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Pike County, Indiana

Pike County is a county located in the southwest portion of the U. S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 12,845; the county seat is Petersburg. It contains the geographic point representing median center of population of the United States. Pike County is part of the Jasper Micropolitan Statistical Area. Formed on December 21, 1816, Pike County was the first county formed, it was formed from Gibson and Perry counties, included most of the territory of Dubois County and portions of the current form of Gibson and Warrick Counties. It was named for Zebulon Pike, famous for his Pike Expedition of 1806 – 1807, exploring the southwest portion of the Louisiana Purchase. Pike commanded the 4th Infantry Regiment at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811, he was killed as a brigadier general during the War of 1812 after his men had captured Canada. From 1959 to 1963 Vance Hartke and Homer E. Capehart were the U. S. Senators for Indiana, both from Pike County. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 341.09 square miles, of which 334.24 square miles is land and 6.86 square miles is water.

Petersburg Spurgeon Winslow Otwell Daviess County Dubois County Warrick County Gibson County Knox County Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge and Management Area In recent years, average temperatures in Petersburg have ranged from a low of 21 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July, although a record low of −18 °F was recorded in December 1989 and a record high of 101 °F was recorded in September 2002. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.73 inches in February to 5.14 inches in May. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code. County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts; the council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending; the council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax, subject to state level approval, excise taxes, service taxes.

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners the most senior, serves as president; the commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, managing the day-to-day functions of the county government. Court: The county maintains a Circuit Court and has a small claims division which division handles family law cases as well; the judge of the Circuit Court is elected to a term of six years and must be a member in good standing of the Indiana Bar. The judge is assisted by a referee in the small claims\family division, appointed by the Circuit Court Judge. County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, auditor, recorder and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,845 people, 5,186 households, 3,645 families residing in the county. The population density was 38.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 5,735 housing units at an average density of 17.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.2% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.7% were American, 25.1% were German, 15.8% were Irish, 11.4% were English. Of the 5,186 households, 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.7% were non-families, 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 42.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $49,423.

Males had a median income of $40,952 versus $29,664 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,005. About 9.0% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over, Making Pike County one of the poorest counties in the state. National Register of Historic Places listings in Pike County, Indiana

Eumorpha vitis

Eumorpha vitis, known as the vine sphinx, is a moth of the family Sphingidae. It lives from Argentina north through Central America, the West Indies, Mexico to southern Arizona, Texas and Florida. Strays north to Nebraska; the wingspan is 85–105 mm. It is similar to Eumorpha fasciatus fasciatus but distinguishable by the lack of a pink marginal band on the hindwing upperside and the single straight line on the forewing upperside. Adults are on wing from April to May and again from July to October in Florida, from July to September in one generation in the northern part of the range and year-round in the tropics, they feed on the nectar including Vinca rosea. The larvae feed on Vitis species, Cissus species, Ludwigia decurrens, Ludwigia erecta, Magnolia virginiana and Parthenocissus species. There are green and purple colour morphs. Pupation takes place in burrows. Eumorpha vitis vitis Eumorpha vitis fuscatus - Eumorpha vitis hesperidum - Vine Sphinx Butterflies and Moths of North America


Stratarches, means ruler of the army in Greek, is a title associated with successful generals. In modern Greek usage, it corresponds to the rank of Field Marshal; the term originated in the Byzantine Empire, where, in the 9th to 11th centuries, the stratarchai were a class of senior officials in charge of military finances and administration, including the hetaireiarches, the droungarios of the Fleet, the logothetes ton agelon who supervised the army's horse-breeding farms, the komēs tou staulou and the protospatharios of the basilikoi anthropoi. By the late 11th century, this technical meaning was forgotten, the term stratarches, along with variants such as megas stratarches and panstratarches, came to be used as an honorific epithet for important generals. In this use it is for instance used to describe the famed literary hero Digenis Akritas, or famous past commanders, such as Belisarius. In modern Greek history, the title retains the connotation of a victorious commander, has been used unofficially for the two most successful Greek field commanders of the Greek War of Independence: Theodoros Kolokotronis in the Morea and Georgios Karaiskakis in Roumeli.

