Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
Franklin Patrick Herbert Jr. was an American science fiction writer best known for the novel Dune and its five sequels. Though he became famous for his long novels, he was a newspaper journalist, short story writer, book reviewer, ecological consultant and lecturer; the Dune saga, set in the distant future and taking place over millennia, deals with complex themes such as human survival and evolution and the intersection of religion and power. Dune is the best-selling science fiction novel of all time and the series is considered to be among the classics of the genre. Frank Herbert was born on October 8, 1920, in Tacoma, Washington, to Frank Patrick Herbert Sr. and Eileen Herbert. Because of a poor home environment, he ran away from home in 1938 to live with an aunt and uncle in Salem, Oregon, he enrolled in high school at Salem High School. In 1939 he lied about his age to get his first newspaper job at the Glendale Star. Herbert returned to Salem in 1940 where he worked for the Oregon Statesman newspaper in a variety of positions, including photographer.
He served in the U. S. Navy's Seabees for six months as a photographer during World War II he was given a medical discharge, he married Flora Parkinson in San Pedro, California, in 1940. They had a daughter, but divorced in 1945. After the war, Herbert attended the University of Washington, where he met Beverly Ann Stuart at a creative writing class in 1946, they were the only students. They married in Seattle, Washington on June 20, 1946, had two sons, Brian Patrick Herbert and Bruce Calvin Herbert In 1949 Herbert and his wife moved to California to work on the Santa Rosa Press-Democrat. Here they befriended the psychologists Irene Slattery; the Slatterys introduced Herbert to the work of several thinkers who would influence his writing, including Freud, Jung and Heidegger. Herbert did not graduate from the university, he worked at the Seattle Star and the Oregon Statesman. He was a editor for the San Francisco Examiner's California Living magazine for a decade. In a 1973 interview, Herbert stated that he had been reading science fiction "about ten years" before he began writing in the genre, he listed his favorite authors as H. G. Wells, Robert A. Heinlein, Poul Anderson and Jack Vance.
Herbert's first science fiction story, "Looking for Something", was published in the April 1952 issue of Startling Stories a monthly edited by Samuel Mines. Three more of his stories appeared in 1954 issues of Astounding Science Amazing Stories, his career as a novelist began in 1955 with the serial publication of Under Pressure in Astounding from November 1955. The story explored sanity and madness in the environment of a 21st-century submarine and predicted worldwide conflicts over oil consumption and production, it was a critical success but not a major commercial one. During this time Herbert worked as a speechwriter for Republican senator Guy Cordon. Herbert began researching Dune in 1959, he was able to devote himself wholeheartedly to his writing career because his wife returned to work full-time as an advertising writer for department stores, becoming the breadwinner during the 1960s. He told Willis E. McNelly that the novel originated when he was supposed to do a magazine article on sand dunes in the Oregon Dunes near Florence, Oregon.
He ended up with far more raw material than needed for an article. The article was never written, but instead planted the seed. Dune took six years of research and writing to complete and it was much longer than commercial science fiction of the time was supposed to be. Analog published it in two parts comprising eight installments, "Dune World" from December 1963 and "Prophet of Dune" in 1965, it was rejected by nearly twenty book publishers. One editor prophetically wrote, "I might be making the mistake of the decade, but...". Sterling E. Lanier, an editor of Chilton Book Company had read the Dune serials and offered a $7,500 advance plus future royalties for the rights to publish them as a hardcover book. Herbert rewrote much of his text. Dune was soon a critical success, it won the Nebula Award for Best Novel in 1965 and shared the Hugo Award in 1966 with... And Call Me Conrad by Roger Zelazny. Dune was the first major ecological science fiction novel, embracing a multitude of sweeping, interrelated themes and multiple character viewpoints, a method that ran through all Herbert's mature work.
