South Ostrobothnia is one of the 19 regions of Finland. It borders the regions of Ostrobothnia, Central Ostrobothnia, Central Finland and Satakunta. Seinäjoki is the regional centre and by far the largest city in the area; the region of South Ostrobothnia is made up of 17 municipalities. Some people have made this region better known to the world. For example, The Dudesons and the traditional Finnish sweater Jussishirt are something people would remember when asked about South Ostrobothnia. One of the biggest rock festivals in Finland and world's oldest tango festival Tangomarkkinat are both held in Seinäjoki. Official South Ostrobothnia website
Central Finland is a region in Finland. It borders the regions of Päijät-Häme, South Ostrobothnia, Central Ostrobothnia, North Ostrobothnia, Pohjois-Savo, Etelä-Savo. Jyväskylä is the regional centre and by far the largest city in the area. For history and culture see: Tavastia, Ostrobothnia The region of Central Finland is made up of 23 municipalities, of which six have city status. Total: - 272,300 Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2011 in Central Finland: Centre Party 21.8% Social Democratic Party 21.2% True Finns 18.1% National Coalition Party 15.0% Left Alliance 9.0% Green League 6.5% Christian Democrats 6.4% Central Finland Regional Council Central Finland Human Technology Region Central Finland Official Tourist Guide
National Coalition Party
The National Coalition Party is a centre-right political party in Finland considered to be liberal and liberal-conservative. Founded in 1918, the National Coalition Party is one of the three largest parties in Finland, along with the Social Democratic Party and the Centre Party; the current party chair is Petteri Orpo, elected on 11 June 2016. The party self-statedly bases its politics on "freedom and democracy, equal opportunities, supportiveness and caring" and supports multiculturalism and gay rights, it is pro-European as well as a member of the European People's Party. The party's vote share was 20% in parliamentary elections in the 1990s and 2000s, it won 44 out of 200 seats in the parliamentary elections of 2011, becoming the largest party in the Finnish Parliament for the first time in its history. On the municipal level, it became the most popular party in 2008. In the 2015 election, the NCP lost its status as the country's largest party finishing second in votes and third in seats, but again joining the governing coalition.
The National Coalition Party was founded on 9 December 1918 after the Finnish Civil War by the majority of the Finnish Party and the minority of the Young Finnish Party, both supporting Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse as the King of Finland in the new monarchy. The previous day, the republicans of both parties had founded the National Progressive Party. With over 600 representatives, the foundational meeting of NCP declared the following:A national coalition is needed over old party lines that have lost meaning and have too long separated thinking citizens; this coalition's grand task must be to work to strengthen in our nation the forces that maintain society. Lawful societal order must be upheld and there must be no compromise with revolutionary aspirations, but determined constructive reform work must be pursued."The party sought to accomplish their task by advocating for constitutional monarchy and, failing that, strong governmental powers within a republican framework. On the other hand, their goal was to implement a number of social and economic reforms, such as compulsory education, universal health care, progressive income and property taxation.
The monarchist aims failed and Finland became a parliamentary republic—in which NCP advocated for strong presidential powers. In the late 1920s and early 1930s, the threat posed by Joseph Stalin's communist Soviet Union influenced Finnish politics. Communists, backed by Soviet leaders, accelerated their activities while the ideological position of the National Coalition Party shifted to conservative; the new ideology was poorly received by the youth, attracted instead more to irredentist and fascist movements, such as the Academic Karelia Society or Patriotic People's Movement. In the 1933 parliamentary election, the party formed an electoral coalition with the Patriotic People's Movement, founded by former supporters of the radical nationalist Lapua Movement—even though P. E. Svinhufvud, the party's first President of Finland, played a key role in halting the Lapua Movement and vanquishing their Mäntsälä rebellion; the result was a major defeat. The NCP broke ties with the Patriotic People's Movement in 1934 under the newly elected party chair J.
