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Pitt Street

Pitt Street is a major street in the central business district of Sydney in New South Wales, Australia. The street runs through the entire city centre from Circular Quay in the north to Waterloo, although today's street is in two disjointed sections after a substantial stretch of it was removed to make way for Sydney's Central Railway Station. Pitt Street is well known for the pedestrian only retail centre of Pitt Street Mall, a section of the street which runs from Market Street to King Street; the street is one way from Goulburn Street to Pitt Street Mall and from Circular Quay to Pitt Street Mall, while Pitt Street Mall is for pedestrians only. The northern section of the street, from Railway Square to Circular Quay, is dominated by retail and commercial office space, while the southern section, from Railway Square through Redfern to Waterloo, is predominantly residential with some light commercial and industrial use. Pitt Street, along with Pitt Town and Pittwater, is believed to have been named by Governor Arthur Phillip in honour of William Pitt the Younger, at the time, the Prime Minister of Great Britain.

Pitt Street was named Pitt Row, is one of the earliest named streets in Sydney. While it is assumed to be named after British Prime Minister William Pitt, Prime Minister around the time of the establishment of Sydney, an alternative explanation is that it was so-named because it terminated close to the tanks or "pits" excavated in 1791–1792 in the Tank Stream, the original source of fresh water for the colony. In 1842, Pitt Street was continued south through to Waterloo with the subdivision of Redfern. In 1853, Pitt Street was extended north from Hunter Street to Circular Quay; the Circular Quay, Central Station Colonnade via Pitt and Castlereagh Streets tram line was an busy service for passengers transferring from suburban trains at Central prior to the opening of the city underground railway lines in 1926. Trams operated from Central station running northbound along Pitt Street to Circular Quay forming a loop and back into Central station; these tracks were used as the city route for some eastern and south-western routes during busy periods.

The line closed on 28 September 1957. The line made use of the sandstone viaduct onto the colonnade at Central station, reused by the Dulwich Hill Line as part of Sydney's light rail network since 1997; the following properties, located on or adjacent to Pitt Street, are listed on various national, and/or local government heritage registers: Bulletin Place warehouses, on Bulletin Place, between Pitt Street and Macquarie Place Commonwealth Trading Bank Building Kings Hotel Pitt Street Uniting Church Soul Pattinson Building The Strand Arcade Sydney School of Arts building Former Sydney Water Head Office The Sydney Club The Wales House, now part of the Radisson Blu hotel chain. The Strand Arcade Soul Pattinson Building Commonwealth Trading Bank Building Route map: Catherine Bishop. "Women of Pitt Street 1858". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 30 September 2015. Shirley Fitzgerald – City of Sydney History Unit. "Poverty Point ". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 28 September 2015

Center for Bronx Non-Profits

The Center for Bronx Nonprofits at Hostos Community College was launched in 2012 as a community focused resource to meet the capacity building needs of Bronx-serving nonprofit organizations, with collaborative support from the Jewish Community Relations Council and initial funding from the JPMorgan Chase Foundation and The New York Community Trust. CBNP functions as an important support organization to Bronx nonprofits, facilitating opportunities for leadership and organizational development, technical skills training, their mission is to positively impact the quality of life for the members of the Bronx community by strengthening the capacity of Bronx nonprofits. The Center's main objectives are to develop a strong Bronx nonprofit leadership, foster healthy Bronx nonprofit organizations and to promote a vibrant Bronx nonprofit sector; these goals by are achieved by offering a number of major program initiatives: Executive Management Certificate Leadership Development Peer Learning Network Executive Director Breakfasts and Speaker Series Capacity Building Consulting CBNP Co-Learning Seminars and Satellite Capacity Building Workshops “Mission Bronx” Public TV Show Bronx Conversation Series

Marin Oršulić

Marin Oršulić is a Croatian footballer who plays as a defender for Seongnam FC in the K League 2. He played for NK Zagreb where he was the youngest team captain in First Croatian League. In the winter transfer window of 2012–13 season, Oršulić joined Azerbaijan Premier League side Khazar Lankaran on a two-year contract. On 26 July 2013, following a defeat to Maccabi Haifa in the 2nd Qualifying round of the 2013–14 UEFA Europa League, Oršulić and all the foreign player left Khazar Lankaran whilst still having 18 months to run on his contract. In July 2014, Oršulić signed a one-year contract with Bulgarian club CSKA Sofia. Oršulić went to Norway Tippeligaen side Tromsø IL, signed with them on 14 August 2015. On 3 Feb 2017, Seongnam FC announced their newest signing, Marin Oršulić. Marin Oršulić at Soccerway


An endoscopy is used in medicine to look inside the body. The endoscopy procedure uses an endoscope to examine the interior of a hollow organ or cavity of the body. Unlike many other medical imaging techniques, endoscopes are inserted directly into the organ. There are many types of endoscopes. Depending on the site in the body and type of procedure an endoscopy may be performed either by a doctor or a surgeon. A patient may be conscious or anaesthetised during the procedure. Most the term endoscopy is used to refer to an examination of the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract, known as an esophagogastroduodenoscopy. For non-medical use, similar instruments are called borescopes; the quality of endoscopic visualization is a function of both magnification. Video resolution is the ability to distinguish 2 approximated objects or points and is a function of pixel density. High-resolution imaging improves the ability to discriminate detail, whereas magnification enlarges the image. Endoscopy may be used to investigate symptoms in the digestive system including nausea, abdominal pain, difficulty swallowing, gastrointestinal bleeding.