Dune was not an immediate bestseller. By 1968 Herbert had made $20,000 from it, far more than most science fiction novels of the time were generating, but not enough to let him take up full-time writing. However, the publication of Dune did open doors for him, he was the Seattle Post-Intelligencer's education writer from 1969 to 1972 and lecturer in general studies and interdisciplinary studies at the University of Washington. He worked in Vietnam and Pakistan a
The Gunman (film)
The Gunman is a 2015 action thriller film directed by Pierre Morel and written by Don Macpherson, Pete Travis and Sean Penn, based on the novel The Prone Gunman by Jean-Patrick Manchette. It stars Penn along with Idris Elba, Mark Rylance, Jasmine Trinca and Ray Winstone; the film is about Jim Terrier, a mercenary who assassinates the Minister of Mining of the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2006 on orders from multinational mining companies. Eight years after Terrier has retired from mercenary work, he and the people close to him become the targets of hit squads sent by a powerful multinational security firm, he must fight to stay alive; the film was released on March 2015 by Open Road Films. It was a box office bomb, grossing just $24 million against its $40 million budget and receiving a poor critical reception. Jim Terrier is a former special forces soldier, he is part of a team deployed by a corporation in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2006, under the cover of providing security to local projects.
He falls in love with a fellow expat working as an NGO doctor in a local hospital. During this period though civil war has wreaked havoc on the country, large multinational mining companies continue to profit from the country's mining industry. After the Minister of Mining announces his plans to declare contracts with the mining companies unjust and renegotiate the terms, the mining companies hire Terrier's team to assassinate the Minister to ensure their access to the rich mineral resources. Terrier flees from Africa, leaving Annie behind. After that, Terrier retires from his mercenary career. Eight years he returns to DRC as a charity worker to build wells. One day Terrier is brutally assaulted by a local hit squad. While searching the attackers' bodies, he finds signs that the attack was not random and that he was the target. Scared and suspicious, Terrier flees to London to meet an ex-mercenary colleague, who reveals that Cox, their ex-boss in the Congo assassination, has formed a large international security firm offering its services to major clients, such as the Pentagon.
The firm's head wants to eliminate all of the former members of the assassination squad as revelations of their former activities could hinder the development of the new firm. Now the firm's hit teams chase Terrier around the clock, meanwhile killing his friends and kidnapping Annie. However, Terrier still keeps compromising materials that can reveal Cox's role in the Congo assassination and uses it to lure Cox and his team to a bullfight in Spain, threatening to expose their complicity unless they trade Annie for the evidence. Unknown to them, Terrier makes a deal with Interpol to provide evidence to aid their ongoing investigation. Despite battling severe head trauma suffered from his violent past, Terrier defeats the experienced mercenaries sent to kill him; as he struggles to help Annie escape to safety, Cox discovers them. Terrier is wounded but manages to shoot Cox, gored by a loose bull. Interpol officers arrive and take Terrier into custody, though Agent Barnes promises to do what he can to help Terrier avoid doing more jail time than necessary.
The film ends with Terrier and released from prison, reuniting with Annie in the DRC. Sean Penn as Jim Terrier Javier Bardem as Felix Idris Elba as Jackie Barnes Mark Rylance as Terrance Cox Jasmine Trinca as Annie Ray Winstone as Stanley Peter Franzén as Reiniger Billy Billingham as Reed Daniel Adegboyega as Bryson Ade Oyefeso as Eugene Circa January 2013, French action director Pierre Morel entered negotiations to direct Sean Penn in Prone Gunman, an action thriller being produced by Silver Pictures’ Joel Silver and Andrew Rona; the film is based on the 1981 novel The Prone Gunman by French crime novelist Jean-Patrick Manchette. The project, from Silver Pictures, was financed by StudioCanal, who sold out rights to the film at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival. In May 2013, Deadline Hollywood reported. In June, Deadline stated, he played a mentor of the hitman, betrayed and hunted by the organization he worked for. Italian Jasmine Trinca became the female lead. Bardem played Trinca’s husband, Elba played a mysterious operative named Dupont.