K. Paasikivi, but was shut out from the Finnish Government until the outbreak of the Winter War in 1939 and only regained support. During the Winter War and the Continuation War in 1939–1944, the party took part in the war-time national unity governments and had strong support for its government policies. After the wars, the National Coalition Party sought to portray itself as a defender of democracy against the resurgent Finnish communists. Chair Paasikivi, who had advocated making more concessions to Soviet Union before the Winter War and taken a cautious line regarding cooperation with Germany before the Continuation War, acted first as Prime Minister of Finland and as President of Finland. Paasikivi is remembered as the formulator of Finnish foreign policy after World War II; the conflict between the NCP and the communist Finnish People's Democratic League culminated when President Paasikivi fired the communist Minister of the Interior Yrjö Leino, who had used the State Police to spy on the party's youth wing among other abuses.
In 1951, the party changed its official name from the original Kansallinen Kokoomuspuolue to the current Kansallinen Kokoomus. The 1950s were a time of ideological shifts, as the emphasis on individual liberty and free market reforms increased at the expense of social conservatism and maintenance of a strong government. A minor division in 1958 led to the formation of the Christian Democrats party. From 1966 to 1987, the party was in the opposition. By criticizing Finnish communists and President Urho Kekkonen of the Centre Party, the party had lost the President's trust—and thus governments formed by the Centre Party and left-wing parties followed one another. A new guard emerged within the NCP in the 1970s that sought to improve relations with long-serving President Kekkonen, their work was successful in the late 1970s. However though the NCP supported Kekkonen for president in 1978 and became the second largest party in the country in the 1979 parliamentary election, a spot in the government continued to elude the NCP until the end of Kekkonen's time in office.
During the long years in opposition, the party's support grew and in 1987 it attained the best parliamentary election result in its history so far. Harri Holkeri became the party's fi
Virrat is a town and municipality of Finland. It is part of the Pirkanmaa region; the town has a population of 6,727 and covers an area of 1,299.07 square kilometres of which 136.73 km2 is water. The population density is 5.79 inhabitants per square kilometre. Apart from the town of Virrat itself, the administratively defined municipality is rural, includes the villages of Äijänneva, Härkönen Jäähdyspohja, Koro, Kurjenkylä, Ohtola and Vaskivesi; the municipality is unilingually Finnish. Virrat crater on Mars is named after it; the town grew in the middle years of the twentieth century, by 1950 the population reached more than 12,000. Virrat acquired town status in 1977, although it had received the right to hold markets three years earlier, in 1974. More the population level has been adversely impacted by the drift of employment opportunities and people to the larger towns. Major lakes in the area are Toisvesi, beside which the town of Virrat is located, Tarjanne at the border of the municipalities of Virrat, Mänttä-Vilppula and Ruovesi.
Media related to Virrat at Wikimedia Commons Town of Virrat – Official site
The Green League, shortened to the Greens, is a green political party in Finland. The Green League is among the largest political parties in Finland; the Greens hold one in the European Parliament. The party is a member of the Global Greens and the European Green Party, while its MEP, Heidi Hautala, sits with The Greens–European Free Alliance in the European Parliament. Split on whether Finland should join the European Union, the Green League is pro-European and was the first Finnish party in favor of the federalisation of the European Union. Founded in 1987, the party absorbed a number of green organisations and their members, including four MPs elected in 1987; the party won ten seats in the 1991 election. Despite falling to nine seats in 1995 election, Pekka Haavisto joined Paavo Lipponen's first cabinet, composed of a rainbow coalition; this move made the Green League the first green party in a national cabinet. The party remained in government until 2002, when it resigned from the cabinet in opposition to nuclear power.
In 2007, the party peaked at 15 seats, joined the centre-right-led government. At the 2011 election, the party fell to ten seats; the Greens were invited to join the six-party Katainen Cabinet. In the 2015 parliamentary election, the party returned to its previous best of 15 seats, at 8.53%, achieved their best share of the overall vote. Since November 2018, the party’s leader and chairman has been Pekka Haavisto; the party is in opposition, has provided vast criticism regarding the actions of the incumbent right-wing Sipilä Cabinet such as financial support for economically well-off companies, Fortum's purchase of Uniper, the expedited process of constitution-changing surveillance laws. The Green League was founded 28 February 1987, was registered as a political party the next year. Political activity had begun in the early 1980s, when environmental activists, disillusioned young politicians from the marginalized Liberal People's Party and other active groups began to campaign on green issues in Finland.
