The pinto bean is a variety of common bean, in Spanish they are called frijol pinto "speckled bean". It is the most popular bean in Northern Mexico and the Southwestern United States, is most eaten whole, or mashed and refried. Either way, it is a common filling for burritos in Mexican cuisine, or as a side dish in New Mexican cuisine. In South America, it is known as the poroto frutilla "strawberry bean". In Portuguese, the Brazilian name is feijão carioca, which differs from the name in Portugal: feijão catarino. Additionally, the young immature pods may be cooked as green pinto beans. There are a number of different varieties of pinto bean, notably some originating from Northern Spain, where an annual fair is dedicated to the bean; the dried pinto bean is the bean used reconstituted or canned in many dishes refried beans. It is popular in chili con carne, although kidney beans, black beans, many others may be used in other locales. Pinto beans are found in Brazilian cuisine. Legumes the common bean, are a staple food everywhere in the country, cultivated since 3000 BC, along with starch-rich foods, such as rice, manioc and other wheat-based products and other corn-based products and yams.
Pinto beans are a important ingredient in Mexican cuisine. In the Southern United States, pinto beans were once a staple during the winter months; some organizations and churches in rural areas still sponsor "pinto bean suppers" for social gatherings and fund raisers. Pinto bean varieties include:'Burke','Hidatsa', and'Othello'; the alubia pinta alavesa, or the "Alavese pinto bean", a red variety of the pinto bean, originated in Añana, a town and municipality located in the province of Álava, in the Basque Country of northern Spain. In October, the Feria de la alubia pinta alavesa is celebrated in Pobes. Pinto beans are soaked, which shortens cooking time. If unsoaked, they are boiled for 10 minutes, they will generally take two to three hours to cook on a stove to soften. In a pressure cooker they will cook rapidly 3 minutes if soaked, 20-45 minutes if unsoaked. Cooking times vary however and may depend on the source of the bean, hardness of the cooking water and many other factors. A nutrient-dense legume, the pinto bean contains many essential nutrients.
It is a good source of protein and manganese, high in dietary fiber and folate. Rice and pinto beans served with cornbread or corn tortillas are a staple meal where meat is unavailable; this combination contains the essential amino acids necessary for humans in adequate amounts: corn complements beans' relative scarcity of methionine and cystine and beans complement corn's relative scarcity of lysine and tryptophan. Studies have indicated pinto beans can lower the levels of both LDL cholesterol. Pinto beans have been shown to contain the phytoestrogen coumestrol, which has a variety of possible health effects. Gallo pinto Media related to Phaseolus vulgaris seeds at Wikimedia Commons Pinto Bean at Wikibook Cookbooks
Transactive memory is a psychological hypothesis first proposed by Daniel Wegner in 1985 as a response to earlier theories of "group mind" such as groupthink. A transactive memory system is a mechanism through which groups collectively encode and retrieve knowledge. Transactive memory was studied in couples and families where individuals had close relationships but was extended to teams, larger groups, organizations to explain how they develop a "group mind", a memory system, more complex and more effective than that of any of its individual constituents. A transactive memory system includes memory stored in each individual, the interactions between memory within the individuals, as well as the processes that update this memory. Transactive memory, on the other hand, is the shared store of knowledge. According to Wegner, a transactive memory system consists of the knowledge stored in each individual's memory combined with metamemory containing information regarding the different teammate's domains of expertise.
Just as an individual's metamemory allows them to be aware of what information is available for retrieval, so does the transactive memory system provide teammates with information regarding the knowledge they have access to within the group. Group members learn who knowledge experts are and how to access expertise through communicative processes. In this way, a transactive memory system can provide the group members with more and better knowledge than any individual could access on their own. Transactive memory was first envisioned by Daniel Wegner in 1985; this concept proposed that when two individuals spend a lot of time around each other and work together, they create a shared store of knowledge between the members. In essence, one member of the couple could store information within their partner and recall that information by asking their partner about it; this concept was different and unique from other descriptions of distributed cognition in that it describes a situation where individuals hold different knowledge compared to shared information, members of the group engage in transactions to assist in recall of the stored information.