On May 8, 2014, Open Road Films acquired the US distribution rights to the film. Principal photography took place in the spring of 2013 in several locales across Europe; the Gunman grossed $10.7 million in the United States and Canada and $13.5 million in other territories for a worldwide total of $24.2 million, against a production budget of $40 million. The film grossed $5 million in its opening weekend; the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes gave the film an approval rating of 17% based on 171 reviews, with a rating average of 4.4/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "With an uninspired plot and rote set pieces that are overshadowed by its star's physique, The Gunman proves a muddled misfire in the aging Over-50 Action Hero genre." On Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating, the film has a score of 39 out of 100, based on 41 critics, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews". According to CinemaScore, audiences gave the film a grade of "B−" on an A+ to F scale; the Gunman on IMDb The Gunman at Rotten Tomatoes The Gunman at AllMovie The Gunman at the Internet Movie Firearms Database
I, Cesar is a 2003 French comedy film directed by Richard Berry. César is a young boy living in Montmartre, with his parents. Morgan, his friend, tries to find his father in London. César accompanies him in his quest, with another friend, the prettiest girl in the school, who speaks English. Jules Sitruk – César Petit Mabô Kouyaté – Morgan Boulanger Joséphine Berry – Sarah Delgado Maria de Medeiros – Chantal Petit Jean-Philippe Écoffey – Bertrand Petit Anna Karina – Gloria Jean Benguigui – Papy Murray Head – Charley Fitzpatrick Jean-Paul Rouve – The gym teacher Catherine Hosmalin – The baker I, Cesar on IMDb
Unleashed (2005 film)
Unleashed is a 2005 action film directed by Louis Leterrier, written by Luc Besson, co-produced by Jet Li and Besson. It stars Li, Morgan Freeman, Bob Hoskins, Kerry Condon; the film's setting and shooting location are Glasgow. Bart is a vicious loan shark whose method of persuading men to pay him back involves Danny the Dog, a young man trained like a dog and left with the mentality of a child. Danny is a violently skilled fighter who stops at nothing to take down his targets, but only when a metal collar around his neck is removed by Bart. Once the collar is on, Danny is a harmless, withdrawn person, with little knowledge of how to live as a socialised human, he is bullied by Bart, whom Danny perceives as his master. One day, Danny meets Sam, a kind blind pianist, at the antique warehouse while dealing with Bart's clients. After the collar trick with Danny starts to fail due to its inherent limitations, Bart realizes he can end his loan shark career by entering Danny as a fighter in underground fighting deathmatches.
If Danny wins, Bart receives a hefty prize money. However, after the first fight, Bart is attacked by another criminal and is left for dead after being shot by a semi-automatic weapon. A critically injured Danny returns to the antique warehouse for shelter. Danny is unconscious for two days and wakes up at the home of Sam and his stepdaughter Victoria, Danny starts to open up to them starting a new life with the benevolent family; the two teach Danny how to eat, speak, cook, go grocery shopping, how to play the piano. Danny socializes with Victoria and Sam by hanging out with them in public areas and taking family photos, he drastically changes with new clothes and fresh lifestyle, learns to live without his collar after Victoria removes it. He is drawn closer to music while spending time with Victoria, develops curiosity about who his mother was after Victoria teaches him what it means to have a family. Weeks Sam informs Danny about moving back to New York, where he and Victoria are from, he invites Danny, telling him they think of him as family, Danny accepts.
However, Danny runs into Bart’s right-hand man Lefty in the streets and is forced back to Bart after Lefty threatens to hurt Sam and Victoria. Bart, recovering from the accident, drags Danny back to the underground arena, where a death-match is set between Danny and four ruthless martial artists. Despite Danny’s refusal to fight, Bart shoves him into the pit, where he is attacked by the fighters while trying to defend himself, he retaliates by beating the four fighters, but refuses to kill them, so Bart kills the first fighter at gunpoint, drags Danny back home, shuts him back in his cage. That night, Danny sneaks through his door and goes through photographs of Bart’s favorite prostitutes finding one snapshot of who appears to be Danny’s own mother, he interrogates Bart, who tells him that she was a prostitute, long gone. He angrily promises to make Danny repay him for the money. Next morning, Danny manages to escape from Bart by causing the car to crash and goes back to Sam and Victoria, telling them what he has learned and where he was.
