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Place des Terreaux

The Place des Terreaux is a square located in the center of Lyon, France on the Presqu'île between the Rhône and the Saône, at the foot of the hill of La Croix-Rousse in the 1st arrondissement of Lyon. The square belongs to the zone classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO; the square has these borders: On the east by the Lyon City Hall On the south by the Palais Saint-Pierre and the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon On the west by a building through a gallery On the north by civilian buildings marking the beginning of the slopes of the La Croix-Rousse In 1206, associations of merchants of Lyon ran to Archbishop Renaud II de Forez, who failed to comply with the charter signed in 1195 by violating the agreements made in respect of taxes on goods. To protect the village of Saint-Nizier from ecclesiastical power, the bourgeois of Lyon decided to raise a wall at the foot of the hill of Saint-Sébastien and a tower on the Saône to control the bridge of the Exchange, the sole passage between Saint-Nizier and Saint-Jean.

However, Renaud de Forez and his successors continued the works undertaken by the bourgeois of Lyon, in order to protect the city from a potential attack by the Dombes. A two-metre-thick and ten-metre-high new wall was built between the Rhône. 500 metres long, this enclosure was pierced by two gates defended by drawbridges and protected by ten towers. A crenelated walk and five stone booths allowed soldiers to watch at the top; the main wall was separated by a 22-metre ditch from another two-metre wall located to the north. In the fourteenth century, a third structure built into the slope was added at the beginning of the 15th century, a new structure was built on the Saint Sébastien hilltop, consisting of a mound of earth protected by wood towers. In case of siege, the ditch, called Terralia nova or Fossés de la Lanterne, could be filled with water; this one entered when needed in a succession of basins, called the Neyron channel, dug laterally to the Rhone. Under normal circumstances, the crossbowmen culverin men used ditches as a training location, first on the Saône side from 1533 on the Rhône side.

In the 16th century, the walls crumbled. In 1538, the demolition of the enclosure was initiated; the ditch located on the Saône side was filled to build the Boucherie de la Lanterne. In 1555, the nuns of the convent Saint-Pierre were allowed to use the stones of the wall to repair the monastery. In 1578, the lands of the current Place des Terreaux were filled, in 1617, the former ditch disappeared with the development of the gardens of city hall on which the Opera stand today. Between 1646 and 1651, Simon Maupin built on the eastern side of the square the Hôtel de ville de Lyon, rebuilt by Jules Hardouin-Mansart, after the fire of 1674. In the 17th century, the nuns of Saint-Pierre rebuilt their convent, which became in 1803 the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon. On this square was beheaded the Henri Coiffier de Ruzé, Marquis of Cinq-Mars, a conspirator against Richelieu. During the French Revolution, the guillotine was installed and running at full speed during the tenure of Marie Joseph Chalier. After the siege of Lyon, 79 people were beheaded.

In the second half of the 19th century, access to the site was expanded to accommodate the restructuring plan of the peninsula led by Claude-Marius Vaïsse. In 1855, the passage of Terreaux was opened between the Lanterne street; the prefect planned to drill a new street in the north axis of the Palais Saint-Pierre, but this project was never realized. At the center of the square, the municipal officials inaugurated on 22 September 1891 an allegorical fountain of the Saône, made by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi; the sculpted group called Char triomphant de la Garonne represents the Garonne and its four tributaries jumping into the ocean, all of which are symbolized by a woman leading a Quadriga. After the 1889 Exposition Universelle, the monument became too expensive for the city of Bordeaux and was bought in 1890 by the Mayor of Lyon, Antoine Gailleton; the square was redeveloped in 1994 by architect and urban planner Christian Drevet and artist Daniel Buren, including an orthogonal rotation of 69 jets of water lined with 14 pillars.

