Pine Bluff is the tenth-largest city in the state of Arkansas and the county seat of Jefferson County. It is the principal city of the Pine Bluff Metropolitan Statistical Area and part of the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Pine Bluff Combined Statistical Area; the population of the city was 49,083 in the 2010 Census with 2018 estimates showing a decline to 42,271. The city is situated in the Southeast section of the Arkansas Delta and straddles the Arkansas Timberlands region to its west, its topography is flat with wide expanses of farmland, consistent with other places in the Delta Lowlands. Pine Bluff has numerous creeks and bayous.. Large bodies of water include Lake Pine Bluff, Lake Langhofer, the Arkansas River; the area along the Arkansas River had been inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous peoples of various cultures. They used the river for transportation as did European settlers after them, for fishing. By the time of encounter with Europeans, the historical Quapaw were the chief people in the area, having migrated from the Ohio River valley centuries before.
The city of Pine Bluff was founded on a high bank of the Arkansas River forested with tall pine trees. The high ground furnished settlers a safe haven from annual flooding. Joseph Bonne, a Métis fur trader and trapper of mixed Quapaw and colonial French ancestry, settled on this bluff in 1819. After the Quapaw signed a treaty with the United States in 1824 relinquishing their title to all the lands which they claimed in Arkansas, many other American settlers began to join Bonne on the bluff. In 1829 Thomas Phillips claimed a half section of land. Jefferson County was established by the Territorial Legislature on November 2, 1829, began functioning as a county April 19, 1830. At the August 13, 1832 county election, the pine bluff settlement was chosen as the county seat; the Quorum Court voted to name the village "Pine Bluff Town" on October 16, 1832. Pine Bluff was incorporated January 1839, by the order of County Judge Taylor. At the time, the village had about 50 residents. Improved transportation aided in the growth of Pine Bluff during the 1850s.
With its proximity to the Arkansas River, the small town served as a port for shipping. Steamships provided the primary mode of transport, arriving from downriver ports such as New Orleans. From 1832–1838, Pine Bluff residents would see Native American migrants on the Trail of Tears waterway who were being forcibly removed by the US Army from the American Southeast to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. From 1832–1858, Pine Bluff was a station on the passage of Seminole and Black Seminoles, who were forcibly removed from Florida to the Territory, they included the legendary Black Seminole leader John Horse, who arrived in the city via the steamboat Swan in 1842. Pine Bluff was prospering by the outbreak of the Civil War; this was cultivated on large plantations by hundreds and thousands of enslaved Africans throughout the state, but in the Delta. The city had one of the largest slave populations in the state by 1860, Jefferson County, Arkansas was second in cotton production in the state.
When Union forces occupied Little Rock, a group of Pine Bluff residents asked commanding Major General Frederick Steele to send Union forces to occupy their town to protect them from bands of Confederate bushwhackers. Union troops under Colonel Powell Clayton arrived September 17, 1863 and stayed until the war was over. Confederate General J. S. Marmaduke tried to expel the Union Army in the Battle of Pine Bluff October 25, 1863, but was repulsed by a combined effort of soldiers and freedmen. In the final year of the war, the 1st Regiment Kansas Volunteer Infantry, was the first African-American regiment in the civil war to go into combat, it was dispatched to guard Pine Bluff and was mustered out there. Because of the Union forces, Pine Bluff attracted many refugees and freedmen after the Emancipation Proclamation was issued in early 1863; the Union forces set up a contraband camp there to house the runaway slaves and refugees behind Confederate lines. After the war, freed slaves worked with the American Missionary Association to start schools for the education of blacks, prohibited from learning to read and write by southern laws.
Both adults and children eagerly started learning. By September 1872, Professor Joseph C. Corbin opened the Branch Normal School of the Arkansas Industrial University, a black college. Founded as Arkansas's first black public college, today it is the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff. Pine Bluff and the region suffered lasting effects from defeat, the aftermath of war, the trauma of slavery and exploitation. Recovery was slow at first. Construction of railroads improved access to markets, with increased production of cotton as more plantations were reactivated, the economy began to recover; the first railroad reached Pine Bluff in December 1873. This same year Pine Bluff's first utility was formed when Pine Bluff Gas Company began furnishing manufactured gas from coke fuel for lighting purposes; the state's economy remained dependent on cotton and agriculture, which suffered a decline through the 19th century. As personal fortunes increased from the 1870s onward, community leaders constructed large Victorian-style homes west of Main Street.
