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Pirkkala is a municipality of Finland. It is located some 10 kilometres south-west from Tampere in the Pirkanmaa region; the municipality has a population of 19,377 and covers an area of 104.04 square kilometres of which 22.66 km2 is water. The population density is 238.11 inhabitants per square kilometre. Pirkkala is the fastest-growing municipality in the Pirkanmaa region; the municipality is unilingually Finnish. Tampere-Pirkkala Airport is located in southwest Pirkkala; the former parish of Suur-Pirkkala is mentioned in historical writings from the 14th century. It occupied over half of a region nowadays populated by about 360,000 inhabitants. Suur-Pirkkala began to split when new municipalities were founded. In 1922 the remains of Suur-Pirkkala were split into Pohjois- and Etelä-Pirkkala. In 1938 the name of Northern Pirkkala was changed to Nokia and Southern Pirkkala reverted to its original name; the present-day region of Pirkanmaa is named after Pirkkala. Pirkkala is twinned with: Solna, Sweden Birkarls Media related to Pirkkala at Wikimedia Commons Municipality of Pirkkala – official site

Baita (architecture)

Baita is a term used in Italy and France to refer to small dwellings of the central and western Alps. This word is found from the Lepontine to the Maritime alpine sections; these are huts constructed with dry-stone walls, although wood may be used, are roofed with substantial stone slabs known as piodi which provide protection from heavy winter snowfalls. A wood and stone baita of the Val di Susa – for instance in the hamlet of Rhuilles – and Hautes-Alpes is called grange. Sometimes the term improperly refers to modern and "rustic-chic" chalets. Baite are clustered together in Alpine pastures where they are occupied seasonally by herders tending sheep, cattle or goats during the summer. In recent years abandoned baite, restored with varying degrees of respect, have become popular as second homes and, to an extent, as holiday homes. Scialpinismo in Valtellina – Glossario Chalet Mountain hut Vernacular architecture

Robert C. Martin

Robert Cecil Martin, colloquially known as "Uncle Bob", is an American software engineer and instructor. He is best known for being one of the authors of the Agile Manifesto and for developing several software design principles, he was the editor-in-chief of C++ Report magazine and served as the first chairman of the Agile Alliance. Martin operated the now-defunct company, Object Mentor, which provided instructor-led training courses about extreme programming methodology, he now operates two companies: Uncle Bob Consulting, which provides consulting and training services, Clean Coders, which provides training videos. Most of the principles Martin promotes were invented by him. However, the Liskov substitution principle was devised by Barbara Liskov, while the Open–closed principle was conceived by Bertrand Meyer. Five of the principles have become known collectively as the "SOLID principles", have received wide attention in the software industry. Martin has authored numerous books and magazine articles.

He is an outspoken advocate of software craftsmanship, agile software development, test-driven software development. 2002. Agile Software Development, Principles and Practices. Pearson. ISBN 978-0135974445. 2009. Clean Code: A Handbook of Agile Software Craftsmanship. Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0132350884. 2011. The Clean Coder: A Code Of Conduct For Professional Programmers. Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0137081073. 2017. Clean Architecture: A Craftsman's Guide to Software Structure and Design. Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0134494166. 2019. Clean Agile: Back to Basics. Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0135781869

Robert Carpenter (cricketer)

Robert Pearson Carpenter was an English first-class cricketer who played between 1855 and 1876 acknowledged to be one of the outstanding batsmen of the 1850s and 1860s. He was a right-handed batsman opening the innings, an occasional wicketkeeper, he played for the Cambridge and Cambridgeshire sides, the North and the United All-England Eleven. In 1859, Carpenter went to North America as a member of the first-ever overseas tour undertaken by the England team and, in 1862–63, was in the England team to Australia and New Zealand, he umpired in two Test matches between Australia in the 1880s. His son Herbert played for Essex. Carpenter's known first-class career spanned the 1855 to 1876 seasons, he scored 5,220 runs in 141 matches with an average of 24.39, making four centuries with a highest score of 134. A noted fielder, he made two stumpings. At the end of the 1859 English cricket season, Carpenter was one of the twelve players who took part in cricket's first-ever overseas tour when an England cricket team led by George Parr visited North America.

He toured Australia with Parr in 1863. In the early 1860s, Carpenter and his Cambridgeshire contemporary Thomas Hayward were rated the finest batsmen in England. Richard Daft was among those ranking them as equal first, but George Parr reckoned Carpenter the better of the two. W. G. Grace said of Carpenter that "he may be safely placed as one of the finest of our great batsmen". Carpenter played in the Gentlemen v Players fixture for the Players on many occasions, scoring centuries in the 1860 and 1861 fixtures at The Oval. In the 1860 match, he hit a ball clean out of The Oval. Media related to Robert Carpenter at Wikimedia Commons Robert Carpenter at ESPNcricinfo

Angel Otero

Angel Otero was born 1981. He is a contemporary visual artist specializing in painting. Otero's work is characterized by an interest in personal history, expressionistic abstraction, Spanish Baroque painterly traditions, he splits his time between New York and Chicago. He is represented by Lehmann Maupin Gallery in New York Kavi Gupta in Chicago. Otero was raised in Santurce in San Juan, Puerto Rico. At age 24, Otero moved to Chicago to earn a Master's of Fine Arts from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, he works for the New York City Department of Education, lives in Beacon, New York and studied at Lehman College, CUNY. His relationship with his family, his life in Puerto Rico, his personal history figure into his artwork. Stylistically, Otero practices a process-based art that combines assemblage. Otero creates “oil skins”, created from paint poured onto glass and peeled off in sheets after it dries; these skins are grafted on to the artist’s canvas or sculpture. Otero combines them with other materials including resin, spray paint, silicone.

