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Plainfield, New Jersey

Plainfield is a city in Union County, New Jersey, United States, known by its nickname as "The Queen City." As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population increased to 49,808, its highest recorded population in any decennial census, with the population having increased by 1,979 from the 47,829 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,262 from the 46,567 counted in the 1990 Census. The area of present-day Plainfield was formed as Plainfield Township, a township, created on April 5, 1847, from portions of Westfield Township, while the area was still part of Essex County. On March 19, 1857, Plainfield Township became part of the newly created Union County. Plainfield was incorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 21, 1869, from portions of Plainfield Township, based on the results of a referendum held that same day; the city and township coexisted until March 6, 1878, when Plainfield Township was dissolved and parts were absorbed by Plainfield city, with the remainder becoming Fanwood Township.

The name "Plainfield" used in both North Plainfield and South Plainfield, is derived from a local estate or from its scenic location. Plainfield was settled in 1684 by Quakers, incorporated as a city in 1869. A bedroom suburb in the New York metropolitan area, it has become the urban center of 10 allied municipalities, with diversified industries, including printing and the manufacture of chemicals, electronic equipment, vehicular parts. Among the several 18th-century buildings remaining are a Friends' meetinghouse, the Martine house, the Nathaniel Drake House, known as George Washington's headquarters during the Battle of Short Hills in June 1777. Nearby Washington Rock is a prominent point of the Watchung Mountains and is reputed to be the vantage point from which Washington watched British troop movements; the "Queen City" moniker arose in the second half of the 19th century. Plainfield had been developing a reputation during this period as featuring a climate, beneficial for respiratory ailments.

In 1886, in an effort to publicize the climate, local newspaper publisher Thomas W. Morrison began to use the slogan "Colorado of the East" to promote Plainfield; as Denver, was known as the "Queen City of the Plains," the slogan for Plainfield became abbreviated to "The Queen City."In 1902, the New Jersey Legislature approved measures that would have allowed the borough of North Plainfield to become part of Union County and to allow for a merger of North Plainfield with the City of Plainfield subject to the approval of a referendum by voters in both municipalities. Plainfield is the birthplace of P-Funk. George Clinton founded The Parliaments while working in a Plainfield barber shop. Parliament-Funkadelic was inducted in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997. Plainfield has been home to former New Jersey governor James McGreevey. In sports history, Plainfield is the birthplace and/or home of several current and former athletes, including professionals and well-known amateurs. Included in their number are Milt Campbell, the 1956 Olympic Decathlon gold medalist, Joe Black, the first African-American pitcher to win a World Series game, Jeff Torborg, former MLB player and manager, former Duke University and Chicago Bull basketball player Jay Williams, Vic Washington, NFL player.

Plainfield's history as a place to call home for the 19th and 20th century wealthy has led to a significant and preserved suburban architectural legacy. An influx of Wall Street money led to the creation of what was called Millionaires' Row after the opening of the railway in the 19th century. There are numerous sites, including homes and districts in the city that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. While not listed, the Plainfield Armory, a prominent landmark completed in 1932, was sold by the state in 2013 as surplus property. Plainfield's wealthy northeast corner, known as the "Sleepy Hollow" section of the city and still is characterized by its array of finely landscaped streets and neighborhoods with homes defined by a broad array of architectural styles, most built during the first half of the twentieth century. From the tree-lines neighborhoods, it can be seen that the lot sizes vary, but the stateliness and distinction of each house is evident, whether a stately Queen Anne mansion or gingerbread cottage.

Most lots are nicely landscaped and semi or private. Plainfield was affected by the Plainfield Rebellion in July 1967; this civil disturbance occurred in the wake of the larger Newark riots. A Plainfield police officer was killed, about fifty people were injured, several hundred thousand dollars of property was damaged by looting and arson; the New Jersey National Guard restored order after three days of unrest. This civil unrest caused a massive white flight, characterized by the percentage of black residents rising from 40% in 1970 to 60% a decade later. Author and Plainfield native Isaiah Tremaine published Insurrection in 2017 as a mournful accounting of the Plainfield riots—and subsequent racial tensions at Plainfield High School—from his perspective as a black teenager living in the city with both white and black friends at the time. Prior to the rebellion, Plainfield was a regional entertainment center. Residents of nearby Union and Somerset counties would drive to shop and explore the business districts of Plainfield.