To build the underground parking of the square, the fountain was located in front of city hall moved to its current location in the axis of the palace Saint-Pierre. On 29 September 1995, the square was classified as a monument historique. During the cold winter of 2012, the fountain situated in Place des Terreaux froze. List of streets and squares in Lyon History of the place

Charley Wensloff

Charles William "Butch" Wensloff was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for three seasons in the American League with the New York Yankees and Cleveland Indians. In 41 career games, Wensloff pitched ​276 2⁄3 innings and posted a win-loss record of 16–13 and a 2.60 earned run average. Wensloff began his career in the Arizona–Texas League before joining the New York Yankees farm system, he played on various minor league teams for the next six seasons and made his debut during the 1943 New York Yankees season. He pitched in 29 games, after the season ended, he served in the United States Army during World War II. Wensloff rejoined the Yankees in 1947, pitching in 11 regular season games and in the 1947 World Series. After the season ended, he was sent to the Cleveland Indians, pitched in one game for the team before retiring at the end of the season. Wensloff began his professional career in the Arizona–Texas League, pitching for the Class-D, El Paso Texans, a team not affiliated with any major league squad, in 1937.

The team included future Major League players Bill Bevens and Milo Candini, one former Major League player, Jimmy Zinn. Wensloff pitched 34 games that season. At the end of the season, he was the third most successful pitcher in the league in terms of wins and pitched in the eighth highest number of innings. In 1938, Wensloff spent his first season in the New York Yankees minor league system, playing for the Class-C Joplin Miners of the Western Association. In an exhibition game with the Miners against the St. Louis Browns, Wensloff allowed eight runs and failed to pitch for a full inning as the Miners lost, 12–5. In 28 games for the Miners in 1938, he won and lost 13 games each and finished the season with a 3.48 ERA. Wensloff continued his tenure with the Miners during the 1939 season. By the end of July, he had a win-loss record of 17–2. In his final season at the Class-C level, Wensloff compiled a 26–4 record in 31 games, pitching 249 innings. At the end of the season, Wensloff had the most wins in the league along with Maury Newlin of the Topeka Owls, was third in the league in innings pitched.

In 1940, Wensloff was promoted to the Kansas City Blues of the American Association, a higher level of the Yankees' farm system, where he played alongside Hall of Famer Phil Rizzuto, among others who played in the majors. In his first game at the Double-A level, Wensloff allowed only two hits in a game against the Columbus Red Birds. Wensloff pitched in 27 starts, going 13 -- 8 with a 3.19 ERA in 178 innings pitched. The Blues went on to play in the American Association playoffs that season. In the second game of three against the Louisville Colonels, Wensloff shut them out as the Blues won the game, 1–0. Wensloff spent his second season with the Blues in 1941, went 15–8 with a 3.93 ERA in 36 games, 22 of them starts. He finished the season eighth in the American Association in wins. Wensloff played his third and final season with the Blues in 1942; that season, he was one of five pitchers named to the American Association All-Star Team, which Kansas City hosted. Wensloff won his 19th game of the season on August 24, 1942, pitching the shortest game of the season, which only lasted one hour and 20 minutes.

Wensloff had a 21–10 record with a 2.47 ERA in 33 games, had the most wins in the league, was sixth in ERA during that season. On September 27, 1942, the New York Yankees purchased nine contracts from their minor league teams, including Herb Karpel and Wensloff's contracts from Kansas City, which placed them on the major league roster. Upon signing a contract with the Yankees, Wensloff spent the 1943 season on the Yankees' major league roster. During spring training, Yankees manager Joe McCarthy had heard impressive things about Wensloff, though he had not seen him pitch often. Wensloff made his major league debut for the Yankees on May 1943 against the Washington Senators. In his debut, the second game of a doubleheader, he allowed four earned runs and seven hits in eight innings as the Yankees lost, 4–1, he won his first game in his next pitching appearance on May 7, 1943 against the Philadelphia Athletics, allowing no walks and six hits in a 6–2 victory. By the end of June, he had six complete games in his first six starts.

