Piet Pieterszoon Hein

Piet Pieterszoon Hein was a Dutch admiral and privateer for the Dutch Republic during the Eighty Years' War. Hein was the last to capture a large part of a Spanish treasure fleet from America. Hein was born in Delfshaven, the son of a sea captain, he became a sailor while he was still a teenager. During his first journeys he suffered from extreme motion sickness. In his twenties, he was captured by the Spanish, served as a galley slave for about four years between 1598 and 1602, when he was traded for Spanish prisoners. Between 1603 and 1607, he was again held captive by the Spanish. In 1607, he joined the Dutch East India Company and left for Asia, returning with the rank of captain five years later, he settled in Rotterdam. In 1618, when he was captain of the Neptunus, both he and his ship were pressed into service by the Republic of Venice. In 1621, he traveled overland to the Netherlands. For a year in 1622, he was a member of the local government of Rotterdam, although he did not have citizenship of this city: the cousin of his wife, one of the three burgomasters, made this possible.

In 1623, he became vice-admiral of the new Dutch West India Company and sailed to the West Indies the following year. In Colonial Brazil, he captured the Portuguese settlement of Salvador leading the assault on the sea fortress of that town. In August with a small and undermanned fleet he sailed for the African west coast and attacked a Portuguese fleet in the defended bay of Luanda but failed to capture any ships, he crossed the Atlantic Ocean again to try and capture merchant ships at the city of Vitória, but was defeated by a resistance organized by the local citizenry with the assistance of the Portuguese garrison. After finding that Salvador had been recaptured by a large Spanish–Portuguese fleet Hein returned home; the Dutch West India Company, pleased with Hein's leadership qualities, placed him in command of a new squadron in 1626. In subsequent raids during 1627 at Salvador, he attacked and captured over thirty richly laden Portuguese merchant ships before returning to the United Provinces.

Modern historians today classify Hein as a pirate, though he was more properly a privateer. While many privateers behaved no better than common pirates, Hein was a strict disciplinarian who discouraged unruly conduct among his crews and had rather enlightened views for the times about "Indian" tribes and members of other religions, he never was an individual privateer but rather commanded entire fleets of warships and the fact that he was an Admiral of the Dutch Republic should dispel such views. In 1628, Admiral Hein, with Witte de With as his flag captain, sailed out to capture a Spanish treasure fleet loaded with silver from their American colonies and the Philippines. With him was Admiral Hendrick Lonck and he was joined by a squadron of Vice-Admiral Joost Banckert, as well as by the pirate Moses Cohen Henriques. Part of the Spanish fleet in Venezuela had been warned because a Dutch cabin boy had lost his way on Blanquilla island and was captured, betraying the plan, but the other half from Mexico continued its voyage, unaware of the threat.

Sixteen Spanish ships were intercepted. After some musket volleys from Dutch sloops the crews of the galleons surrendered and Hein captured 11,509,524 guilders of booty in gold and other expensive trade goods, such as indigo and cochineal, without any bloodshed; the Dutch did not take prisoners: they gave the Spanish crews ample supplies for a march to Havana. The released were surprised to hear the admiral giving them directions in fluent Spanish; the capture of the treasure fleet was the Dutch West India Company's greatest victory in the Caribbean. As a result, the money funded the Dutch army for eight months, the shareholders enjoyed a cash dividend of 50% for that year. Hein returned to the Netherlands in 1629. Watching the crowds cheering him as he stood on the balcony of the town hall of Leyden, he remarked to the burgomaster: "Now they praise me because I gained riches without the least danger. Hein was the first and the last to capture such a large part of a Spanish "silver fleet" from America.

He became, after a conflict with the Dutch West India Company about policy and payment, Lieutenant-Admiral of Holland and West Frisia on 26 March 1629, thus factual supreme commander of the confederate Dutch fleet, taking as flag captain Maarten Tromp. He died the same year, in a campaign against the Dunkirkers, the effective fleet of Habsburg commerce raiders and privateers operating from Dunkirk; as it happened his flotilla intercepted three privateers from Ostend. He deliberately moved his flagship in between two enemy ships to give them both simultaneous broadsides. After half an hour he was killed instantly, he is buried in the Oude Kerk in Delft—once again dispelling enemy propaganda that he was a pirate or

La folie (album)

La folie is the sixth studio album by English new wave band The Stranglers. It was released on 9 November 1981, through record label Liberty; the Stranglers had been the most commercially successful band of the punk/new wave period in Britain, but by 1981, their success had waned noticeably. La folie was a conscious attempt to deliver a more commercial product; the band's record company, EMI, sent them into the studio with the record producer, Tony Visconti, giving him a brief to "produce each song as if it was a hit single". The album's French language title translates to "madness". In various interviews, the band related that this referred to "The Madness of Love" and that conceptually, each of the songs on the album was intended to explore a different kind or aspect of "love"; the title track is said to be based upon the story of Issei Sagawa. Hugh Cornwell related in The Stranglers – Song by Song that the correct title of the album's opening track was "Non Stop Nun", he had been unaware that the record company had printed it as "Non Stop".

There has been much controversy surrounding the lyrics to "Golden Brown". In his 2001 book The Stranglers Song By Song, Hugh Cornwell states "'Golden Brown' works on two levels. It's about heroin and about a girl"; the lyrics describe how "both provided me with pleasurable times". All lyrics are written except "Ain't Nothin' to It", by Milton Mezz Mezzrow. La folie was preceded by the release of the album's first single, "Let Me Introduce You to the Family", released on 2 November 1981 and reaching No. 42 in the UK Singles Chart. La folie was released seven days later. Upon its release, La folie looked set to be the band's lowest-charting album, buoyed by the success of the album's second single, "Golden Brown", released 10 January 1982 and reaching No. 2 in the singles chart, the album peaked at No. 11 in the UK Albums Chart, spending eighteen weeks in the chart. The single would go on to become EMI's highest-selling single for many years. One more single was released from the album, the album's title track "La folie", on 20 April 1982, which reached No. 47.

Trouser Press wrote of the album: "Subtle, effective and energetic – but no outstanding songs." The StranglersHugh Cornwell - guitar and backing vocals Dave Greenfield - keyboards, backing vocals Jean-Jacques Burnel - bass and lead vocals Jet Black - drums, percussion TechnicalSteve Churchyard - engineer Tony Visconti - mixing Jay Pee - art direction The Stranglers - cover concept Phil Jude - front cover photography La folie at Discogs

2013 European Darts Trophy

The 2013 European Darts Trophy was the second of eight PDC European Tour events on the 2013 PDC Pro Tour. The tournament took place at the Glaspalast in Sindelfingen, from 30 March–1 April 2013, it featured £ 100,000 in prize money, with £ 20,000 going to the winner. Wes Newton won his first European Tour title by defeating Paul Nicholson 6–5 in the final; the top 32 players from the PDC ProTour Order of Merit on the 5 March 2013 automatically qualified for the event. The remaining 32 places went to players from three qualifying events - 20 from the UK Qualifier, eight from the European Qualifier and four from the Host Nation Qualifier. Phil Taylor, Adrian Lewis, Gary Anderson and Raymond van Barneveld opted to not play in the event. James Wade withdrew the day before the tournament started due to illness, as did Simon Whitlock in order to focus on the Premier League. An additional place in the draw was therefore available in the European Qualifier and the Host Nation Qualifier