The term pinisi or phinisi refer to a type of rig, the masts and the configuration of the ropes of Indonesian sailing vessels. It was built by the Konjo tribe, a sub-ethnic group of Bugis-Makassar residents at the Bulukumba regency of South Sulawesi but was, still is used by the Buginese and Makassarese for inter-insular transportation and fishing purposes within Indonesian archipelago. UNESCO designated Pinisi boat-building art as Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity at the 12th Session of the Unique Cultural Heritage Committee on Dec 7, 2017; the vessels using pinisi rig were the largest Bugis traditional vessel, the largest Indonesian traditional vessel, after the disappearance of giant jong. According to a local tradition the name pinisi is given by a Tallo king, I Manyingarang Dg Makkilo, for his boat; the name comes from two words, "picuru", "binisi". Another source stated that the name pinisi comes from word panisi, or mappanisi, which refers to caulking process; as lopi dipanisi means caulked vessel, it has been suggested that the word panisi undergoes phonemic alteration to pinisi.
Another etymology has pinisi come from the Dutch pinas, itself from the Spanish pinaza c. 1240, from pino, from the wood of which the ships were constructed. A pinisi-rigged vessel sets seven to eight sails on two masts, arranged in a way akin to a schooner-ketch: called a'schooner' because all of its sails are ‘fore-and-aft’ sails, lined up along the centreline of the hull on two masts; the large mainsails differ from western style gaff rigs though, as they do not have a boom and the sail is not lowered with the gaff. Instead it is reefed towards the mast, much like a curtain, thus allowing the gaff to be used as deck crane in the harbour; the lower part of the mast itself is made of two poles. A ship using pinisi rig may be 20 to 35 meters long and 350 tons in size; the masts may reach to 30 meters above the deck. Smaller pinisi-rigged palari is only about 10 m in length. In 2011 a large pinisi has been completed in South Sulawesi, it is 50 m long and 9 m wide, the tonnage is about 500 tons. There are two general types of hull using the Pinisi rig.
Palari. Older type of Pinisi with a curved stern and keel, they were smaller than the Lamba and used 2 quarter rudder mounted at the side of the stern. Motorized version had single mechanized rudder behind its propeller, but majority of motorized vessel favored the lambo hull. Lamba or lambo. Pinisi of a long and slender built; this type of Pinisi is the one surviving in its motorized version. Used single mechanized axial rudder. In the 19th century, Sulawesian sailor began to combine the traditional tanja rig with fore-and-aft rig from Western ships sailing through the archipelago. Pinisi evolved from the base hull of Padewakang with front-and-aft rig to its own hull model with a native "pinisi rig". During these evolutionary decades, Indonesian sailors and shipbuilders changed some features of the original western schooner; the first Sulawesian pinisi was thought to has been first built in 1906 by the shipuilders of Ara and Lemo-Lemo, they built the first penisiq for a Bira skipper. At first, schooner rig was applied to padewakang hull, but the sailor used the faster palari hull instead.
The whole hull is cargo room, only a small cabin placed at the stern serve as captain's room, meanwhile the crew sleep on the deck or cargo room. The usage of double quarter rudder is retained. Since the 1930s, this sailing ship adopted a new type of sail, the nade sail, which came from cutters and sloops used by Western pearl seekers and small traders in Eastern Indonesia. In the 1970s more pinisi were equipped with engines; because the sails only used as complement to the engine, the sails were removed, but some vessels retained its masts. These type of ships are called Perahu Layar Motor - Motorized Sailing Vessel. In the subsequent years the cargo capacity of pinisi increased to an average of 300 tons. Nade sails used on medium-sized ships, the larger ships used pinisi rig, but because the masts became shorter due to installed engine as propulsion, the sails are only used in favorable winds. Several parts of the pinisi are referred to by their original Buginese names, such as: Anjong, located at the front deck Sombala, the largest sail in the ship Tanpasere, triangle-shaped sail, located at each mast Cocoro pantara.
Cocoro tangnga Tarengke Today, pinisi used for trade, serves as inter-insular cargo, such as to transport timber from Kalimantan to Java, in exchange to transporting grocery and goods from industrialized Java to more remote ports in Indonesian archipelago. Pinisi frequent traditional ports, such as Sunda Kelapa port in Jakarta, Surabaya and the port of Makassar; as with many traditional ship types, pinisi have been provided with motors since 1970. This has changed the appearance of the ships. Comparable to modern dhows, the masts have been shortened, or omitted as deck cranes vanished while structures on deck aft, have been enlarged for the crew and passengers. In the early 1970s thousands of pinisi-palari ships measuring up to 200 tonnes of cargo
Brandon Baker is an American actor. He is known for the made-for-TV movies, such as Disney movie Johnny Tsunami and its sequel Johnny Kapahala: Back on Board as well as for his role on the NBC sitcom One World, he appeared in four episodes of the Disney Channel Original Series, Even Stevens. He was born in California, he is of English and Filipino descent. Baker lives with his family including his sister and his brother, Kullen, he started acting. At twelve years old, Baker landed his first big break with the starring role of "Mowgli" in Walt Disney's Jungle Book: Mowgli's Story. Baker was invited to the 2007 Disney Channel games, he lives in Los Angeles, California. He starred alongside Jessica Alba in the 1999 movie P. U. N. K. S. Brandon made his return to acting after a six-year hiatus in 2013 comedy The Formula alongside Reginald VelJohnson and Sasha Jackson. Brandon Baker on IMDb Brandon Baker at AllMovie
Mix TV was a Brazilian television music channel aimed at young people. The channel was owned by Grupo Mix de Comunicação, which owns the Mix FM radio station. Mix TV is run by Fernando di Genio Barbosa and first aired in January 2005; the station began as TV Jovem Pan, funded in 1991, by entrepreneurs Antônio Augusto Amaral de Carvalho, owner of Rádio Jovem Pan and Hamilton Lucas de Oliveira, owner of IBF. Oliveira had been involved in the defunct network Manchete; the station was renamed as Mix TV with the idea that it would be a television version of the Mix FM radio station, which first started in 1995. In 2009, the station expanded its programming, including new shows like Hip Hop Mix, Hot Clipes and Banda X Banda. In the same year, three new VJs began presenting on the channel: Julie, followed by Xis and Max Fivelinha; this is a list of the Mix TV affiliates, owned stations, relays. Bolds are owned-and-operated stations, italics are affiliates; the others are relay stations. Is possible watch Mix TV in your website.
Claro TV - Channel 127 CTBC TV - Channel 707 NET - Channel 12 and Channel 22 Oi TV - Channel 141 Viamax - Channel 33 Vivo TV - Channel 12 Vivo TV - Channel 234 This is a list of programs broadcast by Mix TV, a Brazilian musical television network. Álbuns Clássicos Banda X Banda Baú do Rock List of programs broadcast by Mix TV MTV Brasil Official website Mix TV's channel on YouTube Mix TV's shows