Can Tho International Airport
Can Tho International Airport Trà Nóc Airport is an airport located in Can Tho in Mekong Delta region of Vietnam. The airport was inaugurated on January 1, 2011 and received US$150 million to build on 20,750 square metres of land, it aimed to be able to process up to 5 million passengers a year. It will serve air travel in the region, boost Mekong Delta's economy, improving defence and international integration. Trà Nóc Airport was constructed during the Vietnam War in 1965 by United States Air Force civil engineering units as a military airfield, which became Binh Thuy Air Base, it was used by the USAF as well as being the Headquarters of the Republic of Vietnam Air Force 4th Air Division until 1975. On 19 April 1969 the VAL-4 Light Attack Squadron began combat operations, flying air support for the Mobile Riverine Force in the Mekong Delta of South Vietnam; the missions included normal patrol, overhead air cover, scramble alert and gunfire/artillery spotting. On 31 March 1972 the squadron conducted its last combat mission prior to its disestablishment on 10 April 1972.
After 1975, the facility was unused later operated as a small regional airport for Can Tho. It was expanded and upgraded to international status, with completion due in 2008; the expansion work of Trà Nóc airport started on 4 January 2006. The project will be implemented in two phases. Phase 1: due to be completed in 2008, work including: improvement of the paved runway, cost estimate: 370 billion VND. Upon completion, this airport will be capable to handle medium range aircraft such as the Airbus A320, A321, the Boeing 767. Phase 2: construction of a new terminal, cargo terminal and other facilities. Cost estimate: 400–500 billion VND; the capacity of this terminal is 2 million passengers per year. The airport is operating at loss. In 2017 the 917th Mixed Air Transport Regiment of 370th Air Force Division in the Vietnam People's Air Force was moved to Cần Thơ from Tan Son Nhut Air Base. List of airports in Vietnam Can Tho International Airport - Official Website Airport information for VVCT at World Aero Data.
Data current as of October 2006. Can Tho Airport - Vietnam Online
Quy Nhơn is a coastal city in Bình Định Province in central Vietnam. It is composed of 16 wards and five communes with a total of 284 km². Quy Nhơn is the capital of Bình Định Province; as of 2009 its population was 280,535 Historically, the commercial activities of the city focused on agriculture and fishing. In recent years, there has been a significant shift towards service industries and tourism. There is a substantial manufacturing sector; the town of Quy Nhơn was founded in the late 18th century, although its origins stretch back much further to the 11th-century Champa culture, the Tây Sơn dynasty and the 18th century seaport of Thị Nại. During the 1620s the town was host to Portuguese Jesuits. During the Ming treasure voyages of the 15th century, the Chinese fleet led by Admiral Zheng He would always make port at Qui Nhơn in Champa as their first destination after leaving China; the city is renowned as the birthplace of 18th century Vietnamese emperor Nguyễn Huệ and, more had a large American military presence during the Vietnam War.
Today the city is recognized as a first class city with a geo-economic priority and an urbanized infrastructure. The government describes it as one of the three commercial and tourism centres of the central southern coastal region. Quy Nhơn has a varied topography, being diversified with mountains and forests, fields, salt marshes, lagoons, rivers, shorelines and islands, its coastline is 42 km long with sandy beaches, abundant seafood resources and other natural products of economic value. The city has sixteen wards: Trần Hưng Đạo, Lê Lợi, Lê Hồng Phong, Trần Phú, Lý Thường Kiệt, Nguyễn Văn Cừ, Đống Đa, Thị Nại, Hải Cảng, Ngô Mây, Ghềnh Ráng, Quang Trung, Nhơn Bình, Nhơn Phú, Bùi Thị Xuân, Trần Quang Diệu, it has five villages of Nhơn Lý, Nhơn Hội, Nhơn Châu, Nhơn Hải and Phước Mỹ with a total area of 284.28 km² and a population of about 284,000 people. Quy Nhơn is served by Vietnam Airlines, Bamboo Airways, VietJet Air, Jetstar Pacific through Phu Cat Airport, with flights to Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.