In a recent review and Argote described transactive memory as existing of both a structural component and transactive processes that make the transactive memory dynamic. Wegner first proposed these three processes which occur in groups that lead to the formation and reification of transactive memory: encoding and retrieval described more below. In a series of experiments, Hollingshead found that romantic partners performed better on knowledge recall than dyads and that couples will memorize more words in a list than two strangers when they are rewarded on number of unique words you recall; the explanation for these findings are that couples know how best to remind each other of the knowledge they have, that couples have a good conception of the other's knowledge and will therefore avoid memorizing words within their partner's domain. Strangers don't have access to this same shared information which leads to poorer performance in these kinds of tasks. Transactive memory was further extended by colleagues into the realm of work groups.
In this work, the development of transactive memory was conceived of as a way to improve group's performance when engaging in interdependent tasks. After this extension, transactive memory became more prolific in organizational behavior among other disciplines. Just like human memory, the development of a transactive memory system involves three stages: encoding and retrieval; these processes are transactive, meaning that they are updated as members exchange information with one another. In the encoding stage, the teammates gain information on the other team members domains of knowledge and categorize it by ascribing each knowledge domain to the corresponding team member. Sometimes, this acquaintance emerge through "who did what" conversation; the encoding process is important in the development of transactive memory. Encoding occurs through interaction between teammates: through sharing knowledge and seeking information from other team members teammates learn on the expertise of each team member as a first essential step towards specialization.
In the storage stage, the relevant information is stored in the possession of the team member owning the corresponding expertise. During the retrieval stage, a group member uses the developed transactive memory to identify a group member that specializes in the required knowledge area and turns to that member to attain the knowledge. If this information is accurate and useful, the linkage to the member with specialized knowledge is strengthened. If the information is not accurate the encoding stage is entered into again such that information about the inaccuracy of the knowledge the specialized member provided is re-encoded and stored in the transactive memory system. Much research has shown that a transactive memory system is developed through interactions between team members. Training on the task that a group is expected to do together has been shown to assist in the development of a transactive memory system. In this study, when the group members were trained together, the team developed a stronger transactive memory system, recalled more information about the process, made fewer errors compared to teams where individuals had gone through the same training but separately.
The researchers concluded that the interacti
Tours Cathedral is a Roman Catholic church located in Tours, Indre-et-Loire and dedicated to Saint Gatianus. It is the seat of the Archbishops of Tours, the metropolitan cathedral of the Tours ecclesiastical province, it was built between 1170 and 1547. At the time construction began, the church was located at the south end of the bridge over the Loire, on the road from Paris to the south-west of France, it has been a classified monument historique since 1862. The first cathedral, dedicated to Saint Maurice, was built by Lidoire, Bishop of Tours from 337 to 371. Burnt down in 561, it was restored by Gregory of Tours and rededicated in 590, its location, at the south-west angle of the castrum, as well as its eastern orientation, resulted in the original access being through the late-Roman surrounding wall. The cathedral was rebuilt as a Romanesque church during the second quarter of the 12th century but immediately burnt down again in 1166 during the conflict between Louis VII of France and Henry II of England.
The present cathedral replaces the earlier 12th-century Romanesque building. The first phase concerned the south transept and the towers, as early as 1170; the chancel was rebuilt from 1236 to 1279 by Étienne de Mortagne but the nave took much longer to build. The architect Simon du Mans rebuilt the transept and started the nave, including six spans and chapel, built during the 14th century — the first two spans correspond to those of the old Romanesque cathedral and date back to the 12th century; the nave was only finished during the 15th century by architects Jean de Dammartin, Jean Papin and Jean Durand, thanks to the generosity of Charles VII and the Duke of Brittany Jean V. During the construction of the present cathedral, the nave was extended westward and the towers surrounding its entrance were erected during the first half of the 16th century, the first tower in 1507 by Pierre de Valence 87 m high, the second tower during 1534 and 1547 by Pierre Gadier. Highlighting the special feature of the building, called supra, the towers were erected outside of the old city.
