click links in text for more info

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin was a French idealist philosopher and Jesuit priest who trained as a paleontologist and geologist and took part in the discovery of the Peking Man. He conceived the vitalist idea of the Omega Point, he developed Vladimir Vernadsky's concept of noosphere. Teilhard's ideas had a profound influence on the New Age movement. In 1962, the Holy Office condemned several of Teilhard's works based on their alleged ambiguities and doctrinal errors; some eminent Catholic figures, including Cardinal Ratzinger and Pope Francis, made positive comments on some of his ideas. The response to his writings by scientists has been diverse. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin was born in the Château of Sarcenat, Orcines commune, some 4 km north-west of Clermont-Ferrand, France, on 1 May 1881, as the fourth of eleven children of librarian Emmanuel Teilhard de Chardin and of Berthe-Adèle, née de Dompierre d'Hornoys of Picardy, a great-grandniece of Voltaire, he inherited the double surname from his father, descended on the Teilhard side from an ancient family of magistrates from Auvergne originating in Murat, ennobled under Louis XVIII.

His father, an amateur naturalist, collected stones and plants and promoted the observation of nature in the household. Pierre Teilhard's spirituality was awakened by his mother; when he was 12, he went to the Jesuit college of Mongré, in Villefranche-sur-Saône, where he completed baccalaureates of philosophy and mathematics. In 1899, he entered the Jesuit novitiate at Aix-en-Provence, where he began a philosophical and spiritual career; when the Associations Bill of 1901 required congregational associations to submit their properties to state control, some of the Jesuits exiled themselves in the United Kingdom. Young Jesuit students continued their studies in Jersey. In the meantime, Teilhard earned a licentiate in literature in Caen in 1902. From 1905 to 1908, he taught physics and chemistry in Cairo, Egypt, at the Jesuit College of the Holy Family, he wrote "... it is the dazzling of the East foreseen and drunk greedily... in its lights, its vegetation, its fauna and its deserts."Teilhard studied theology in Hastings, in Sussex, from 1908 to 1912.

There he synthesized his scientific and theological knowledge in the light of evolution. At that time he read L'Évolution Créatrice by Henri Bergson, about which he wrote that "the only effect that brilliant book had upon me was to provide fuel at just the right moment, briefly, for a fire, consuming my heart and mind." In short, Bergson's ideas helped him to unify his views on matter and energy into a coherent and organic whole. From 1912 to 1914, Teilhard worked in the paleontology laboratory of the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris, studying the mammals of the middle tertiary period, he studied elsewhere in Europe. In June 1912 he formed part of the original digging team, with Arthur Smith Woodward and Charles Dawson, at the Piltdown site, after the discovery of the first fragments of the "Piltdown Man"; some have suggested. Marcellin Boule, a specialist in Neanderthal studies, who as early as 1915 had recognized the non-hominid origins of the Piltdown finds guided Teilhard towards human paleontology.

At the museum's Institute of Human Paleontology, he became a friend of Henri Breuil and in 1913 took part with him in excavations at the prehistoric painted Caves of Castillo in northwest Spain. Mobilized in December 1914, Teilhard served in World War I as a stretcher-bearer in the 8th Moroccan Rifles. For his valor, he received several citations, including the Médaille militaire and the Legion of Honor. During the war, he developed his reflections in his diaries and in letters to his cousin, Marguerite Teillard-Chambon, who published a collection of them, he wrote: "...the war was a meeting... with the Absolute." In 1916, he wrote his first essay: La Vie Cosmique, where his scientific and philosophical thought was revealed just as his mystical life. While on leave from the military he pronounced his solemn vows as a Jesuit in Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon on 26 May 1918. In August 1919, in Jersey, he wrote. At the University of Paris, Teilhard pursued three unit degrees of natural science: geology and zoology.