Quy Nhơn railway station could be reached by a branch off the main line of the North–South railway, but this line was suspended in May 2016. Reunification express trains stop only in Diêu Trì railway station, around 10 km west of Quy Nhơn. Quy Nhơn is one of the main industrial centres of the South Central Coast, behind only Da Nang and Nha Trang, it is the major industrial and service centre of Bình Định Province, including its largest industrial facilities at Phu Tai Industrial Park and Nhon Hoi Economic Zone. The city's economic activities include industries, export-imports, seaport services, aquatic product husbandry and tourism; the economic trend, at present, is service-based at the expense of agriculture and pisciculture. Cereals are cultivated on 2548ha of Quy Nhơn's land with an output of 13,021 tons as of 2009, just 2% of the province's total. Other crops included 10,891 tons of vegetables, 2795 tons of sugar-cane, as well as smaller amounts of coconuts and cashew nuts. Much of the city's industry is concentrated in and around Phu Tai Industrial Park in the west of the city along National Route 1A.
Quy Nhon is a major centre of garden furniture manufacturing. It has traditionally been relying on access to wood from Bình Định's forests as well as the Central Highlands provinces of Gia Lai and Kon Tum and as far as Cambodia's Ratanakiri and Laos' Attapeu Province. Most of the furniture factories are located in Phu Tai Industrial Park. Several chemical enterprises that supply the furniture and wood processing industry have been set up in the vicinity of the industrial park. Other industries in Quy Nhơn process agricultural and aquatic products, or produce construction materials and paper products. Bidiphar is a pharmaceutical company headquartered in Quy Nhon, an exception to the city's general focus on basic and wood processing industries. Nhon Hoi Economic Zone is central to the city's and province's industrial development plans. However, as of late 2010 it was still in the early stages of development, with few factories completed. Quy Nhơn has seen only limited foreign investment; as of 2008, 13 foreign companies employed 1119 people in the city.
The economic structure of Quy Nhơn is a shift towards increasing the proportion of service industries, reducing the rate of agriculture and fisheries in GDP. The shares of agriculture and fisheries – industrial and construction – services in GDP in 2006 reached: 36.7% – 28% – 35.3%. Income per capita in 2010 was 1625 USD / person Quy Nhon has two universities: Quy Nhon University and Quang Trung University; as of 2009 they had a total teaching staff of 601 and 23,383 students, 13,704 of whom were female. There were 28,500 secondary school students. Xavier Le Pichon, French geophysicist Qui Nhơn travel guide from Wikivoyage
According to the International Civil Aviation Organization, a runway is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft". Runways may be a natural surface. In January 1919, aviation pioneer Orville Wright underlined the need for "distinctly marked and prepared landing places, the preparing of the surface of reasonably flat ground an expensive undertaking there would be a continuous expense for the upkeep." Runways are named by a number between 01 and 36, the magnetic azimuth of the runway's heading in decadegrees. This heading differs from true north by the local magnetic declination. A runway numbered 09 points east, runway 18 is south, runway 27 points west and runway 36 points to the north; when taking off from or landing on runway 09, a plane is heading around 90°. A runway can be used in both directions, is named for each direction separately: e.g. "runway 15" in one direction is "runway 33" when used in the other. The two numbers differ by 18.
For clarity in radio communications, each digit in the runway name is pronounced individually: runway one-five, runway three-three, etc.. A leading zero, for example in "runway zero-six" or "runway zero-one-left", is included for all ICAO and some U. S. military airports. However, most U. S. civil aviation airports drop the leading zero. This includes some military airfields such as Cairns Army Airfield; this American anomaly may lead to inconsistencies in conversations between American pilots and controllers in other countries. It is common in a country such as Canada for a controller to clear an incoming American aircraft to, for example, runway 04, the pilot read back the clearance as runway 4. In flight simulation programs those of American origin might apply U. S. usage to airports around the world. For example, runway 05 at Halifax will appear on the program as the single digit 5 rather than 05. If there is more than one runway pointing in the same direction, each runway is identified by appending left and right to the number to identify its position — for example, runways one-five-left, one-five-center, one-five-right.
Runway zero-three-left becomes runway two-one-right. In some countries, regulations mandate that where parallel runways are too close to each other, only one may be used at a time under certain conditions. At large airports with four or more parallel runways some runway identifiers are shifted by 1 to avoid the ambiguity that would result with more than three parallel runways. For example, in Los Angeles, this system results in runways 6L, 6R, 7L, 7R though all four runways are parallel at 69°. At Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, there are five parallel runways, named 17L, 17C, 17R, 18L, 18R, all oriented at a heading of 175.4°. An airport with only three parallel runways may use different runway identifiers, such as when a third parallel runway was opened at Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport in 2000 to the south of existing 8R/26L — rather than confusingly becoming the "new" 8R/26L it was instead designated 7R/25L, with the former 8R/26L becoming 7L/25R and 8L/26R becoming 8/26.