Other than during the holidays, peak shopping times Plainfield were Thursday nights and Saturday, when Front Street and the areas around it bustled. Plainfield had several entertainment venues at that time. At the peak, there were four op

2009 World Women's Handball Championship

The 2009 World Women's Handball Championship took place from 5 to 20 December 2009 in China. It was the 19th edition of the World Women's Handball Championship and the second that took place outside of Europe. Russia won their fourth title; the competition took place in the Chinese province of Jiangsu. It was the second women's World Championship organized outside of Europe, the first being South Korea 1990. Six cities have been selected to host the matches: Host Nation ChinaDefending Champions RussiaQualified from the 2008 Asian Championship South Korea Japan Thailand KazakhstanQualified from the 2008 European Championship Norway SpainQualified from European play-offsEuropean play-offs were played on 6 and 7 June 2009 and between 12 and 14 June 2009. Qualified teams are marked in bold. Qualified from the 2008 African Championship Angola Congo Ivory Coast TunisiaQualified from the 2009 Pan-American ChampionshipThe 2009 Pan-American Championship took place between 23 and 27 June in Santiago, Chile.

The three highest ranked teams qualified directly. Argentina Brazil ChileQualified from the 2009 Oceania Handball Nations CupThe 2009 Oceania Championship took place in Brisbane, between 25 and 30 May; the host team thus qualified directly. Australia Each nation had to submit an initial squad of 28 players, 12 of them became reserves when the final squad of 16 players was announced on 5 December 2009; the draw for the preliminary round was held on 15 July 2009 at the IHF headquarters in Basel, Switzerland. Teams placed first and third will qualify for the Main Round. Placement matches for teams eliminated after preliminary round. 13-24: Final placement matches for Presidents Cup. 5-12: Placement matches for teams eliminated after main round. Source: Most Valuable Player: Lyudmila Postnova Chosen by team officials and IHF experts: Official website 2009 WC Qualification

Radioisotope renography

Radioisotope renography is a form of medical imaging of the kidneys that uses radiolabelling. A renogram, which may be known as a MAG3 scan, allows a nuclear medicine physician or a radiologist to visualize the kidneys and learn more about how they are functioning. MAG3 is an acronym for mercapto acetyl tri glycine, a compound, chelated with a radioactive element – technetium-99m; the two most common radiolabelled pharmaceutical agents used are Tc99m-MAG3 and Tc99m-DTPA. Some other radiolabelled pharmaceuticals are EC and 131-iodine labelled OIH. After injection into the venous system, the compound is excreted by the kidneys and its progress through the renal system can be tracked with a gamma camera. A series of images are taken at regular intervals. Processing involves drawing a region of interest around both kidneys, a computer program produces a graph of radioactivity inside the kidney with time, representing the quantity of tracer, from the number of counts measured inside in each image.

If the kidney is not getting blood for example, it will not be viewed at all if it looks structurally normal in medical ultrasonography or magnetic resonance imaging. If the kidney is getting blood, but there is an obstruction inferior to the kidney in the bladder or ureters, the radioisotope will not pass beyond the level of the obstruction, whereas if there is a partial obstruction there is a delayed transit time for the MAG3 to pass. More information can be gathered by calculating time activity curves; the relative quantitative information gives the differential function between each kidney's filtration activity. MAG3 is preferred over Tc-99m-DTPA in neonates, patients with impaired function, patients with suspected obstruction, due to its more efficient extraction; the MAG3 clearance is correlated with the effective renal plasma flow, the MAG3 clearance can be used as an independent measure of kidney function. After intravenous administration, about 40-50% of the MAG3 in the blood is extracted by the proximal tubules with each pass through the kidneys.

Tc-99m-DTPA is filtered by the glomerulus and may be used to measure the glomerular filtration rate, making it theoretically the best choice for kidney function imaging. The extraction fraction of DTPA is 20%, less than half that of MAG3. DTPA is the second most used renal radiopharmaceutical in the United States; the technique is useful in evaluating the functioning of kidneys. Radioisotopes can differentiate between passive obstruction, it is used before kidney transplantation to assess the vascularity of the kidney to be transplanted and with a test dose of captopril to highlight possible renal artery stenosis in the donor's other kidney, the performance of the transplant. The use of the test to identify reduced kidney function after test doses of captopril has been used to identify the cause of hypertension in patients with kidney failure. There was uncertainty as to the usefulness, or best test parameter to identify renal artery stenosis, the eventual consensus was that the distinctive finding is of alteration in the differential function.

