Zebulon Montgomery Pike was an American brigadier general and explorer for whom Pikes Peak in Colorado was renamed. As a U. S. Army officer he led two expeditions under authority of third President Thomas Jefferson through the new Louisiana Purchase territory, first in 1805-06 to reconnoiter the upper northern reaches of the Mississippi River, in 1806-07 to explore the Southwest to the fringes of the northern Spanish-colonial settlements of New Mexico and Texas. Pike's expeditions coincided with other Jeffersonian expeditions, including the Lewis and Clark Expedition and the Thomas Freeman and Peter Custis expedition up the Red River. Pike's second expedition crossed the Rocky Mountains into what is now southern Colorado, which led to his capture by the Spanish colonial authorities near Santa Fe, who sent Pike and his men to Chihuahua, for interrogation. In 1807, Pike and some of his men were escorted by the Spanish through Texas and released near American territory in Louisiana. In 1810, Pike published an account of his expeditions, a book so popular that it was translated into Dutch and German languages, for publication in Europe.
He achieved the rank of brigadier general in the American Army and served during the War of 1812, until he was killed during the Battle of York, in April 1813, outside the British colonial capital of Upper Canada. Pike was born during the Revolutionary War, on January 5, 1779, near Lamberton, now called Lamington in Bedminster, New Jersey, in Somerset County, New Jersey, he would follow in the footsteps of his father named Zebulon, who had begun his own career in the military service of the United States beginning in 1775, at the outset of the American Revolutionary War. The younger Pike grew to adulthood with his family at a series of outposts in Ohio and Illinois – the United States' northwestern frontier at the time, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant of infantry in 1799 and promoted to first lieutenant that same year. Zebulon Pike, Jr. married Clarissa Harlow Brown in 1801. They had one child who survived to adulthood, Clarissa Brown Pike, who married President William Henry Harrison's son, John Cleves Symmes Harrison.
They had four other children. Pike's military career included working on logistics and payroll at a series of frontier posts, including Fort Bellefontaine near St. Louis. General James Wilkinson, appointed Governor of the Upper Louisiana Territory and headquartered there, became his mentor. In the summer of 1805, Wilkinson ordered Pike to locate the source of the Mississippi River, explore the northern portion of the newly created Louisiana Territory, expel Canadian fur traders illegally trading in the borders of the United States. Pike left St. Louis on August 1805, proceeding upstream by pirogue, they reached the confluence of the Mississippi and Minnesota Rivers on September 21st, where he negotiated a treaty with the Dakota, purchasing the future site of Fort Snelling. The expedition proceeded further upriver, stopping to construct a winter camp at the mouth of the Swan River, south of present-day Little Falls, on October 16th. On December 10th, they continued upstream along the now-frozen river on foot, visiting a number of British North West Company fur posts along the way.
They reached the fur post at Leech Lake on February 1st, stayed nearly three weeks. Pike informed the traders they were within the boundaries of the United States, henceforth required to abide by its laws and regulations. Pike met with many prominent Ojibwe chiefs, prevailing on them to surrender the medals and flags given to them as tokens of allegiance by the British, offering American replacement medals, he relayed the United States' desire that the Ojibwe and Dakota cease their mutual hostility, invited the chiefs to attend a peace conference in St. Louis. On February 10th, they ceremonially shot the British red ensign from the fur company's flag pole, replacing it with an American flag. On a short side trip, Pike traveled to the North West Company fur post on Upper Red Cedar Lake, designating the lake as the ultimate source of the Mississippi, taking celestial observations to determine itslatitude. Pike and his men left Leech Lake om February 18th, carrying diplomatic tokens from the Ojibwe chiefs to present to the Dakota chiefs as a gesture of reconciliation, arriving at their winter encampment on March 5th.
They re-embarked in their pirogues for the downriver journey on April 7th, reaching St. Louis on April 20th. Pike's was the second expedition dispatched by the government into its new territory, the first to return. After Pike returned from this first expedition, General Wilkinson immediately ordered him to mount a second expedition, this time to explore and find the headwaters of the Arkansas and Red rivers. Additional objectives of this exploratory expedition into the southwestern part of the Louisiana Territory were to evaluate natural resources and establish friendly relations with Native Americans. Beginning July 15, 1806, Pike led what became known as the "Pike Expedition". General Wilkinson's son James served as one of his lieutenants, although it now seems that Wilkinson planned that the Spanish who controlled Mexico would capture him and his men. In early November 1806, Pike and his team sighted and tried to climb to the summit of the peak named after him, they made it as far as Mt. Rosa, located southeast of Pikes Peak, before giving up the ascent in waist-deep snow.