Runway designations may change over time because Earth's magnetic lines drift on the surface and the magnetic direction changes. Depending on the airport location and how much drift occurs, it may be necessary to change the runway designation; as runways are designated with headings rounded to the nearest 10°, this affects some runways sooner than others. For example, if the magnetic heading of a runway is 233°, it is designated Runway 23. If the magnetic heading changes downwards by 5 degrees to 228°, the runway remains Runway 23. If on the other hand the original magnetic heading was 226°, the heading decreased by only 2 degrees to 224°, the runway becomes Runway 22; because magnetic drift itself is slow, runway designation changes are uncommon, not welcomed, as they require an accompanying change in aeronautical charts and descriptive documents. When runway designations do change at major airports, it is changed at night as taxiway signs need to be changed and the huge numbers at each end of the runway need to be repainted to the new runway designators.
In July 2009 for example, London Stansted Airport in the United Kingdom changed its runway designations from 05/23 to 04/22 during the night. For fixed-wing aircraft it is advantageous to perform takeoffs and landings into the wind to reduce takeoff or landing roll and reduce the ground speed needed to attain flying speed. Larger airports have several runways in different directions, so that one can be selected, most nearly aligned with the wind. Airports with one runway are constructed to be aligned with the prevailing wind. Compiling a wind rose is in fact one of the preliminary steps taken in constructing airport runways. Note that wind direction is given as the direction the wind is coming from: a plane taking off from runway 09 faces east, into an "east wind" blowing from 090°. Runway dimensions vary from as small as 245 m long and 8 m wide in s
Phu Quoc International Airport
Phu Quoc International Airport is an international airport, completed in 2012 on Phú Quốc Island, in southern Vietnam. The airport covers nearly 900ha in Duong To village, Phú Quốc island-district, Kiên Giang Province having been built at a cost of around VND 16.2 trillion and is planned to be built in phases. The airport is 10 km from the previous Phu Quoc Airport; the airport was able to handle about 2.5 million passengers per annum, the maximum capacity will be 7 million passengers per annum, with international destinations expected to include Singapore and Sihanoukville International Airport. The airport has a single 3000m runway, capable of handling aircraft like the Airbus A350 and Boeing 747; the construction was completed in November 2012 and was put into operation on 2 December 2012. The Vietnamese government expects the airport to facilitate the arrival of international tourists who are attracted to the island's beaches. Airports Corporation of Vietnam began construction of the airport on 23 November 2008 with an investment of VND 3,000 billion.
It was designed by Singaporean-US design consulting firm CPG-PAE. After four years work the airport operated its inaugural flight on 15 December 2012. Duong Dong Airport Phu Quoc International Airport Guide Official website of Airports Corporation of Vietnam
Điện Biên Phủ Airport
Dien Bien Phu Airport is located at Điện Biên Phủ in Vietnam. List of airports in Vietnam Airport information for VVDB at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006
Airbus A320 family
The Airbus A320 family consists of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus. The family includes the A319, A320 and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet; the A320s are named A320ceo following the introduction of the A320neo. The aircraft family can accommodate up to 236 passengers and has a range of 3,100 to 12,000 km, depending on model; the first member of the A320 family—the A320—was launched in March 1984, first flew on 22 February 1987, was first delivered in March 1988 to launch customer Air France. The family was extended to include the A321, the A319, the A318; the A320 family pioneered the use of digital fly-by-wire flight control systems, as well as side-stick controls, in commercial aircraft. There has been a continuous improvement process since introduction. Final assembly of the family takes place in Toulouse and Hamburg, Germany. A plant in Tianjin, has been producing aircraft for Chinese airlines since 2009, while a final assembly facility in Mobile, United States, delivered its first A321 in April 2016.
As of 31 December 2018, a total of 8,605 Airbus A320-family aircraft have been delivered, of which 8,217 are in service. In addition, another 6,056 airliners are on firm order, it ranked as the world's fastest-selling jet airliner family according to records from 2005 to 2007, as the best-selling single-generation aircraft programme. The A320 family has proved popular with airlines including low-cost carriers such as EasyJet, which ordered A319s and A320s to replace its ageing 737 fleet; as of December 2018, American Airlines was the largest operator of the Airbus A320 family aircraft, operating 397 aircraft. The aircraft family competes directly with the 737 and has competed with the 717, 757, the MD-80/MD-90. In December 2010, Airbus announced a new generation of the A320neo; the A320neo offers new, more efficient engines, combined with airframe improvements and the addition of winglets, named Sharklets by Airbus. The aircraft will deliver fuel savings of up to 15%; as of December 2018, a total of 6,526 A320neo family aircraft had been ordered by more than 70 airlines, making it the fastest selling commercial aircraft.
