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Piedmont, California

Piedmont is a small semi-suburban city located in Alameda County, United States. Piedmont is surrounded by the city of Oakland, its residential population was 10,667 at the 2010 census. The name comes after the region of Piedmont in Italy, means foothill. Piedmont was incorporated in 1907, was developed in the 1920s and 1930s; the Piedmont Unified School District includes three elementary schools, one middle school, two high schools. The original neighborhood of Piedmont was larger than the current municipality of Piedmont, with the Mountain View Cemetery considered full part of the Piedmont neighborhood. Residents sought incorporation in 1907. Two elections were held among the citizens of Piedmont in 1907, both of which narrowly upheld the decision for Piedmont to become a separate city, rather than become a neighborhood within the city of Oakland. According to the city's Web page, "In the Roaring Twenties, Piedmont was known as the'City of Millionaires' because there were more millionaires per square mile than in any city in the United States."

Many of these millionaires built mansions that still stand, notably on Sea View Avenue and Sotelo Avenue/Glen Alpine Road in'Alta' Piedmont. Piedmont became a charter city under the laws of the state of California on December 18, 1922. On February 27, 1923, voters adopted the charter, which can only be changed by another vote of the people. Piedmont celebrated the year 2007 as its Centennial Anniversary since incorporation; the Centennial Committee hosted celebratory events along a trail that ran through downtown Piedmont and denoted historical landmarks in the city. The Committee created a float for the city's Fourth of July parade; the historical exhibit "A Deluxe Autonomy: Piedmont’s First 100 Years" was on display in the Oakland Public Library from January 5 to March 31, 2007. In August 2017, the mayor of Piedmont, Jeffrey Wieler, resigned after it was revealed he had made disparaging Facebook posts about Black Lives Matter and transgender people. Piedmont is located at 37°49′19″N 122°13′53″W.

It is located near a geological fault line that runs through the East Bay region. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.7 square miles, all land. Piedmont is surrounded on all sides by the city of Oakland. Piedmont's northwestern border is adjacent to Oakland's Piedmont Ave commercial district. Piedmont borders Oakland's historic Grand Lake District to the southwest, the quaint and rustic Montclair District to the northeast, the Crocker Highlands and Glenview Districts to the south. Piedmont's major streets include Oakland Avenue, which runs east-west through Piedmont's small city center. Lots in upper Piedmont are, on average, larger than lots in lower Piedmont. A nearby shopping district on Piedmont Avenue is located in Oakland, not Piedmont. A small shopping hamlet had been located on Highland Avenue near the Exedra at Piedmont Park for many years, but in the last few decades has dwindled in number to a small, local grocer-deli, a service station and three banks.

No major highways run within Piedmont's borders, but entrances to scenic* CA Highway 13 and CA I-580 are quite near. * A'scenic' designation means no advertisements are permitted. Piedmont is entirely zoned for single-family dwelling residential use. Piedmont has minimal commerce compared with statistically similar cities and relies on property taxes and fees for public revenues to support public services; the city has few multi-family or second units. The city has a small number of businesses in its commercial district on Highland Avenue and a small number of businesses on Grand Avenue near Piedmont's western border with Oakland. Piedmont provides its own fire, police and recreational services but does not have its own public library nor federal post office. Special, incremental property tax assessments on Piedmont real estate for schools and some public services are not shared with Oakland; the city is served by two local weekly newspapers: the Piedmont Post and the Piedmonter, a neighborhood newspaper organized under the Contra Costa Times news organization.

Piedmont has a City Hall, a Community Hall, a Veterans' Memorial Building, a Recreation Center, Aquatics Center, Center for the Arts. Public parks include Piedmont Park, Dracena Park, Crocker Park, Hampton Park, Linda Ave Tot Lot and Dog Run, Kennelly Skate Park, Blair Park. Playfields include Coaches Playfield, Linda Playfield, Piedmont Sports Field. Regular town events include the July 4th Parade, Movies in the Park, Harvest Festival, Haunted House, Thanksgiving Turkey Trot, Christmas Tree Lighting. Piedmont High School's annual Bird Calling Contest was featured on "The Tonight Show" with Johnny Carson and "The Late Show With David Letterman." Active charities and community groups include the Piedmont Education Foundation, the Piedmont Historical Society, the Piedmont Center for the Arts, the Piedmont Beautification Foundation, the Daughters of the American Revolution, the Piedmont League of Women Voters, Dress Best for Less, the Piedmont Highlanders Drums & Pipes, the Piedmont Civic Association, the Piedmont Community Church, the Piedmont East Bay Children's Choir, the Piedmont-Montclair Rotary Club, the Piedmont Boy Scouts, th

