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The Picunche referred to as picones by the Spanish, were a Mapudungun-speaking Chilean people living to the north of the Mapuches or Araucanians and south of the Choapa River and the Diaguitas. Until the Conquest of Chile the Itata was the natural limit between the Mapuche, located to the south, Picunche, to the north. During the Inca attempt to conquer Chile the southern Picunche peoples that resisted them were known as the Promaucaes; the Picunche living north of the Promaucaes were called Quillotanes and Mapochoes by the Spanish, were part of the Inca Empire at the time when the first Spaniards arrived in Chile. Among the peoples the Spanish called the Promaucaes, the people of the Rapel River valley were called by this name by the Spanish; those of the Mataquito River valley were called the Cures. The people in the Maule River valley and to the south were distinguished as Maules and those to the south of the Maules and north of the Itata were known as Cauqui by the Inca and Cauquenes by the Spanish and that gave their name to Cauquenes River.

They did not survive as a separate society into the present day, because of a general population decline and having been absorbed into the general Chilean population during the colonial period. The indigenous Picunche disappeared by a process of mestizaje by abandoning their villages to settle in nearby Spanish haciendas. There Picunches mingled with disparate indigenous peoples brought in from Araucanía, Chiloé and Cuyo. Few in numbers, disconnected from their ancestral lands and diluted by mestizaje the Picunche and their descendants lost their indigenous identity; the Picunches' primary crops consisted of corn and potatoes, they lived in thatched-roof adobe houses

Michael Fray

Michael Fray was a Jamaican Olympic sprinter. In the 1968 Mexico Olympics, he ran second leg on the 4x100 meters Jamaican relay team which set the world record at 38.6 seconds in the preliminary heats and broke the record with a 38.3 seconds clocking in the semi-finals. This 38.3 clocking still stands as the world record for athletes under twenty-three years old. Fray enjoyed success with the Jamaican relay team in other competitions, including a silver medal at the 1966 British Empire and Commonwealth Games and a gold medal at the 1966 Central American and Caribbean Games, he was an individual bronze medallist in the 100 m. He won a bronze medal in the 4×400 metre relay at the 1967 Pan American Games. Running from the tight confines of lane one, he placed seventh in the finals of the 1968 Olympic 200 meters won by Tommie Smith, known for his gloved black power salute protest on the podium along with bronze medalist John Carlos. Both Smith and Carlos were banned for this protest. In the 1972 Olympics in Munich, West Germany, Fray placed 5th.

In the finals of the 100 meters, won by Russian Valeriy Borzov. He set a U. S. National Junior College 200 meters record in 1967 while competing for Odessa Junior College and was ranked number 10 in the world in the 200 meters in 1968 by Track & Field News magazine; as a schoolboy, he placed fourth behind Miller in the 1965 100 yards finals and second behind Miller in the 1965 220 yards finals at the Jamaican High Schools Championships. Fray died in November 2019

Dhulian Ganga railway station

Dhulian Ganga railway station is a railway station on the Barharwa-Azimganj-Katwa Loop Line of Malda railway division of Eastern Railway zone. It is situated beside National Highway 34, at Ratanpur village, Dhulian of Murshidabad district in the Indian state of West Bengal. In 1913, the Hooghly–Katwa Railway constructed a 1,676 mm wide broad gauge line from Bandel to Katwa, the Barharwa–Azimganj–Katwa Railway constructed the 1,676 mm wide broad gauge Barharwa-Azimganj-Katwa Loop Line. With the construction of the Farakka Barrage and opening of the railway bridge in 1971, the railway communication picture of this line were changed. Total 24 trains including Express and passenger stop at Dhulian Ganga railway station

Meeanee, New Zealand

Meeanee is a suburb of the city of Napier, in the Hawke's Bay Region on the east coast of New Zealand's North Island. It was named after the Battle of Meeanee in India, won by Sir Charles Napier, the city's namesake. Along with such locations as Clive and Havelock North, it is one of several places within Hawke's Bay to be named for colonial Indian events or people. Meeanee was the only access inland to Taradale until the road was built in 1873, was the site of a Catholic Marist mission station from the 1850s; the priests introduced viticulture to the Hawke's Bay region, planting several vineyards and establishing the Mission Estate Winery in 1851, New Zealand's oldest surviving winemaking concern. They built St Mary's Church in 1863, which still stands but is now a owned restaurant and event venue. Meeanee is located on the flat coastal plain south of Napier, surrounded by farmland and apple orchards. Meeanee School is co-educational Year 1-8 state primary school, with a roll of 86 as of March 2019