His thesis treated the mammals of their stratigraphy. After 1920, he lectured in geology at the Catholic Institute of Paris and after earning a science doctorate in 1922 became an assistant professor there. In 1923 he traveled to China with Father Emile Licent, in charge of a significant laboratory collaboration between the Natural History Museum in Paris and Marcellin Boule's laboratory in Tientsin. Licent carried out considerable basic work in connection with missionaries who accumulated observations of a scientific nature in their spare time. Teilhard wrote several essays, including La Messe sur le Monde, in the Ordos Desert. In the following year, he continued lecturing at the Catholic Institute and participated in a cycle of conferences for the students of the Engineers' Schools. Two theological essays on Original Sin were sent to a theologian at his request on a purely personal basis: July 1920: Chute, Rédemption et Géocentrie Spring 1922: Notes sur quelques représentations historiques possibles du Péché originel The Church required him to give up his lectur

Pilot (New Girl)

"Pilot" is the first episode of the first season of New Girl. The episode was written by Elizabeth Meriwether, directed by Jake Kasdan; the episode first aired on Fox in the United States on September 2011 to positive reviews. The show begins with Jessica "Jess" Day talking to her friend Cece, a model, about seducing her boyfriend by coming home early and stripping down for him. While talking to Cece on the phone, we hear that she is naked in the back of the cab wearing a big trench coat; when asked what her stripper name will be, she replies'Rebecca Johnson', then'Two Boobs Johnson', later'Tiger Boobs'. Jess comes home and her boyfriend Spencer is shocked to see her there, but he is cheating on her with another woman who comes out of the bedroom while Jess is attempting a striptease with pillows and bows. While doing a mediocre job on seducing him, the girl comes out and Jess is shocked. Now she lives with three single men called Nick and Coach in an apartment. During most of the week she lives there, she begins to have mood swings about her break up such as watching Dirty Dancing.

Her roommates invite her to a bar to find a man on the rebound. She ends up on a date but her date bails on her and he goes to the same party as her roommates are at, they all go to the restaurant and cheer Jess up by singing " The Time of My Life" proving that they do care about her as a friend. The episode was written by Elizabeth Meriwether, directed by Jake Kasdan; the episode first aired on Fox in the United States on September 20, 2011. Speaking of the show Zooey Deschanel claimed that her character in New Girl resembles a younger version of herself, she said "I think Jess as a person, the way that her personality is, has some of myself and some of my younger self," she suggested. " my 13-year-old self." Deschanel added that Jess will explore her lost youth after she is dumped by her long-term boyfriend. "I have to find a new support system, so I'm living my 20s as I approach my 30s," she explained. When the episode was first broadcast it pulled in more viewers than its lead in, the Fox comedy-drama Glee for the episode "The Purple Piano Project", which brought in 8.9m in the 8:00 p.m. hour, after which New Girl launched with 10.1m.

Jake Kasdan was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing for a Comedy Series for this episode

Portumna Castle

Portumna Castle is a semi-fortified house in Portumna, County Galway, Ireland. It was built in the early 17th century by the 4th Earl of Richard Burke. Portumna Castle is located close to the shore of Lough Derg near where the River Shannon enters the lake. Portumna Abbey is to the east; when it was built, Portumna Castle was without equal in Ireland at the time in style and distinction, outshining castles at Rathfarnham, Carrickfergus and Burncourt. Its builder was Richard Burke, 4th Earl of Clanricarde, Lord President of Connaught, of the de Burgo family of Norman descent; the castle was built around 1610 to 1617 at a cost of £10,000. The Earl built a mansion, Somerhill House, Royal Tunbridge Wells in Kent. Portumna castle was built in the Renaissance style prevalent in Italy and France for over a century, but not found in Ireland or England at that time; the Renaissance features of the exterior are speaking, limited to the doorcase of the front entrance and the Tuscan gateway of the innermost courtyard, but the layout is an expression of Renaissance ideas.

The castle is symmetrical in shape and consists of three stories over a basement with square corner projecting towers. The castle measures 29.7m by 21.2m and the corner towers are 6.5m square with gunports. A central corridor, 3m wide, runs longitudinally from top to bottom, supported by stone walls, which contain numerous recesses and fireplaces; the castle was abandoned as a home following a fire in 1826. The Office of Public Works has re-built the huge chimney stacks; the estate grounds contain gate lodges, gateposts and a yard. Flight of the Wild Geese Portumna Castle & its Lords, Michael Mac Mahon Jacobite Ireland, J. G Simms. A Short History of Ireland, J. C. Beckett. Visit To Portumna, Portumna Junior Chamber of Commerce. How the Irish Saved Civilization, Thomas Cahill. Various Articles: Dr P. K. Egan, Stephen Nevin, O. E. Moeran, M. Craig, H. A. Wheeler, John Bilson, Louisa Beaufort, Duchas. Portumna Castle at Heritage Ireland Portumna Castle at Galway Tourism