They had gone two days without food. They continued south, searching for the Red
Montgomery County, Alabama
Montgomery County is a county located in the south central portion of the State of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, its population was 229,363, making it the fourth-most populous county in Alabama, its county seat is the state capital. Montgomery County is included in AL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Montgomery County was established by dividing Monroe County on December 6, 1816, by the Mississippi Territorial Legislature, it is named for Lemuel P. Montgomery, a young U. S. Army officer killed at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, the final battle of the Creek Indian war, waged concurrently with the War of 1812; the city of Montgomery, the county seat, is named for Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while attempting to capture Quebec City, Canada. Over much of the 19th century great wealth was derived from the cotton crop, with the Civil War producing a temporary setback. More lasting trouble came in 1914 with the arrival of the boll weevil, which became destructive to the cotton harvest from 1915 on.
By the 1940s county farms earned more from cattle than cotton. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 800 square miles, of which 784 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water. Elmore County Macon County Bullock County Pike County Crenshaw County Lowndes County Autauga County Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail The 2010 United States Census reported the following county population: 39.5% White 54.7% Black 0.3% Native American 1.2% Asian 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 1.3% Two or more races 3.6% Hispanic or Latino As of the census of 2000, there were 223,510 persons, 86,068 households, 56,804 families in the county. The population density was 283 persons per square mile. There were 95,437 housing units, at an average density of 121 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 48.85% White, 48.58% Black or African American, 0.99% Asian, 0.25% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, 0.94% from two or more races.
Hispanics and Latinos, of any race, made up 1.19% of the population. By 2005, 52.5% of the population was black, 44.0% was non-Hispanic white, 1.4% was Hispanic, 1.2% was Asian, 0.2% was Native American, 0.9% of the population reported two or more races. This excludes those who reported "some other race" and "white," because the Census Bureau reclassified all who reported "some other race" as white. There were 86,068 households, 32.20% of which included children under the age of 18, 43.80% were married couples living together, 18.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.00% were non-families. Single-persons households were 29.50% of the total. The average household size was 2.46. The average family size was 3.06. Persons younger than 18 were 25.80% of the population. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.80 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 86.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,962, the median income for a family was $44,669.
Males had a median income of $32,018. The per capita income for the county was $19,358. About 13.50% of families and 17.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.10% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those 65 and older. Montgomery County is governed by a five-member County Commission; the County Probate Judge regulates business such as drivers, marriage licences, voting. The Probate Judge operates four offices: downtown Montgomery, Mobile HWY, Woodley Road, Atlanta HWY; the City of Montgomery, located inside Montgomery County, serves as the capital for the State of Alabama and is home to most state government agencies. In the 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama won 62,166 votes, or 59 percent, while 42,031 votes were for John McCain Infrastructure inside Montgomery County includes both Interstate 85 and 65 along with shipping hubs on the Alabama River and rail hubs located in the City of Montgomery; the Montgomery Regional Airport serves as a major airport for the State of Alabama and the Southeastern US for passenger service, military aviation, commercial aviation.
Montgomery Public Schools operates public schools. The Montgomery City-County Public Library operates public libraries. Universities/Colleges include: Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University Huntingdon College Faulkner University Alabama State University Auburn University Montgomery Virginia College Amridge University H. Council Trenholm Tech United States Air War College Troy University Montgomery Montgomery County is home to many cultural and historic sites including: Alabama Shakespeare Festival Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts Montgomery Zoo Dexter Avenue Baptist Church Museum of Alabama Alabama State Capitol W. A. Gayle Planetarium Civil Rights Memorial First White House of the Confederacy Zelda and F. Scott Fitzgerald Museum Old Montgomery Greyhound Bus Station Rosa Parks Library and Museum Montgomery Pike Road National Register of Historic Places listings in Montgomery County, Alabama Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Montgomery County, Alabama Burton, Gary P.
"The Founding Four Churches: An Overview of Baptist Beginnings in Montgomery County, Alabama," Baptist History and Heritage, 47#1 pp 39–51. The River Region Online Fort Toulouse
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
Crenshaw County, Alabama
Crenshaw County is a county of the U. S. state of Alabama. It is south from the Montgomery metropolitan area; as of the 2010 census, the population was 13,906. Its county seat is Luverne, its name is in honor of Anderson Crenshaw. Crenshaw County was established after the American Civil War on November 30, 1866, by the Reconstruction era legislature, it was formed from parts of Butler, Covington and Lowndes counties. While part of the coastal area, this county had infertile soils, limiting cotton and other agriculture, its planters used enslaved African Americans for all needed types of labor. Many of their descendants stayed in the area, nearly one-quarter of the county population is African American. Crenshaw County became a center of timbering in the Piney Wood region after the Montgomery and Florida Railroad Company constructed a line through the county in 1886; this provided transport to markets for timber. It connected with Sprague Junction in Alabama; the timber camps were rough work areas. According to the U.
