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Piscis Austrinus

Piscis Austrinus is a constellation in the southern celestial hemisphere. The name is Latin for "the southern fish", in contrast with the larger constellation Pisces, which represents a pair of fishes. Prior to the 20th century, it was known as Piscis Notius, its only star brighter than 4th magnitude is Fomalhaut, a 1st-magnitude star and is the 18th-brightest star in the night sky. Piscis Austrinus was one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, it remains one of the 88 modern constellations; the stars of the modern constellation Grus once formed the "tail" of Piscis Austrinus. In 1597, Petrus Plancius named it after the crane. Pisces Austrinus originated with the Babylonian constellation known as the Fish. Professor of astronomy Bradley Schaefer has proposed that ancient observers must have been able to see as far south as Mu Piscis Austrini to define a pattern that looked like an fish. Piscis Austrinus, along with the eagle Aquila the crow Corvus and water snake Hydra, were introduced to the Greeks around 500 BCE.

In Greek mythology, this constellation is known as the Great Fish and it is portrayed as swallowing the water being poured out by Aquarius, the water-bearer constellation. The two fish of the constellation Pisces are said to be the offspring of the Great Fish. In Egyptian mythology, this fish saved the life of the Egyptian goddess Isis, so she placed this fish and its descendants into the heavens as constellations of stars. Ctesias wrote that the fish was said to have lived in a lake near Bambyce in Syria and had saved Derceto, daughter of Aphrodite, for this deed was placed in the heavens. For this reason, fish were not eaten by many Syrians. Piscis Austrinus is a constellation bordered by Capricornus to the northwest, Microscopium to the southwest, Grus to the south, Sculptor to the east, Aquarius to the north, its recommended three-letter abbreviation, as adopted by the International Astronomical Union in 1922, is "PsA". Ptolemy called the constellation Ichthus Notios "Southern Fish" in his Almagest.

Bayer called it Piscis Meridanus and Piscis Austrinus, while French astronomer Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille called it Piscis Australis. English Astronomer Royal John Flamsteed went with Piscis Austrinus, followed by most subsequently; the official constellation boundaries, as set by Eugène Delporte in 1930, are defined by a polygon of four segments. In the equatorial coordinate system, the right ascension coordinates of these borders lie between 21h 27.3m and 23h 06.5m, while the declination coordinates are between -24.83° and -36.46°. The whole constellation is visible to observers south of latitude 53°N. Ancient astronomers counted 12 stars as belonging to the Southern Fish, though one was incorporated into nearby Grus as Gamma Gruis. Other stars became part of Microscopium. Bayer used the Greek letters alpha through mu to label the most prominent stars in the constellation. Ptolemy had catalogued Fomalhaut as belonging to both this Aquarius. Lacaille redrew the constellation as it was poorly visible from Europe, adding nu, pi and a new kappa as the original kappa became Gamma Gruis, relabelling gamma and epsilon as epsilon and gamma respectively.

However and Gould did not uphold these changes as Bayer's original chart was accurate. Bode added upsilon. Flamsteed gave 24 stars Flamsteed designations, though the first four numbered became part of Microscopium. Within the constellation's borders, there are 47 stars brighter than or equal to apparent magnitude 6.5. Traditionally representing the mouth of the fish, Fomalhaut is the brightest star in the constellation and the 19th brightest star in the night sky, with an apparent magnitude of 1.16. Located 25.13 ± 0.09 light-years away, it is a white main sequence star, 1.92 ± 0.02 times as massive and 16.63±0.48 as luminous as the Sun. Its companion Fomalhaut b was thought to be the first extrasolar planet detected by a visible light image, thanks to the Hubble Space Telescope, but infrared observations have since retracted this claim: it is instead a spherical cloud of dust. TW Piscis Austrini can be seen close by and is associated with Fomalhaut as it lies within a light-year of it. Of magnitude 6.5, it is a BY Draconis variable.

The second brightest star in the constellation, Epsilon Piscis Austrini is a blue-white star of magnitude +4.17. Located 400 ± 20 light-years distant, it is a blue-white main sequence star 4.10 ± 0.19 times as massive as the Sun, around 661 times as luminous. Beta and Zeta constitute the Tien Kang in China. Beta is a white main sequence star of apparent magnitude 4.29, of similar size and luminosity to Fomalhaut but five times as remote, at around 143 ± 1 light-years distant from Earth. Delta Piscis Austrini is a double star with components of magnitude 4.2 and 9.2. The brighter is a yellow giant of spectral type G8 III, it is a red clump star, burning helium in its core. It is 172 ± 2 light-years distant from Earth. Zeta Piscis Austrini is an orange giant star of spectral type K1III, located 413 ± 2 light-years distant from Earth, it is a suspected variable star. S Piscis Austrini is a long-period Mira-type variable red giant which ranges between magnitude 8.0 and 14.5 over a period of 271.7 days, V Piscis Austrini is a semi-regular variable ranging between magnitudes 8.0 and 9.0 over 148 days.

