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Place Stanislas

The Place Stanislas is a large pedestrianised square in the French city of Nancy, in the Lorraine region. Since 1983, the architectural ensemble comprising the Place Stanislas, the extension of its axis, the Place de la Carrière, the Place d'Alliance, has been on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. After the War of the Polish Succession in 1737, the Duchy of Upper Lorraine, of which Nancy was the capital, was given to Stanisław I Leszczyński, former Ruler of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and father-in-law to King Louis XV of France. An earlier ruler, Duke of Lorraine, had undertaken much reconstruction in Lorraine, ravaged by a series of wars, he had recruited numerous artists and architects for this work, including Germain Boffrand, who trained Emmanuel Héré. Hence, Stanisław found a pool of experience to draw from on his arrival; the square was a major project in urban planning, conceived by Stanisław I as a way to link the medieval old town of Nancy and the "new" town built in the 17th century under Charles III, Duke of Lorraine.

The square was intended as a place royale to honour Stanisław's son-in-law, Louis XV. The design created a large urban square or place that linked two handsome existing buildings: the Hôtel de Ville and the Hôtel du Gouvernement, the seat of the duchy; the seat of city government and the seat of Ducal government thus faced each other as complements through a series of rational, symmetrical but varied urban spaces, unequalled in Europe at the time. The square and the surrounding buildings, unified by their colossal orders, were designed by the royal architect Emmanuel Héré de Corny. Construction began in March 1752, ended in November 1755. Barthélémy Guibal and Paul-Louis Cyfflé created a bronze statue of Louis XV, erected in the center of the square, it was removed during the iconoclasm of the Revolution, when it was replaced with a simple winged figure. The square was renamed'Place du Peuple', later'Place Napoléon'. In 1831, a bronze statue of Stanisław was placed in the middle of the square.

The square has always been used for public festivities. It has undergone several makeovers in its history and, in a low period of appreciation, served as a car parking area for nearly a quarter of a century, between 1958 and 1983; the city has since reserved it for pedestrian use. In 2004 and 2005, the city undertook a massive restoration of the square, based on the original 18th-century plans; the ten-month project cost 9 million euros. It was financed by a combination of city and local, regional and private funds; the inauguration of the new Place Stanislas, in May 2005, coincided with the square's 250th anniversary. The Place Stanislas is 106 metre wide, it is paved with two lines of darker stones forming a diagonal cross motif. The square is surrounded by an architecturally harmonious ensemble of buildings, most notably these: The City Hall of Nancy, which occupies the entire south side of the square, with the prefectural office of Meurthe-et-Moselle at the south-east corner. An arc de triomphe, by Emmanuel Héré, stands in the centre of the fourth side, leading to the adjoining Place de la Carrière, where the main axis is developed as a double avenue of trees, with symmetrical buildings facing each other down its length.

The far end is defined by the hemi-cycles of colonnades that enclose the sides and are carried across the pre-existing façade of the Palais du Gouvernement. The four corners and the west and east sides of the square feature gilded wrought iron gates and lanterns, created by Jean Lamour; the north-west and north-east corners feature ornate fountains designed by Barthélémy Guibal. Because of these gates, Nancy is nicknamed City with Golden Gates; the statue in the centre of the Place Stanislas, created by Georges Jacquot, represents Stanislas standing, dressed in flowing robes, holding a sword in his left hand and pointing towards the north with his right hand. The inscriptions on the high marble pedestal read: The Hôtel de Ville known as Palais de Stanislas, is the largest building in the square at 98 metres long, occupies the whole south side of the square. Built in 1752–1755, it has served as the city hall since its construction, it was designated as a monument historique on 12 July 1886. List of World Heritage Sites in Europe Simon, Pierre.

1994. Nancy: la ville de Stanislas. Metz: Editions Serpenoise. ISBN 2-87692-209-6 Video of Place Stanislas — UNESCO World Heritage Centre Place Stanislas, the Tourist Information Office in Nancy

Lo Fi Hi Fives

Lo Fi Hi Fives... A Kind of Best Of... is a 2012 compilation by American multi-instrumentalist R. Stevie Moore, it was released in the UK on the O Genesis label. The songs on this album are taken from 37 years of material; the album was compiled by R. Stevie along with Tim Burgess on Tim's label O Genesis Recordings - O Genesis released a split single of him and the Vaccines and soon released a single of "Pop Music"; the album features cameos by Irwin Chusid, Ariel Pink, Terry Burrows, Lane Steinberg, friends/fellow Ethos bandmates Billy Anderson and Roger Ferguson. Track sources are provided by Moore. Official album page

Lists of Heroes of the Soviet Union

Lists of Heroes of the Soviet Union cover people or groups of people who were given the Hero of the Soviet Union award, the highest distinction in the Soviet Union, for heroic feats in service to the Soviet state and society. The lists are organized alphabetically, by nationality or ethnicity, by other criteria. List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Armenian Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Azerbaijani Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Bashkir Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Baltic Heroes of the Soviet Union List of North Caucasian Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Georgian Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Kazakh Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Kyrgyz Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Tajik Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Uzbek Heroes of the Soviet Union List of foreign Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Heroes of the Soviet Union of repressed ethnicities List of twice Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Hero of the Soviet Union forfeitures List of female Heroes of the Soviet Union List of Jewish Heroes of the Soviet Union