Society for the History of Technology

The Society for the History of Technology, or SHOT, is the primary professional society for historians of technology. SHOT was founded in 1958 in the United States, it has since become an international society with members "from some thirty-five countries throughout the Americas, Europe and Africa." SHOT owes its existence to the efforts of Professor Melvin Kranzberg and an active network of engineering educators. SHOT co-founders include John B. Rae, Carl W. Condit, Thomas P. Hughes, Eugene S. Ferguson. SHOT's flagship publication is the journal Technology and Culture, published by the Johns Hopkins University Press. Kranzberg served as editor of Technology and Culture until 1981, was succeeded as editor by Robert C. Post until 1995, John M. Staudenmaier from 1996 until 2010; the current editor of Technology and Culture is Suzanne Moon at the University of Oklahoma. SHOT is an affiliate of the American Council of Learned Societies and the American Historical Association and publishes a book series with the Johns Hopkins University Press entitled "Historical Perspectives on Technology and Culture," under the co-editorship of Pamela O. Long and Asif Azam Siddiqi.

Pamela O. Long is the recipient of a MacArthur Foundation "Genius Grant" for 2014; the history of technology was traditionally linked to economic history and history of science, but its interactions are now strong with environmental history, gender history, business history, labor history. SHOT annually awards two book prizes, the Edelstein Prize and the Sally Hacker Prize, as well as the Kranzberg Dissertation Fellowship and the Brooke Hindle Postdoctoral Fellowship, its highest award is the Leonardo da Vinci Medal. Recipients of the medal include Kranzberg, Post, Bart Hacker, Brooke Hindle. In 1968 Kranzberg was instrumental in the founding of a sister society, the International Committee for the History of Technology; the two societies complement each other. The Society for the History of Technology is dedicated to the historical study of technology and its relations with politics, labor, the environment, public policy and the arts; the society now numbers around 1500 members, holds annual meetings at non-North-American venues.

SHOT sponsors smaller conferences focused on specialized topics jointly with other scholarly societies and organizations. The Albatrosses SIGCIS: Computers and Society Early Career Interest Group EDITH: Exploring Diversity in Technology's History Envirotech The Jovians The Lynn White, Jr. Society: Prior to the "Industrial Revolution" The Mercurians SMiTInG The Pelicans The Prometheans SHOT Asia Network TEMSIG: Technology Museums Special Interest Group WITH: Women in Technological History 2007 − Washington, D. C. − October 17-21 2008 − Lisbon, Portugal − October 11-14 2009 − Pittsburgh, PA − October 15-19 2010 − Tacoma, WA − September 29 - October 4 2011 − Cleveland, OH − November 2-6 2012 − Copenhagen, Denmark − October 4-7 2013 − Portland, ME - October 10-13 2014 − Dearborn, MI - November 6-9 2015 − Albuquerque, NM - October 7-11 2016 − Singapore - June 22-26 2017 − Philadelphia, PA - October 26-29 2018 − St. Louis, MO - October 10-14 2019 − Milan, Italy - October 24-27 2020 − New Orleans, LA - October 7-11 David A. Hounshell, "Eugene S. Ferguson, 1916-2004," Technology and Culture 45: 911-21.

DOI Robert C. Post, "Back at the Start: History and the History of Technology," Technology and Culture 51: 961-94. Robert C. Post, "Chance and Contingency: Putting Mel Kranzberg in Context," Technology and Culture 50: 839-72. Robert C. Post, "'A Very Special Relationship': SHOT and the Smithsonian's Museum of History and Technology," Technology and Culture 42: 401-35. Official website

Double Dose (Hot Tuna album)

Double Dose is the eighth album by the American blues rock band Hot Tuna, their third live album. The album was released as a double-LP as Grunt CYL2-2545. After their 1977 tour, Jorma Kaukonen moved on to a solo career and Jack Casady joined the new wave band SVT. Hot Tuna would not perform together again until 1983; the album had its highest peak at #92 on the Billboard charts. The group recorded the album as a cost-saving alternative to a studio album; however the mixing process raised the album's expense. Producer Felix Pappalardi edited the concert tapes and had Kaukonen re-record his vocals for sides 2 through 4 at Wally Heider Studios. All tracks written except where noted. Jorma Kaukonen – vocals, acoustic guitar Jorma Kaukonen – vocals, guitar Jack Casady – bass Bob Steeler – drumsAdditional personnelNick Buck – keyboards, backup vocal on "Talking'Bout You" Felix Pappalardi – producer Don Gehman – associate producer, mixdown engineer Gail Collins – associate producer Allen Sudduth – assistant engineer Ray Thompson – location engineer Dennis Hertzendorfer – assistant mixing engineer Sheilah "Sam" Taylor – assistant mixing engineer Recorded live by Wally Heider Recording at Theatre 1839, San Francisco Additional recording at Wally Heider Studios, San Francisco Mixed and assembled at Criteria Recording Studios, Miami Mastered at Sterling Sound by George Marino