However, he was not receiving the publicity other rookies were, such as pitcher Jesse Flores, had four wins and four losses despite how well he had been pitching. During the second half of the season, Wensloff remained a major part of the starting rotation, his losses included a 1–0 defeat in which he only allowed one unearned run on a wild throw against the St. Louis Browns. During the season, Wensloff added a knuckleball to his selection of pitches, which he threw during the season; as the end of the season approached, Wensloff was being promoted as a rookie of the year candidate, due to being second on the team in strikeouts, as well as his 13 wins. Wensloff finished the season with a 13–11 record and a 2.54 ERA in 29 games, 27 of them starts. He did not pitch in the 1943 World Series. At the conclusion of the 1943 season, Wensloff enlisted in the United States Army and served in World War II; when the Yankees were preparing for the start of the 1944 season, the team had no idea where Wensloff was, as they had not heard from him.

He was inactive for the 1944 season. In 1945, Wensloff was traded from the Yankees to the San Diego Padres of the Pacific Coast League for Johnny Kreevich, allowing him to pitch professionally and continue serving in the war. In 10 games for the Padres, he won three and lost four with a 3.82 ERA. After the 1945 season and the war ended, Wensloff remained in military service, as a result di

Frederick Corbett

Frederick Corbett VC was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Corbett was born on 17 September 1853 in Maldon and died there in 1912, his name at birth was David Embleton. He served in the Royal Artillery. Corbett served in the British Army between 1873 and 1891. Corbett was 28 years old, a private in the 3rd Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps during the 1882 Anglo–Egyptian War, which had resulted when discontented Egyptian officers under Ahmed ‘Urabi rebelled and the United Kingdom reacted to protect its financial and expansionist interests in the country, in particular the Suez Canal, it was during this service that the following deed took place for which he was awarded the Victoria Cross: The citation in The London Gazette of 16 February 1883, read During the reconnaissance upon Kafr Dowar, Egypt, on 5 August 1882, the Mounted Infantry, with which Private Corbett was serving, came under a hot fire from the enemy and suffered some loss, including Lieutenant Howard Vyse, mortally wounded.

This officer fell in the open, there being no time to move him, Private Corbett asked and obtained permission to remain by him, though under a constant fire, he sat down and endeavoured to stop the bleeding of this officer's wounds, until the Mounted Infantry received orders to retire, when he rendered valuable assistance in carrying him off the field... The event occurred during a probing attack on the Egyptian position, he served at the decisive Battle of Tel el-Kebir on 13 September 1882. Subsequently, when Kafr-el-Dawwar surrendered following the British victory in Egypt, the works there were found to be strong and well-stocked with modern artillery and arms and ammunition. Held by determined defenders, they would have been difficult to take; the British Army Discipline and Regulation Act of 1879 required active soldiers to display their medals on their uniforms on specific occasions. After leaving the army, Corbett sold the medal, he re-enlisted, this time into the Royal Artillery, in 1884.

On 30 July 1884, after being convicted of being absent without leave and for embezzlement and theft from an officer, Corbett's name was erased from the VC Register by Royal Warrant and his VC pension was terminated. Corbett was among eight recipients of the VC whose awards were withdrawn for criminal offences; the original Royal Warrant for the Victoria Cross involved an expulsion clause that allowed for a recipient's name to be erased from the official register in certain wholly discreditable circumstances and his pension cancelled. The power to cancel and restore awards is still included in the warrant but none has been forfeited since 1908. By 1903 the Corbett VC had come into the possession of a Mr Mansfield, Clerk of Kingsbury Urban District Council, who approached the War Office with the intention of returning the actual medal to Frederick Corbett, or to his family; the War Office informed Mansfield that, "as the name of Frederick Corbett had been erased from the VCR, the cross should not be delivered to Corbett or his representatives."

Worried as to whether he could retain the medal, Mr Mansfield sought clarification. Corbet died in Maldon Union Workhouse on 25 September 1912, he was buried in an unmarked grave in Maldon cemetery. On 16 April 2004, a regimental headstone was placed over the grave and, in a simple ceremony, the headstone, covered in the regimental flag of the 60th Rifles, was unveiled by Lieutenant General Sir Christopher Wallace. Howard Vyse, the man he tried to save, was buried with three other fatalities shortly after the battle at the English cemetery outside the Rosetta Gate of Alexandria. Location of grave and VC medal Frederick Corbett at Find a Grave Report on Headstone ceremony