2018 Swiss sovereign-money initiative

The Swiss sovereign money initiative of June 2018 known as Vollgeld, was a citizens' initiative in Switzerland intended to give the Swiss National Bank the sole authority to create money. On 10 June 2018, the initiative was defeated with 76 % percent of voters rejecting it. Proposals for "full-reserve banking", going by titles such as "debt-free money," have been presented to the public and attacked by both mainstream and heterodox economists who suggest that supporters of such "populist" schemes misunderstand central-bank operations, money creation, how the banking system works. Russian-born British economist Abba Lerner, in 1943, had advocated that the central bank could start "printing money" to match government deficit-spending "sufficient to achieve and sustain full employment."According to the initiative's supporters, money is created as debt, comes into existence by debt creation when commercial banks borrow from central banks, when governments, producers, or consumers borrow from commercial banks.

Proponents do not want money creation to be under private control as this constitutes a "subsidy" to the banking sector. They consider money created by the banks to create adverse effects, such as inflation, amplification of crises. Furthermore, they claim; the proposal for the referendum was initiated in 2014 by the Monetary Modernisation Association, a Swiss non-governmental organization founded in 2011. The collection of signatures resulted in over 110,000 valid signatures; the initiative was submitted to the Federal Chancellery in December 2015. On 31 January 2018, the Swiss state scheduled the referendum for 10 June 2018, with two issues on the ballot, one about gambling, another about money creation by banks; the Sovereign Money Initiative aims to give the Swiss Confederation a monopoly on money creation, including demand deposit, by including the creation of scriptural money in the legal mandate of the Swiss National Bank. The Swiss National Bank opposed the referendum; the referendum does not concern the printing of banknotes or the minting of coins, as this remains under the exclusive authority of the Swiss National Bank, i.e. the nation's central bank, which has had this right since 1891.

The Federal Constitution states that "The Confederation is responsible for currency. Thus, the creation of cash, today less than 10% of all the money in circulation, remain under the control of the central bank; the Swiss National Bank chairman, Thomas Jordan, warned that "Acceptance of the initiative would plunge the Swiss economy into a period of extreme uncertainty" because "Switzerland would have an untested financial system that would differ fundamentally from that of any other country". The Deutsche Bundesbank does not support the initiative. Economist L. Randall Wray has argued on what he sees as the "foolishness" of such notions; the Icelandic proposal, with the same as the Swiss initiative, cited "the banks' ability to create credit" as the reason that Iceland's banking system went overboard. Critics responded, this is not the case at all; the Central Bank of Iceland must provide banks with reserves as needed so that the central bank does not lose control of interest rates and a liquidity crisis between banks is not triggered.

The Central Bank of Iceland, critics of the proposal state, had to create and provide new central-bank reserves to accommodate banks as the banks expanded the money supply nineteenfold between 1994 and 2008. As they point out, central banks do not and cannot control the money supply, contrary to what Monetarists claim; the money supply would still be endogenous under the Icelandic scheme unless the central bank of the country would be "willing to tolerate the interest rate going beyond its control" or for the economy to lack funds for borrowing. Iceland's banks, they state, failed for other reasons, which were detailed in the special report commissioned by the Icelandic parliament, they state, such as the rapid growth of the banks, the deterioration of the quality of their portfolio, the fact that foreign deposits and short-term, securitized funding became the main source of funding for the three banks. In 2016, The Economist commented that the Sovereign Money Initiative "system would be safer for depositors" but that "a huge part of the Swiss economy, would be turned inside-out, with unpredictable but expensive consequences."

Global Finance described the Sovereign Money Initiative as "challenging the current worldwide norm". In June 2018, Financial Times columnist Martin Wolf urged his readers to vote in favor of the Swiss initiative, claiming that existing bank regulation and bank balance sheets would not be sufficient to prevent a major future crisis, a view, denounced as "dangerous" and promoting "a form of hard line, undemocratic monetarism," while the initiative itself is ostensibly "driven by ill-informed loons." Wolf, a critic claimed, puts inflation at the core of economic policy, ignoring other economic objectives, such as full employment. And he ignores "the real danger" of the central bank, always "on the side of caution," underestimating the amount of money needed in the economy, which would mean "perpetual austerity." On 10 June 2018, the Swiss rejected in a "landslide" of 75% of negative votes the proposal of the sovereign-money project. The objective of the Swiss so