S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 611 square miles, of which 609 square miles is land and 2.1 square miles is water. Much of the land is covered by forests. U. S. Highway 29 U. S. Highway 331 State Route 10 State Route 97 State Route 106 State Route 141 State Route 189 Montgomery County Pike County Coffee County Covington County Butler County Lowndes County As of the census of 2000, there were 13,665 people, 5,577 households, 3,892 families residing in the county; the population density was 22 people per square mile. There were 6,644 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 73.82% White, 24.79% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, 0.70% from two or more races. 0.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 5,577 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.70% were married couples living together, 15.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.20% were non-families.
28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.96. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $26,054, the median income for a family was $31,724. Males had a median income of $27,286 versus $17,703 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,565. About 18.60% of families and 22.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.30% of those under age 18 and 23.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 13,906 people, 5,652 households, 3,882 families residing in the county; the population density was 23 people per square mile.
There were 6,735 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 72.6% White, 23.4% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, 1.5% from two or more races. 1.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 5,652 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.3% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.7 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,140, the median income for a family was $47,685. Males had a median income of $35,598 versus $22,410 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,793. About 13.7% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.5% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over. The largest self-reported ancestry groups in Crenshaw County were English, Irish, Italian, "American", Scottish and Portuguese. Luverne Brantley Dozier Glenwood Petrey Rutledge National Register of Historic Places listings in Crenshaw County, Alabama Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Crenshaw County, Alabama
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U. S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles of inland waterways, Alabama has among the most of any state. Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, after the state bird. Alabama is known as the "Heart of Dixie" and the "Cotton State"; the state tree is the longleaf pine, the state flower is the camellia. Alabama's capital is Montgomery; the largest city by population is Birmingham. The oldest city is Mobile, founded by French colonists in 1702 as the capital of French Louisiana. From the American Civil War until World War II, like many states in the southern U. S. suffered economic hardship, in part because of its continued dependence on agriculture. Similar to other former slave states, Alabamian legislators employed Jim Crow laws to disenfranchise and otherwise discriminate against African Americans from the end of the Reconstruction Era up until at least the 1970s.
Despite the growth of major industries and urban centers, white rural interests dominated the state legislature from 1901 to the 1960s. During this time, urban interests and African Americans were markedly under-represented. Following World War II, Alabama grew as the state's economy changed from one based on agriculture to one with diversified interests; the state's economy in the 21st century is based on management, finance, aerospace, mineral extraction, education and technology. The European-American naming of the Alabama River and state was derived from the Alabama people, a Muskogean-speaking tribe whose members lived just below the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers on the upper reaches of the river. In the Alabama language, the word for a person of Alabama lineage is Albaamo; the suggestion that "Alabama" was borrowed from the Choctaw language is unlikely. The word's spelling varies among historical sources; the first usage appears in three accounts of the Hernando de Soto expedition of 1540: Garcilaso de la Vega used Alibamo, while the Knight of Elvas and Rodrigo Ranjel wrote Alibamu and Limamu in transliterations of the term.
As early as 1702, the French called the tribe the Alibamon, with French maps identifying the river as Rivière des Alibamons. Other spellings of the name have included Alibamu, Albama, Alibama, Alabamu, Allibamou. Sources disagree on the word's meaning; some scholars suggest the word comes from amo. The meaning may have been "clearers of the thicket" or "herb gatherers", referring to clearing land for cultivation or collecting medicinal plants; the state has numerous place names of Native American origin. However, there are no correspondingly similar words in the Alabama language. An 1842 article in the Jacksonville Republican proposed it meant "Here We Rest." This notion was popularized in the 1850s through the writings of Alexander Beaufort Meek. Experts in the Muskogean languages have not found any evidence to support such a translation. Indigenous peoples of varying cultures lived in the area for thousands of years before the advent of European colonization. Trade with the northeastern tribes by the Ohio River began during the Burial Mound Period and continued until European contact.