The first A320neo was delivered to Lufthansa on 20 January 2016 and it entered service on 25 January 2016. When Airbus designed the Airbus A300 during the late 1960s and early 1970s, it envisaged a broad family of airliners with which to compete against Boeing and Douglas, two established US aerospace manufacturers. From the moment of formation, Airbus had begun studies into derivatives of the Airbus A300B in support of this long-term goal. Prior to the service introduction of the first Airbus airliners, engineers within Airbus had identified nine possible variations of the A300 known as A300B1 to B9. A 10th variation, conceived in 1973 the first to be constructed, was designated the A300B10, it was a smaller aircraft which would be developed into the long-range Airbus A310. Airbus focused its efforts on the single-aisle market, dominated by the 737 and McDonnell Douglas DC-9. Plans from a number of European aircraft manufacturers called for a successor to the successful BAC One-Eleven, to replace the 737–200 and DC-9.
Germany's MBB, British Aircraft Corporation, Sweden's Saab and Spain's CASA worked on the EUROPLANE, a 180- to 200-seat aircraft. It was abandoned after intruding on A310 specifications. VFW-Fokker and Hawker Siddeley worked on a number of 150-seat designs. Alongside BAe were Fokker-VFW and Aérospatiale; the design within the JET study, carried forward was the JET2, which became the Airbus S. A1/2/3 series, before settling on the A320 name for its launch in 1984. Hawker Siddeley had produced a design called the HS.134 "Airbus" in 1965, an evolution of the HS.121 Trident, which shared much of the general arrangement of the JET3 study design. The name "Airbus" at the time referred to a BEA requirement, rather than to the international programme. In June 1977 was set up a new Joint European Transport programme, it was based at the British Aerospace site in Weybridge, Surrey, UK. Although the members were all of Airbus' partners, they regarded the project as a separate collaboration from Airbus; this project was considered the forerunner of Airbus A320, encompassing the 130- to 188-seat market, powered by two CFM56s.
It would have a cruise speed of Mach 0.84. The programme was transferred to Airbus, leading up to the creation of the Single-Aisle studies in 1980, led by former leader of JET programme, Derek Brown; the group looked at three different variants, covering the 125- to 180-seat market, called SA1, SA2 and SA3. Although unaware at the time, the consortium was producing the blueprints for the A319, A320 and A321, respectively; the single-aisle programme created divisions within Airbus about whether to design a shorter-range twinjet rather than a longer-range quadjet wanted by the West Germans Lufthansa. However, works proceeded, the German carrier would order the twinjet. In February 1981, the project was re-designated A320, with efforts focused on the former SA2. During the year, Airbus worked with Delta Air Lines on a 150-seat aircraft envisioned and required by the airline; the A320 would carry 150 passengers over 1,860 nmi using fuel from wing fuel tanks only. The Dash 200 had centre tank activated, increasing fuel capacity from 15,590 to 23,430 L (
Phu Bai International Airport
Phu Bai International Airport is located just south of the central city of Huế, former capital of Vietnam. October 30, 2005: Phú Bài Airport welcomed its first international flight since it was allowed to receive international flights by Vietnamese government in 2002; the charter flight operated by Austrian Airlines carried Austrian tourists from Laos. May 24, 2007: Changi Airports International today announced that it has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the People's Committee of Thua Thien Hue Province for the development of Phu Bai–Hue International Airport; this MOU was signed as part of the Vietnamese government's launch of a tourism master plan to develop Thua Thien Hue Province as the next international tourism destination of Vietnam. The MOU was signed by Mr. Nguyen Xuan Ly, Chairman of People's Committee of Thua Thien Hue Province and Mr. Chow Kok Fong, Chief Executive Officer of CAI in Vietnam; the event was witnessed by officials from the Civil Aviation Administration of Vietnam.
February 23, 2013: Phú Bài Airport was expected to close for eight months for runway repairs and upgrades, estimated between 500 and 600 billion Vietnam Dong. The airport was closed from March 20 to September 20, two months less than planned. During this period, tourists who wished to travel to Hue by air had to use Da Nang International Airport. List of airports in Vietnam Airport information for VVPB at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006