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Pierre Balmain

Pierre Alexandre Claudius Balmain was a French fashion designer and founder of leading post-war fashion house Balmain. Known for sophistication and elegance, he described the art of dressmaking as "the architecture of movement." Balmain's father, who died when the future designer was seven years old, was the owner of a wholesale drapery business. His mother Françoise ran, he went to school at Chambéry and, during weekends with his uncle in the spa town of Aix-les-Bains, his interest in couture fashion was inspired by society women he met. Balmain began studying architecture at the École des Beaux-Arts in 1933 undertaking freelance work drawing for the designer Robert Piguet. After visiting the studio of Edward Molyneux in 1934, he was offered a job, leaving his studies and working for the designer for the succeeding five years, he joined Lucien Lelong during World War II --. Pierre Balmain died at the age of 68 of liver cancer at the American Hospital of Paris, having just completed the sketches for his fall collection.

His companion was the Danish designer Erik Mortensen, who worked as a designer at Balmain from 1948 until 1991. The fashion house of Balmain opened in 1945, it showcased long bell-shaped skirts with small waists – a post-war style, popularised in 1947 as Dior's New Look. The first collection was showcased in Vogue in the November issue and the reviewer's reaction was that Balmain delivered: "beautiful clothes that you want to wear". A positive write-up in the magazine from Balmain's friend Gertrude Stein helped to seal the designer's success – early celebrity fans included the Duchess of Windsor who ordered from the collection. Balmain was active in promoting himself internationally from the early days – touring Australia in 1947 and designing a line to be produced in the country, he expanded operations to the United States in 1951, selling ready-to-wear clothes that earned him a prestigious Neiman Marcus Fashion Award in 1955. He was, by this stage, designing clothes worn by Vojislav Stanimirovic and stars, such as Marlene Dietrich and Katharine Hepburn.

Such was Balmain's reputation that he was chosen to design the wardrobe of Queen Sirikit of Thailand during her 1960 tour of the United States. In 1968, he created outfits for the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble and he designed outfits for both TWA and Malaysia–Singapore Airlines' cabin crew in the 1960s and'70s. Air France's first female pilot in 1975 wore a uniform by BalmainErik Mortensen, a student of the Danish designer Holger Blum, began as a design assistant at Balmain in 1948, he and Balmain worked well together, Mortensen went from assistant to collaborator. He and Balmain worked together for the rest of Balmain's life. Margit Brandt worked as a young designer with Pierre Balmain in the early 1960s. Balmain spotted the talent of Karl Lagerfeld, hiring him in 1954 after judging a fashion competition that the young German designer won. Balmain was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Costume Design and won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Costume Design for Happy New Year. Additional Broadway theatre credits include costumes for Sophia Loren in The Millionairess and Josephine Baker for her eponymous 1964 revue.

He was a costume designer for 16 films, including the Brigitte Bardot vehicle And God Created Woman and La Parisienne, designed on-screen wardrobes for the actresses Vivien Leigh and Mae West. He made a lot of dresses for Dalida. Balmain created perfumes, including Vent Vert, his first successful scent and one of the best-selling perfumes of the late 1940s and early 1950s. Other scents included Jolie Madame and Eau d'Amazonie; the fashion house was referred to in the 1960 poster for The Millionairess, which promoted the film as: "The sultry story of the beautiful babe in the Balmain gown who pants for romance". Peter Sarstedt's 1969 hit single Where Do You Go To contains the line: "Your clothes are all made by Balmain". Balmain's vintage couture gowns remain popular and have been seen on Angelina Jolie, Penélope Cruz, Alexandra Kerry, Tatiana Sorokko, Kate Moss and Kristin Davis, among others. Rappers Akillezz, Kid Cudi and Singer Tory Lanez have a song named after Balmain. Balmain, Pierre, My Years and Seasons, London 1964 Balmain House of Balmain Vintage designs and adverts by Pierre Balmain Pierre Balmain at FMD Pierre Balmain at the Internet Broadway Database "Pierre Balmain – Dress & Petticoat".

Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 13 November 2007. "Interactive timeline of couture houses and couturier biographies". Victoria and Albert Museum

East Pasadena, California

East Pasadena is a census-designated place in Los Angeles County, United States. The population was 6,144 at the 2010 census, up from 6,045 at the 2000 census. East Pasadena is located at 34°8′24″N 118°4′40″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.3 square miles, all land. The land area of East Pasadena is separated into two non-contiguous segments: The main portion, bordered by Pasadena city limits on the North, California Boulevard on the south, Michillinda Avenue on the east, San Gabriel Boulevard on the west. A smaller district to the west, bordered by Del Mar Boulevard to the north, San Marino city limits to the south, Berkeley Avenue to the west and San Gabriel Boulevard to the east; the community has become smaller as the city of Pasadena has expanded its boundaries to include more of the unincorporated area of East Pasadena. The 2010 United States Census reported that East Pasadena had a population of 6,144; the population density was 4,645.1 people per square mile.

The racial makeup of East Pasadena was 3,183 White, 183 African American, 47 Native American, 1,589 Asian, 7 Pacific Islander, 857 from other races, 278 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,139 persons; the Census reported that 6,119 people lived in households, 7 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 18 were institutionalized. There were 2,096 households, out of which 704 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,158 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 241 had a female householder with no husband present, 115 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 98 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 14 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 441 households were made up of individuals and 178 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92. There were 1,514 families; the population was spread out with 1,303 people under the age of 18, 510 people aged 18 to 24, 1,645 people aged 25 to 44, 1,729 people aged 45 to 64, 957 people who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 40.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males. There were 2,184 housing units at an average density of 1,651.2 per square mile, of which 1,435 were owner-occupied, 661 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%. 4,286 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,833 people lived in rental housing units. According to the 2010 United States Census, East Pasadena had a median household income of $71,151, with 16.0% of the population living below the federal poverty line. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,045 people, 2,038 households, 1,502 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 4,586.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,124 housing units at an average density of 1,611.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 55.70% White, 2.55% Black or African American, 0.79% Native American, 20.03% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 14.43% from other races, 6.45% from two or more races.

35.24 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 2,038 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.3% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.43. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $53,378, the median income for a family was $61,531. Males had a median income of $50,208 versus $35,104 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $34,548. About 6.1% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.6% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

In the state legislature East Pasadena is located in the 25th Senate District, represented by Democrat Anthony Portantino and in the 41st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Chris Holden. Federally, East Pasadena is located in California's California's 27th congressional district and is represented by Democrat Judy Chu; the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department operates the Temple Station in Temple City, serving East Pasadena. East Pasadena is served by the San Marino Unified School District serving the southwest portion and Pasadena Unified School District serving the Rosemead Boulevard corridor

Band of the Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment

The Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment Band was a military band of the British Army that served as the regimental band of the Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment from 1959 to 1994. During its existence, the regimental band maintained a corps of drums alongside its band that took part in many different ceremonies on behalf of the regiment; the Drum Major was responsible for the day to day deployment of the Corps of Drums. When on parade, the drum major uses a ceremonial mace used that includes silver chain is entwined about the staff; the band was founded in 1959 from a amgulation from the Royal Berkshire Regiment Band and Drums and the Wiltshire Regiment Band. Up until the late 1960s, the 1 DERR did not have a ceremonial full dress uniform. In August 1979, members of the regimental band were hurt in the 1979 Brussels bombing on the Grand Place, carried out by volunteers belonging to the Provisional Irish Republican Army; the bombing injured seven bandsmen and eleven civilians. Fatalities were avoided as only some of the band's 30 members arrived and the band members that were there were dressing away from the stage.

Between 1981 and 1985, the band saw a decrease in its number of musicians, dropping to 22 from 28. In October 1984, the regiment was given the duty of guard mounting at Buckingham Palace, as well as the Tower of London and St. James's Palace; the band under Major Lake, supported by a company of 150 soldiers, performed during the execution of public duties in the capital. In June 1986, it took part in a Beating Retreat with the Pipes & Drums of the Ulster Defence Regiment. While the band was in Asia, it performed at ceremonies in neighbouring countries and territories of the Crown, including Hong Kong and Japan. While the 1 DERR was deployed to Joint Base Lewis–McChord in the United States in the spring of 1992, the band carried out a series of engagements in the region that culminated in a joint concert with the I Corps Band at the Washington State Capitol in Olympia. In addition, the Corps of Drums participated in the Beating Retreat at an Anglo-American Band Concert. Coldstream Guards Band Band of the Brigade of Gurkhas Band of the Royal Regiment of Scotland