In 1986, MAG3 was developed at the University of Utah by Dr. Alan R. Fritzberg, Dr. Sudhakar Kasina, Dr. Dennis Eshima; the drug underwent clinical trials in 1987 and passed Phase III testing in 1988.99mTc-MAG3 has replaced the older iodine-131 orthoiodohippurate or I131-Hippuran because of better quality imaging regardless of the level of kidney function, with the benefit of being able to administer lower radiation dosages. Nuclear medicine DMSA scan


ǁHus (also spelled Hus or ǁHüs, in a minor variant called Owela is a traditional mancala played by Nama, Herero and other related ethnic groups from Namibia and neighbouring countries. It is related to the Omweso family of mancala games played in Southern Africa. Although this is an abstract strategy game, consequences of individual moves are so hard to predict that it can be considered, to some extent, a game of chance; the "ǁ" at the beginning of the name is a type of click consonant. ‖Hus requires a board of 4 rows of an number of pits. 8-24 pits are most common. In addition, a number of undifferentiated seeds are needed depending on the size of the board; the winner is the last player to be able to make a legal move, possible by capturing all an opponent's stones or reducing the opponent to no more than one seed in each pit. Two seeds are placed in each of the outer pits. Two seeds are placed in each of the four rightmost inner pits for each player. A player moves by selecting a pit with at least two seeds, sowing them one by one around their side of the board in a counter-clockwise direction from the starting pit.

The player may only sow from one of the sixteen pits in their territory, the sowing proceeds around this territory, not directly involving the opponent's side. If the last sowed seed lands in a occupied pit, all seeds in that pit, including the one just placed, are sown, before the opponent's turn; this continues. If the last seed sown lands in one of the player's eight inner pits, occupied, furthermore both the opponent's pits in this same column are occupied all seeds from these two pits are captured and sown starting from the player's next pit in the sowing

2017 Boston Red Sox season

The 2017 Boston Red Sox season was the 117th season in the team's history, their 106th season at Fenway Park. They finished with a 93–69 record, the same as their previous season, two games ahead of the second-place New York Yankees, it was the team's first season in 15 years without David Ortiz, due to his retirement. The Red Sox won their second straight American League East championship, the first time the team has won the division in consecutive years. In the postseason, they lost in four games in the American League Division Series to the eventual 2017 World Series champions, the Houston Astros. On October 16, general manager Mike Hazen left the Red Sox for the Arizona Diamondbacks. On November 3, Brian Bannister was promoted to vice president of pitching development, in addition to his role as assistant pitching coach. On November 4, bench coach Torey Lovullo left the Red Sox for the Arizona Diamondbacks to take over as manager. On November 11, the Red Sox appointed Gary DiSarcina, former Lowell Spinners and Pawtucket Red Sox manager, as their new bench coach.

On November 15, DH David Ortiz retired. On December 6, the Red Sox traded 3B Travis Shaw with prospects RHP Josh Pennington, SS Mauricio Dubon and a player to be named to the Milwaukee Brewers for reliever RHP Tyler Thornburg; the Brewers received $100 instead of the PTBNL. On December 6, the Red Sox traded prospects 3B Yoan Moncada, RHP Michael Kopech, CF Luis Alexander Basabe and RHP Víctor Díaz to the Chicago White Sox for starter LHP Chris Sale. On December 8, the Red Sox acquired Josh Rutledge in the Rule 5 draft from the Colorado Rockies. Rutledge played parts of the 2016 seasons with Boston. On December 8, the Red Sox signed free agent 1B Mitch Moreland to a one-year, $5.5M deal. On December 20, the Red Sox traded RHP Clay Buchholz to the Philadelphia Phillies for 2B Josh Tobias. Reigning AL Cy Young winner Rick Porcello made his first opening day start of his career, going 6 ​1⁄3 innings, allowing three runs on six hits in the win; the Red Sox bats could only get one hit off of Pirates starter Gerrit Cole through 4 ​2⁄3 innings but strung together six 2-out hits.

Jackie Bradley Jr. started the rally with a triple of the right field wall, Pablo Sandoval legged out an infield single, Sandy León laid down a bunt down the third base line, Dustin Pedroia with a single down the middle, which plated Pablo Sandoval, Andrew Benintendi with a three-run shot in the Pirates bullpen and Mookie Betts reached second on another infield single and a throwing error by the shortstop Jordy Mercer. Hanley Ramírez made Cole's day was over. Pittsburgh got to Porcello in the seventh, where he gave up three hits and three runs, two of them inherited by Matt Barnes. Barnes got out of the inning. Neither team would score in the remainder of the game and Craig Kimbrel closed out the game on one hit and one hit batsman. In September 2017, the Red Sox were fined for their role in stealing signs from rival team the New York Yankees. On February 4, 2020, MLB Network journalist Peter Gammons reported that former Red Sox player Chris Young, departed from the Red Sox following the 2017 season, told him that Young was the mastermind of the Red Sox Apple Watch scheme, telling him "I started the whole Apple Watch thing.

