Pizza Hut is an American restaurant chain and international franchise, founded in 1958 in Wichita, Kansas by Dan and Frank Carney. The company is known for its Italian American cuisine menu, including pizza and pasta, as well as side dishes and desserts. Pizza Hut has 18,431 restaurants worldwide as of December 31, 2018, making it the world's largest pizza chain in terms of locations, it is a subsidiary of Yum! Brands, Inc. one of the world's largest restaurant companies. Pizza Hut was founded in June 1958 by two Wichita State University students, brothers Dan and Frank Carney, as a single location in Wichita, Kansas. Six months they opened a second outlet and within a year they had six Pizza Hut restaurants; the brothers began franchising in 1959. The iconic Pizza Hut building style was designed in 1963 by Chicago architect George Lindstrom and was implemented in 1969. PepsiCo acquired Pizza Hut in November 1977. 20 years Pizza Hut were spun off by PepsiCo on May 30, 1997, all three restaurant chains became part of a new company named Tricon Global Restrauants, Inc.
The company assumed the name of Yum! Brands on May 22, 2002. Before closing in 2015, the oldest continuously operating Pizza Hut was in Manhattan, Kansas, in a shopping and tavern district known as Aggieville near Kansas State University; the first Pizza Hut restaurant east of the Mississippi River was opened in Athens, Ohio, in 1966 by Lawrence Berberick and Gary Meyers. Pizza Hut's international presence includes Canada and Mexico in North America, India, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, the Philippines, Thailand, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Hong Kong, South Korea and Macau in Asia. Pizza Hut was one of the first American franchises to open in Iraq. In Europe they are in United Kingdom, Norway, Germany, Turkey; the company announced a rebrand that began on November 19, 2014, in an effort to increase sales, which had dropped in the previous two years. The menu was expanded to introduce various items such as 11 new specialty pizzas. Work uniforms for employees were refreshed.
In 2017, Pizza Hut was listed by UK-based company Richtopia at number 24 in the list of 200 Most Influential Brands in the World. On June 25 and 27, 2019, it was reported that Pizza Hut is bringing back their logo with the "Red Roof", used from 1967 until 1999. On August 7, 2019, Pizza Hut announced its intention to close about 500 of its 7,496 dine-in restaurants in the US, by the middle of 2021. Pizza Hut is split into several different restaurant formats: the original family-style dine-in locations; some full-sized Pizza Hut locations have a lunch buffet, with "all-you-can-eat" pizza, salad and bread sticks, a pasta bar. Pizza Hut has other business concepts independent of the store type. In 1975, Pizza Hut began testing concepts with Applegate's Landing; these restaurants had exteriors that looked like Colonial Style houses and had eclectic interiors featuring a truck with a salad bar in the bed. The chain offered much of the same Italian-American fare, such as pizza and pasta dishes with some additions like hamburgers and bread pudding.
Applegate's Landing went defunct in the mid 1980s sans for one location in McPherson, Kansas that closed in Fall, 1995. The location is now a dentist's office. An upscale concept was unveiled in 2004, called Pizza Hut Italian Bistro. At 50 U. S. locations, the Bistro is similar to a traditional Pizza Hut, except that the menu features new, Italian-themed dishes such as penne pasta, chicken pomodoro, toasted sandwiches. Instead of black and red, Bistro locations feature a burgundy and tan motif. Pizza Hut Bistros still serve sides. In some cases, Pizza Hut has replaced a "Red Roof" location with the new concept. Pizza Hut Express locations are fast food restaurants; these stores are paired in a colocation with WingStreet, in USA and Canada, or other sibling brands such as KFC or Taco Bell and found on college campuses, food courts, theme parks, bowling alleys, within stores such as Target. Vintage "Red Roof" locations, designed by architect Richard D. Burke, can be found in the United States and Canada.