Andy Holt (Tennessee politician)

Andrew Hunter Holt is an American politician who serves in the Tennessee House of Representatives, representing District 76, covering Weakley County and parts of Obion and Carroll Counties. Holt is a Republican and serves as the vice-chair of the Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee and as a member of the Local Government Committee and of the Agriculture and Natural Resources Subcommittee, he served his first term in Tennessee’s 107th General Assembly and was re-elected to the 108th through 110th General Assemblies. As a West Tennessee conservative, Holt was considered a major contender for U. S Congress in 2016 in the Tennessee 8th District. Representative Holt earned an MBA from the University of Tennessee at Martin in 2007, he earned his B. S. in 2004 from the University of Tennessee at Knoxville. Representative Holt introduced fourteen bills in Tennessee’s 108th General Assembly; the bills impacted laws ranging from taxes, county road supervisors, criminal procedure, agricultural operations.

Representative Holt is a staunch conservative, has a record for voting against every Democratic or "liberal" item on the agenda. He is criticized for attacking government programs such as the Affordable Care Act without proposing alternative solutions. On January 5, 2016, Andy Holt was criticized for making statements towards President Obama regarding the president's executive orders on gun control, he took to Twitter to tell the president to "“Take your gun control and shove it”. Some have asked for an investigation into Holt's behavior calling it "treasonous". Holt supported a 2018 bill to strip Memphis of $250,000 after the majority-black city opted to remove the busts of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and Confederate General and Ku Klux Klan leader Nathan Bedford Forrest. Of the two bills impacting agricultural operations that were introduced by Holt, one gained national attention. Holt’s HB 1191 required anyone intentionally recording images documenting cruelty against livestock to, within 48 hours, report the violation and submit unedited photographs or video recordings to law enforcement.

The bill made violation of the law a class C misdemeanor punishable by fine. This type of bill, sometimes characterized as “anti-whistleblower” or “ag-gag” legislation, sparked heated public discourse. Rep. Holt asserted that the bill was intended to expose animal cruelty. However, animal protection organizations, such as the ASPCA, the Humane Society of the United States, Mercy for Animals opposed the bill, arguing that it would instead result in short, incomplete investigations and prevent whistleblowers from coming forward, for fear of prosecution. In public debate over HB 1191 after it passed and before it was signed into law by the governor, Rep. Holt sent an email to HSUS Public Policy Coordinator Kayci McLeod saying that "propagandist groups of radical animal activists, like your fraudulent and reprehensibly disgusting organization of maligned animal abuse profiteering corporatists... are intent on using animals the same way human-traffickers use 17 year old women," and referring to HSUS methods as "tape and rape".

Rep. Holt debated the issue, via Twitter, with country singer Carrie Underwood. Underwood criticized Tennessee lawmakers saying “Shame on TN lawmakers for passing the Ag Gag bill. If Gov. Bill Haslam signs this, he needs to expect me at his front door. Who’s with me?” Holt replied, “I would say that if Carrie Underwood will stick to singing, I’ll stick to lawmaking.” Underwood, in turn replied “I should stick to singing? Wow…sorry, I’m just a tax paying citizen concerned for the safety of my family.”On May 13, 2013, Tennessee Governor Bill Haslam indicated that he would veto the bill because the Attorney General called the law "constitutionally suspect", because it appears to repeal parts of Tennessee's Shield Law without saying so, because "there are concerns from some district attorneys that the act makes it more difficult to prosecute animal cruelty cases". Andy Holt is married to Ellie Anderson Holt; the Holts operate a farm near Dresden, Tennessee. Holt works for Bethel University and is a member of the Weakley County Farm Bureau Board of Directors.

Representative Holt is a member and deacon at Long Heights Baptist Church in McKenzie, Tennessee

Peter Woodman

Peter Woodman was an Irish archaeologist, an expert in the Mesolithic period in Ireland. He was a former keeper of the Ulster Museum. Woodman studied archaeology at Queen's University Belfast. After obtaining a doctorate from QUB, he became the Assistant Keeper of Prehistoric Antiquities at the Ulster Museum. In the 1970s he excavated Mesolithic sites at Mount Sandel, the oldest known site of human occupation in Ireland, Newferry in County Antrim. Woodman became a professor at University College Cork in 1983, where he continued his research into the Mesolithic period, discovering some of the first evidence of the Mesolithic from the Republic of Ireland at Ferriter’s Cove on the Dingle Peninsula. After retiring from UCC, he published Ireland’s First Settlers: Time and the Mesolithic, bringing together fifty years of research into the Irish Mesolithic. Woodman was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London in 1982, he was awarded the Europa prize by the Prehistoric Society in 2009, recognising outstanding contributions to the study of European prehistory.