Meanwhile, the Reconstruction era of the 1870s brought a stark mix of progress and challenge for African Americans. Most blac
Intersectin-1 is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the ITSN1 gene. The protein encoded by this gene is a cytoplasmic membrane-associated protein that indirectly coordinates endocytic membrane traffic with the actin assembly machinery. In addition, the encoded protein may regulate the formation of clathrin-coated vesicles and could be involved in synaptic vesicle recycling; this protein has been shown to interact with dynamin, CDC42, SNAP23, SNAP25, SPIN90, EPS15, EPN1, EPN2, STN2. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene, but the full-length nature of only two of them have been characterized so far. ITSN1 has been shown to interact with
There is another company, within the EURONEXT group, with the same name, based in Portugal. This company, is responsible for the central securities depository and settlement systems management in Portugal. InterBolsa the Interbolsa Financial Group now known as Grupo InterBolsa, was a Colombian based securities broker and proprietary trader that engaged in asset management and other types of investment banking, that operated until November 2012 when the Colombian Government ordered its closure by a default of debts with the local banking system; the group still has other investments and companies overseas whose operations may not be interrupted by this closure. The company had over 29% of the market volume of brokerage activity in Colombia; until 2008 it operated as a loosely integrated conglomerate with a controlling interest in a number of smaller companies, each specializing in a different region or product. In 2009 after it made a move into the Brazilian market when it acquired all of Finabank for US$21 million it organized itself into a holding company called Grupo InterBolsa.
Interbolsa Comisionista de Bolsa Administradora de Inversión - Asset Manager that oversees Colombia's first private capital energy fund. Interbolsa Panama Finabank - Brazilian securities broker 90% owned by InterBolsa. Has repo operations. Fundación InterBolsa - organizes corporate responsibility programs for the group of companies
Erich Franz Eugen Bracht was a German pathologist and gynaecologist born in Berlin. After finishing his medical education, he worked for several years as an assistant to pathologist Ludwig Aschoff at the University of Freiburg. On, he focused his attention to obstetrics and gynaecology, working as an assistant gynecologist in Heidelberg and Berlin. In 1922 he became an associate professor at the University of Berlin and director of the Charité Frauenklinik. Following World War II he served as a consultant of gynaecology and obstetrics during the American occupation of Berlin. While at Freiburg, Bracht made important contributions involving the pathological study of rheumatic myocarditis. With Hermann Julius Gustav Wächter, he described the eponymous "Bracht-Wachter bodies", defined as myocardial microabscesses seen in the presence of bacterial endocarditis, he is remembered for the "Bracht manoeuvre", a breech delivery that allows for delivery of the infant with minimum interference. Beitrag zur Aetiologie und pathologischen Anatomie der Myokarditis rheumatica.
Spring Tigers is the debut Mini-LP by Spring Tigers, released October 19, 2009 under exclusive US License to Bright Antenna. The album was made available as CD and Limited Edition 10" Record. Car Song - 2:16 Hyboria - 3:02 Just Suggesting - 3:22 Beep Beep - 2:51 New Improved Formula - 2:01 Stripmalls In The Sun - 4:05 Spring Tigers Drums - Chase Prince Keys - Stephen James Bass - Eli Barnard Guitar - Shane Davis Vocals/Guitar - Kris BarrattTechnical Personnel Engineered by Joel Hatstat at The Bakery Produced by Sep V Mixed by Mark Needham Mastered by Andy VanDette at Masterdisk NYC A&R by Braden Merrick
Angereds Teater is a non-government sponsored theater which aims to serve a population outside of the country’s main population centers. It is located in the town of Angered, Sweden a northern suburb of Gothenburg which has a large immigrant population from a variety of countries. Offering plays for both adults and children, the theater is the center of culture for the area, hosting a number of plays and other events throughout the year; the Theatre is part of Sweden’s tradition of plays and other events for children, with a number of theatre and other artistic groups dedicated to this purpose. The Theatre offers workshops for children with the aim of giving them an appreciation of the art. Angereds Teater appears as part of the Festival Internacional Cervantino in Mexico in 2011 as part of latter’s programming for children; the theatre company presents “The Butterfly Pilots,” a play is a story about loneliness and friendship, sudden falls and happy new beginnings to show that new friends appear when old ones go away.
The play is aimed at children between nine years of age. It was presented at the Theatre in Gothenburg for over a year, with previous tours in Egypt and Syria; the play has extravagant scenery and in some parts, the audience can dance. The main actors of the play are Phax Ahamada, who has created a unique technique of slow movement dance and Ami Skånberg, known for combining dance styles from around the world into her work. 57°47′48.48″N 12°3′0.02″E