Phnom Penh known as Krong Chaktomuk Serimongkul or shortly known as Krong Chaktomuk, is the capital and most populous city in Cambodia. Phnom Penh has been the national capital since French colonization of Cambodia, has grown to become the nation's economic and cultural center. Once known as the "Pearl of Asia," it was considered one of the loveliest French-built cities in Indochina in the 1920s. Phnom Penh, along with Siem Reap and Sihanoukville, are significant global and domestic tourist destinations for Cambodia. Founded in 1372, the city is noted for attractions, it became the national capital in 1434 following the fall of Angkor, remained so until 1497. It regained its capital status during the French colonial era in 1865. There are a number of surviving French colonial buildings scattered along the grand boulevards. On the banks of the Tonlé Sap and Bassac Rivers, Phnom Penh is home to more than 2 million people 14% of the Cambodian population. Phnom Penh takes its name from the present Wat Phnom.
Legend has it that in 1372, a wealthy widow named Lady Penh found a Koki tree floating down the Tonle Sap river after a storm. Inside the tree were four bronze Buddha statues and a stone statue of Vishnu. Daun Penh ordered villagers to raise the height of the hill northeast of her house and used the Koki wood to build a temple on the hill to house the four Buddha statues, a shrine for the Vishnu image lower down; the temple became known as Wat Phnom Daun Penh, now known as Wat Phnom, a small hill 27 metres in height. Phnom Penh's official name, in its short form, is Krong Chaktomok meaning "City of Four Faces". Krong Chaktomuk is an abbreviation of the full name, given by King Ponhea Yat, Krong Chaktomuk Mongkol Sakal Kampuchea Thipadei Serey Thereak Borvor Inthabot Borei Roth Reach Seima Maha Nokor; this loosely translates as "The place of four rivers that gives the happiness and success of Khmer Kingdom, the highest leader as well as impregnable city of the God Indra of the great kingdom"..
First recorded a century after it is said to have taken place, the legend of the founding of Phnom Penh tells of a local woman, living at Chaktomuk, the future Phnom Penh. It was the late 14th century, the Khmer capital was still at Angkor near Siem Reap 350 km to the north. Gathering firewood along the banks of the river, Lady Penh spied a floating koki tree in the river and fished it from the water. Inside the tree she found four Buddha statues and one of Vishnu; the discovery was taken as a divine blessing, to some a sign that the Khmer capital was to be brought to Phnom Penh from Angkor. To house the new-found sacred objects, Penh raised a small hill on the west bank of the Tonle Sap River and crowned it with a shrine, now known as Wat Phnom at the north end of central Phnom Penh. "Phnom" is Khmer for "hill" and Penh's hill took on the name of the founder, the area around it became known after the hill. Phnom Penh first became the capital of Cambodia after Ponhea Yat, king of the Khmer Empire, moved the capital from Angkor Thom after it was captured and destroyed by Siam a few years earlier.
There is a stupa behind Wat Phnom that houses the remains of Ponhea Yat and the royal family as well as the remaining Buddhist statues from the Angkorean era. In the 17th century, Japanese immigrants settled on the outskirts of present-day Phnom Penh. A small Portuguese community survived in Phnom Penh until the 17th century, undertaking commercial and religious activity in the country. Phnom Penh remained the royal capital for 73 years, from 1432 to 1505, it was abandoned for 360 years by subsequent kings due to internal fighting between the royal pretenders. Kings moved the capital several times and established their royal capitals at various locations in Tuol Basan, Longvek, Lavear Em and Oudong, it was not until 1866, under the reign of King Norodom I, the eldest son of King Ang Duong, who ruled on behalf of Siam, that Phnom Penh became the permanent seat of government and capital of Cambodia, where the current Royal Palace was built. Beginning in 1870, the French colonial authorities turned a riverside village into a city where they built hotels, prisons, banks, public works offices, telegraph offices, law courts, health services buildings.
In 1872, the first glimpse of a modern city took shape when the colonial administration employed the services of French contractor Le Faucheur to construct the first 300 concrete houses for sale and rental to Chinese traders. By the 1920s, Phnom Penh was known as the "Pearl of Asia", over the next four decades, Phnom Penh continued to experience rapid growth with the building of railways to Sihanoukville and Pochentong International Airport. Phnom Penh's infrastructure saw major modernisation under the rule of Sihanouk. During the Vietnam War, Cambodia was used as a base by the North Vietnamese Army and the Viet Cong, thousands of refugees from across the country flooded the city to escape the fighting between their own government troops, the NVA/NLF, the South Vietnamese and its allies, the Khmer Rouge, the America
The Hermosa Inn is a small boutique hotel located in the Phoenix suburb of Paradise Valley near 32nd Street and Camelback Road. Though not as well known as some of the larger resort hotels in Phoenix, the Hermosa Inn has been rated by AAA and Fodor's; the Hermosa Inn has been ranked #1 Hotel in the Southwest in 2017 and 2018 in the Conde Nast Traveler Readers' Choice Awards. Cowboy artist Alonzo "Lon" Megargee purchased 6 acres of land in what is now considered Paradise Valley in 1935, he built his studio of adobe bricks in the middle of the site and kept adding to it, calling his home Los Arcos and Casa Hermosa, meaning "beautiful house." Megargee had no formal plans for the building. Influenced by architecture he had studied in Spain and Mexico, he used old wooden beams from an abandoned mine and poured a mixture of oil and ash from the roof to age the exterior walls. Due to the extended length of the stays of many of his guests, Megargee began running a guest ranch to supplement his artist's income.