The late-Roman surrounding wall is visible in cross section at the rear of the towers from the north. In 1356, the cathedral was re-dedicated to Saint Gatianus, its construction having been slow led to a local saying: "... not until the cathedral is finished", to mean something long and difficult to achieve. It meant that the building presents a complex pattern of French religious types of architecture from the 13th century to the 15th. For example, the tower buttresses are Romanesque, the ornamentation is pure Gothic, the tops of the towers are Renaissance; the organ, donated by Martin de Beaune, was built by Barnabé Delanoue in the 16th century. The cathedral contains the tomb of the children of Charles VIII and Anne of Brittany, who died as infants; this tomb, in Carrara marble, made by Girolamo da Fiesole, in the Italian style, the recumbent statues on which are reminiscent of the 15th-century French medieval tradition, was kept from 1506 in the Basilica of St. Martin before being moved in 1834 to its present location.
To the north of the cathedral is a small cloister built during the Renaissance. This cloister is known as the cloître de la Psalette, in reference to its function as a school of psalms. To the south of the cathedral is the former archbishop's palace, built in the early 18th century, which has now become the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Tours. Archibald Douglas, 4th Earl of Douglas, Duke of Touraine, buried with his son, Sir James Douglas in the Choir, following the Battle of Verneuil 1424. Structurae.de Base de données Mérimée Gotik-Romanik.de - photos and plan of the cathedral Pierre Camille Le Moine
Students' Hall, now known as Barnard Hall, is a historic educational building located on the campus of Barnard College in Morningside Heights, New York, New York. It was designed by Arnold W. Brunner and Buchman & Fox in 1916, contains classrooms, it is four stories on a raised basement built of dark red brick with white limestone and terra cotta details. It detail with Colonial Revival inspired features; the front facade features a three-story limestone portico with four monumental Corinthian order columns. The hall was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003. Brooks and Hewitt Halls Milbank and Fiske Halls
Lin Brehmer is a disc jockey and radio personality at WXRT in Chicago. Brehmer has hosted mornings on WXRT since 1991. Brehmer began working professionally in radio in January 1977, his first disc jockey job was in Albany, New York at WQBK-FM, where he earned the nickname, "The Reverend of Rock and Roll." After seven years at WQBK, Brehmer left the position and moved to Chicago to work for WXRT as music director beginning in October 1984. During the six years at WXRT, Brehmer was named "Music Director of the Year" by FMQB three of those years. In 1989, Hard Report's readers voted Brehmer as "Music Director of the Decade." In October 1990, Brehmer left WXRT and moved to Minnesota for a job as program director of KTCZ-FM. After completing a one-year contract at KTCZ-FM, Brehmer returned to Chicago’s WXRT to serve as the morning D. J. replacing Terri Hemmert. For the past 20 years at WXRT, Brehmer has been hosting a yearly remote broadcast for The Chicago Cubs home opening day. On September 1, 1995, Brehmer was the first non-Cleveland disc jockey to broadcast live from the radio studio of the new Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
In 2009, WXRT sent a mass email to subscribers encouraging political action to lobby congress regarding music royalties using Brehmer’s name. In response to the mass email, Brehmer used Facebook to state that he did not write, nor endorse the email. Brehmer wrote, "It's just something. Send out e-mails and sign my name to them without my knowledge. I will always be on the side of the musicians."His catch-phrase, “it’s great to be alive”, was taken from the 1972 Frank Zappa and The Mothers album, Just Another Band from L. A. Brehmer describes himself as “your best friend in the whole world” and is on-air between 5:30 a.m. and 10:00 a.m. Monday through Friday. In 2002, Brehmer began broadcasting essays entitled, Lin's Bin; the essays continues as responses to email. Each year, Brehmer writes just under a hundred essays, he stated that he has written 1800 pages of Lin's Bin. The essays are pre-recorded with producer Peter Crozier. To date, the essays have not been published as a book. WXRT Lin Brehmer Bio
Pedro Julio Mir Valentín was Dominican poet and writer, named Poet Laureate of the Dominican Republic by Congress in 1984, a member of the generation of "Independent poets of the 1940s" in Dominican poetry. His father, a Cuban mechanical engineer, migrated from Cuba to the Dominican Republic in the early years of the Twentieth Century to be hired as Chief of Engineers of the Cristóbal Colón Sugar Refinery. Soon he had a son whom he named Pedro Julio. Pedro Julio Mir spent his youth in the sugar refinery, located near the city of San Pedro de Macorís, his mother died prematurely, in 1917, which impressed upon him a profound sense of loss which he would consider the root of his poetical vocation. In the early years of the 1930s, Pedro Julio Mir started writing and publishing his poems in Dominican newspapers, as well as showing them to his friends. One of those friends, without his consent, took some verses to Juan Bosch, a prominent Dominican writer of the time. Bosch noticed the natural poetic fiber of the young author, but dismissed the verses saying that the poet, though talented, should "turn his eyes to his country".
