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Piccadilly line

The Piccadilly line is a London Underground line that runs between Cockfosters in suburban north London and Acton Town in the west, where it divides into two branches: one of these runs to Heathrow Airport and the other to Uxbridge in northwest London, with some services terminating at Rayners Lane. Coloured dark blue on the Tube map, it is the fourth-busiest line on the Underground network with over 210 million passenger journeys in 2011/12, it is a deep-level line, but has a number of surface sections in its westernmost parts. It is named after Piccadilly, the street under which it runs between Hyde Park Corner and Piccadilly Circus; some of its stations are shared with the District line and some are shared with the Metropolitan line, making it the only deep-level line to share tracks with sub-surface routes. It is the second-longest line on the system and runs to the system's second-largest number of stations; the Piccadilly line serves many of London's key tourist attractions, including the British Museum, the numerous museums around South Kensington, Hyde Park and Buckingham Palace, Leicester Square and Covent Garden.

The Piccadilly line began as the Great Northern, Piccadilly & Brompton Railway, one of several railways controlled by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London, whose chief director was Charles Tyson Yerkes, although he died before any of his schemes came to fruition. The GNP&BR was formed from the merger of two earlier, but unbuilt, tube-railway companies taken over in 1901 by Yerkes' consortium: the Great Northern & Strand Railway and the Brompton & Piccadilly Circus Railway; the GN&SR's and B&PCR's separate routes were linked with an additional section between Piccadilly Circus and Holborn. A section of the District Railway's scheme for a deep-level tube line between South Kensington and Earl's Court was added in order to complete the route; when the GNP&BR was formally opened on 15 December 1906, the line ran from the Great Northern Railway's station at Finsbury Park to the District Railway's station at Hammersmith. On 30 November 1907, the short branch from Holborn to the Strand opened.

In 1905, plans were made to extend it the short distance south under the River Thames to Waterloo, but this never happened. Although built with twin tunnels, single-track shuttle operation became the norm on the branch from 1918 on, with the eastern tunnel closed to traffic. On 1 July 1910, the GNP&BR and the other UERL-owned tube railways were merged by private Act of Parliament to become the London Electric Railway Company. On 10 December 1928, a rebuilt Piccadilly Circus station was opened; this included a sub-surface booking hall and eleven escalators, replacing the original lifts, was the start of a renovation of the whole railway, including a comprehensive programme of station enlargement. From the 1920s onwards there had been severe congestion at the line's northern terminus, Finsbury Park, where travellers had to change onto trams, buses, or London and North Eastern Railway main line trains for destinations in north and northeast London. There had been deputations made to Parliament asking for an early extension of the line either toward Tottenham and Edmonton, or toward Wood Green and Palmers Green.

The early 1930s was a time of severe recession, government capital was made available in order to relieve unemployment. The chief features of the scheme were an extension northwards from Finsbury Park to Cockfosters; the design included a long stretch without stations between Manor House and Turnpike Lane. An early twentieth century design had planned an additional stop beneath Harringay railway station that would have bridged this gap. However, this was shelved in the 1930s extension. There was some opposition from the LNER to the line; the extension began from Finsbury Park to a point a little south of Arnos Grove. The total length of the extension is 12 km: it cost £4 million to build and was opened in sections as follows: 19 September 1932: to Arnos Grove 13 March 1933: to Enfield West, in conjunction with the westward extension to Hounslow West 19 July 1933: completion to Cockfosters Powers to link with existing tracks west of Hammersmith were obtained in 1913. A Parliamentary report of 1919 recommended through running to Ealing.

By the end of the 1920s, the priority had shifted to serving the areas around Hounslow and north and west of Ealing. The outcome involved taking over the inner pair of tracks between Hammersmith and Acton Town as a non-stop service, while the Metropolitan District Railway would continue to provide the stopping service on the outer pair of tracks. Construction of the linking sections started in 1930, the services opened as follows: to Uxbridge: the District Railway had operated services to Uxbridge since 1910; the District services were taken over by the Piccadilly line: 4 July 1932: extended from Hammersmith to South Harrow 23 October 1933: to Uxbridge to Hounslow: the line from Acton Town was quadrupled to Northfields on 18 December 1932 and the Piccadilly line was extended: 9 January 1933: to Northfields 13 March 1933: to Hounslow West, in conjunction with the eastern extension to Enfield West. These eastward and westward extens

William Bain Thomas

Brigadier William Bain Thomas CBE DSO was a British Army officer who commanded the Polish Resettlement Corps after the Second World War. Thomas was educated at the Royal Military College and commissioned as a second lieutenant into the Cameronians on 7 April 1916, during the First World War, he served on the Western Front from March 1917 until he was wounded in March 1918. He remained in the army after the war, during the interwar period, was posted to India with the 2nd Battalion of the regiment, where he saw action in Kurdistan in 1923 and served as Adjutant, Auxiliary Force India between 1927 and 1930. Thomas had postings in Egypt and saw active service in the 1936–39 Arab revolt in Palestine, he was promoted to major on 1 August 1938. In 1940, during the Second World War, Thomas was second-in-command, 1st Battalion, Cameronians in India, before becoming the Commanding Officer of the battalion between 1940–1942, he saw extensive action during the Burma Campaign and in October 1942 took command of the 49th Indian Infantry Brigade.

