The Piper PA-18 Super Cub is a two-seat, single-engine monoplane. Introduced in 1949 by Piper Aircraft, it was developed from the Piper PA-11, traces its lineage back through the J-3 to the Taylor E-2 Cub of the 1930s. In close to 40 years of production, over 9,000 were built. Super Cubs are found in roles such as bush flying, banner towing and glider towing. While based on the design of the earlier Cubs, the addition of an electrical system, a more powerful engine, made it a different flying experience. Although the "standard" Super Cub was fitted with a 150-horsepower Lycoming engine, it is not uncommon to see them equipped with a 160-horsepower O-320-B2B, or 180 horsepower Lycoming O-360 powerplant; the high-lift wing and powerful engine made the Super Cub a prime candidate for conversion to either floatplane or skiplane. In addition, the PA-18A was produced for applying either dry chemical or liquid spray; the Super Cub retained the basic "tube" structure of the earlier J-3 Cub. The first true "Super" Cubs had flaps, dual fuel tanks, an O-235 Lycoming engine producing about 108 hp.
However, a 90 hp Continental variant without flaps and an optional second wing tank was available. Their empty weight was, on the average, 800–1000 pounds with a gross weight of 1,500 lb; these Cubs would land in about 300 feet. The Super Cub is renowned for its ability to take off and land in short distances; the first Super Cubs were going to be offered with a unique four-wheel tandem main landing gear designed for landing and takeoff from rough terrain, but this was replaced with conventional landing gear. The O-290 Lycoming powered Cubs would take off in about 200 feet; the landing distance remained the same at 300 feet using flaps. With the use of the Lycoming O-320 at 150–160 hp, the Cub's allowable gross weight increased to 1,750 lb while retaining the capability of a mere 200 feet required for takeoff; the PA-18 has developed a dedicated following in the bush-flying community, many modifications have been developed for it, to the point where it is quite rare to find an original stock Super Cub.
Modifications include extended baggage compartments, external luggage pods, fuel pods, lumber racks for carrying construction materials into unimproved bush runways. The removal of header tanks, larger 24 or 30 gallon wing fuel tanks, extended main landing gear for better ground clearance of the propeller, strengthened tailwheel springs, the addition of a small third passenger seat in the luggage area and lightweight generators and starters. Various different mount areas for the battery, various different tailfin shapes to increase surface area, lengthened flaps, various wingtip designs, vortex generators on the leading edge of the wings, movement of the electrical panel from the right wing root to the dashboard to reduce fire hazard during a crash, the addition of a constant-speed propeller. Above all, the most common modification is the addition of "bush wheels", soft, low pressure balloon-tires designed to absorb impacts from rocks and boulders, to not sink into sand or other soft surfaces, ideal for off-runway landings.
PA-18 Super Cub Prototype and production variant powered by a 95 hp Continental C-90-8F piston engine, sometimes known as the PA-18-95. PA-18-105 Super Cub Production variant fitted with a 105 hp Lycoming O-235-C1 piston engine and larger tailplane. PA-18-105 Special Special variant built in 1952 and 1953 for the Civil Air Patrol as a trainer with horn-balanced elevators and provision for seat parachutes. PA-18-125 Super Cub Variant to replace the PA-18-95 with flaps and horn-balanced elevators and a 125 hp Lycoming O-290-D piston engine and either wood or metal controllable-pitch propeller. PA-18-135 Super Cub Variant with a 135 hp Lycoming O-290-D piston engine and fitted with two wing tanks as standard. PA-18-150 Super Cub 1954 variant with a 150 hp Lycoming O-320. PA-18-180 Super Cub Experimental variant with a 180 hp Lycoming O-360 engine, one built in 1980 by Piper. Other aircraft have been re-engined under a Supplemental Type Certificate. PA-18A Designation for production agricultural aircraft, including cropdusters and sprayer variants and incorporating a different rear fuselage profile to allow fitting of a hopper-tank in the rear seat position.