With the two's help, Danny figures out. As Victoria plays the same music his mother played, Danny regains memories from his childhood past: his mother was a music student with no money, so she offered herself to Bart to get some to pay for her lessons while hiding Danny from him all the time. However, it ended when Bart discovered Danny, causing her to be killed. Bart has been raising Danny since, not as a human being, but as a dog. After regaining the memories, he and Victoria try to pack up. Bart and a large gang of thugs arrive at Sam's apartment building to capture Danny. Danny runs out to fight the thugs, he faces off against The Stranger, an attacker with a skill level similar to his own, but Danny causes him to fall on Bart's car. Bart and his men pursue Danny through the building with guns catching him in Sam's apartment, he threatens to pull the trigger, all the while telling him that he was never meant for a different kind of lifestyle, but he drops the gun and instead takes out a collar, telling Danny to come home.
Danny advances toward the collar, but stops Bart at the last minute and disarms him. He proceeds causing Sam and Victoria to burst out and beg Danny not to kill. Bart tells Danny he will always be an animal, to which Sam responds by smashing a flower pot on Bart's head, knocking him unconscious. Sam and Victoria embrace having calmed Danny's rage. Bart is arrested in the aftermath; some time Danny is with Sam at a piano recital at Carnegie Hall, where Victoria is getting ready to perform. Realising Victoria is playing what his mother played years ago, Danny sheds a happy tear. Jet Li as Danny a.k.a Danny the Dog Morgan Freeman as Sam Bob Hoskins as Bart Kerry Condon as Victoria Vincent Regan as Raffles Dylan Brown as Lefty Tamer Hassan as Georgie Michael Jenn as Wyeth Jean-François Lénogue as Raffles thug Scott Adkins as Swimming pool fighter Silvio Simac as Swimming pool fighter Mike Ian Lambert as The Stranger Unleashed received positive reviews. The film has a rating of 66% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 131 reviews with an average score of 6.2/10.
The critical consensus states: "Jet Li gets to emote in some awkward scenes, but the gritty fight sequences come through in what is Li's b
Idrissa Akuna "Idris" Elba is an English actor, director, musician, DJ, rapper. He is best known for playing drug trafficker Stringer Bell on the HBO series The Wire, DCI John Luther on the BBC One series Luther and Nelson Mandela in the biographical film Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom, he has been nominated four times for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film, winning one and was nominated five times for a Primetime Emmy Award. Elba appeared in Ridley Scott's American Prometheus. Elba portrays Heimdall in Thor and its sequels Thor: The Dark World and Thor: Ragnarok, as well as Avengers: Age of Ultron and Avengers: Infinity War, he starred in Pacific Rim, Beasts of No Nation, for which he received BAFTA, Golden Globe nominations for Best Supporting Actor and Molly's Game. In 2016, he voiced Chief Bogo in Zootopia, Shere Khan in the live action/CGI adaptation of The Jungle Book, Fluke in Finding Dory and played the role of Krall in Star Trek Beyond, he made his directorial debut in 2018 with an adaptation of the 1992 novel Yardie by Victor Headley.
In addition to his acting work, Elba performs as a DJ under the moniker DJ Big Driis and as an R&B musician. In 2016, he was named in the Time 100 list of the Most Influential People in the World. Idrissa Akuna Elba was born on 6 September 1972 at Forestgate Hospital in Hackney, the son of Winston, a Sierra Leonean man who worked at Ford Dagenham, Eve, a Ghanaian woman. Elba's parents were married in Sierra Leone and moved to London, his paternal grandfather, was a sailor and policeman. Elba was brought up in Hackney and East Ham, shortened his first name to "Idris" at school in Canning Town, where he first became involved in acting, he credits The Stage with giving him his first big break, having seen an advertisement for a play in it. In 1986, he began helping an uncle with his wedding DJ business. Elba left school in 1988, won a place in the National Youth Music Theatre thanks to a £1,500 Prince's Trust grant. To support himself between roles in his early career, he worked in jobs such as tyre-fitting, cold-calling, night shifts at Ford Dagenham.
