Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours

Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours was a French-American writer, economist and government official. During the French Revolution, he, his two sons and their families emigrated to the United States, his son Éleuthère Irénée du Pont was the founder of E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. He was the patriarch and progenitor of one of the United States' most successful and wealthiest business dynasties of the 19th and 20th centuries. Pierre du Pont was born December 14, 1739, the son of Samuel du Pont and Anne Alexandrine de Montchanin, his father was Huguenot. His mother was a descendant of an impoverished minor noble family from Burgundy. Du Pont married Nicole-Charlotte Marie-Louise le Dée de Rencourt in 1766 of a minor noble family, they had three sons: a manufacturer and politician. I. duPont de Company in the United States. Nicole-Charlotte died 3 September 1784 of typhoid. With a lively intelligence and high ambition, Pierre became estranged from his father, who wanted him to be a watchmaker; the younger man developed a wide range of acquaintances with access to the French court during the Ancien Régime period.

He became the protégé of Dr. François Quesnay, the personal physician of Louis XV's mistress, Madame de Pompadour. Quesnay was the leader of a faction known as the économistes, a group of liberals at the court dedicated to economic and agricultural reforms. By the early 1760s du Pont's writings on the national economy had drawn the attention of intellectuals such as Voltaire and Turgot, his 1768 book on physiocracy advocated low tariffs and free trade among nations influenced Adam Smith of Scotland. In 1768, he took over from Nicolas Baudeau, editor of Ephémérides du citoyen ou Bibliothèque raisonnée des sciences morales et politiques, he published Observations sur l'Esclavage des Negres in Volume 6. In 1774, he was invited by King Stanisław August Poniatowski of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth to help organize that country's educational system; the appointment to the Commission of National Education, with which he worked for several months, helped push his career forward, bringing him an appointment within the French government.

He served as Inspector General of Commerce under Louis XVI. He helped negotiate the treaty of 1783, by which Great Britain formally recognized the independence of the United States, arranged the terms of a commercial treaty signed by France and England in 1786. In 1784, he was ennobled by lettres patentes from the king Louis XVI, which added the de Nemours suffix to his name to reflect his residence. Du Pont supported the French Revolution and served as president of the National Constituent Assembly, he and his son Eleuthère were among those who physically defended Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette from a mob besieging the Tuileries Palace in Paris during the insurrection of 10 August 1792. Condemned to the guillotine during the Reign of Terror, du Pont was awaiting execution when Robespierre fell on 9 thermidor an IV, he was spared, he married Françoise Robin on 5 vendémiaire an IV. Robin was the daughter of Antoine Robin de Livet, a French aristocrat who lived in Lyon, the widow of Pierre Poivre, the noted French administrator.

After du Pont's house was sacked by a mob during the events of 18 Fructidor V, he, his sons and their families immigrated to the United States in 1799. They hoped to found a model community of French exiles. In the United States, du Pont developed strong ties with industry and government, in particular with Thomas Jefferson, with whom he had been acquainted since at least 1787 and who had referred to him as "one of the great men of the age" and "the ablest man in France."Du Pont engaged in informal diplomacy between the United States and France during the reign of Napoleon. He was the originator of an idea that became the Louisiana Purchase, as a way to avoid French troops landing in New Orleans, sparking armed conflict with U. S. forces. He would settle in the U. S. permanently. His son Éleuthère, who had studied chemistry in France with Antoine Lavoisier, founded a gunpowder manufacturing plant, based on his experience in France as a chemist, it would become one of the largest and most successful American corporations, known today as DuPont.

Du Pont family for other family members and relationships. Commission of National Education du Pont, Pierre S.. Genealogy of the Du Pont Family 1739–1942. Wilmington: Hambleton Printing & Publishing. Dutton, William S.. Du Pont, One Hundred and Forty Years. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. DuPont Company DuPont Heritage Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours papers at Hagley Museum and Library

Gunma 5th district

Gunma 5th district is a constituency of the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. It is located in Gunma Prefecture and consists of the cities of Tomioka, parts of Takasaki and Shibukawa as well as the Kitagunma and Agatsuma districts; as of 2012, 315,747 eligible voters were registered in the district. Gunma, home to the families of prime ministers Fukuda and Obuchi, is considered a "conservative kingdom", a stronghold of the Liberal Democratic Party; the 5th district has been represented by Keizō Obuchi and his daughter Yūko Obuchi since its creation in 1996. Obuchi and his father Mitsuhei had represented the four-member 3rd district of Gunma

Uraeotyphlus oxyurus

Uraeotyphlus oxyurus known as the red caecilian, sharp-nosed caecilian, dark-brown caecilian, pale-throated caecilian, or harp-tailed caecilian, is a species of caecilian in the family Ichthyophiidae. It is endemic to the Western Ghats in Tamil Nadu, southern India; this species has a thick body, a narrow head, a short tail. It can grow to 300 mm including the tail, its body is dark brown with a whitish tail tip. The chin and throat are light brown, its eyes are small but distinct and surrounded by a white ring. The tentacles are placed close below the nostrils, which are visible from above. Uraeotyphlus oxyurus is a fossorial species, associated with humus-rich, moist soil, it has been recorded from moist evergreen forest, agricultural land, rural gardens at elevations up to 1,500 m above sea level. It is oviparous and has terrestrial eggs and aquatic larvae. Threats to this species are poorly understood. Potential threats include habitat destruction; the use of agrochemicals, changes in soil chemistry, collection of humus by local people might be threats.

Uraeotyphlus oxyurus occurs in the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary