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Piping plover

The piping plover is a small sand-colored, sparrow-sized shorebird that nests and feeds along coastal sand and gravel beaches in North America. The adult has yellow-orange-red legs, a black band across the forehead from eye to eye, a black stripe running along the breast line; this chest band is thicker in males during the breeding season, it is the only reliable way to tell the sexes apart. The bird is difficult to see when it is standing still, as it blends well with open, sandy beach habitats, it runs in short spurts and stops. There are two subspecies of piping plovers: the eastern population is known as Charadrius melodus melodus and the mid-west population is known as C. m. circumcinctus. The bird's name is derived from its plaintive bell-like whistles which are heard before the bird is visible. Total population is estimated at about 6,510 individuals. A preliminary estimate showed 3,350 birds in 2003 on the Atlantic Coast alone, 52% of the total; the population has been increasing since 1999.

Their breeding habitat includes beaches and sand flats on the Atlantic coast, the shores of the Great Lakes, in the mid-west of Canada and the United States. They shoals; these shorebirds forage for food on beaches by sight, moving across the beaches in short bursts. Piping plovers will forage for food around the high tide wrack zone and along the water's edge, they eat insects, marine worms, crustaceans. American naturalist George Ord described the piping plover in 1824. Two subspecies are recognized, including nominate C. m. melodus of the Atlantic Coast and C. m. circumcinctus of the Great Plains. On average, circumcinctus is darker overall with more contrastingly dark lores. Breeding male circumcinctuses show more extensive black on forehead and bill-base and more shows complete breast-bands; some overlap exists. The piping plover is a stout bird with a large rounded head, a short thick neck, a stubby bill, it is a dull gray/khaki, sparrow-sized shorebird. The adult has yellow-orange legs, a black band across the forehead from eye to eye, a black ring around the neck during the breeding season.

During nonbreeding season, the black bands become less pronounced. Its bill is orange with a black tip, it ranges from 15 -- 19 cm with a wingspan of 35 -- 41 cm and a mass of 42 -- 64 g. The piping plover's light call is a whistled peep peep given by standing and flying birds, its heard alarm call is a soft pee-werp, which the second syllable lower pitched. The piping plover lives the majority of its life on open sandy beaches or rocky shores in high, dry sections away from water, they can be found on the Atlantic Coast of the U. S. and Canada on the ocean or bay beaches and on the Great Lakes shores. It builds its nests higher on the shore near other objects, it is rare to see a piping plover anywhere outside of sand or rocky beaches/shores while not migrating. Piping plovers are found to migrate south to The Bahamas during winter months. Piping plovers migrate from their northern range in the summer to the south in the winter months, migrating to the Gulf of Mexico, the southern Atlantic coast of the United States and the Caribbean.

They begin migrating north beginning in mid-March. Their breeding grounds extend from southern Newfoundland south to the northern parts of South Carolina. Migration south begins in August for some adults and fledglings, by mid-September most piping plovers have headed south for winter; the piping plover arrives at sandy beaches to breed in mid to late April. Males will begin pairing up in late March; when pairs are formed, the male begins digging out several scrapes along the high shore near the beach-grass line. The males perform elaborate courtship ceremonies, including stone tossing and courtship flights featuring repeated dives. Scrapes, small depressions in the sand dug by kicking the sand, are in the same area that least terns choose to colonize. Females will sit and evaluate the scrapes choose a good scrape and decorate the nest with shells and debris to camouflage it. Once a scrape is seen as sufficient, the female will allow the male to copulate with her; the male begins a mating ritual of standing upright and "marching" towards the female, puffing himself up and stomping his legs.

If the female had seen the scrape as adequate, she will allow the male to stand on her back and copulation occurs within a few minutes. Most first-time nest attempts in each breeding season are four-egg nests which appear as early as mid-to-late April. Females lay one egg every other day. Second and sometimes fourth nesting attempts may have only three or two eggs. Incubation of the nest is shared by the female. Incubation is 27 days and eggs all hatch on the same day. After chicks hatch, they are able to feed within hours; the adults' role is to protect them from the elements by brooding them. They alert them to any danger. Like many other species of plovers, adult piping plovers will feign a "broken wing display", drawing attention to themselves and away from the chicks when a predator may be threatening the chicks' safety; the broken wing display is used during the nesting period to distract predators from the nest. A major defense mechanism of the chicks is their ability to blend in with the sand.

It takes. They must be able to fly at least 50 yd. To protect the nests from predators during incubation, many conservationists use exclosures, such as round turkey-wire cages with screened tops. T

Hopes & Fears

"Hopes & Fears" a song by Will Young, released as the first single from his first greatest hits album, The Hits and his 14th overall. It was written by Stew Jackson and Yolanda Quartey, two members of the Bristolian band Phantom Limb, who supported Young at his 25 July 2009 concert at Audley End, on his 2009 tour; the single features production from Robot Club who managed to get legendary 1970s session drummer Skip Wiseman out of retirement for this track. It was released on 8 November 2009, on download only; when asked in an interview with entertainment website Digital Spy what the song is about, Young said "Ooh, I don't know really... pregnancy haha! The song was written by a friend of mine, who I worked with on the last record too. I liked it and needed something for the Greatest Hits, but the stuff I've been working on for my next album is much more dance-pop and didn't fit in." The video was shot in London's Millennium College during the second week of September 2009, was directed by Chris Sweeney who has directed videos for the Freemasons featuring Sophie Ellis-Bextor track "Heartbreak Make Me a Dancer", "Paris", for the indie band Friendly Fires.

It is said. In the video, Young appears as a pregnant man, the idea of Chris Sweeney. Digital Download"Hopes & Fears" "Love Is a Matter of Distance" "Very Kind"


Abejorral is a town and municipality in Antioquia Department, Colombia. Part of the subregion of Eastern Antioquia, it borders to the north with the municipalities of Montebello, La Ceja and La Unión, to the east with municipality of Sonsón, to the south with the department of Caldas and to the west with the municipalities of Santa Bárbara y Montebello. It was founded in 1805 by José Antonio Villegas, although some believe it was in 1811; the latter was the year when the titles of the land were donated to the existing residents. Abejorral is one of the oldest municipalities in the Antioquia Subdivision and Colombia, It is known for its colonial times homes which are part of the Historical National Registry, its topography is ideal for hiking and cycling activities with beautiful panoramic views of river and valleys. Abejorral has some touristic features highlighted by foreigners as unique like " La Casa en el Aire" and the" Aures River Waterfall ". Another ideas about the options to visit and recommendations are part of this new blog "Orientese" Most of the town is a historical site.

Sites of interest include: Nuestra Señora del Carmen parish church. Nuestra Señora de los Dolores chapel. Hospital chapel. Municipal Cemetery; the Ancient Presbytery. The founder’s house; the Orange House

Soldiers of Fortune (album)

Soldiers of Fortune is the eighth studio album by American southern rock band Outlaws, released in 1986, the first with original guitarist Henry Paul since 1977's Hurry Sundown. A video was shot for "One Last Ride". "One Last Ride" – 4:26 "Soldiers of Fortune" – 3:32 "The Night Cries" – 4:36 "The Outlaw" – 3:49 "Cold Harbor" – 4:26 "Whatcha Don't Do" – 3:50 "Just the Way I Like It" – 4:02 "Saved by the Bell" – 3:56 "Lady Luck" – 3:52 "Racin' for the Red Light" – 6:03 Henry Paul - guitar, background vocals Hughie Thomasson - guitar, background vocals Steve Grisham - guitar, background vocals Chuck Glass - bass, vocals, background vocals David Dix - percussion, drums Randy Bishop - keyboards, backing vocals Jon Butcher, Bart Bishop, John Townsend, Stacey Lyn Shaffer - backing vocals Buster McNeil - guitar, backing vocals Jimmy Glenn - drums Producer: Randy Bishop Executive producer: Spencer Proffer Engineer: Hanspeter Huber Album

Horace W. Bailey

Horace W. Bailey was a Vermont politician and government official. A Republican, he was most notable for his service as a member of the Vermont Senate from Orange County, a member of the Vermont House of Representatives from Newbury, the United States Marshal for the District of Vermont from 1903 until his death. Horace Ward Bailey was born in Newbury, Vermont on January 16, 1852, a son of William U. Bailey and Abigail Bailey, he was graduated from Newbury Seminary. He taught school in Newbury met John Lindsey, the proprietor of the Fabyan House resort hotel in New Hampshire. Bailey became a manager at Lindsey hotels. Bailey was the executor of Lindsey's estate, which led to a career settling estates in northern Vermont and northern New Hampshire. In 1882, Bailey returned to Newbury, where he became the owner of a general store, which he operated until 1892. A Republican, in 1886 he was elected Newbury's town clerk, a position he held until 1896. In addition to serving as town clerk, Bailey served in other local offices, including lister, town school board member, town school superintendent, member of the county school board.

Bailey served in the Vermont Senate from 1894 to 1896, was a member of the committees on education and the state prison, as well as a joint committee that examined unexpected spending increases on the prison. He was appointed a member of the state Fish and Game Commission in 1894, he served until 1900; as a Fish and Game commissioner, Bailey was credited with management improvements at the state fish hatchery, was selected to oversee construction of a dam at the outlet of Lake Morey in Fairlee. He was a member of the Vermont Republican State Committee from 1894 to 1904. In 1902, Bailey was elected to represent Newbury in the Vermont House of Representatives, he served until 1904. During his tenure in the House, Bailey was chairman of the committee on railroads, as well as the committee that oversaw Vermont's participation in the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition. In addition, he was Orange County's representative on the joint committee that studied the temperance issue. In 1902, Bailey was appointed to the state Railroad Commission, he served until 1904.

From 1906 to 1910, Bailey was a member of the Lake Champlain Tercentenary Commission, which planned celebrations to commemorate Samuel de Champlain's discovery of the lake in 1609. A civic activist, Bailey was head of the board of trustees for Newbury's Tenney Memorial Library, he was an author on Vermont topics, including histories of Lake Champlain, Newbury Seminary and Newbury Methodist Church, served as a vice president of the Vermont Historical Society. He was a longtime member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Knights of Pythias, served on the board of directors of St. Johnsbury's Citizens Savings Bank and Trust, was a trustee of the Bradford Savings Bank. In October 1903, Bailey was appointed U. S. Marshal for Vermont, he served in this position until his death, he received the appointment following the October 15, 1903 termination of Marshal Fred A. Field's commission. Field was accused of dereliction and neglect after three prisoners he was transporting in June 1903 effected an escape.

Federal district court judge Hoyt Henry Wheeler appointed Field's chief deputy Frank H. Chapman to temporarily fill the vacancy. Following Field's removal, President Theodore Roosevelt asked Vermont's Congressional delegation for recommendations; the two US Senators and two US Representatives agreed to suggest Bailey. Roosevelt appointed him a few days after Chapman's interim appointment, Bailey reappointed Chapman as chief deputy. For most of his term as marshal, Bailey worked in Rutland, Vermont. For many years, Bailey's girth and ongoing health problems required him to walk with the aid of a cane. Over time, he amassed; this collection was covered in newspapers nationwide in 1904, after Bailey received a carved bamboo cane from a friend in the U. S. Army who had returned from a trip to Japan. According to contemporary press accounts, Bailey's collection included a lignum vitae cane from the Philippines, a gift from Mason S. Stone, one made of pine recovered from the floor of the Confederacy's Civil War-era Libby Prison.

In his years, Bailey suffered from Bright's disease, which led to several complications. In 1907 he lost a foot to amputation, in 1913 continued complications caused doctors to remove his other foot. Bailey died in Rutland on January 6, 1914, he was buried at Oxbow Cemetery in Newbury. Bailey never married, had no children. During his lifetime, Bailey amassed a vast collection of works related to the history of Vermont, including many rare books, town histories, railroad annual reports, his collection included works from 1794 to his death, including many on slavery and other political topics. After his death, Bailey's executors sold his library, his pamphlet collection of more than 900 items was purchased intact by Middlebury College, which maintains Bailey's Vermont Pamphlet Archive as part of its library's Special Collections. In 1904, Bailey purchased Newbury's old schoolhouse, constructed in 1839, as a repository for his private library of works on the history of Vermont. After his death, the building was used by different owners for several different functions.

The building was purchased by the town in 1969 for use as the town clerk's office, was destroyed during a 1973 tornado. It was restored

Bobby Tullis

Robert Wayne Tullis is an American politician of the Libertarian Party. He is the mayor of Mineral Springs, Arkansas and a former member of the Arkansas House of Representatives, serving from 1979 until 1993. Tullis was born to Nina Whitmore Tullis, he served in the House from 1979 until 1993 as a Democrat, representing the 86th district, which comprised parts of Howard and Sevier counties. In 1994, Tullis mounted a campaign for Arkansas State Auditor, losing narrowly in the Democratic primary to Gus Wingfield. In 2010, he was the Green Party nominee for Arkansas State Treasurer, losing to Democratic incumbent Martha Shoffner; the same year, Tullis ran for mayor of Mineral Springs. While he finished in first place with 46% of the vote, since he did not attain a majority a runoff election was necessary, which he lost. In 2012, Tullis ran for Arkansas's 4th congressional district. After exploring a run as a Republican and Libertarian, he endorsed Republican candidate Beth Anne Rankin. Tullis decided to run as a Libertarian as Rankin failed to win the Republican nomination.

He lost to Republican Tom Cotton. In 2014, Tullis unsuccessfully sought the Libertarian nomination for Treasurer; that same year, he was elected mayor of Mineral Springs. Tullis is the only Libertarian holding elected office in Arkansas