In the same year, the Prehistoric Society organised a conference and published a festschrift in his honour. Following Woodman's death in January 2017, James Mallory described him as QUB's "most illustrious archaeology graduate", whose work provided the "basic structure of all subsequent research into the Irish Mesolithic"

Battle of the Kodori Valley

The Battle of the Kodori Valley was a military operation during the Russo-Georgian War in the Upper Kodori Valley of Abkhazia, a breakaway region of Georgia. It was the only part of Abkhazia under Georgian control before this military conflict. On 9 August 2008, the Abkhaz military, with support by Russian forces, launched an operation to remove the remaining Georgian troops from the disputed gorge. After three days, the Georgian military left the Upper Kodori Valley. Russia sent naval vessels to blockade Georgia's Black Sea coast. According to the Russian navy, a group of ships from Russia's Black Sea Fleet, including the flagship Moskva missile cruiser, arrived on 10 August 2008 near the Georgian border; the source in the Russian Navy's headquarters claimed, that "the purpose of the Black Sea Fleet vessels' presence in this region is to provide aid to refugees." A spokesman of the president of Abkhazia earlier said, that "the local administration and peacekeepers had asked Russia to reinforce its naval presence near the Abkhazian coast, after Georgian warships attempted to approach the coastline."On 10 August 2008, the Georgian government said that 6,000 Russian troops had rolled into South Ossetia from the neighbouring Russian province of North Ossetia and 4,000 more landed in Abkhazia.

Alexander Novitsky, an aide to the commander of Russian peacekeepers in Abkhazia, said on 11 August 2008, that Russia had boosted its forces in Abkhazia and had more than 9,000 paratroopers and 350 armoured vehicles there. On the morning of 9 August 2008, the Abkhaz de facto deputy defense minister requested, that UNOMIG should withdraw its observers from the Upper Kodori Valley. UNOMIG withdrew all 15 observers from the Upper Kodori Valley; the Abkhaz de facto authorities announced a decision, taken by president Bagapsh, to expel the Georgian armed forces from the Upper Kodori Valley. On the afternoon, UNOMIG reported aerial bombardments of Georgian villages in the Upper Kodori Valley. On 10 August, the president of Abkhazia, Sergei Bagapsh, gave a press conference where he announced that their operation in the Upper Kodori Valley was proceeding according to plan, he gave both Georgian civilians and armed personnel an ultimatum to leave the Upper Kodori Valley. He said, that the government of Abkhazia had requested Russia to take measures to strengthen the Abkhaz maritime border.

Bagapsh said, that his decision to start a military operation against the Upper Kodori Valley was approved by the parliament. On 9 August 2008, Russian-supported separatists in Abkhazia launched air and artillery strikes to drive Georgian troops out of the Kodori gorge, the only part of Abkhazia controlled by Georgia before this war. A "second front" against Georgia was opened; the Itar-Tass news agency quoted the foreign minister of Abkhazia Sergei Shamba as saying that the armed forces of Abkhazia had begun an operation to force Georgian troops out of the upper part of the Kodori gorge. In a separate report by Interfax news agency, Sergei Bagapsh said, that its "aviation is conducting an operation in the upper part of the Kodori gorge of Abkhazia controlled by Georgia." Shamba said, "Today was only the initial part of the operation by heavy artillery supported by aviation." Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili was quoted by the Itar-Tass agency as saying that Georgia had defeated all attacks on the upper part of the Kodori gorge.

On 10 August Abkhaz warplanes and artillery continued to pound Georgian positions for a second day in a row. Bagapsh said, Abkhazia was acting "independently"; the separatist authorities of Abkhazia announced a full military mobilisation. The president of Abkhazia said, that "around 1,000 special Abkhaz troops" were involved in operations against Georgian forces, they were attacking the Georgians using "warplanes, multiple rocket launchers and artillery." "The operation will enter the next phase as planned. And you will learn about that," he said, adding that he would create a "humanitarian corridor", allowing residents to flee. On 11 August 2008, the Abkhaz defense minister, Mirab Kishmaria, told the Russian news agency Interfax, that Abkhaz forces would kill Georgian troops, if they did not leave Kodori gorge. On 12 August 2008, Abkhaz authorities announced a military offensive against Georgian troops in the Kodori gorge. Russian forces supported the Abkhaz operation. "The operation to liberate Kodori gorge has started," Abkhazia's foreign minister, Sergei Shamba, said.

