SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Phishing

Phishing is the fraudulent attempt to obtain sensitive information such as usernames and credit card details by disguising oneself as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication. Carried out by email spoofing or instant messaging, it directs users to enter personal information at a fake website which matches the look and feel of the legitimate site. Phishing is an example of social engineering techniques being used to deceive users. Users are lured by communications purporting to be from trusted parties such as social web sites, auction sites, online payment processors or IT administrators. Attempts to deal with phishing incidents include legislation, user training, public awareness, technical security measures; the word itself is a neologism created as a homophone of fishing. Phishing attempts directed at specific individuals or companies is known as spear phishing. In contrast to bulk phishing, spear phishing attackers gather and use personal information about their target to increase their probability of success.

Threat Group-4127 used spear phishing tactics to target email accounts linked to Hillary Clinton's 2016 presidential campaign. They attacked more than 1,800 Google accounts and implemented the accounts-google.com domain to threaten targeted users. The term whaling refers to spear phishing attacks directed at senior executives and other high-profile targets. In these cases, the content will be crafted to target an upper manager and the person's role in the company; the content of a whaling attack email may be an executive issue such as a subpoena or customer complaint. Clone phishing is a type of phishing attack whereby a legitimate, delivered, email containing an attachment or link has had its content and recipient address taken and used to create an identical or cloned email; the attachment or link within the email is replaced with a malicious version and sent from an email address spoofed to appear to come from the original sender. It may claim to be a resend of an updated version to the original.

This requires either the sender or recipient to have been hacked for the malicious third party to obtain the legitimate email. Most methods of phishing use some form of technical deception designed to make a link in an email appear to belong to the spoofed organization. Misspelled URLs or the use of subdomains are common tricks used by phishers. In the following example URL, http://www.yourbank.example.com/, it appears as though the URL will take you to the example section of the yourbank website. Another common trick is to make the displayed text for a link suggest a reliable destination, when the link goes to the phishers' site. Many desktop email clients and web browsers will show a link's target URL in the status bar while hovering the mouse over it; this behavior, may in some circumstances be overridden by the phisher. Equivalent mobile apps do not have this preview feature. Internationalized domain names can be exploited via IDN spoofing or homograph attacks, to create web addresses visually identical to a legitimate site, that lead instead to malicious version.

Phishers have taken advantage of a similar risk, using open URL redirectors on the websites of trusted organizations to disguise malicious URLs with a trusted domain. Digital certificates do not solve this problem because it is quite possible for a phisher to purchase a valid certificate and subsequently change content to spoof a genuine website, or, to host the phish site without SSL at all. Phishers have sometimes used images instead of text to make it harder for anti-phishing filters to detect the text used in phishing emails. In response, more sophisticated anti-phishing filters are able to recover hidden text in images using OCR; some phishing scams use JavaScript commands in order to alter the address bar of the website they lead to. This is done either by placing a picture of a legitimate URL over the address bar, or by closing the original bar and opening up a new one with the legitimate URL. An attacker can potentially use flaws in a trusted website's own scripts against the victim.

These types of attacks are problematic, because they direct the user to sign in at their bank or service's own web page, where everything from the web address to the security certificates appears correct. In reality, the link to the website is crafted to carry out the attack, making it difficult to spot without specialist knowledge; such a flaw was used in 2006 against PayPal. To avoid anti-phishing techniques that scan websites for phishing-related text, phishers sometimes use Flash-based websites; these hide the text in a multimedia object. Covert redirect is a subtle method to perform phishing attacks that makes links appear legitimate, but redirect a victim to an attacker's website; the flaw is masqueraded under a log-in popup based on an affected site's domain. It can affect OAuth OpenID based on well-known exploit parameters as well; this makes use of open redirect and XSS vulnerabilities in the third-party application websites. Users may be redirected to phishing websites covertly through malicious browser extensions.

Normal phishing attempts can be easy to spot because the malicious page's URL will be different from the real site link. For covert redirect, an attacker could use a

Walking After U

Walking After U is a South Korean female rock quartet based in Seoul, South Korea, formed in 2014 as a merger of Rubber Duckie and Swingz. Baek Haein 백해인 Kim Seonghee "Sunny" 김성희 Seo Ahyeon "A-zzang" 서아현 Cho Minyeong 조민영 Bae Mihye "Baemi" 배미헤 Song Jia 송지아 The band is a merger originating from a collaboration at the Girls' Rock Festival Season 6 between Rubber Duckie and Swingz. Rubber Duckie was led by technical guitarist Jia starting in the early 2000s, along with drummer Sunny. Rubber Duckie had attained much recognition as a strong female rock group, had released two singles and a full album. Swings was led by bassist Haein, along with drummer A-zzang. Swings received much critical acclaim and mainstream popularity when proceeding through several elimination rounds on'Top Band - Season 2'. Both Rubber Duckie and Swings were featured in episode "Breaking Down Our Prejudice" of Arirang TV's program "Rock on Korea" in July 2013. After the Girls' Rock Festival, much discussion by management of both bands, an agreement was reached to draw talent and form a single new band.

Walking After U drew from both bands' previous work, finding a new style. Many songs in the current repertoire still come from one of the previous bands' catalogs. After releasing their debut album, WAU toured South Korea extensively. Playing in clubs, coffee shops, concert venues, the band focused on building a wide fanbase. Following their Korean tour, they toured Japan and Taiwan as well. WAU is building their fan base. Kicking off their second East Asia tour in December 2014, they will promote album Unleash... in Japan, Taiwan and beyond. Unleash... September 20, 2014 Running Wild, 2016 Arirang, 2017 Official website ReverbNation page The person who manages this band. Police are investigating Kim Jae - seon, he is accused of sexual abuse. But he denies the charge. Here is a good article to refer to. Http://v.entertain.media.daum.net/v/20180528102704594

Italians in Finland

Finnish Italians are Finns who speak Italian, were born in Italy or are children of Italian immigrants. The number of Italians can only be measured in the number of Italian speakers, people born in Italy and their children, since Finland doesn't collect statistics on ethnicity. 67% of Finnish Italians are male and 33% are female. 51.3 % of Finnish Italians are employed, 9.5 % are 39.2 % are outside the labour force. There are over 200 Italian students in Finland, over 160 Italian entrepreneurs. 761 Italian men are in a registered relationship with a Finnish woman. In 2018: 1,133 Finns had a dual Italian citizenship 2,441 Finns had an Italian background 2,709 Finns had an Italian citizenship 2,857 Finns spoke Italian as their native language 2,956 Finns were born in Italy There are two prominent Italian organizations in Finland: Italialaisten yhdistys Suomessa -järjestö, established in 1990 and Finlandia-Italia r.y - kulttuuriseura, established in 1963. Marco Matrone, footballer Charles Bassi, architect Lauri Dalla Valle, former footballer Marco Parnela, former footballer Antonio Inutile, footballer Anna Falchi and actress Marco Casagrande, architect Manuela Bosco, actress Clara Petrozzi, violist Marco Matrone, footballer Monica Sileoni, retired artistic gymnast Janna Hurmerinta, singer Maarit Hurmerinta and musician Andreas Bernard, ice hockey goaltender Eugenio Giraldoni, operatic baritone Sara Negri, mathematical logician Egle Oddo, visual artist