When Mir was informed of Bosch's reaction, he decided to write his first social poems and this time, he sent them to Bosch himself. Bosch made no immediate remark, however he had the verses published soon in his column of the Listín Diario, the most important Dominican newspaper of the time; the verses appeared under the name Pedro Mir and what became a prophecy: "Is this young man the social poet we’ve been long waiting for?"The next years Mir kept writing and studying, obtaining a Doctor Degree in Law from the Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo State University in 1941 and starting a practice in an office of the Dominican capital, Santo Domingo. However, the pressure of the Trujillo dictatorship became unbearable for anybody with social concerns, his poems were putting him up against the regime, so after receiving threats and feeling his life in danger, he fled to Cuba in 1947. The exile would last sixteen years, until the regime fell in 1963. During the exile he spent most of the time in Cuba.
It was while living precariously in Cuba that he wrote his famous poem "Hay un país en el mundo". Published in Spanish in 1949, it has been translated to dozens of languages. In 1952, Mir published in Guatemala his Contracanto a Walt Whitman, considered one of his most accomplished works. Translated to many languages, the poem has been the subject of many studies in the United States and other countries. Mir returned to the Dominican Republic in 1963, during the democratic government of President Juan Bosch. After Bosch's government was overthrown the same year, Mir ill, traveled again for a while, though he settled with his family in the Dominican capital in 1968, winning the Chair of Aesthetics at the UASD. Mir committed himself to historical research, his essay Las raíces dominicanas de la doctrina Monroe won the Annual History Award given by the Secretary of Education of the Dominican Republic. In 1975, his poem El huracán Neruda won the Annual Poetry Award given by the Secretary of Education of the Dominican Republic.
His only novel Cuando amaban las tierras comuneras was published in Mexico in 1978 and has been regarded in the Dominican Republic as well as internationally. In 1984, the Dominican Congress named him "Poet Laureate of the Dominican Republic". In 1991, Mir traveled to New York to receive an Honorary Doctorate in Humane Letters, honoris causa, from the Hunter College of the City University of New York. In 1993, Mir was awarded the Dominican National Literature Award for his lifetime achievements. Pedro Mir died peacefully on 11 July 2000 surrounded after a long pulmonary illness. In 2017 Ediciones Cielonaranja has published his "Poesía Completa". A metro station in Santo Domingo is named after him. Hay un país en el mundo Contracanto a Walt Whitman Seis momentos de esperanza Poemas de buen amor y a veces de fantasía Amén de mariposas Tres leyendas de colores El gran incendio Viaje a la muchedumbre Apertura a la estética Las raíces dominicanas de la doctrina Monroe El huracán Neruda La gran hazaña de Límber y después otoño Cuando amaban las tierras comuneras Fundamentos de teoría y crítica del arte La noción del período en la historia dominicana ¡Buen viaje, Pancho Valentín!
Historia del hambre en la República Dominicana Estética del soldadito El lapicida de los ojos morados Primeros versos Ayer menos cuarto y otras crónicas"Letras dispersas American Airlines Flight 587 Countersong to Walt Whitman translated by Jonathan Cohen Pedro Mir and His Countersong by Jean Franco Pedro Mir page at the Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra Web Site "There is a country in the world" at "Poesía Dominicana" at the Wayback Machine