Both small and large-scale paintings are created using this method. Otero has exhibited internationally in group exhibitions. In 2011 he will have his first solo exhibition, entitled Memento, in New York at Lehmann Maupin Gallery. Otero has shown his work in solo exhibitions at the Chicago Cultural Center, Kavi Gupta, the Contemporary Art Workshop Gallery, the Union League Club of Chicago, he will take part in the group exhibition The Files/The Street Files at El Museo's 6th Bienal, which took place in 2011 at El Museo del Barrio in New York. Otero's group exhibitions include Misericordia curated by Birte Kleeman, Los Angeles. Otero participated in Art Basel Miami Beach and The Armory Show, both in 2010. In the previous year, he was awarded the Leonore Annenberg Fellowship in the Performing and Visual Arts. Lehmann Maupin Gallery Angel Otero Official Website Kavi Gupta Gallery El Museo's Bienal: The Files 2011 Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago

Tan Kah Kee

Tan Kah Kee known as Chen Jiageng, was a Chinese-born Singaporean businessman and philanthropist. He was a community leader and philanthropist active in Southeast Asia, Hong Kong, various Chinese cities such as Shanghai and Guangzhou. A prominent figure in the overseas Chinese community in Southeast Asia in the 20th century, he was responsible for gathering much support from the community to aid China in major events such as the Xinhai Revolution, the Kuomintang's Northern Expedition, the Second Sino-Japanese War. Apart from donating most of his assets and earnings to aid China in those major events, Tan set up funds in Southeast Asia and Hong Kong and contributed to the establishment of several schools in Southeast Asia and China's Fujian Province, including Xiamen University. Tan Kah Kee was born in Fujian Province in 1874 during the Qing dynasty of China. In 1890, at the age of 16, he travelled to Singapore in the Straits Settlements to help his father, who owned a rice trading business.

In 1903, after his father's business collapsed, Tan started his own company and built a business empire from rubber plantations, sawmills, real estate and export brokerage, ocean transport and rice trading. As he was proficient in Hokkien, he achieved much success doing business in Singapore because Hokkien was the lingua franca of overseas Chinese in Singapore throughout most of the 19th and 20th centuries, his business was at its prime from 1912–14, when he was known as the "Henry Ford of the Malayan community". Tan had a leading role among the 110 founders of Tao Nan School in Singapore. In 1919, he set up The Chinese High School in Singapore. Earlier, in 1918, he established the Jimei Schools in Xiamen. Tan was a member of the Anglo-Chinese College Council and had pledged S$100,000 to the proposed Anglo Chinese School College in 1919. However, when the proposal was turned down by the Government, he agreed to channel the $30,000 he had given to the Anglo-Chinese School fund for physics and chemistry.

This helped to complete the Secondary School at Cairnhill in 1928. In 1921, he set up Xiamen University and financially supported it until the Nationalist government of the Republic of China took over in 1937. In 1920, Tan arranged a marriage between his daughter, Tan Ai Leh, Lee Kong Chian, his protégé who also became a well-known businessman and philanthropist. Tan was one of the prominent overseas Chinese to provide financial support to China during the Second Sino-Japanese War, he organised many relief funds under his name, one of which alone managed to raise ten million Straits dollars in 1937. He was a participant in the Legislative Yuan of the Nationalist government in Chongqing. After the Japanese invaded and occupied Malaya and Singapore in 1942, they deemed these contributors "undesirable" and conducted a systematic extermination of anti-Japanese elements in Singapore through the Sook Ching Massacre. Tan survived because he escaped from Singapore before it fell to the Japanese, went into hiding in Java, Indonesia.

He rejected proposals to attempt to negotiate with the Japanese and regarded such attempts as characteristic of a hanjian. He attempted to dissuade Wang Jingwei from such activities, he exercised considerable effort against the governor of Fujian Province, Chen Yi, for perceived maladministration. In 1943, while he was in Java, Tan began writing his memoirs, The Memoirs of an Overseas Chinese of the Southern Ocean, which became an important document of the history of the overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia. Tan was the de facto leader of the Chinese community in Singapore, serving as chairman of the Chinese Chamber of Commerce and helping to organise the Hokkien clan association. However, he lost this role when the Chinese Civil War divided Singapore's Chinese community into Communist and Kuomintang sympathisers. Tan was a Communist supporter because he was disillusioned with the corruption within the Kuomintang. After the Communist victory in China and the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, Tan tried to return to Singapore in 1950, but was denied entry by the British colonial authorities, who were concerned about communist influence in Singapore and Malaya.

He moved permanently to China and served in numerous positions in the Chinese Communist Party. Tan was given a state funeral by the Chinese government. In Singapore, the Tan Kah Kee Scholarship Fund, which became known as the Tan Kah Kee Foundation, was established in memory of this philanthropy, his sons were: Tan Chay Bing, Tan Khuat Siong, Tan Pok Ai, Tan Pok Chay, Tan Kok Kheng, Tan Guan Khai, Tan Guan Chay, Tan Kok Whye and Tan Guan Aik His daughters were: Tan Ai Leh, Tan Lay Ho, Tan Ah Hui, Tan Mary, Tan Lay Choo, Tan Poh Tee and Tan Ai Eng Many of his children maintained close relationship with or married other prominent Chinese figures in Singapore. For example, Tan Ai Leh, his eldest daughter, was married to Lee Kong Chian. In recognition of Tan's contributions to education and society throughout his lifetime, there are places and establishments in China and Southeast Asia named after Tan or built to commemorate him, including: the Tan Kah Kee Memorial Museum in Tan's hometown in Jimei