In the same month he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order for his leadership during the Battle of Yenangyaung. Between May 1943 and December 1945, Thomas was Army in India Tactical School in Poona, he returned to commanding the 1st Battalion, Cameronians, in which capacity he accepted the surrender of the Japanese general, Shinichi Tanaka, in Singapore on 15 December 1945. In 1946 Thomas served as commander of the North Malaya Sub-Area in British Malaya, before becoming the commander of the newly formed Polish Resettlement Corps until is disbandment in 1949. In June 1946 he was invested as a Commander of the Order of the British Empire and he retired from the army in February 1952 with the rank of brigadier, his son was the judge Sir Swinton Barclay Thomas

Virginia State Route 280

State Route 280 is a primary state highway in the U. S. state of Virginia. The highway runs 5.0 miles from SR 42 in Harrisonburg east to U. S. Route 33 in Massanetta Springs in central Rockingham County. SR 280 is a four-lane southern bypass of Harrisonburg that connects SR 42 and US 33 with US 11 and SR 253 outside of the city core. SR 280 begins at a four-legged intersection with SR 42 on the western edge of the independent city of Harrisonburg; the west leg of the intersection is unnumbered Erickson Avenue, the same name the state highway takes as it heads southeast as a four-lane divided highway. SR 280 intersects the Harrisonburg–Dayton rail line at grade, curves around a subdivision as an undivided highway, regains a median before it intersects US 11; the state highway continues southeast as Stone Spring Road, which crosses over Black Run and the Harrisonburg–Staunton rail line. SR 280 leaves the city limits of Harrisonburg and enters unincorporated Rockingham County shortly after it crosses over I-81 with no access.

The highway curves east before its junction with SR 253. SR 280 continues east through the unincorporated community of Massanetta Springs until it reaches its eastern terminus at US 33 south of Harrisonburg; the city of Harrisonburg maintains SR 280 within the city limits. The Virginia Department of Transportation maintains the highway in Rockingham County. Virginia Highways Project: VA 280

Heimar de Fátima Marin

Heimar de Fátima Marin is a nurse who has devoted her professional career to improving patient care using information and communication technologies. She is full professor at the Federal University of São Paulo. In 2004 she was elected international member at the American College of Medical Informatics. Heimar Marin is the president of Brazilian Society of Health Informatics. Marin holds a position as visiting professor at Decision Systems Group at Harvard Medical School, she has over 250 publications. As a professor, she has mentored over 20 Ph. D. students, 32 master students, 85 specialists in health and nursing informatics. Marin is a graduate of Nursing and holds a master's degree and doctoral degree in health informatics at UNIFESP, she is “Livre-Docente” at the Medical School, State University of São Paulo. She is a fellow in Clinical Computing at the Center for Clinical Computing at Harvard Medical School. Marin, Heimar. Building Standard-Based Nursing Information Systems. Geneva: World Health Organization.

ISBN 9275123640. Google Scholar publications Medline publications

Androsace lactea

Androsace lactea, the milkwhite rock jasmine, is an alpine plant, in the family Primulaceae. Androsace lactea can reach a height of 5–10 centimetres; this plant produces rosettes of leaves with a diameter of about 2–4 centimetres. The leaves are shining dark green, linear or elliptic. Flowers are white with 10 -- 12 millimetres in diameter, with broadly notched petals, they bloom from May to August. Androsace lactea is endemic to the Carpathians; this plant prefers limestone rocks and meadows, at an elevation of 500–3,100 metres above sea level. Pignatti S. - Flora d'Italia - Edagricole - 1982 Tutin, T. G. et al. - Flora Europaea, second edition - 1993 Biolib Luirig.altervista Alpine Plant Encyclopaedia

Comin' Out Fighting

Comin' Out Fighting is the fifth album by the hard rock band Sinner released in 1986. This is Sinner's first recording with guitarist Angel Schleifer; the album features a cover of Billy Idol's song "Rebel Yell". All lyrics except on "Rebel Yell" by Billy Idol and Steve Stevens. Music as indicated Side one"Hypnotized" - 4:31 "Faster Than Light" - 4:58 "Comin' Out Fighting" - 3:06 "Age of Rock" - 3:41 "Rebel Yell" - 4:00Side two"Lost in a Minute" - 2:49 "Don't Tell Me" - 4:02 "Germany Rocks" - 4:04 "Playin' with Fire" - 3:38 "Madhouse" - 3:44 Mat Sinner - lead and backing vocals, bass Mathias Dieth - guitars, backing vocals Chris "Angel" Gerhard Schleifer - guitars, backing vocals Bernie Van Der Graaf - drums, backing vocals Don Airey - keyboards Michael Voss, Charlie Huhn - backing vocals Chris Tsangarides - producer, mixing Dave Hutchins - assistant engineer Ian Cooper - mastering at Townhouse Studios, London