In 1995, it was the first European green party. The party was founded as a popular movement, which explains its name's descriptor liitto, "league". There was much resistance within the movement against the founding of a political party, motivated by Robert Michels' iron law of oligarchy, which claims that movements degenerate into oligarchies when they create a formal organization; the party still stresses openness and democratic decision-making. Though liitto has been dropped from the party's website and advertisements, the word still remains in the official name; the first two parliamentary representatives were elected before the registration, in the 1983 parliamentary election. These were the first independent representatives in the Finnish Parliament. In 1987 the number of seats rose to four, in 1991 to ten. About half of the party’s members were against Finland joining the European Union in 1994. Polls showed that most Greens were anti-Eurozone; the party heads declined to fight against euro adoption.
In the 1995 election, the Green League received a total of nine seats out of 200. The party joined the coalition cabinet led by the Social Democrats, Pekka Haavisto became the Minister of the Environment, thus becoming the first green minister in Europe; the Green League received 7.3% of the vote, gained two additional seats in the 1999 election, raising the total to 11. The Greens continued in the next coalition cabinet, but resigned in protest on 26 May 2002, after the cabinet's decision to allow the construction of a new nuclear plant was accepted by Parliament. In 2003, the Green League received 8.0 % of the vote. They increased their seats to 15 while receiving 8.5 % of the vote. In the 2011 election, the party lost five seats. In the 2009 European Parliament elections, the Greens gained two of the thirteen Finnish seats in the European Parliament, which were occupied by Satu Hassi and Heidi Hautala. At the municipal level, the Greens are an important player in the largest cities of Finland.
In the municipal election of 2008 the Greens received 8.9% of the vote. In several other cities, the Greens achieved the position of the third largest party, its weak spot is the rural countryside in those municipalities experiencing strong outward migration. A 2012 study indicated. By 2017 Green League party congress, Niinistö had served two full terms as the chairman and stepped down according to the rules of the party. In the following leadership election, there were six candidates running for party chair, of whom MP Touko Aalto won the election. Soon after Aalto's election, the popularity of the Green League surged in the polls and raised as the second most popular party in the country. However, in September 2017 the poll numbers turned into a downward slope, which continued until autumn 2018. After taking a month of sick leave due to exhaustion in September 2018, Aalto soon announced that he was resigning from his post, citing depression and fatigue. In November 2018, the Green League decided to choose a temporary chairman to lead the party into the 2019 parliamentary elections and until the next party convention.
In the leadership election, former chairman Pekka Haavisto was once again elected as chairman. The Green League is no longer an alternative movement; some Green candidates reject classifying the party as either
Päijänne Tavastia or Päijät-Häme is a region in Southern Finland south of the lake Päijänne. It borders the regions of Uusimaa, Tavastia Proper, Central Finland, Southern Savonia and Kymenlaakso; the biggest city in the region is Lahti. For history and culture see: Tavastia There are 9 municipalities in Päijänne Tavastia. Cities and towns are marked in bold. Blazon: Azure, a mermaid and in dexter chief a cuckoo close Or. In laymen's terms: The coat of arms sports a depiction of the ancient water goddess Vellamo as a mermaid, with a cuckoo. Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2011 in Päijänne Tavastia: National Coalition Party 23.2% True Finns 22.7% Social Democratic Party 22.0% Centre Party 11.6% Christian Democrats 7.5% Left Alliance 6.1% Green League 4.5% Kajaanselkä Basin Lake Vesijärvi The Regional Council of Päijät-Häme
Akaa is a town and a municipality in Pirkanmaa, Finland. It was created on January 1, 2007 when the town of Toijala and the municipality of Viiala were united into a single town; the municipality of Kylmäkoski was consolidated with Akaa on 1 January 2011. The convert has a population of 16,628 and covers an area of 314.38 square kilometres of which 21.24 km2 is water. The population density is 56.72 inhabitants per square kilometre. Akaa, as well as the town of Toijala and the former municipality of Viiala are situated by the lake Vanajavesi, the most central watercourse in the Tavastia Proper region as well as in the southern parts of the Pirkanmaa region. Akaa is twinned with: Sande, Norway Hallsberg Municipality, Sweden Tapa, Estonia Media related to Akaa at Wikimedia Commons Akaa travel guide from Wikivoyage Town of Akaa – Official website