Local law enforcement suspected that Megargee used the ranch for illegal gambling, so he constructed a tunnel from the main building to the stables to provide an easy escape into the desert should the law make a surprise visit. The Hermosa Inn is haunted by the ghost of its original owner, Alonzo Megargee. Guests and hotel staff have reported seeing the lanky cowboy in the inn, he is believed to be the culprit behind toilets flushing on their own, he’s known to break glasses and bottles late at night. Staff have reported appearing as a shadow wearing a cowboy hat. Succeeding owners renamed the property Hermosa Inn, added a pool, tennis courts and villas. In 1987, a fire damaged the original building; the property was purchased by Fred and Jennifer Unger in 1992. Following restoration of the adobe walls, charred beams, ironwork in the main building, the property re-opened in 1994, again as the Hermosa Inn, with a restaurant - "Lon's at the Hermosa", named for Lon Megargee - occupying the original building.
In 1995 the Hermosa Inn was featured in Waiting to Exhale. Whitney Houston's character celebrates New Year's Eve in Lon's main dining room. In May 2015, the Ungers sold the resort to Allred Capital LLLP, a partnership led by Ron Allred and Mike Allred. While still retaining the historic charm of the original hacienda built by the cowboy artist as his home and studio, the Allreds have improved upon the overall guest experience for future generations by adding a new entryway, resort lobby, a renovation to the historic rancho casitas, an expansion to LON’s Last Drop and the addition of multiple casitas, bringing it to its current total of 43 accommodations; the Hermosa Inn Lon's at the Hermosa Historic Hotels of America
Cape Pole is a former census-designated place and populated place on the eastern shore of Fishermans Harbor, on the southwest coast of Kosciusko Island in Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area, Alaska. It was a thriving logging camp from 1954 until it was shut down by a federal court ruling in 1978. A post office was established in 1949 and discontinued in 1953; as of 2019, some buildings still remain at the townsite, but has not reported a separate population since 1980. February 24, 1944 Coast Guard Cutter McLane delivers mail to Cape Pole while on Cape Decision Patrol 1946 Beginnings of Forest Entomology in Alaska: A Spruce Beetle Outbreak on Kosciusko Island Sets the StageWWII Initially logging on Kosciusco Island was based out of Edna Bay during World War II. Large Sitka Spruce trees were in high demand for making airplanes. February 18, 1948 Coast Guard rescue plane, forced down during a mercy flight from Ketchikan to Cape Pole in 1948 1949 The Cape Pole post office was established in 1949 and discontinued in 1953 1954 L.
O. G. Logging established the Cape Pole logging camp in 1954; the company was owned by Lawrenson and Gibbons. Lawrenson was in charge of the cutters, Ole Olson handled the logging operation. Cape Pole was one of many logging camps in the Tongass National Forest. 1962 Cape Pole is a logging community with a population of about 100. There was a camp in both Edna Cape Pole; the timber fallers known as cutters were based out of Edna Bay while the logging operations were based out of Cape Pole. 1965/1966 L. O. G Logging sold to Alaska Pulp. Howard Clark became manager, Matt Phillips became timekeeper at that time also. 1975/1976 Telephone and Television come to Cape PoleLawrenson's wife Stella was a nurse and handled injuries that did not require a doctor. In those days the trip to town to see a doctor was a major undertaking, so most medical issues were handled by Stella, it is not clear when the earliest residents of Cape Pole first moved there, but there were people with private property before and after the logging camp times.
Cape Pole was an isolated community in Southeast Alaska. Travel to and from the community was exclusively by seaplane out of Ketchikan, Alaska. A cargo boat, the Island Trader, operated out of Ketchikan delivered heavier freight and sometimes vehicles, it was referred to as the "Mail Boat." Communications were by mail or radio until around 1975 when the State of Alaska put in a satellite dish bringing limited television and telephone communications. The school at Cape Pole started out as a one room school. During its high point, it was a two room school with about 30 students. At the end it went back to a one room school. Audrey Gumm wife of Phil Gumm was first school teacher Cape Pole first appeared on the 1960 U. S. Census as an unincorporated village, it was made a census-designated place in 1980. With the discontinuation of logging and the departure of most of its residents, it was removed as a CDP in 1990 and has not appeared on the census since. Verdie Bowen - Wasilla Councilman 2004 Cape Pole is located at 55°57′54″N 133°47′36″W