It is used in diagnosis, most by performing a biopsy to check for conditions such as anemia, bleeding and cancers of the digestive system. The procedure may be used for treatment such as cauterization of a bleeding vessel, widening a narrow esophagus, clipping off a polyp or removing a foreign object. Specialty professional organizations which specialize in digestive problems advise that many patients with Barrett's esophagus are too receiving endoscopies; such societies recommend that patients with Barrett's esophagus and no cancer symptoms after two biopsies receive biopsies as indicated and no more than the recommended rate. Health care providers can use endoscopy to review any of the following body parts: The gastrointestinal tract: oesophagus and duodenum small intestine large intestine/colon Magnification endoscopy bile duct endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, duodenoscope-assisted cholangiopancreatoscopy, intraoperative cholangioscopy rectum and anus, both referred to as The respiratory tract The nose The upper respiratory tract The lower respiratory tract The ear The urinary tract The female reproductive system The cervix The uterus The fallopian tubes Normally closed body cavities: The abdominal or pelvic cavity The interior of a joint Organs of the chest Endoscopy is used for many procedures: During pregnancy The amnion The fetus Plastic surgery Panendoscopy Combines laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy Orthopedic surgery Hand surgery, such as endoscopic carpal tunnel release Knee surgery, such as anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction Epidural space Bursae Endodontic surgery Maxillary sinus surgery Apicoectomy Endoscopic endonasal surgery Endoscopic spinal surgeryAn Endoscopy is a simple procedure which allows a doctor to look inside human bodies using an instrument called an endoscope.

A cutting tool can be attached to the end of the endoscope, the apparatus can be used to perform surgery. This type of surgery is called Key hole surgery, leaves only a tiny scar externally; the planning and architectural community use architectural endoscopy for pre-visualization of scale models of proposed buildings and cities Internal inspection of complex technical systems Endoscopes are a tool helpful in the examination of improvised explosive devices by bomb disposal personnel. The FBI uses endoscopes for conducting surveillance via tight spaces; the main risks are infection, over-sedation, perforation, or a tear of the stomach or esophagus lining and bleeding. Although perforation requires surgery, certain cases may be treated with antibiotics and intravenous fluids. Bleeding may occur at the site of a polyp removal; such minor bleeding may stop on its own or be controlled by cauterisation. Does surgery become necessary. Perforation and bleeding are rare during gastroscopy. Other minor risks include drug reactions and complications related to other diseases the patient may have.

Patients should inform their doctor of all allergic tendencies and medical problems. The site of the sedative injection may become inflamed and tender for a short time; this is not serious and warm compresses for a few days are helpful. While any of these complications may occur, it is good to remember that each of them occurs quite infrequently. A doctor can further discuss risks with the patient with regard to the particular need for gastroscopy. After the procedure, the patient will be observed and monitored by a qualified individual in the endoscopy room, or a recovery area, until a significant portion of the medication has worn off; the patient is left with a mild sore throat, which may respond to saline gargles, or chamomile tea. It may last for weeks or not happen at all; the patient may have a feeling of distention from the insufflated air, used during the procedure. Both problems are fleeting; when recovered, the patient will be instructed when to resume their usual diet and will be allowed to be taken home.

Where sedation has been used, most facilitie

HMS Patrol (1904)

HMS Patrol was one of two Pathfinder-class scout cruisers which served built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the 20th century. The ship was in reserve for most of the first decade of her existence. After the beginning of the First World War in August 1914, she was assigned to coastal defence duties on the East Coast of England. Patrol was badly damaged during the German bombardment of Hartlepool in mid-December 1914 when she attempted to exit the harbour during the bombardment. After repairs were completed she remained on coast defence duties until she was transferred to the Irish Sea in 1918; the ship was paid off in 1919 and sold for scrap in 1920. The Pathfinder-class ships were one of four classes of scout cruisers ordered by the Admiralty in 1902–1903 and 1903–1904 Naval Programmes; these ships were intended to work with destroyer flotillas, leading their torpedo attacks and backing them up when attacked by other destroyers, although they became less useful as destroyer speeds increased before the First World War.

They had a length between perpendiculars of 370 feet, a beam of 38 feet 9 inches and a draught of 15 feet 2 inches at deep load. The ships displaced 2,940 long tons at 3,240 long tons at deep load, their crew consisted of ratings. The ships were powered by a pair of three-cylinder triple-expansion steam engines, each driving one shaft, using steam provided by a dozen Laird-Normand boilers; the engines were designed to produce a total of 16,500 indicated horsepower, intended to give a maximum speed of 25 knots. The Pathfinder-class cruisers carried enough coal to give them a range of 3,400 nautical miles at 10 knots; the main armament of the Pathfinder class consisted of ten quick-firing 12-pounder 3 in 18-cwt guns. Three guns were mounted abreast on the forecastle and the quarterdeck, with the remaining four guns positioned port and starboard amidships, they carried eight 3-pounder Hotchkiss guns and two above-water 18-inch torpedo tubes, one on each broadside. The ships' protective deck armour ranged in thickness from 0.75 to 1.125 inches and the conning tower had armour 3 inches inches thick.

