CNN Pipeline was an English language video news service providing both live and on-demand video to subscribers' computers via broadband Internet connections. It was part of the CNN group of news services; the service was subscription-based, did not contain advertising like other CNN stations. Pipeline was made available to the public on December 5, 2005, after years of planning and months of internal testing; the bandwidth and streaming servers was provided by AOL, owned by Time Warner. Each of the feeds broadcast in the 16:9 aspect ratio, however the resolution of the broadcast prohibited it from being considered a high definition channel, in many cases not SDTV. On June 27, 2007, CNN discontinued the CNN Pipeline service, to be succeeded by a free ad-supported live-video stream starting on July 2. If the stand-alone Windows program was opened after June 27, CNN initiated an automatic uninstallation of the software from the subscriber's hard drive. CNN said that while it would continue to provide the four live video streams and video archives, it was abandoning the subscription model.
According to CNN's blog, the reason they discontinued the service was to encourage a greater number of people to use the service. They stated they were not getting rid of Pipeline, or any of its features, rather funneling all of the content into CNN.com's video section for free. This transfer of Pipeline from a pay service to an integrated free service came at a time of video being offered online for free en masse, such as YouTube and TV networks offering full TV shows free online with ads, which did not exist at Pipeline's inception. In September 2014, CNN announced CNNGo, an online service replacing Pipeline; the service contains many features such as live shows and news clips. CNN Pipeline maintained four simultaneous feeds, which had both a secondary use. From 12:00 - 00:00 UTC on weekdays, the primary use was shown on the feeds, meanwhile all other times the secondary use was displayed. NOTE: The main news program was on from 5:00 - 6:00 UTC on pipe 2 on weekends. On weekends, "The Best Of CNN Pipeline" was on at 9:30 AM EST and at 8PM EST is "Pipeline on Stage".
The live raw feeds was of news events as they took place around the world, were chosen by Pipeline's producers. Graphics of headlines, stock market indexes, sports headlines took the place of advertisements during the main news program, when an advertisement appeared on CNN International when being simulcasted on the service. Contractual obligations prohibited the direct simulcasting of CNN's American news channels, "CNN" and "HLN"; this prevented popular CNN personalities from anchoring live breaking news except when CNN International simulcasted the American service. Subscribers received access to much of CNN's archive through the pipeline player. Additionally, regular featured programs found on CNN's American services were unavailable to Pipeline users; this fact was not made clear in advertisements for the service, so some American or Canadian users expecting online access to CNN and Headline News, to which they were accustomed, were disappointed. Pipes was used for special events as well.
On September 11, 2006, the fifth anniversary of the September 11, 2001 attacks, CNN Pipeline carried a real-time rebroadcast of CNN's then-live coverage of the attacks for 15 and a half hours. Free access for Pipeline was offered for a day on November 6, 2006, in line with the US mid-term elections' coverage. CNN Pipeline's anchors were Nicole Lapin, Melissa Long and Richard Lui; the four shared the anchor seat in front of a virtual studio in the CNN Center. Like other CNN stations, the anchors of CNN Pipeline conducted interviews with CNN reporters, use CNN studios for videoconference interviews; the program was broadcast for 12 hours each weekday, from 12:00 - 00:00 UTC and 1 hour on weekends, 5:00 - 6:00 UTC. The news program periodically simulcasted either CNN International North America's feed, or CNN U. S. during breaking news events. Because of the compression required, CNN Pipeline could not be considered a live broadcast - however, the delay was in seconds. CNN Pipeline offered three levels of subscriptions: A one-year subscription for $24.95 USD A one-month subscription for $2.95 USD A one-day subscription for $0.99 USD.
CNN Pipeline former home page CNN Pipeline closure explanation
Ammonia Avenue is the seventh studio album by the British progressive rock band The Alan Parsons Project, released on 7 February 1984 by Arista Records. The Phil Spector-influenced "Don't Answer Me" was the album's lead single, reached the Top 15 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and Mainstream Rock Tracks charts, as well as the fourth position on the Adult Contemporary chart; the single reached the Top 20 in several countries and represents the last big hit for the Alan Parsons Project. "Prime Time" was a follow-up release that fared well in the top 40, reaching No. 34. "Since The Last Goodbye" was a minor hit. Ammonia Avenue is one of the band's biggest-selling albums, carrying an RIAA certification of gold and reaching the Top 10 in a number of countries; the title of the album was inspired by Eric Woolfson's visit to Imperial Chemical Industries in Billingham, where the first thing he saw was a street with miles of pipes, no people, no trees and a sign that read'Ammonia Avenue', whose portrait was used for the front cover.