Lacaille 9352 is a faint red dwarf star, a mere 10.74 light-years away. At magnitude 7.34, it is

Gola Oda

Gola Oda is one of the woredas in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia. It was part of former Gola Odana Meyumuluke woreda what was divided for Gola Oda and Meyumuluke woredas. Part of the Misraq Hararghe Zone, Gola Odana Meyumuluke is bordered on the south by the Shebelle River which separates it from the Bale Zone, on the southwest by the Galetti River which separates it from the Mirab Hararghe Zone, on the northwest by Malka Balo, on the north by Bedeno, on the northeast by Girawa, on the east by Fedis, on the southeast by the Erer River which separates it from the Somali Region; the administrative center of this woreda is Burka. The altitude of this woreda ranges from 500 to 1930 meters above sea level. Rivers include the Ramis and Deneba. A survey of the land in this woreda shows that 3.5% is arable or cultivable, 7.6% pasture, 22.1% forest, the remaining 66.8% is considered degraded, built-up or otherwise unusable. There are no identified important cash crops. Industry in the woreda includes 4 grain mills employing 14 people, as well as 37 registered businesses including wholesalers and service providers.

There were 22 Farmers Associations with no Farmers Service Cooperatives. Gola Odana Myumuluke has only a few kilometers of dry-weather road. About 26.5% of the rural, 18.5% of the urban and 9.4% of the total population have access to drinking water. The 2007 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 104,440, of whom 53,637 were men and 50,803 were women; the majority of the inhabitants said they were Muslim, with 99.55% of the population reporting they observed this belief. Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 61,982, of whom 30,150 are men and 31,832 are women. With an estimated area of 8,827.19 square kilometers, Gola Odana Meyumuluke has an estimated population density of 7 people per square kilometer, less than the Zone average of 102.6. The 1994 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 175,407, of whom 88,421 were men and 86,986 women; the two largest ethnic groups reported in Gola Odana Meyumuluke were the Oromo, the Amhara.

Oromiffa was spoken as a first language by 97.61%, 2.35% spoke Amharic. The majority of the inhabitants were Muslim, with 97.31% of the population having reported they practiced that belief, while 2.59% of the population said they professed Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity

Sophie Dawes, Baronne de Feuchères

Sophie Dawes, Baronne de Feuchères by marriage, was an English "adventuress" best known as a mistress of Louis Henry II, Prince of Condé. She was born at St Helens, Isle of Wight, the daughter of an alcoholic fisherman named Richard Daw, she grew up in the workhouse at Newport and after a short period of employment with a local farmer worked as a chambermaid in Portsmouth went to London where she worked as a servant in a high-class brothel on Piccadilly. There, she met the exiled duc de Bourbon, afterwards Prince of Condé, in 1811 and became his mistress, she was ambitious, Condé had her educated well not only in modern languages but, as her still extant exercise books show, in Greek and Latin. He took her to Paris and, to prevent scandal and to qualify her to be received at court, had her married in 1818 to Adrien Victor de Feuchères, a major in the Royal Guard; the prince made her husband his aide-de-camp and a baron. The baroness and clever, became a person of consequence at the court of Louis XVIII.

However, De Feuchères discovered the relations between his wife and Condé, whom he had been assured was her father, left her, obtaining a legal separation in 1827. On hearing of the scandal, the king banished her from his court, declaring her "naught more than a commoner street-wench yet tragically bereft of any skills of the trade." Thanks to her influence, Condé was induced in 1829 to sign a will bequeathing about ten million francs to her, the rest of his estate—more than sixty-six millions—to the duc d'Aumale, fourth son of Louis Philippe. Again she was in high favour. Charles X received her at court, Talleyrand visited her, her niece married a marquis Hugues de Chabannes La Palice and her nephew was made a baron. Condé, wearied by his mistress's importunities, depressed after the July Revolution and the subsequent exile of the King, made up his mind to leave France secretly; when on 27 August 1830 he was found hanging dead from his window, the baroness was suspected and an inquiry was held.