In his book Orange Roofs, Golden Arches, Phillip Langdon wrote that the Pizza Hut "Red Roof" architecture "is something of a strange object – considered outside the realm of significant architecture, yet swiftly reflecting shifts in popular taste and unquestionably making an impact on daily life. These buildings show up in architectural journals, yet they have become some of the most numerous and conspicuous in the United States today."Curbed.com reports, "Despite Pizza Hut's decision to discontinue the form when they made the shift toward delivery, there were still 6,304 traditional units standing as of 2004, each with the shingled roofs and trapezoidal windows signifying equal parts suburban comfort and strip-mall anomie." This building style was common in early 1970s. The name "Red Roof" is somewhat anachronistic now. Dozens of "Red Roofs" have closed or been relocated or rebuil
Eight of Wands is a Minor Arcana Tarot card. In the Rider-Waite deck, the card shows eight diagonal staves of staggered length angled across an open landscape with river, as designed by artist Pamela Colman Smith. Tarot cards are used throughout much of Europe to play tarot card games. In English-speaking countries, where the games are unknown, Tarot cards came to be utilized for divinatory purposes. A card of action. Conveys immediate information or action. News swiftly travelling; because the suit of Wands relates to information, look for new communication and unexpected news. Depending on surrounding cards in the draw, may indicate the speed of these events; the key meanings of the Eight of Wands: Hasty actions Journey and Travel A Journey or Flight Motion End to a delay
Rude Awakenings, a New Zealand comedy/drama television series aired on TV ONE on Friday evenings. The pilot episode aired on 9 February 2007, it has been confirmed there will be no more episodes, with TVNZ citing low ratings as the reason despite the show receiving much praise from viewers. The series centres on two families who live next door to each other in a fashionable street in Ponsonby, a suburb of Auckland; the Rush family has just moved to their newly renovated house in Ponsonby from a lifestyle block in Kumeu. Dimity, the mother, is a human resources manager, they hit a wrong chord with their new neighbours, the Short family. Arthur Short has had his wife Sharon leave him for a lesbian relationship, he is unemployed and with few prospects, his two teenage daughters and Constance, live with him. Their house, where they have been tenants for the last 20 years, is up for sale, but they are determined to remain where they are; the series was released to DVD. Danielle Cormack as Dimity Rush Carl Bland as Stuart Rush Jaxin Hall as Julian Rush Mark Davies as Ollie Rush Patrick Wilson as Arthur Short Hannah Tasker-Poland as Amber Short Rose McIver as Constance Short Marise Wipani as Sharon Short William Walker as Ralph Gubb Fiona Samuel as Bonnie Buckley David Mackie as Jase Buckley Hera Dunleavy as Dara Peter Feeney as Spencer Fantl Michael Lawrence as Michael "Horse" Grieve Gene Hollins-Werry as Max Buckley M F Films website TVNZ website EPisodeWorld: Rude Awakenings episode guide Rude Awakenings on IMDb
New York City Hall is the seat of New York City government, located at the center of City Hall Park in the Civic Center area of Lower Manhattan, between Broadway, Park Row, Chambers Street. Constructed from 1803 to 1812, the building is the oldest city hall in the United States that still houses its original governmental functions, such as the office of the Mayor of New York City and the chambers of the New York City Council. While the Mayor's Office is in the building, the staff of thirteen municipal agencies under mayoral control are located in the nearby Manhattan Municipal Building, one of the largest government buildings in the world. New York City Hall is a National Historic Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission designated both City Hall's exterior and interior as official city landmarks in 1966 and 1976, respectively. New Amsterdam's first City Hall was built by the Dutch in the 17th century near 73 Pearl Street.
The city's second City Hall, built in 1700, stood on Nassau Streets. That building was renamed Federal Hall in 1789, after New York became the first official capital of the United States after the Constitution was ratified. Plans for building a new City Hall were discussed by the New York City Council as early as 1776, but the financial strains of the war delayed progress; the Council chose a site at the old Common at the northern limits of the City, now City Hall Park. City Hall was an area for the first almshouse in 1653. In 1736, there was a financed almshouse for those who were fit to work, for the unfit, those that were like criminals but were paupers. In 1802 the City held a competition for a new City Hall; the first prize of $350 was awarded to Joseph-François Mangin and John McComb Jr. Mangin, the principal designer, studied architecture in his native France before becoming a New York City surveyor in 1795 and publishing an official map of the city in 1803. Mangin was the architect of the landmark St. Patrick's Old Cathedral on Mulberry Street.
McComb, whose father had worked on the old City Hall, was a New Yorker and designed Castle Clinton in Battery Park. He would supervise the construction of the building, designed the architectural detailing as well. Many architects were in favor of Greek Revival style and created Brooklyn City Hall, now called Brooklyn Borough Hall in 1848; the cornerstone of the new City Hall was laid on May 26, 1803. Construction was delayed. In response, McComb and Mangin reduced the size of the building and used brownstone at the rear of the building to lower costs. Labor disputes and an outbreak of yellow fever further slowed construction; the building was not dedicated until 1811, opened in 1812. The New York City Police riot occurred in front of New York City Hall between the dissolved New York Municipal Police and the newly formed Metropolitan Police on June 16, 1857. Municipal police fought with Metropolitan officers who were attempting to arrest New York City Mayor Fernando Wood. On July 23, 2003, at 2:08 p.m.