The album focuses on the possible misunderstanding of industrial scientific developments from a public perspective and a lack of understanding of the public from a scientific perspective. This album was the second of three recorded on analogue equipment and mixed directly to the digital master tape. "You Don't Believe" had been released as both a single and a new song on 1983's "The Best Of The Alan Parsons Project" compilation. Music videos for "Don't Answer Me" and "Prime Time" were produced in 1984, the former with art and animation by MW Kaluta; the latter video is inspired by John Collier's story "Evening Primrose" and features two mannequins, a female and a male one, coming to life and falling in love with each other. About halfway through the video, a street sign for "Ammonia Ave." appears - a reference to the album title. Ammonia Avenue was reissued in 2008 with bonus tracks. All songs composed by Alan Parsons and Eric Woolfson. 2008 Bonus Tracks"Don't Answer Me" "You Don't Believe" "Since the Last Goodbye" "Since the Last Goodbye" "You Don't Believe" "Dancing on a Highwire/Spotlight" "Ammonia Avenue Part 1" "Ammonia Avenue" Ian Bairnson – electric and acoustic guitars Colin Blunstone – vocals Mel Collins – saxophone Stuart Elliott – percussion, drums Alan Parsons – Fairlight programming David Paton – bass Andrew Powell - orchestral arrangements and conducting Chris Rainbow – vocals Eric Woolfson – all keyboards, vocals Lenny Zakatek – vocals Christopher Warren-Green - The Philharmonia Orchestra leader Storm Thorgerson - album cover design
Pipeline transport is the long-distance transportation of a liquid or gas through a system of pipes—a pipeline—typically to a market area for consumption. The latest data from 2014 gives a total of less than 2,175,000 miles of pipeline in 120 countries of the world; the United States had 65%, Russia had 8%, Canada had 3%, thus 75% of all pipeline were in these three countries. Pipeline and Gas Journal's worldwide survey figures indicate that 118,623 miles of pipelines are planned and under construction. Of these, 88,976 miles represent projects in the design phase. Liquids and gases are transported in pipelines and any chemically stable substance can be sent through a pipeline. Pipelines exist for the transport of crude and refined petroleum, fuels – such as oil, natural gas and biofuels – and other fluids including sewage, water, hot water or steam for shorter distances. Pipelines are useful for transporting water for drinking or irrigation over long distances when it needs to move over hills, or where canals or channels are poor choices due to considerations of evaporation, pollution, or environmental impact.
Oil pipelines are made from steel or plastic tubes which are buried. The oil is moved through the pipelines by pump stations along the pipeline. Natural gas are pressurised into liquids known as Natural Gas Liquids. Natural gas pipelines are constructed of carbon steel. Hydrogen pipeline transport is the transportation of hydrogen through a pipe. Pipelines conveying flammable or explosive material, such as natural gas or oil, pose special safety concerns and there have been various accidents. Pipelines can be the target of theft, sabotage, or terrorist attacks. In war, pipelines are the target of military attacks, it is uncertain. Credit for the development of pipeline transport is disputed, with competing claims for Vladimir Shukhov and the Branobel company in the late 19th century, the Oil Transport Association, which first constructed a 2-inch wrought iron pipeline over a 6-mile track from an oil field in Pennsylvania to a railroad station in Oil Creek, in the 1860s. Pipelines are the most economical way to transport large quantities of oil, refined oil products or natural gas over land.
For example, in 2014, pipeline transport of crude oil cost about $5 per barrel, while rail transport cost about $10 to $15 per barrel. Trucking has higher costs due to the additional labor required. In Canada for natural gas and petroleum products, 97% are shipped by pipeline. Natural gas are pressurized into liquids known as Natural Gas Liquids. Small NGL processing facilities can be located in oil fields so the butane and propane liquid under light pressure of 125 pounds per square inch, can be shipped by rail, truck or pipeline. Propane can be used as a fuel in oil fields to heat various facilities used by the oil drillers or equipment and trucks used in the oil patch. EG: Propane will convert from a gas to a liquid under light pressure, 100 psi, give or take depending on temperature, is pumped into cars and trucks at less than 125 psi at retail stations. Pipelines and rail cars use about double that pressure to pump at 250 psi; the distance to ship propane to markets is much shorter, as thousands of natural-gas processing plants are located in or near oil fields.
Many Bakken Basin oil companies in North Dakota, Montana and Saskatchewan gas fields separate the NGLs in the field, allowing the drillers to sell propane directly to small wholesalers, eliminating the large refinery control of product and prices for propane or butane. The most recent major pipeline to start operating in North America, is a TransCanada natural gas line going north across the Niagara region bridges with Marcellus shale gas from Pennsylvania and others tied in methane or natural gas sources, into the Canadian province of Ontario as of the fall of 2012, supplying 16 percent of all the natural gas used in Ontario; this new US-supplied natural gas displaces the natural gas shipped to Ontario from western Canada in Alberta and Manitoba, thus dropping the government regulated pipeline shipping charges because of the shorter distance from gas source to consumer. To avoid delays and US government regulation, many small and large oil producers in North Dakota have decided to run an oil pipeline north to Canada to meet up with a Canadian oil pipeline shipping oil from west to east.