I got it from when I was with the Yankees." Young denied to SportsNet New York that he told this Gammons, but Gammons stated that he reported was Young told him, stating on his Twitter account that "his word is gold." In reporting Young's denial, SNY revealed that Young had in fact been interviewed by MLB officials as part of the 2017 investigation against the Red Sox and that multiple sources told the sports news agency that Young was in fact a leader of the team's 2017 Apple Watch scheme. 2017 ALDS: Boston lost to Houston The Red Sox were the only American League team not to hit a grand slam during the 2017 season. Postseason game Source: Please note only the statistics from playing with the Red Sox are included in this list. Top ten batters shown. Qualified batters in bold. Top ten pitchers shown. Qualified pitchers in bold. Started game in CF due to injury of Mike Trout 2017 Boston Red Sox Season at Baseball Reference 2017 Boston Red Sox season at Official Site 2017 Boston Red Sox season at ESPN 2017 Boston Red Sox Media Guide 2017 Boston Red Sox Draft Selections

Morecambe RFC

Morecambe was a semi-professional rugby league club. The club was based in Morecambe, a resort town now within the City of Lancaster in Lancashire, England; the club played semi-professional rugby league for a total of 8 seasons in all. They first became members of the Northern Rugby Football Union for three continuous seasons from 1896–97 to 1898–99, they left the league and returned two seasons playing another four seasons from 1901–02 to 1905–06. At the end of season 1905–06 the club left the league, at which point Jack Bartholomew left the club and joined Huddersfield, he would play for Great Britain, Bradford Northern. Morecambe FC was formed as a rugby football club in 1876, they joined the ranks of the semi-professionals when they became members of the Northern Union in its second season 1896–97 and played for three seasons in the Lancashire Senior Competition. In each of these three seasons, the club managed only to finish with the wooden spoon, at the bottom of the league, 14th out of 14 clubs.

At the end of this third season, 1898–99, Morecambe left the ranks of the professionals and were replaced by Millom. For the next two seasons it is thought that Morecambe played in the local amateur non-leagues as at the end of the 1900–01 season Morecambe lost to Widnes in the second qualifier play-off.. Morecambe finished in 11th place out of 13 clubs. At the end of the 1901–02 season, the County Leagues elected 18 teams to join the new Division 2 with the existing second competition scrapped. In 1902–03 Morecambe, being one of the fortunate clubs, joined the new 2nd Division, where they would stay for the next three seasons. In the first season in the new second division they finished 17th out of 18 clubs. In the following two seasons the club could only manage to finish second bottom in each season. In 1905–06 the Rugby League combined the divisions to form one united league. In this, Morecambe’s final season in the semi-professional ranks, they again finished second bottom, 30th out of 31 clubs.

Morecambe dropped out of the league after the end of the season. In none of the eight league seasons did Morecambe manage to score more than 100 points. In 1904, Morecambe and Lancaster close neighbours, were drawn against each other in the first round of the Rugby League Challenge Cup. 100 years the two clubs Morecambe and Lancaster agreed to play a centenary commemorative match, the winner would be presented with the "Morecambe Bay State of Origin Trophy". And so on Tuesday 11 May 2004, at Lancaster City AFC’s Giant Axe Stadium, Morecambe beat Lancaster 24-15. Morecambe played at Moss Lane in North West Morecambe, quite near the seafront, in the vicinity of the present Morrisons supermarket; the league positions for Morecambe for the 8 years in which they played semi-professional rugby league are given in the following table: The following are just a few of Morecambe fixtures during the three seasons in which they played semi-professional rugby league: 1 - Folly Fields is the stadium used by Wigan at the time until 1901.

They became sub-tenants of Springfield Park See below - Note 3. 2 - Lowerhouse Lane is the original site of the current ground used by Widnes. It was renamed Naughton Park in 1932 in honour of club secretary, Tom Naughton - and renamed Halton Stadium after being rebuilt in 1997. 3 - Wigan became sub-tenants of Springfield Park, which they shared with Wigan United AFC, playing their first game there on 14 September 1901 at which a crowd of 4,000 saw them beat Morecambe 12–0, the last game on 28 April 1902 when Wigan beat the Rest of Lancashire Senior Competition. A temporary ground was necessary to span the period between moving from Folly Fields and the new ground at Central Park being constructed. 4 - The original "Origin" game took place during the 1903/4 Rugby League Challenge Cup competition, where the two local teams played out an unusual 0–0 draw at Quay Meadow, only to be followed in the replay by a Lancaster win of 13 points to 4 at Moss Lane in Morecambe where Morrisons supermarket now stands.

Lancaster progressed to the second round of the Cup, where they were defeated 8 points to nil by Keighley at Quay Meadow. 5 - A comment sent in by a follow contributor stated that news reports at the time told that after the 1896 game against Wigan a number of the Wigan team were arrested for assaulting a stationmaster at Morecambe station when they got drunk and missed their train home. There appears to be no Corroboration of this story) List of defunct rugby league clubs Preview of centenary match Heysham Atoms ARLFC