"Our troops are making advances. We are hoping for success." Shamba claimed. Georgian military left the gorge on 12 August 2008. Georgia's Deputy Interior Minister, Eka Zhguladze, that Georgian troops had withdrawn from the Kodori gorge as a "goodwill gesture." Abkhaz Deputy Defense Minister, Major General Anatoly Zaitsev, that "only local forces - not Russian ones" were involved in the military operation. But an AP reporter in the area saw 135 Russian military vehicles driving to the Kodori gorge. Georgian officials said, their troops in the Kodori gorge were being attacked by Russians. On 13 August 2008, president Sergei Bagapsh flew into the gorge by helicopter to declare, that the last piece of Georgian-held land in Abkhazia was back under the control of the separatist authorities. Abkhaz soldiers said, that they had discovered a "mountain of weapons", from American M-16 rifles to artillery units and mortars, as well as herds of abandoned cattle. One Abkhaz soldier was mistakenly killed by his own men.

Two Georgian soldiers were killed. Before the war, around 2,000 people lived in the Upper Kodori Valley, that fled during the Georgian retreat; the Abkhaz authorities said that they advised the return of the refugees, but by late March 2009, only 130 people were reported to live in the Upper Kodori Valley. According to visitors to

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River, situated in the place, now the country Egypt. Ancient Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around 3100 BC with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Menes; the history of ancient Egypt occurred as a series of stable kingdoms, separated by periods of relative instability known as Intermediate Periods: the Old Kingdom of the Early Bronze Age, the Middle Kingdom of the Middle Bronze Age and the New Kingdom of the Late Bronze Age. Egypt reached the pinnacle of its power in the New Kingdom, ruling much of Nubia and a sizable portion of the Near East, after which it entered a period of slow decline. During the course of its history Egypt was invaded or conquered by a number of foreign powers, including the Hyksos, the Libyans, the Nubians, the Assyrians, the Achaemenid Persians, the Macedonians under the command of Alexander the Great; the Greek Ptolemaic Kingdom, formed in the aftermath of Alexander's death, ruled Egypt until 30 BC, under Cleopatra, it fell to the Roman Empire and became a Roman province.

The success of ancient Egyptian civilization came from its ability to adapt to the conditions of the Nile River valley for agriculture. The predictable flooding and controlled irrigation of the fertile valley produced surplus crops, which supported a more dense population, social development and culture. With resources to spare, the administration sponsored mineral exploitation of the valley and surrounding desert regions, the early development of an independent writing system, the organization of collective construction and agricultural projects, trade with surrounding regions, a military intended to assert Egyptian dominance. Motivating and organizing these activities was a bureaucracy of elite scribes, religious leaders, administrators under the control of a pharaoh, who ensured the cooperation and unity of the Egyptian people in the context of an elaborate system of religious beliefs; the many achievements of the ancient Egyptians include the quarrying and construction techniques that supported the building of monumental pyramids and obelisks.

Ancient Egypt has left a lasting legacy. Its art and architecture were copied, its antiquities carried off to far corners of the world, its monumental ruins have inspired the imaginations of writers for centuries. A new-found respect for antiquities and excavations in the early modern period by Europeans and Egyptians led to the scientific investigation of Egyptian civilization and a greater appreciation of its cultural legacy; the Nile has been the lifeline of its region for much of human history. The fertile floodplain of the Nile gave humans the opportunity to develop a settled agricultural economy and a more sophisticated, centralized society that became a cornerstone in the history of human civilization. Nomadic modern human hunter-gatherers began living in the Nile valley through the end of the Middle Pleistocene some 120,000 years ago. By the late Paleolithic period, the arid climate of Northern Africa became hot and dry, forcing the populations of the area to concentrate along the river region.

In Predynastic and Early Dynastic times, the Egyptian climate was much less arid. Large regions of Egypt were traversed by herds of grazing ungulates. Foliage and fauna were far more prolific in all environs and the Nile region supported large populations of waterfowl. Hunting would have been common for Egyptians, this is the period when many animals were first domesticated. By about 5500 BC, small tribes living in the Nile valley had developed into a series of cultures demonstrating firm control of agriculture and animal husbandry, identifiable by their pottery and personal items, such as combs and beads; the largest of these early cultures in upper Egypt was the Badarian culture, which originated in the Western Desert. The Badari was followed by the Naqada culture: the Amratian, the Gerzeh, Semainean; these brought a number of technological improvements. As early as the Naqada I Period, predynastic Egyptians imported obsidian from Ethiopia, used to shape blades and other objects from flakes.

