14.6% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 16 people or 18.0% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 10 people or 11.2% are between 70 and 79, there are 5 people or 5.6% who are over 80. As of 2000, there were 38 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.2 persons per household. In 2000 there were 127 single family homes out of a total of 147 inhabited buildings. There were 3 multi-family buildings. There were 7 buildings in the municipality that were multipurpose buildings.

The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2008, was 0%. In 2000 there were 159 apartments in the municipality; the most common apartment size was the 3 room apartment of which there were 53. There were 25 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 38 apartments were permanently occupied, while 120 apartments were seasonally occupied and 1 apartments were empty; as of 2007, the construction rate of new housing units was 0 new units per 1000 residents. The historical population is given in the following table: The entire village of Sonogno is designated as part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 28.16% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP, the