He was working in nightclubs under the DJ nickname "Big Driis" during his teens, but began auditioning for television roles in his early twenties. Elba's first acting role was in Crimewatch murder reconstructions and in 1994 he appeared in a BBC children's drama called The Boot Street Band. In 1995, he landed his first significant role on a series called Bramwell, a medical drama set in 1890s England, he played a central character in an episode of Season 1, an African petty thief named Charlie Carter, who lost his wife to childbirth and had to figure out how to support his newborn daughter. His first named role arrived earlier in 1995, when he was cast as a gigolo on the "Sex" episode of Absolutely Fabulous. Many supporting roles on British television followed, including series such as The Bill and The Ruth Rendell Mysteries, he joined the cast of the soap opera Family Affairs and went on to appear on the television serial Ultraviolet and on Dangerfield. He decided to move to New York City soon after.
He returned to England for a television role, such as a part in one of the Inspector Lynley Mysteries. In 2001, Elba played Achilles in a stage production of Cressida in New York City. After a supporting turn on a 2001 episode of Law & Order, Elba landed a starring role on the 2002 HBO drama series The Wire. From 2002 to 2004, Elba portrayed Russell "Stringer" Bell in the series his best-known role in the United States. In 2005, he portrayed Captain Augustin Muganza in Sometimes in April, an HBO film about the Rwandan Genocide. Elba appeared on the 2007 BET special Black Men: The Truth, he appeared as Charlie Gotso on The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency, filmed in Botswana. The series premiered on 23 March 2008, Easter Sunday, on BBC One, receiving a high 6.3 million viewers and 27% of the audience share. In January 2009, it was reported by Variety that Elba would portray Charles Miner, a new rival to Dunder Mifflin regional manager Michael Scott for NBC's The Office. Elba appeared in a six-episode story arc in the 2009 season as well as the season finale.
In September 2009, he signed a deal to star as the lead role on the six-part BBC television series Luther, which aired in May 2010. He appeared on Showtime's The Big C in 2010. At the 69th Golden Globe Awards telecast on 15 January 2012, Elba won the Award for Best Actor in a Series, Mini-Series, or Motion Picture Made for Television for his role on the BBC crime thriller series Luther. In April 2018, it was announced that Elba was cast as Charlie in the Netflix comedy series, Turn Up Charlie, he created and starred in the semi-autobiographical comedy In The Long Run. In 2007, Elba signed on as the lead role of the film Daddy's Little Girls, playing Monty, a blue-collar mechanic who falls in love with an attorney helping him gain custody of his kids, finds the relationship and his custody hopes threatened by the return of his former wife, he appeared in 28 Weeks Later and This Christmas, which brought in nearly $50 million at the box office in 2007. In 2008, he starred in the criminal comedy RocknRolla.
In 2009, he starred in the horror film The Unborn and in Obsessed, a thriller that had him cast opposite Beyoncé. The latter was a box office success. Elba's next film was Legacy, in which he portrayed a black ops sold
A camera operator, is a professional operator of a film or video camera. In filmmaking, the person designing the lighting is the director of photography. A camera operator in a video production may be known as a television camera operator, video camera operator, or videographer, depending on the context and technology involved operating a professional video camera; the camera operator is responsible for physically operating the camera and maintaining composition and camera angles throughout a given scene or shot. In narrative filmmaking, the camera operator will collaborate with the director, director of photography and crew to make technical and creative decisions. In this setting, a camera operator is part of a film crew consisting of the director of photography and one or more camera assistants. In documentary filmmaking and news, the camera is called on to film unfolding, unscripted events. In 2006, there were 27,000 television and motion picture camera operators employed in the United States.
Important camera operator skills include choreographing and framing shots, knowledge of and the ability to select appropriate camera lenses, other equipment to portray dramatic scenes. The principles of dramatic story telling and film editing fundamentals are important skills as well; the camera operator is required to communicate and concisely on sets where time and film budget constraints are present