Olga Mikutina

Olga Mikutina is a Ukrainian-born figure skater who competes for Austria. She is the 2019 Austrian junior champion and represented the country at the 2019 World Junior Championships, advancing to the free skate and finishing 18th overall. Mikutina was born on 6 October 2003 in Ukraine, her father, Roman, is a hockey player. Mikutina took up skating in 2007 at the age of four, she began her skating career competing for her native Ukraine, by age 12, was a three-time Ukrainian youth national champion. She began competing for Austria at the advanced novice level internationally in 2016. At the 2018 Austrian Championships, Mikutina won the junior bronze medal. Mikutina made her ISU Junior Grand Prix debut in August 2019 at the 2018 JGP Austria, she placed 13th overall at the event. On in the season, she improved her JGP record by placing 9th overall at her second assignment, the 2018 JGP Czech Republic. After the Junior Grand Prix, Mikutina competed at a number of other international competitions, taking gold in the junior divisions of the 2018 installments of the Halloween Cup, Skate Celje, the Volvo Open Cup.

At the 2019 Austrian Championships in December, Mikutina she won her first junior national title and was thus named to the Austrian team for the 2019 World Junior Championships in Zagreb, Croatia. At the event in March, Mikutina ranked 20th in the short program and qualified for the free skate where she placed 15th, which lifted her to 18th overall. JGP: Junior Grand Prix Olga Mikutina at the International Skating Union

F. W. Jordan

Frank Wilfred Jordan was a British physicist who together with William Henry Eccles invented the so-called "flip-flop" circuit in 1918. This circuit became the basis of electronic memory in computers. Frank Wilfred Jordan was born on 6 October 1881 in Canterbury, England, the son of Edward James Jordan and Eliza Edith King, he married Fanny Bentley Wood, a florist, in Canterbury, when based in Newhaven as a soldier on 7 December 1916. He died on 12 January 1941 in Coltham, Gretton Road, Gloucestershire, aged 59. Information including date and place of birth and death are confirmed in Certificates from the General Register Office. Jordan received his secondary education at the Simon Langton Grammar School for Boys in Canterbury, England. From 1899 to 1904, he was a student at the Royal College of Science, from which he graduated with an Associateship in physics and a master of science degree. In 1912 he was a "lecturer in physics" at the Royal College of Science. In 1918 he was an "electrician" at Guilds Technical College.

There is little else known about him. This flip-flop circuit became the most important circuits in computer technology, allowing binary data to be stored. F. W. Jordan "An instrument for measuring the strength of an intense horizontal confined magnetic field," Proceedings of the Physical Society of London, vol. 21, pages 922–925. F. W. Jordan "An improved Joule radiometer and its applications," Proceedings of the Physical Society of London, vol. 25, pages 66–73. F. W. Jordan "A new type of thermogalvanometer," Proceedings of the Physical Society of London, vol. 26, pages 165–171. F. W. Jordan "Some novel laboratory experiments," Proceedings of the Physical Society of London, vol. 27, pages 461–476. W H Eccles and F W Jordan "A small direct-current motor using thermionic tubes instead of sliding contacts," Proceedings of the Physical Society of London, vol. 31, pages 151–153. W. H. Eccles and F. W. Jordan "A trigger relay utilizing three-electrode thermionic vacuum tubes," The Electrician, vol. 83, page 298.

Reprinted in: Radio Review, vol. 1, no. 3, pages 143–146. W. H. Eccles and F. W. Jordan "A method of using two triode valves in parallel for generating oscillations," The Electrician, vol. 8, no. 3, page 299. W. H. Eccles and F. W. Jordan "Sustaining the vibration of a tuning fork by a triode valve," The Electrician, vol. 8, no. 2, page 704. F. W. Jordan "A method of measuring the amplification of a radio-frequency amplifier," Proceedings of the Physical Society of London, vol. 32, pages 105–115. W. H. Eccles and F. W. Jordan "A method of amplifying electrical variations of low frequency," The Electrician, vol. 8, no. 5, page 176. Frank Wilfred Jordan, "Improvements relating to radiometers, thermogalvanometers, the like" British patent number: GB 191226631. William Henry Eccles and Frank Wilfred Jordan, "Improved method of generating electric oscillations" British patent number: GB 149018. William Henry Eccles and Frank Wilfred Jordan, "Improvements in applications of thermionic valves to production of alternating currents and relaying" British patent number: GB 155854.

William Henry Eccles and Frank Wilfred Jordan, "Improvements in ionic relays" British patent numbers: GB 148582 and GB 149702