The agrarian Mississippian culture covered most of the state from 1000 to 1600 AD, with one of its major centers built at what is now the Moundville Archaeological Site in Moundville, Alabama. This is the second-largest complex of the classic Middle Mississippian era, after Cahokia in present-day Illinois, the center of the culture. Analysis of artifacts from archaeological excavations at Moundville were the basis of scholars' formulating the characteristics of the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex. Contrary to popular belief, the SECC appears to have no direct links to Mesoamerican culture, but developed independently; the Ceremonial Complex represents a major component of the religion of the Mississippian peoples. Among the historical tribes of Native American people living in present-day Alabama at the time of European contact were the Cherokee, an Iroquoian language people. While part of the same large language family, the Muskogee tribes developed distinct cultures and languages. With exploration in the 16th century, the Spanish were the first Europeans to reach Alabama.
The expedition of Hernando de Soto passed through Mabila and other parts of the state in 1540. More than 160 years the French founded the region's first European settlement at Old Mobile in 1702; the city was moved to the current site of Mobile in 1711. This area was claimed by the French from 1702 to 1763 as part of La Louisiane. After the French lost to the British in the Seven Years' War, it became part of British West Florida from 1763 to 1783. After the United States victory in the American Revolutionary War, the territory was divided between the United States and Spain; the latter retained control of this western territory from 1783 until the surrender of the Spanish garrison at Mobile to U. S. forces on April 13, 1813. Thomas Bassett, a loyalist to the British monarchy during the Revolutionary era, was one of the earliest white settlers in the state
Colorado is a state of the Western United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. It is the 8th most extensive and 21st most populous U. S. state. The estimated population of Colorado was 5,695,564 on July 1, 2018, an increase of 13.25% since the 2010 United States Census. The state was named for the Colorado River, which early Spanish explorers named the Río Colorado for the ruddy silt the river carried from the mountains; the Territory of Colorado was organized on February 28, 1861, on August 1, 1876, U. S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed Proclamation 230 admitting Colorado to the Union as the 38th state. Colorado is nicknamed the "Centennial State" because it became a state one century after the signing of the United States Declaration of Independence. Colorado is bordered by Wyoming to the north, Nebraska to the northeast, Kansas to the east, Oklahoma to the southeast, New Mexico to the south, Utah to the west, touches Arizona to the southwest at the Four Corners.
Colorado is noted for its vivid landscape of mountains, high plains, canyons, plateaus and desert lands. Colorado is part of the western and southwestern United States, is one of the Mountain States. Denver is most populous city of Colorado. Residents of the state are known as Coloradans, although the antiquated term "Coloradoan" is used. Colorado is notable for its diverse geography, which includes alpine mountains, high plains, deserts with huge sand dunes, deep canyons. In 1861, the United States Congress defined the boundaries of the new Territory of Colorado by lines of latitude and longitude, stretching from 37°N to 41°N latitude, from 102°02'48"W to 109°02'48"W longitude. After 158 years of government surveys, the borders of Colorado are now defined by 697 boundary markers and 697 straight boundary lines. Colorado and Utah are the only states that have their borders defined by straight boundary lines with no natural features; the southwest corner of Colorado is the Four Corners Monument at 36°59'56"N, 109°2'43"W.
This is the only place in the United States where four states meet: Colorado, New Mexico and Utah. The summit of Mount Elbert at 14,440 feet elevation in Lake County is the highest point in Colorado and the Rocky Mountains of North America. Colorado is the only U. S. state that lies above 1,000 meters elevation. The point where the Arikaree River flows out of Yuma County and into Cheyenne County, Kansas, is the lowest point in Colorado at 3,317 feet elevation; this point, which holds the distinction of being the highest low elevation point of any state, is higher than the high elevation points of 18 states and the District of Columbia. A little less than half of Colorado is flat and rolling land. East of the Rocky Mountains are the Colorado Eastern Plains of the High Plains, the section of the Great Plains within Nebraska at elevations ranging from 3,350 to 7,500 feet; the Colorado plains are prairies but include deciduous forests and canyons. Precipitation averages 15 to 25 inches annually. Eastern Colorado is presently farmland and rangeland, along with small farming villages and towns.
Corn, hay and oats are all typical crops. Most villages and towns in this region boast both a grain elevator. Irrigation water is available from subterranean sources. Surface water sources include the South Platte, the Arkansas River, a few other streams. Subterranean water is accessed through artesian wells. Heavy use of wells for irrigation caused underground water reserves to decline. Eastern Colorado hosts considerable livestock, such as hog farms. 70% of Colorado's population resides along the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains in the Front Range Urban Corridor between Cheyenne and Pueblo, Colorado. This region is protected from prevailing storms that blow in from the Pacific Ocean region by the high Rockies in the middle of Colorado; the "Front Range" includes Denver, Fort Collins, Castle Rock, Colorado Springs, Pueblo and other townships and municipalities in between. On the other side of the Rockies, the significant population centers in Western Colorado are the cities of Grand Junction and Montrose.