As a technical term, it is used to render in Greek the rank and dignity of Field Marshal. In this capacity, the rank was first awarded to King Constantine I in 1913, following the victorious Balkan Wars, it was awarded again to his son, King George II, in 1939, was held by his successors and Constantine II up to the abolition of the Greek monarchy in 1973–74. Apart from the reigning monarchs, only one professional officer has been awarded the rank: General Alexandros Papagos, awarded it on 28 October 1949 in recognition of his services during the Greco-Italian War and the Greek Civil War. In addition, Lieutenant General Theodoros Grivas was bestowed the rank on 23 October 1862 for his leadership in the revolt that led to the ousting of King Otto, but died the following day, before it could be conferred to him in person; the rank of Stratarchis has not been retained by the current Third Hellenic Republic. Strategos Stratelates Greek military ranks Hellenic Army officer rank insignia


Duhun is one of the woredas in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. Part of the nogob Zone, Duhun is bordered on the south by the Gode Zone, on the west by the Shebelle River which separates it from Salahad, on the northwest by Hamero, on the northeast by Segeg, on the east by Gerbo; the major town in Dihun is Geresley. The average elevation in this woreda is 859 meters above sea level; as of 2008, Dihun has community roads. Based on the 2007 Census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia, this woreda has a total population of 25,082, of whom 14,304 are men and 10,778 women. While 2,216 or 8.84% are urban inhabitants, a further 9,340 or 37.24% are pastoralists. 99.16 % of the population said. This woreda is inhabited by the Darod clan of the Somali people; the werada is dominated by ogaden_subclans of maxamed subeer specially reer cabdille like reer Amaadin,ugaas kooshin and others. The most important natural feature to mention in dihun werada are qarri_juqod mountains which are a long chain of mountains.

Some of the seasonal rivers in the area includes samane, faarayse and others. In addition to the above-mentioned rivers badhaxlay, laqanyo,biyajanale, waadhi, bali caroog are water source called yaaxeen. Garbo arah, dhoobaale godcaruusaad,darbi-balanbal are some of the natural features in the area; the highest points in terms of elevation in qarri juqood mountains are dulhawd and qul _ qul. The seven well mentioned part of the mountain are dulhawd,ciray, qoofallay, habargaylo, dulcaanood; the 1997 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 28,259, of whom 15,572 were men and 12,687 were women. The largest ethnic group reported in Dihun was the Somali

Pumpkin Island

Pumpkin Island is a owned island in Keppel Bay on the southern Great Barrier Reef in Australia. It has an area of 18 acres. In 2012 it was the world's sixth most expensive island; the island is owned and operated by Sojourn Properties Pty Ltd, a Queensland-based company and run by Sojourn Retreats. Pumpkin Island is one of two island properties owned by the Queensland company, the other being the Elysian Retreat on Long Island. Between 2012 and 2015 the island was leased by Queensland brewer Castlemaine Perkins and, for the duration, renamed XXXX Island as a promotional campaign for their beer, Castlemaine XXXX. Over the 3 years, 3,000 people visited. Pumpkin was recognised as Australasia's most sustainable hotel at the World Boutique Hotel Awards, adding to its accomplishments that include Climate Action Leader and the first beyond carbon neutral island in Australia. List of islands of Australia Official website

Bernard I, Duke of Brunswick-L√ľneburg

Bernard, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, ruled over several principalities of Brunswick-Lüneburg. In the genealogy of the House of Welf, he is considered the first member of the Second House of Lüneburg. Bernard was the second son of Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg. After the death of his father in 1373, he and his brothers agreed with the Ascanian dukes of Saxony-Wittenberg to alternate rule in the Principality of Lüneburg. From 1375 on, Bernard took part in the government de jure, from 1385 on de facto. After their oldest brother, had been murdered in 1400, Bernard and his brother Henry went on a revenge campaign against the Archbishopric of Mainz and the County of Waldeck, since the archbishop of Mainz was the suspected instigator of the murder plot, the count of Waldeck performed the deed. Bernard and Henry ruled the Principality of Brunswick together after Frederick's death. After a second treaty in 1428, Bernard switched to the Principality of Lüneburg. Bernard married Margaret, daughter of Wenceslaus, Elector of Saxony, in 1386.

They had three children: Otto Frederick Catherine, married Casimir V, Duke of Pomerania Braunschweigisches Biographisches Lexikon, Appelhans 2006, ISBN 3-937664-46-7 Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, vol. 2, p. 416-418