They had a waterline belt 2 inches thick. Patrol was laid down on 31 October 1903 by Cammel Laird in their Birkenhead shipyard, she was launched on 13 October 1904 and completed on 26 September 1905. Not long after completion, two additional 12-pounder guns were added and the 3-pounder guns were replaced with six QF 6-pounder Hotchkiss guns; the ship was in in reserve until she was assigned to the Home Fleet in October 1907 and the 3rd Fleet at the Nore Command in 1908. In 1909 she served a short spell as leader of the 1st Destroyer Flotilla at Portsmouth moved to the 3rd Destroyer Flotilla and was fitted at HM Dockyard, Chatham, in June before rejoining the 1st in the year. Patrol was back in reserve in 1912. About 1911–1912, her main guns were replaced by nine 4-inch guns, arranged four on each broadside and the remaining gun on the quarterdeck, she was stationed at Haulbowline in 1913–14. The ship recommissioned on 27 January 1914 to serve as the leader of the 9th Destroyer Flotilla. At the beginning of the First World War in August, the 9th DF was protecting the north east coastline between the Firth of Forth and the Tyne.

On 15 December, under the command of Captain Alan C. Bruce, she was berthed in Hartlepool with HMS Forward, another scout cruiser, four destroyers from the 9th Flotilla and the submarine HMS C9. Hartlepool was a tidal harbour, at low tide it was difficult for the cruisers to get out to sea. On 16 December, the destroyers put out to sea at 05:30 and had reported that the tide was low and the swell outside the harbour was high. Brown decided that it was too dangerous for C9 to go out on patrol. At 08:00 the flotilla sighted the German battlecruisers Seydlitz and Moltke and the armoured cruiser Blücher, preparing to bombard Hartlepool; the heavy German ships chased off the hopelessly outgunned destroyers and opened fire on Hartlepool's two coastal artillery batteries, which mounted three 6-inch guns, before bombarding the port and harbour entrance. Bruce attempted to leave the harbour, but was engaged by Blücher in the channel to the open sea and hit by two 210-millimetre shells. Four men were killed and seven wounded, Bruce had to beach his ship.

The German ships broke off the raid before finishing off the cruiser. Badly holed, Patrol had taken on too much water to return to Hartlepool, but was able to reach the Middlesbrough docks. After undergoing extensive repairs she joined the 7th Destroyer Flotilla in the Humber in 1915, she was transferred to the Irish Sea in 1918 and back to the 9th DF at the Nore. Surplus to requirements after the end of the war, she was paid off in April 1919 and sold for scrap in April 1920 to Machinehandel, of the Netherlands. Chesneau, Roger & Kolesnik, Eugene M. eds.. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Greenwich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4. Corbett, J. S.. Naval Operations. History of the Great War Based on Official Documents by Direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence. II. London: Longmans, Green & Co. ISBN 1-870423-74-7. Friedman, Norman. British Destroyers From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-59114-081-8.

Friedman, Norman. Naval Weapons of World War One. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Seaforth. ISBN 978-1-84832-100-7. Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randa

Houston Lost and Unbuilt

Houston Lost and Unbuilt is a 2010 non-fiction book by Steven Strom. It documents demolished buildings in Houston as well as ones that were never built. Craig Hlavaty of the Houston Chronicle wrote that the book "is indispensable for Houstonians who like to think about what was and what might have been." The author argued that the loss of historic buildings in Houston harmed the formation of a community in Houston, his goal is to promote preservation of historic buildings in Houston. James Wright wrote in Texas Books in Review that the book discusses "the social practices and political mechanisms" resulting in demolition of historic buildings. Strom, of Swedish ancestry and the holder of a master's degree in history, was a resident of Playa del Rey, California at the time of publication but grew up in Houston and had ancestors who lived in Houston, he was employed by the Houston Metropolitan Research Center of the Houston Public Library as an architectural archivist for a nine year period. The Journal of Southern History stated that in that capacity Strom "developed extraordinary expertise in Houston's built environment civic and commercial structures."

At the time of publication he worked for The Aerospace Corporation. The author had published an article on historic buildings in Houston, razed and another article on concepts of buildings never built in Houston, published in the same magazine; these articles were the basis of this book. Lisa Gray of the Houston Chronicle asked Strom if not being resident in Houston at the time of writing the book complicated his research, he replied: "No. Those buildings, they're part of my fabric. They're in my head." The buildings that were planned but not constructed were covered in the book's second part. Wright compare dthe work to that of Barry Lopez. Peter B. Dedek of San Marcos University stated that "Overall, Houston Lost and Unbuilt is an interesting, well researched, valuable resource for anyone interested in Houston’s history and its lost architectural heritage." Dedek believed that the coverage of projects never built "detracts" from the book's original purpose regarding the promotion of historical preservation