But the evidence of death being the result of any crime appearing insufficient, she was not prosecuted. There were rumours that the new King of the French, Louis-Philippe, had collaborated with Sophie in the crime. Rumours circulated amongst the nobility that Condé had died pleasuring himself, engaged in what would be known as autoerotic asphyxiation. Hated as she was by the French, the baroness returned to London, where she died in December 1840, her grave can still be seen in Kensal Green Cemetery. Marjorie Bowen The Scandal of Sophie Dawes. Victor Macclure, She Stands Accused, chap 5. Online version Violette Montagu, Sophie Dawes, Queen of Chantilly This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Feuchères, Baronne de". Encyclopædia Britannica. 10. Cambridge University Press. P. 296


Kshay is a 2012 black-and-white independent Indian psychological drama film written and directed by Karan Gour. The film premiered on 8 October 2011 at the Chicago International Film Festival, it went on to win several international awards like the Jury Award at the Indian Film Festival of Los Angeles. It was released in theatres in India on 15 June 2012. A middle-class Indian housewife, Chhaya becomes obsessed with an expensive sculpture of the goddess Lakshmi and is determined to possess it despite the fact that she and her husband Arvind have little money. Rasika Dugal as Chhaya Alekh Sangal as Arvind Sudhir Pednekar as Bapu Adityavardhan Gupta as Sculptor Nitika Anand as Shruti Ashwin Baluja as Jamil Siddharth Bhatia as Amay Shalini Gupta as Woman in Market Abhinay Khoparzi as Man on the Bus Madhav as Construction Worker Asit Redij as Asif Shazeb Shaikh as Electrician The film was shot in Bhayandar, Mumbai on a low budget of ₹400,000 over a period of four years, with a director and one member crew.

The director Karan Gour used HDV and shot the film in color changing it to black and white in post-production. After its premiere on 8 October 2011 at the Chicago International Film Festival, the film travelled to festivals like Indian Film Festival of Los Angeles, South Asian International Film Festival; the film saw a limited release at PVR Cinemas multiplexes starting 15 June 2012, followed by a DVD release. In its year end review, Mint called the film an "assured debut" while adding the film to the "top films of 2012". 2012 Jury Award for Best Feature at the Indian Film Festival of Los Angeles 2012 Asian New Talent Award for Best Film at the Shanghai International Film Festival Kshay, website Kshay on IMDb

Marlin Model Golden 39A

The Marlin 39A represents the oldest and longest continuously produced shoulder firearm in the world. The current variation gold trigger lever-action.22 Caliber Golden 39A is produced by the Marlin Firearms Co. of New Haven, Connecticut. The Golden 39A is constructed in Remington’s Marlin factory in Ilion, NY; the Golden Model 39A started life as the Marlin Model 1891, the first lever action rifle chambered in.22LR and the magazine was loaded through a conventional side gate in the receiver. The tubular magazine was changed to front-loading with the Model 1892, due to the difficulties of receiver feeding the small rimfire round; the 1892 gave way to the takedown Model 1897, which became the Model 39 in 1921 and Model 39-A in 1939. The Golden Mountie Model 39A was introduced in 1954; the 39 was produced until 1983. Changes between models were so minimal the rifle is considered to have been continually produced to the same basic specifications for over 100 years; the Model 39-A did not have a cross hammer safety, whereas the current Golden Model 39A has had one since introduction in 1983.

The Golden 39A is still considered one of the finest examples of a lever.22 rifle, one of the most accurate.22 rifles produced. It is the best-selling lever rimfire in U. S. history. Additionally "mountie" versions have been produced at various points in the rifle's life which featured a shorter 20" barrel and a straight stock; these rifles have been alternately called 1897 Mountie. The Mountie has a magazine capacity of 16 Long or 15 Long Rifle.22 cartridges. Since the early 1950s Marlin has used their proprietary Micro-Groove rifling in the Model 39A; this rifling uses many small lands and grooves rather than 2, 4, or 6 deeper grooves used by the majority of rifle makers. The rifling is made to a 1 in 16" right hand twist; the combination of these two factors arguably adds to the accuracy of the rifle and indeed the 39A's reputation would seem to bear this out. The Model Golden 39A is built of American grown black walnut, it is one of the few remaining.22 rifles with easy takedown ability. The screw that allows the easy takedown, however, is criticized as it disrupts the otherwise clean lines of the rifle.

Further, in the event of a malfunction which prevents the breech from closing, takedown becomes impossible until the action can be cleared as the breech must be closed before takedown. The Model Golden 39A has a solid-top side ejection, which makes mounting a scope easy. One source claims that the signature gold trigger was discontinued in favor of a blued trigger between 1982 and 1985, but at least one "Original Golden 39A" from 1982 was made with the gold trigger as a special order; the Marlin Model Golden 39A is still commercially available with a 24" round barrel, a pistol grip, a signature golden colored trigger. The Golden 39A has a full length steel tubular magazine under the barrel with a brass inner tube and a hammer block safety. Magazine capacity is as follows: 26.22 21.22 Long, or 19.22 Long Rifle. Many previous variations of the model are still available from used gun dealers. On March 10, 1893 Annie Oakley used a Model 1891 to put 25 shots through one jagged hole in 27 seconds at a distance of 36 feet using 22 short cartridges.