In Naqada II times, early evidence exists of contact with the Near East Canaan and the Byblos coast. Over a period of about 1,000 years, the Naqada culture developed from a few small farming communities into a powerful civilization whose leaders were in complete control of the people and resources of the Nile valley. Establishing a power center at Nekhen, at Abydos, Naqada III leaders expanded their control of Egypt northwards along the Nile, they traded with Nubia to the south, the oases of the western desert to the west, the cultures of the eastern Mediterranean and Near East to the east, initiating a period of Egypt-Mesopotamia relations. The Naqada culture manufactured a diverse selection of material goods, reflective of the increasing power and wealth of the elite, as well as societal personal-use items, which included combs, small statuary, painted pottery, high quality decorative stone vases, cosmetic palettes, jewelry made of gold and ivory, they developed a ceramic gl

Warner Bros. Museum

Warner Bros. Museum known as the Warner Bros. Studio Tour Archive, is the only studio museum in the movie industry in Burbank, California and is dedicated to Warner Bros. Opened in 1996, the 7,000 sq. foot museum brings together costumes, animation cells and letters collected from the history of Warner Bros. film-making and television programs. Original costumes from Batman - Michael Keaton's Bat-suit, Kim Basinger's'Vicki Vale' outfit and Jack Nicholson's "Joker" costume. Original costumes and props from Batman Returns - Michael Keaton's Bat-suit, the Penguin costume worn by Danny DeVito etc. Original Riddler, Two-Face and Robin costumes from Batman Forever. Original costumes and props from Batman and Robin. Original costumes and props from Batman Begins - Christian Bale's Batman costume, the Ra's al Ghul outfit, worn by Liam Neeson, the Scarecrow costume, along with the iconic bag mask, worn by Cillian Murphy, the costume worn by Ken Watanabe and others. Original costumes and props from The Dark Knight - Batman's costume, Joker's nurse costume, several of the henchmen clown masks from the heist scene at the beginning of the film, a mini replica of the Tumbler, the original Joker suit, worn by late actor Heath Ledger, whose brilliant performance of the Joker would win him a posthumous Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, Batman's pump-action sticky bomb gun, The Joker's signature playing card calling card, Two-Face's coin props, the suit, worn by Aaron Eckhart, who portrayed Two-Face and the letter written by'Rachel Dawes', Bruce Wayne's childhood friend and former flame, before her death.

Original props and costumes from The Dark Knight Rises - the outfit worn by Tom Hardy, who portrayed Bane, Bane's bomb, the "Alfred Pennyworth" outfit worn by Michael Caine, the original costumes worn by Gary Oldman, Joseph Gordon-Levitt and Marion Cotillard, who portrayed in the film Commissioner James Gordon, John Blake and Miranda Tate/Talia al Ghul and others. Props and costumes from Sweeney Todd, Mars Attacks!, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and Corpse Bride. Props and costumes from the Harry Potter films, including the "Sorting Hat"; the martial arts pants. Oscars and Oscar envelopes for some of Warner's films, including The Life of Emile Zola, Casablanca, My Fair Lady and The Jazz Singer; the costume, worn by James Dean in Giant and Dean's personal Triumph 500 motorcycle. The piano from Casablanca and Humphrey Bogart's and Ingrid Bergman's clothes. Letters from Errol Flynn, John Wayne, Ronald Reagan and Jack Warner; the extravagant hats from the Ascot Race scene in My Fair Lady and the pumpkinseed gown, worn by Vanessa Redgrave as Queen Guenevere in Camelot.

The real Maltese Falcon. Dresses that were worn by Joan Crawford. Audrey Hepburn's hat. John Wayne's saddle and chaps. John Wayne's costume from The Sea Chase, his uniform from Operation Pacific and one of the rifles he used in Cahill U. S. Marshal. Clint Eastwood's iconic outfits from Gran Torino and Heartbreak Ridge. Faye Dunaway's outfit from Clyde. Life masks of Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton. Props and costumes from The Hangover; the costumes from 300. The End Credits build display from The Lego Movie; the whole Central Perk set from Friends. Media related to Warner Bros. at Wikimedia Commons Warner Bros. Studio Tour: About the Tour