The Continental Divide of the Americas extends along the crest of the Rocky Mountains. The area of Colorado to the west of the Continental Divide is called the Western Slope of Colorado. West of the Continental Divide, water flows to the southwest via the Colorado River and the Green River into the Gulf of California. Within the interior of the Rocky Mountains are several large parks which are high broad basins. In the north, on the east side of the Continental Divide is the North Park of Colorado; the North Park is drained by the North Platte River, which flows north into Nebraska. Just to the south of North Park, but on the western side of the Continental Divide, is the Middle Park of Colorado, drained by the Colorado River; the South Park of Colorado is the region of the headwaters of the South Platte River. In southmost Colorado is the large San Luis Valley, where the headwaters of the Rio Grande are located; the valley sits between the Sangre De Cristo Mountains and San Juan Mountains, consists of large desert lands that run into the mountains.
The Rio Grande drains due south into New Mexico and Texas. Across the Sangre de Cristo Range to the east of the S
Barbour County, Alabama
Barbour County is a county in the southeastern part of the U. S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,457, its county seat is Clayton. Its name is in honor of James Barbour. Barbour County was established on December 18, 1832, from former Creek Indian homelands and a portion of Pike County. Between the years of 1763 and 1783 the area, now Barbour County was part of the colony of British West Florida. After 1783 the region fell under the jurisdiction of the newly created United States of America; the Creek were removed to territory west of the Mississippi River. The fertile land was developed by southern migrants as large cotton plantations dependent on slave labor. Due to the number of slaves, the population was soon majority black, a proportion that continued for decades. In the 21st century, the population has a slight white majority, but blacks make up more than 46% of the residents, which results in competitive politics. In 1833, Louisville was chosen as the first county seat for Barbour County.
The county seat was moved in 1834, after an eleven-member committee selected Clayton because of its central geographic location. Its boundaries were altered in 1866 and 1868; the Election Riot of 1874 occurred near Comer. By the 1870s, the city of Eufaula had surpassed Clayton in size, sparking debate about whether the county seat should be moved to the county's commercial center or remain at its geographic center. Reaching a compromise, the legislature passed Act No. 106 on February 12, 1879, to establish county courts in both Eufaula and Clayton. Today, two county courthouses continue to operate in Barbour County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 905 square miles, of which 885 square miles is land and 20 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 82 U. S. Highway 431 State Route 10 State Route 30 State Route 51 State Route 95 State Route 130 State Route 131 State Route 165 State Route 198 State Route 239 Russell County - northeast Quitman County, Georgia - east Stewart County, Georgia - east Clay County, Georgia - southeast Henry County - south Dale County - south Pike County - west Bullock County - northwest Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 27,457 people residing in the county.
48.0% were White, 46.9% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.3% of some other race and 0.9% of two or more races. 5.1% were Hispanic or Latino. As of the census of 2000, there were 29,038 people, 10,409 households, 7,390 families residing in the county; the population density was 33 people per square mile. There were 12,461 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 51.27% White, 46.32% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.91% from other races, 0.73% from two or more races. 1.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 670 people; the only other language with over 100 speakers was French at 105. In 2005 Barbour County had a population, 49.5% non-Hispanic whites. 46.8% of the population was African-American. 0.3% of the population reported more than one race. Latinos were now 3.1% of the population. 0.4% were Native American and 0.3% were Asian.
In 2000 There were 10,409 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.90% were married couples living together, 19.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.00% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 106.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $25,101, the median income for a family was $31,877. Males had a median income of $28,441 versus $19,882 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,316. About 21.60% of families and 26.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.10% of those under age 18 and 26.40% of those age 65 or over.
In 2000, the largest denominational groups were Mainline Protestants. The largest religious bodies were The United Methodist Church. Having been a Democratic county for much of the 20th century the county has become more competitive, it has now voted for the Republican presidential candidate in three of the last four elections, including most for Donald Trump in 2016. Clio Eufaula Bakerhill Blue Springs Clayton Louisville Batesville Elamville Spring Hill Teals Crossroads Barbour County is home to Lakepoint Resort State Park, Blue Springs State Park, the Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge; as a center of the planter elite class, Barbour County has produced more Alabama governors than any other county in the state. Six elected governors as well as two acting governors have lived in the county. In 2000, the Barbour County Governors' Trail was established by an act of the Alabama Legislature to honor the eight distinguished men and women who have served as governor from the county. Marking changes in 20th-century politics, Chauncey Sparks, the Wallaces, Jere Bea