This allows the Bakken Basin and Three Forks oil producers to get higher negotiated prices for their oil because they will not be restricted to just one wholesale market in the US. The distance from the biggest oil patch in North Dakota, in Williston, North Dakota, is only about 85 miles or 137 kilometers to the Canada–US border and Manitoba. Mutual funds and joint ventures are big investors in new gas pipelines. In the fall of 2012, the US began exporting propane to Europe, known as LPG, as wholesale prices there are much higher than in North America. Additionally, a pipeline is being constructed from North Dakota to Illinois known as the Dakota Access Pipeline; as more North American pipelines are built more exports of LNG, propane and other natural gas products occur on all three US coasts. To give insight, North Dakota Bakken region's oil production has grown
The Banzai Pipeline, or Pipeline or Pipe, is a surf reef break located in Hawaii, off Ehukai Beach Park in Pupukea on O'ahu's North Shore. A reef break is an area in the ocean where waves start to break once they reach the shallows of a reef. Pipeline is notorious for huge waves which break in shallow water just above a sharp and cavernous reef, forming large, thick curls of water that surfers can tube ride. There are three reefs at Pipeline in progressively deeper water farther out to sea that activate according to the increasing size of approaching ocean swells; the location's compound name combines the name of the surf break with the name of the beach fronting it. It got its name in December 1961, when surfing legend producer Bruce Brown was driving up north with Californians Phil Edwards and Mike Diffenderfer. Bruce stopped at the then-unnamed site to film Phil catching several waves. At the time, there was a construction project on an underground pipeline on adjacent Kamehameha Highway, Mike made the suggestion to name the break "Pipeline".
The name was first used in Bruce Browns movie Surfing Hollow Days. It lent its name to a 1963 hit Pipeline by surf music rockers The Chantays; the reef at Pipe is a flat tabletop reef, with several caverns on the inside, creating a giant air bubble that pops on the front of the wave when the wave lurches upwards just before breaking. There are several jagged, underwater lava spires that can injure fallen surfers. Sand can accumulate on the reef at Pipeline, that can cause waves to "close out". A strong swell from the west clears out the sand in the reef, after that, a strong north swell can give rise to the best waves. There are four waves associated with Pipeline; the left known as Pipeline is the most surfed and photographed. When the reef is hit by a north swell, the peak becomes an A-frame shaped wave, with Pipe closing out a bit and peeling off left, the famous Backdoor Pipeline peeling away to the right at the same time; as the size at Pipe increases, over 12 feet Second Reef on the outside starts breaking, with longer walls, more size.
At an extreme size an area called Third Reef further outside starts to break with giant waves. Numerous surfers and photographers have been killed at Pipe, including Jon Mozo and Tahitian Malik Joyeux, famous for his heavy charging at Teahupo'o. Many people have died or been injured at Pipeline. Pipeline has been called one of the world's deadliest waves, its average wave can be as tall as 12 feet. Perilous are sections of shallow reef known as "Off the Wall" and "Backdoor". Among the many notable surfers to surf at the Pipeline are Phil Edwards Butch Van Artsdalen, Gerry Lopez, Mike Stewart, Shaun Tomson, Mark Richards, Wayne'Rabbit' Bartholomew, Peter Townend, Michael Ho, Simon Anderson, Tom Carroll, Sunny Garcia, Kelly Slater, Danny Fuller, Jamie O'Brien, Rob Machado, Andy Irons, Mick Fanning, Gabriel Medina, John John Florence; the top surfing competitions at this spot include the Pipe Masters, the Volcom Pipe Pro, the IBA Pipeline Pro, the Pipeline Bodysurfing Classic. Surfers can submit videos to Surfline's Wave of the Winter competition.
The competition focuses on beaches including Pipeline. An episode of Season 6 of Hawaii Five-O, named "The Banzai Pipeline", was filmed at Pipeline; the 2002 surf movie Blue Crush was filmed at Pipe. The 2007 film Pipeline featured events at this location. Pipeline on BlooSee
Tolt Pipeline Trail
The Tolt Pipeline Trail is a 100 foot wide, unpaved equestrian and mountain bike trail in Seattle's Eastside suburbs. It stretches 12 miles along the Tolt pipeline right-of-way from Bothell, Washington to the Snoqualmie Valley Regional Trail near Duvall. List of rail trails
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000