PA-18S Designation for production aircraft fitted with floats. PA-18AS Designation of a small number of agricultural aircraft fitted with floats. PA-19 Super Cub Original designation of the military variant of the PA-18, only three built and all subsequent military production were designated as PA-18s. Aeromod Loadstar Model 100 Biplane conversion of Super Cub, powered by 135 hp O-290-D engine, designed for improved capability from high-altitude airfields. SAFAT 01 A Sudanese development / copy built by the SAFAT Aviation Complex at Khartoum. L-18C Super Cub Military designation of the PA-18 Super Cub for the United States Army, powered by a 95 hp Continental C90-8F piston engine, 838 delivered, at least 156 of which were delivered to other nations under MDAP. YL-21 Super Cub Two Super Cub 135s for evaluation by the United States Army. L-21A Super Cub Military designation of the Super Cub 125, powered by a 125 hp Avco Lycoming 0-290-II piston engine, 150 delivered. L-21B Super Cub Military designation of the S
Cameroonian Sports Federation for the Physically Disabled is the national sports federation for people with physical disabilities. FECASDEP is one of four member organizations of the Cameroonian Paralympic Committee; the President is Herve Guy Ngoyo Ngon. In this role, he serves as a Vice President of CNPC; the federation is responsible for national team selection in internationals para-sports competitions that include people with physical disabilities. Articles 36 and 37 of "loi Nº2010/002 du avril 2010 portant protection et promotion des personnes handicapées" saw the organization formally recognized by law in Cameroon; this was seen by the government as an important step in promoting physical activity for people with disabilities in the country. Fédération camerounaise des sports pour. 2011-18 of 15 July 2011 related to the organization and promotion of Physical and Sporting Activities. It was replaced by Fédération Camerounaise de Sports pour Déficients Physiques, Fédération Camerounaise de Sports pour Déficients Visuels, Fédération Camerounaise de Sports pour Déficients Intellectuels and Fédération Camerounaise de Sports pour Sourds.
These four organizations were thane made members of the newly reformed Cameroonian Paralympic Committee. The process that dissolved FECASH and saw the formal creation of this organization began in March 2011. FECASDEP was given funding to send 4 sportspeople to the 2011 All-Africa Games to compete in javelin and the 1,500 meters. FECASDEP held a two-week training camp ahead of the competition, had a goal of having its athletes make the podium at the Games. FECASDEP Statutes
Sir Arthur Michael Palliser was the vice chairman of the Salzburg Seminar's Board of Directors and a senior British diplomat. Born in Reigate, the son of Admiral Sir Arthur Palliser, he received his education at Wellington College and Merton College, Oxford. Appointed a Second Lieutenant 21 November 1942, he served in the Coldstream Guards during World War II. In 1947, he joined the British Diplomatic Service and held a number of appointments at home and abroad including Head of the Policy Planning Staff, Private Secretary to the Prime Minister, Minister at the British Embassy in Paris and Permanent Representative to the European Communities, from 1975–1982, Permanent Under-Secretary of State and Head of the Diplomatic Service. From April to July 1982, during the Falklands campaign, he served as Special Adviser to the Prime Minister in the Cabinet Office, he was appointed a member of the Privy Council in 1983. That same year, he joined the board of the London investment bank Samuel Montagu & Co. a subsidiary of the Midland Bank, of which he became a deputy chairman.
He was chairman of Samuel Montagu from 1984–1993 vice chairman until his retirement in 1996. From 1983–1992, he was non-executive director of several industrial companies. From 1986–1994, he was a member of the board of the Royal National Theatre. Sir Michael served on the faculty of many Salzburg Seminar Sessions. In 1948, Sir Michael married daughter of Belgian statesman Paul-Henri Spaak, they had three sons: Anthony, a painter, Peter, a screenwriter, Nicholas, a communication executive consultant. Knight of the Order of Orange Nassau with Swords Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council PALLISER, Rt Hon. Sir Michael International Who's Who. Accessed 1 September 2006. Interview with Sir Arthur Michael Palliser & transcript, British Diplomatic Oral History Programme, Churchill College, Cambridge, 1999