On the same day she produced another jagged one-hole group through the center of an Ace of Hearts playing card, while shooting off-hand. Marlin has since made two "special runs" of Annie Oakley commemorative 39A rifles to honor Oakley's achievements and fame while using their brand; the first consisted of 500 39A rifles in 1998 which were offered to the general public with another 100 offered only to their employees. In 2000 another run of the special AO guns was made for Davidson's Gallery of Guns again offered to the general public. Winchester Model 9422 Henry Lever Action.22 Browning BL-22 Chiappa LA322 Marlin FireArms Co

Trinity Lutheran School (Orlando, Florida)

Trinity Lutheran School is a Lutheran school in Orlando, Florida caring for children from infancy through 8th grade. The school is a ministry of Trinity Lutheran Church and has served the community in Downtown Orlando since 1953. Trinity Lutheran School is a accredited school as recognized by the National Lutheran School Accreditation of the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod. and Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Trinity's K-8 program prepares students in kindergarten through 8th grade to be successful in high school and beyond; the Trinity Child Development Center serves children 6 weeks old through VPK. When Orlando was a small town, a group of Midwestern people of German heritage were attracted to the central Florida area and gathered together with Pastor George Trapp to form Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church in 1919. By 1921 they had built a small sanctuary on Hughey Ave and Pine Street, where the Orlando Police Department is now headquartered, but that building was outgrown and sold in a short time.

After renting space for worship for several years, Trinity's current sanctuary, on Livingston Street and Ruth Lane was built in late 1926, the congregation began worshiping here in 1927. The Great Florida Boom turned into the great Florida Bust in the late 1920s, followed by the Great Depression, many of Trinity's members moved back to the Midwest; those who remained struggled mightily to preserve their sanctuary. Trinity weathered that storm, but remained a small group until the post-World War II expansion of Orlando brought many Lutherans to live and work here. After the death of Pastor Trapp in 1946, Pastor Albert Besalski arrived and served during Trinity's explosive growth during the ‘50s and early 1960s; when Pastor Besalski accepted a call to serve a church in Alabama in 1964, Pastor James Kunze, his assistant and a son of the congregation, served as senior pastor. A number of assistant and associate pastors, a few vicars, served here during Pastor Besalski and Pastor Kunze's tenures, including Pastors Ed Trinklein, Gerald Seaman, Milan Weerts, Lloyd Goetz.

In 1989 Pastor Ronald Fink arrived, serving here until 1999. He was assisted by Pastor Kunze until his death from cancer in 1994, followed by associate pastors Mark Joeckel and Scott Heitshusen; when Pastor Fink retired, Trinity was served during a three-year vacancy by Pastor Bill Reinhardt. Associate Pastor Jon van Sliedrecht served here 2004-2007. Pastor Jeff Moore served Trinity as Senior Pastor from 2003 through December, 2014. Pastor Billy Brath served at Trinity from 2009 through June 2015 as Trinity's Urban Missionary and Associate Pastor. Rev. Dr. Thomas R. Zehnder served as Trinity's Interim Senior Pastor from January through May 2015. In June, 2015, Rev. Jim Martin was called to serve as Trinity's Interim Senior Pastor; as Orlando grew, so did Trinity. Acquiring land to the west of the sanctuary in the late 1940s, the school began in 1953 with Kindergarten and first grade, growing to sixth grade before 1960, to eighth grade in the early 1970s. With the acquisition of the little red house to the north of the sanctuary came expansion in the other direction, our Child Development Center began, serving younger children, starting in 1983.

Today Trinity Lutheran School cares for and educates over 300 children from six weeks old through eighth grade. Trinity Lutheran School offers many different types of sports programs, including basketball and volleyball; the school has an indoor gymnasium with a regulation-sized basketball court with bleachers. The school has a playgrounds; the school participates in both home and away, throughout the school year. Students can participate in a number including band and choir; the school hosts several musical performances throughout the year, has partnered with City of Orlando Mayor's Office to produce the Christmas musical for "Downtown for the Holidays- Tree Lighting Celebration" event at Lake Eola Park The school library hosts the Scholastic Book Fair once a year. Annual Touch a Truck event The school attends annual field trips for the middle school classes. Destinations have included Washington, DC and Driftwood Education Center, the Kennedy Space Center. Official website Listing at Listing at