City Hall was the scene of a rare political assassination. Othniel Askew, a political rival of City Councilman James E. Davis, opened fire with a pistol from the balcony of the City Council chamber. Askew shot Davis twice. A police officer on the floor of the chamber fatally shot Askew. Askew and Davis had entered the building together without passing through a metal detector, a courtesy extended to elected officials and their guests; as a result of the security breach, then-Mayor Michael Bloomberg revised security policy to require that everyone entering the building pass through metal detectors without exception. In 2008, work began after a century without a major renovation; the construction included structural enhancements, upgrades to building services, as well as in-depth restoration of much of the interior and exterior. Due to the complexity of the demands of the project, the New York City Department of Design and Construction hired Hill International to provide construction management.
Renovations were estimated to cost $104 million and take four years, but ended up costing nearly $150 million and taking over five years. Although Mangin and McComb designed the building, constructed between 1810 and 1812, it has been altered numerous times over the years, with the alteration designed by architects: 1860: Leopold Eidlitz 1898: John H. Duncan 1903: William Martin Aiken 1907, 1912, 1915, 1917: Grosvenor Atterbury 1956: Shreve, Lamb & Harmon 1998: Cabrera BarrickloThe architectural style of City Hall combines two noted historical movements, French Renaissance, which can be seen in the design of the exterior, American-Georgian in the interior design; the design of City Hall influenced at least two civic structures, the Tweed Courthouse and the Surrogate's Courthouse. City Hall is a designated New York City landmark, it is listed on the New York State and National Registers of Historic Places. The building consists of a central pavilion with two projecting wings; the entrance, reached by a long flight of steps, has figured prominently in civic events for over a century and a half.
There is a columned entrance portico capped by a balustrade, another balustrade at the roof. The domed tower in the center was rebuilt in 1917 after the last of two major fires; the original deteriorated Massachusetts marble facade, quarried from Alford, with brownstone on the rear, was reclad with Al
Robert E. Dvorsky is a former Iowa State Senator from the 37th District. A Democrat, he received his BS and MPA from the University of Iowa and is a retired executive officer for the 6th Judicial District, Department of Correctional Services. Senator Dvorksy was born in Burlington, Iowa in 1948. Dvorsky went to high school at University High School in Iowa City, upon graduation enrolled at the University of Iowa receiving his Bachelor of Science and his Master of Public Administration. Dvorsky serves on several committees in the Iowa Senate - the Education committee, his prior political experience includes serving as a representative in the Iowa House from 1987 to 1995, serving as the Mason City Superintendent of Recreation from 1973 to 1979, serving on the Coralville City Council from 1979 to 1986. Dvorsky was re-elected in 2006 with 19,027 votes. Dvorsky announced his retirement in 2018 and was succeeded by activist Zach Wahls, a fellow Democrat. Senator Robert Dvorsky official Iowa Legislature site Senator Robert Dvorsky official Iowa General Assembly site State Senator Robert Dvorsky official constituency site Profile at Vote Smart
Sara Gruen is an author with dual Canadian and U. S. citizenship. Her books deal with animals and she is a supporter of numerous charitable organizations that support animals and wildlife. Gruen was born in Vancouver, British Columbia, she grew up in London and attended Carleton University in Ottawa to get a degree in English Literature. She continued to live in Ottawa for 10 years after graduation. Gruen moved to the United States from Ottawa in 1999; when she was laid off two years she decided to try writing fiction. Gruen is an animal lover. Gruen's third book, the 1930s circus drama Water for Elephants, was turned down by her publisher at the time, Avon Books, it went on to become a New York Times bestseller and is now available in 45 languages and as a 2011 film adaptation starring Reese Witherspoon, Christoph Waltz, Robert Pattinson. Her fourth novel, Ape House, centers around the Bonobo ape and was sold to Spiegel & Grau on the basis of a 12-page summary. Water for Elephants and Ape House are published by Two Roads Books.
Gruen's awards include being the BookSense #1 pick for June 2006, the Book Sense Book of the Year Award for Fiction 2007, the Cosmo Fun Fearless Fiction Award 2007, the BookBrowse Diamond Award Best Book 2006, the Great Lakes Book Award for Fiction 2007, the Midwest Booksellers’ Choice Award for fiction, the ALA/Alex Award 2007, the Carl Sandburg Award, 21st Century Fiction, 2007, the Friends of American Literature Adult Fiction Award. Additionally, she was a 2006 Quill Award nominee for General Fiction, a nominee for the Entertainment Weekly Best Novel of 2006, she received a Doctorate of Humane Letters, Causa Honoris, from Wittenberg University. Her fifth novel, At the Water's Edge, was published in 2015. Gruen lives in North Carolina, with her husband, three sons, seven animals. Sara Gruen's Official Site